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Tor cases in Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER
correspondent held not to state cause of action.
-Bouton v. Van Buren, 127 N. E. 477, 229
N. Y. 17.
Complaint in representative action for ac-
counting held insufficient.-Id.
Contents of Promissory IV. COMPENSATION AND LIEN.
Notes and Duebills.
En 56(3) (N.Y.Sup.) Broker, who tried to pre-
owner, not entitled to commission.-Weinhart
v. Dotzel, 886.
from a seller to be procured by broker gives
60 (N.Y.Sup.) Seller held not entitled to de-
ing to cancellation of contract.-Frederick Zit-
tel & Sons y, Schwartz, 638.
Omw 69 (N.Y.Sup.) Buyer's refusal to buy from
seller procured by broker entitles broker to
w71 (N.Y.) Broker's commission computed
on fixed annual rental, not on contemplated
profits.--Nacirema Co. v. Cassidy, 127 N. E.
belonged to plaintiff's employer.-Cadman v.
V. ACTIONS FOR COMPENSATION.
v. Pierson, 227.
centage of rentals under optional renewal lease.
-McMahon v. Beard, 475.
ww15 (N.Y.Ct.CI.) No liability for excavating
Barge Canal outside excavation lines as shown
by plans, in absence of contract.-S. Pearson &
Son v. State, 481.
No recovery allowable to contractor for ex-
plete specified dam, in the absence of warranty
Contractor cannot recover for excavations
required to bring plant to winter quarters.--Id.
Interference with construction by power com-
pany held proper basis of claim by contractor
Contractor held not entitled to compensation
Time to enable contractor to investigate be-
was misled as to character of material to be
(D) Personal Injaries. excavated.--Id. Contractor may recover increased cost of to keep children inside car.---Longacre v. Yon
m281 (N.Y.Sup.) Not obliged to close door plant made necessary by misrepresentations. kers R. Co., 373. -Id. Omw 18 (N.Y.Ct.CI.) Persons driving into open depended on reasonable prudence, not on hon
Cum 281 (N.Y.Sup.) Duty to a sick passenger bridge must show negligence of state.- Fraser esty in assuming he was drunk.–Middleton v. V. State, 491. Evidence insufficient to sustain burden of uw 316(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Passenger bas burden
Third Ave. Ry. Co., 598. showing absence of watchman at open bridge. of proving carrier's negligence.-Slomka v. Nas-Id. em 18 (N.Y.Ct.C.) State held liable for in- 318(3) (N.Y.Sup.) Where adjustable seat
sau Electric R. Co., 156. juries to lands due to the seeping of water.- collapsed,' evidence held to warrant finding that Thaxter v. State, 199.
the carrier was not negligent.-Slomka v. Nas
sau Electric R. Co., 156. *CARRIERS.
318(5) (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence held not to
show negligence.-Longacre v. Yonkers R. Co., II. CARRIAGE OF GOODS.
Om318(8) (N.Y.) Evidence held justify (B) Bills of Lading, Shipping Receipts, finding that motorman was negligent in runand Special Contracts.
ning by intending passenger.-Campbell mm 55 (N.Y.Sup.) Bill of lading held. nonnego- Richmond Light & R. Co., 127 N. E. 271, 228 tiable.-Gubelman v. Panama R. Co., 403.
N. Y. 383. Failure to mark nonnegotiable bill to be such
of Person did not render it negotiable.-Id.
(E) Contributory Negligence
Injured. Omar 56 (N.Y.Sup.) Negotiable bill transferred only by indorsement.-Gubelman v. Panama R. em 346(V2) (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence held. not to Co., 403.
show absence of contributory negligence.em 57 (N.Y.Sup.) Nonnegotiable bills of lad- Longacre v. Yonkers R. Co., 373. ing transferred by delivery, but carrier must 347 (3) (N.Y.) Contributory negligence of have notice.-Gubelman v. Panama R. Co., 403. intending passenger, waiting for car, held a jury Cw58 (N.Y.Sup.) Nonnegotiable bills of lad- question.--Campbell v. Richmond Light & R. ing transferred by delivery, but carrier must Co., 127 N. E. 271, 228 N. Y. 383. have notice.-Gubelman v. Panama R. Co., 403.
