Farmers of Forty Centuries: Organic Farming in China, Korea, and Japan
Courier Corporation, 2013. 8. 20. - 464페이지
For more than 40,000 years, Asian farmers worked the same fields repeatedly without sapping the land's fertility and without applying artificial fertilizer! How they accomplished this miraculous feat is described by author Franklin Hiram King, a former official of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. King traveled to Asia in the early 1900s to learn how farmers in China, Korea, and Japan were able to achieve successful harvests century after century without exhausting the soil — one of their most valuable natural resources. This book is the result of his extraordinary mission.
A fascinating study of waste-free methods of cultivation, this work reveals the secrets of ancient farming methods and, at the same time, chronicles the travels and observations of a remarkable man. A well-trained observer who studied the actual conditions of life among agricultural peoples, King provides intriguing glimpses of Japan, China, Manchuria, and Korea; customs of the common people; the utilization of waste; methods of irrigation, reforestation, and land reclamation; the cultivation of rice, silk, and tea; and related topics.
Enhanced with more than 240 illustrations (most of them photographs), this book represents an invaluable resource for organic gardeners, farmer, and conservationists. It remains "one of the richest sources of information about peasant agriculture [and] one of the pioneer books on organic farming." — The LastWhole Earth Catalog.
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THE UTILIZATION OF WASTE
IN THE SHANTUNg Province
ORIENTALs CROWD BOTH TIME AND SPACE
RICE CULTURE IN THE ORIENT
THE TEA INDUSTRY
YV ABOUT TIENTSIN
MANCHURIA AND KoREA
RETURN TO JAPAN
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acre agricultural amount annually Antung applied bamboo barley beans beds bundles bushels canal mud Canton carrying cent Chihli China Chinese compost cotton covered crop of rice cultivated fields earth eggs Experiment Station extensively farm farmers feeding feet fertilizer flooded foot-power forty four fuel furrows garden grain grave green manure growing grown growth harvested hill lands hundred Hwang ho inches irrigation Japan Japanese kaoliang labor load Manchuria matting rush millet millions mulberry narrow nearly nitrogen orchard paddy field passed permitted phosphorus piles places plain plant food plowed population potassium pounds practice prefecture produced province pump rainfall rice fields rice paddies river rows salt season seed seen in Fig Shanghai Shantung soil soy beans square miles stacks steamer stems street surface terraced Tientsin tion tons transplanting trees Tsingtao twenty valley vegetables village waste water buffalo wheat yield