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1962

--U.S. -financed research and development contracts approved by the

United States-EURATOM Joint Research and Development Board totaled

34 projects costing $9.57 million.

--The United States signed its first long-term fuel sales contract with

EURATOM. (20 years. )

--The State Department convened an Advisory Committee to Review the Policy of the United States toward the IAEA under the chairmanship of Am

bassador Henry D. Smyth.

--The first and second tests of IAEA safeguards inspection procedures

within the United States were carried out in June and November when two

Agency representatives visited U.S. reactors which were made available for

this purpose.

-- Amendments to 14 U.S. agreements for cooperation were concluded.

--Through 1962, the Commission had made 18 reactor grants, totaling $6.3 million, and had commitments for eight others.

1963

--The United States and India concluded an agreement under which the United States will cooperate in the construction of the Tarapur nuclear power

reactor station.

--The United States, Japan, and the IAEA concluded a trilateral agreement under which the Agency assumed responsibility for administering safe--The IAEA Board of Governors provisionally approved a system of safeguards for reactors larger than 100 thermal megawatts. This system

guards for U.S. -supplied materials and equipment in Japan. This was the

first agreement of this kind.

was endorsed by the Seventh General Conference of the IAEA.

--The first shipment of irradiated reactor fuel was returned from Swe

den.

--Through 1965 the Commission made 20 reactor grants totalling $7 million and had commitments for six others to be paid upon completion of

the reactors.

--A U.S. delegation toured Soviet peaceful atomic energy installations.

--The Commission program for participation in, and financial support of, selected international conferences on atomic energy included 11 IAEA conferences, 4 sponsored by other international organizations, and 20 held

under the auspices of U.S. organizations.

1964

--Through 1964 the Commission distributed abroad special nuclear and

other materials with a total value of $117.5 million.

Of these, sales ac

counted for $66.9 million; lease, $31.7 million; and deferred payment ar

rangements, $18.9 million.

--President Johnson signed into law on August 26, an amendment to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 providing for private ownership of special mu--The IAEA Board of Governors unanimously voted to apply a system of safeguards for reactors with a power rating greater than 100 thermal

clear materials.

--Approximately 280 exports and 20 imports of special nuclear mate

rials were made.

There were 12 shipments of irradiated fuel elements

from research reactors in Sweden and Canada to the United States.

.

megawatts.

--Ten trilateral agreements were signed for the IAEA administration

of safeguards to replace those previously administered by the United States.

--The Third United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful

Uses of Atomic Energy was held.

--The Yankee Atomic Electric Co. reactor at Rowe, Mass, was placed

under IAEA safeguards and the first inspection was carried out in November.

1965

--More than 21 of the nations with which the United States had agree-,

ments for cooperation agreed to the administration by the IAEA of safeguards

over U.S. -supplied nuclear materials and equipment.

--Three power reactors fueled with enriched uranium were contracted

for by other countries for a total of 15 power reactors, built, under con

struction, or planned abroad using U.S. - produced enriched uranium.

--The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy submitted a report to the White House Conference on International Cooperation.

--The Ninth General Conference of the IAEA gave final approval to a

simplified and strengthened safeguards system.

--At the end of 1965, 22 of 26 grants for research reactors made be

tween 1956 and 1962 were made.

--The Commission authorized the formation of a Technical Advisory Panel on Peaceful Use Safeguards to advise the Commission on technical

matters relating to the development and implementation of improved safeguards procedures.

--At the close of 1965 some 30 shipments of spent reactor fuel from

abroad had been sent to the Commission's Savannah River Plant and the

Idaho Chemical Processing Plant.

--By mid-1965 the Commission had distributed abroad through sale, lease and deferred payment sales, special nuclear and other materials with an approximate value of $141.7 million.

1966

--IAEA safeguards were extended to cover processing plants, a move that was proposed and strongly supported by the United States.

--The United States offered at the eighteen-nation Disarmament Con

ference in Geneva, in cooperation with Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc., to

make the NFS plant for chemical processing of irradiated fuel available to the IAEA to develop and test safeguards techniques and to gain experience and training for Agency safeguards inspectors.

--The Commission issued criteria for the supply of uranium enrichment services to foreign customers. These criteria included: assurance of longterm availability at stable prices of enriched uranium; and non-discriminatory terms and conditions of supply to be as nearly as possible identical

between foreign and domestic customers.

--During 1966 there were 21 shipments of spent fuel to the United States --As of mid-1966 the AEC had distributed abroad through sale, lease and deferred payment sales, special nuclear and other materials worth about

for other nations.

$214.4 million.

1967

--The 11th General Conference of the IAEA considered the United States'

suggestion for the extension of the IAEA safeguards system to fuel fabri

cation plants.

--The Commission noted the heightened interest in peaceful nuclear ener

gy by Latin American countries.

--President Johnson announced that when safeguards are applied under a

nonproliferation treaty for nuclear weapons "... the United States will permit

the International Atomic Energy Agency to apply its safeguards to all nuclear

activities in the United States--excluding only those with direct national se

[blocks in formation]

--Two liaison meetings with EURATOM officials were held on safe

guards procedures relating to fuel fabrication, especially plants fabricating fuel elements from plutonium and highly enriched uranium,

--The Commission signed its first contract to provide uranium toll enrichment services for a reactor in a foreign country. (Sweden.)

--Thirty-one shipments of spent research reactor fuel were made to

the United States for processing.

--As of mid-1967, the AEC had distributed aborad through sale, lease,

and deferred payment sales, special nuclear and other materials worth about

$266.4 million.

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