(G) Passengers' Effects. (D) Transportation and Delivery by 401 (N.Y.) Bound to exercise ordinary Carrier.
care to protect passenger's possession of prop94(4) (N.Y.Sup.) Damages for failure to erty-Foulke v. New York Consol. R. Co., 127 transport measured by value at place of des- N. E. 237, 228 N. Y. 269. tination.-Seaver v. Lindsay Light Co., 30. Package left on car in carrier's possession as
gratuitous bailee.-Id. (I) Connecting Carriers. Sa 177 (4) (N.Y.Sup.) Carmack Amendment
CHAMPERTY AND MAINTENANCE. does not render connecting carrier liable for prior losses: - Grand Trunk Ry. Co. of Canada for attorney not retroactive.-Sadden v. Se
Cam 3 (N.Y.Sup.) Statute prohibiting soliciting v. Satuloff, 81. C180 (2) (N.Y.Sup.) Limitation in bill of bring, 1. lading governs after receipt by road to which diverted.-Grand Trunk Ry. Co. of Canada y.
CHANCERY. Satuloff, 81.
See Equity. (J) Charges and Liens.
CHATTEL MORTGAGES. mw 193 (N.Y.Sup.) Last carrier may recover all freight charges advanced by it.-Grand I. REQUISITES AND VALIDITY. Trunk Ry. Co. of Canada v. Satuloff, 81.
Essentials of Transfers Last carrier entitled to recover charges of
of Chattels as Security. connecting carrier against whom owner has 34 (N.Y.Sup.) Bill of sale, with paper counterclaim for loss.-Id. Om 196 (N.Y.Sup.) Consignee cannot offset showing transfer as security, constitute mortdamages on line of preceding carrier against gage.-F'inkenberg v. Levinson, 18. freight claimed by last carrier.--Grand Trunk
IX. FORECLOSURE. Ry. Co. of Canada v. Satuloff, 81.
Paw 255 (N.Y.Sup.) To enforce payment of IV. CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS,
loan, sale and not delivery of collateral will be
ordered. Finkenberg v. Levinson, 18. (A) Relation Between Carrier and Pas- em 275 (N.Y.Sup.) Other creditor necessary senger.
party in suit to satisfy debt from security Cm 235 (N.Y.) Company and taxicab held re- Finkenberg v. Levinson, 18. spectively a "common carrier" and a “public conveyance” within accident policy.--Anderson
CHILDREN. v. Fidelity & Casualty Co. of New York, 127 N. E. 581, 228 N. Y. 475.
For cases in Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes see same topic and KEY-NUMBER
II. CONSTRUCTION, OPERATION,
AND ENFORCEMENT OF CON-
ww48 (N.Y.Sup.) Legislature presumed to
have sufficient evidence to enable it to act.See Municipal Corporations.
Kuenzli v. Stone, 680.
Com 48 (N.Y.Mun.Ct.) Construction rendering CIVIL RIGHTS.
statute valid will be adopted.-Seventy-Eighth
Street & Broadway Co. v. Rosenbaum, 505. See Constitutional Law, 87-91.
III. DISTRIBUTION OF GOVERN
MENTAL POWERS AND
(A) Legislative Powers and Delegation om 10 (N.Y.Sup.) State laws govern contracts
Thereot. for interstate shipment, in absence of legislation by Congress.-Gubelman v. Panama R. Co., Om 56 (N.Y.) Statute making award of damag403.
es by a board of revision of assessments final
not unconstitutional, as infringing general juII. SUBJECTS OF REGULATION. risdiction of Supreme Court.-People ex rel.
27 (6) (N.Y.Sup.) Brakeman on car carry- | Crane v. Hahlo, 127 N. E. 402, 228 N. Y. 309, ing interstate freight is engaged in "interstate 56 (N.Y.Sup.) Legislature cannot deprive commerce" where loading an intrastate ship- court of jurisdiction conferred by Constitution. ment.-Evans v. U. S. Railroad Administration, -In re Levy, 792. 310.
(B) Judicial Powers and Functions. COMMERCIAL PAPER.
Ow70(3) (N.Y.Sup.) Courts will not investigate See Bills and Notes.
whether facts warrant legislation.-Kuenzli v. Stone, 680.
Ow70(3) (N.Y.Mun.Ct.) Efficacy and soundCOMMISSIONERS.
ness of statute legislative question.-SeventySee Public Service Commissions.
