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active volcanoes ancient appeared ashes atmosphere Auvergne Bakou basaltic basin beautiful beds boiling bottom Calabria cinders coast columns cone Cotopaxi covered crater crevasses crust deep depth diameter distance earth earthquake enormous eruption Etna extend feet filled fire fissures flames formation Geyser globe ground Guadeloupe Gulf heard height Humboldt Iceland igneous immense Indians inhabitants interior island Isle Kilauea lake land lava masses midst miles mineral mountain nearly night observed Ocean opened peaks phenomenon plain Polistena Popocatepetl present produced pumice quakes Quito region remarkable rises river rocks rose ruins scoriae seen shocks shore side situated slope smoke snow solfatara sometimes stones strata streams of lava Stromboli subterranean noise suddenly sulphur summit surface terrible thermal springs thick thunder tion Torre del Greco torrents town trachyte upheaval valley vapour vast Vesuvius violent volcanoes of Java vomit Vostitza walls whence whilst yards high
3 페이지 - He was at that time with the fleet under his command at Misenum. On the 24th of August, about one in the afternoon, my mother desired him to observe a cloud which appeared of a very unusual size and shape. He had just returned from taking the benefit of the sun, and, after bathing himself in cold water, and taking a slight repast, had retired to his study.
4 페이지 - ... he might more distinctly view this very uncommon appearance. It was not at that distance discernible from what mountain this cloud issued, but it was found afterwards to ascend from Mount Vesuvius.
4 페이지 - ... which extended itself at the top into a sort of branches, occasioned, I imagine, either by a sudden gust of air that impelled it, the force of which decreased as it advanced upwards, or the cloud itself, being pressed back again by its own weight, expanded in this manner. It appeared sometimes bright and sometimes dark and spotted, as it was more or less impregnated with earth and cinders.
4 페이지 - Bassus, who was in the utmost alarm at the imminent danger which threatened her ; for her villa being situated at the foot of Mount Vesuvius, there was no way to escape but by sea : she earnestly entreated him, therefore, to come to her assistance. He accordingly changed his first design, and what he began with a philosophical, he pursued with an heroical turn of mind.
6 페이지 - They consulted together whether it would be most prudent to trust to the houses, which now shook from side to side with frequent and violent concussions; or to fly to the open fields, where the calcined stones and cinders, though light indeed, yet fell in large showers and threatened destruction.
138 페이지 - ... caverns similarly formed have fallen in, leaving circular pits with steep sides. From the regular form of the many craters, they gave to the country an artificial appearance, which vividly reminded me of those parts of Staffordshire, where the great iron-foundries are most numerous.
137 페이지 - Nothing could be less inviting than the first appearance. A broken field of black basaltic lava, thrown into the most rugged waves, and crossed by great fissures, is every where covered by stunted, sun-burnt brushwood, which shows little signs of life.
3 페이지 - Providence has distinguished with the abilities either of doing such actions as are worthy of being related, or of relating them in a manner worthy of being read ; but doubly happy are they who are blessed with both these uncommon talents...
Bibliography: Historical Images of Earthquakes