Eighth Street & Broadway Co. v. Rosenbaum,
505. COMPROMISE AND SETTLEMENT. (C) Executive Powers and Functions. See Accord and Satisfaction.
Om79 (N.Y.Sup.) President cannot delegate 5(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Acceptance of check, with judicial powers.---In re_Schuster, 357. indorsement of payment in full, evidences ac
Omw 80(1) (N.Y.Sup.) President cannot delecord and satisfaction.-Hoerst v. Forest Box & gate power to except persons from classificaLumber Co., 903.
tion as alien enemies.-In re Schuster, 357. w 15(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Express company on find. ing lost trunk could not retain it on refusal
V. PERSONAL CIVIL AND POLITIto repay amount paid in settlement for loss.
CAL RIGHTS. --Roe v. American Ry. Express Co., 895.
Om 87 (N.Y.Mun.Ct.) State may interfere with
rights of private property, where safety, health, CONDEMNATION.
and morals demand it.-Seventy-Eighth Street
& Broadway Co. v. Rosenbaum, 505. See Eminent Domain.
cm 90 (N.Y.sup.) Ordinance giving mayor discretion to control free speech is invalid.-City
of Buffalo v. Till, 418. CONSPIRACY.
un 91 (N.Y.Sup.) Ordinance giving mayor disI. CIVIL LIABILITY.
cretion to control free assembly is valid.-City
of Buffalo v. Till, 418. (A) Acts Constituting Conspiracy and Li
ability Therefor. Can 13 (N.Y.Sup.) Party to conspiracy liable
VI. VESTED RIGHTS. for previous acts of conspirators.-Rosco Trad-w94 (N.Y.Sup.) Adoptive child not "heir” of ing Co. v. Goldenberg, 711.
life tenant, entitled to take under devise, unler (B) Actions.
theory of vested right.-In re Frost's Will, 559.
Cam 100 (N.Y.Sup.) Taxpayer has no vested Om 19 (N.Y.Sup.) May be shown by circum- right in statutory privileges or immunities.stantial evidence.-Finnegan v. Butler, 671.
Pardee v. Rayfield, 3.
Taxpayer without vested right to have tax CONSTITUTIONAL LAW.
apportionment remain unaltered.-Id.
Cam 106 (N.Y.Sup.) Remedy given by LegislaFor validity of statutes relating to particular ture repealable.-Kuenzli v. Stone, 680.
subjects, see also the various specific topics. No vested right to particular remedy.-Id.
VII. OBLIGATION OF CONTRACTS. III. MODIFICATION AND MERGER. (A) Powers of States in General.
237(2) (N.Y.Sup.) Compromise held suffiOw117 (N.Y.Sup.) Obligation of contracts
cient consideration to support modified agreeclause does not restrict police power of state.
ment.-Nahoum v. Slocum, Avram & Slocum -Kuenzli v. Stone, 680.
Trading Co., 318. Legislature not estopped by private contracts. Em 238(2) (N.Y.) Party orally agreeing that -Id.
written contract need not be strictly performed
not entitled to rescind for nonperformance.(B) Contracts of States and Municipal. Imperator Realty Co. v. Tull, 127 N. E. 263, ities.
228 N. Y. 447. Om 135 ·(N.Y.Sup.) Franchise regulating rates may be modified by statute; obligation of con
V. PERFORMANCE OR BREACH. tracts.--Village of Warsaw v. Pavilion Natural 280(1). (N.Y.Sup.) Contractor doing work Gas Co., 73.
on cost plus basis must exercise good faith.
Title Guarantee & Trust Co. v. Pam, 824. (C) Contracts of Individuals and Private 322(3) (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence held insuffi Corporations.
cient to show complete performance of lighter148 (N.Y.Mun.Ct.) Retrospective statute, age contract.–Edward J. Barton Lighterage Co. permitting tenant to set up oppressiveness of v. La Brecque Co., 170. rent, would impair obligation of contracts.-m322(4) * (N.Y.Sup.) In action on notes giv. Seventy-Eighth Street & Broadway Co. v. Ros en to contractor, evidence held to establish enbaum, 505.
great overcharges and reckless expenditures. On 170 (N.Y.Sup.) Tenant's relief act held not --Title Guarantee & Trust Co. v. Pam, 824. unconstitutional.-Kuenzli v. Stone, 680. On 323(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Whether dyers properly
performed work held for jury.-H. F. Bindseil VIII. RETROSPECTIVE AND EX POST & Son v. Aaron Littman & Co., 176. FACTO LAWS.
VI. ACTIONS FOR BREACH. Om 186 (N.Y.Sup.) Adjustment between school districts of money expended for construction Emo324(1), (N.Y.Sup.) Contractor, who has fully not unconstitutional, though retroactive. -Par- performed contract, may sue either on condee v. Rayfield, 3.
tract or on quantum meruit.--Raile v. Peerless 193 (N.Y.Sup.) Legislature may by cura
American Products Co., 721. tive act validate anything it could have au. Em346(12) (N.Y.Sup.) Recovery on quantum thorized.-Pardee v. Rayfield, 3.
meruit improper, where not claimed.-Greif v. B. L. B. Motor Repair Co., 765.
Ou348 (N.Y.Sup.) No recovery for substantial CONTRACTS.
performance, without showing cost of part unSee Assignments; Bills and Notes; Cham
performed.-Conforti v. Singhi, 899. perty and Maintenance; Compromise and Settlement; Covenants; Frauds, Statute of;
CONVERSION. Indemnity; Sales; Specific Performance; 16(4) (N.Y.Sur.) Will
construed not to Stipulations; Vendor and Purchaser.
work an equitable conversion of real estate.I. REQUISITES AND VALIDITY.
In re Kingston's Estate, 528. (D) Consideration,
CORPORATIONS. Om75(1) (N.Y.Sup.) Promise to perform legal obligation insufficient as consideration.--Na-See Banks and Banking; Carriers; Gas; Muhoum v. Slocum, Avram & Slocum Trading Co.,
nicipal Corporations; Public Service Com318.
missions; Railroads; Street Railroads; Tel
egraphs and Telephones. II. CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION. (A) General Rules of Construction.
II. CORPORATE EXISTENCE AND
FRANCHISE. 143 (N.Y.) Construction not permitted in absence of reasonable doubt.--First Nat. Bank ww40 (N.Y.Sup.) Increase of board of diree v. National Surety Co., 127 N. E. 479, 228 N. | Cabana v. Holstein-Friesian Ass'n of America,
tors not legally effective until certificate filed.Y. 469. Om 143 (N.Y.Sup.) Construed
658. Frederick Zittel & Sons v. Schwartz, 638.
Certificate of increase of directors insufficient, wa 147(3), (N.Y.) Intention of parties must be where not signed by majority.-Id. ascertained from whole.-Paige v. Faure, 127 N. E. 898, 229 N. Y. 114.
III. CORPORATE NAME, SEAL, DOM
ICILE, BY-LAWS AND RECORDS. (B) Parties.
ww43 (N.Y.Sup.) Equity will disregard corOn 186(4) (N.Y.Sup.) Weigher owes no duty porate form and treat parties as partners, to person not employing him to accurately where justice requires and facts warrant.weigh merchandise. --Glanzer v. Shepard, 178. Thomashefsky v. Edelstein, 707. www 187 (2) (N.Y.Sup.) Third person could not Equity will disregard corporate form and enrecover on promise for his benefit.-Dayton v. force individual liability of the copartners in White, 902.
case of fraud.-Id.
For cases in Dec.Dig. & Am.Dig. Key-No.Series & Indexes gee same topic and KEY-NUMBER
cers who shall bind it and manner in which they
shall act.--Spitzer v. Born, Inc., 327.
Company, which gives agent apparent author-
pany not binding on party relying on authority
of general officers.--Spitzer v. Born, Inc., 327.
Limitation of by-laws on president's author-
ity to execute lease binding on other party.-Id.
458 (N.Y.Sup.) Offer to transfer stock of
seller corporation held a breach of contract
474 (N.Y.Sup.) Pledgee in good faith may
of pledgor.-Gouert v. Mechanics & Metals Nat.
Bank of City of New York, 579.
Third persons, whose bonds were wrongfully
pledged be first applied.-Id.
XII. FOREIGN CORPORATIONS.
en 668(9) (N.Y.Sup.) That liability was in-
curred prior to foreign corporation surrender-
ing right to do business in state must affirma-
Day-Elder Motors Corporation, 717.
Om672(3) (N.Y.Sup.) Plaintiff, suing foreign
corporation subsequent to surrender of author-
was made in state to make service effectual.
-Hexter V. Day-Elder Motors Corporation,
I. NATURE, GROUNDS, AND EXTENT
OF RIGHT IN GENERAL.
--Kuykendall v. Kuykendall, 308.
Cw117 (N.Y.Sup.) Contract for repairs to
county courthouse awarded without advertise-
ders;" "rules."-Obelisk Waterproof Co, v.
to have waived giving of bond required by con-
tract.--Obelisk Waterproof Co. v. Cloher, 303.