페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

--The IAEA Board of Governors unanimously voted to apply a system

of safeguards for reactors with a power rating greater than 100 thermal

megawatts.

--Ten trilateral agreements were signed for the IAEA administration

of safeguards to replace those previously administered by the United States.

--The Third United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful

Uses of Atomic Energy was held.

--The Yankee Atomic Electric Co. reactor at Rowe, Mass, was placed

under IAEA safeguards and the first inspection was carried out in November.

1965

-- More than 21 of the nations with which the United States had agree

ments for cooperation agreed to the administration by the IAEA of safeguards

over U.S. -supplied nuclear materials and equipment.

--Three power reactors fueled with enriched uranium were contracted

for by other countries for a total of 15 power reactors, built, under con

struction, or planned abroad using U.S. - produced enriched uranium.

--The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy submitted a report to the White House Conference on International Cooperation.

--The Ninth General Conference of the IAEA gave final approval to a

simplified and strengthened safeguards system.

--At the end of 1965, 22 of 26 grants for research reactors made be,

tween 1956 and 1962 were made.

-- The Commission authorized the formation of a Technical Advisory Panel on Peaceful Use Safeguards to advise the Commission on technical

matters relating to the development and implementation of improved safe

guards procedures.

--At the close of 1965 some 30 shipments of spent reactor fuel from

abroad had been sent to the Commission's Savannah River Plant and the

Idaho Chemical Processing Plant.

--By mid-1965 the Commission had distributed abroad through sale, lease and deferred payment sales, special nuclear and other materials with

an approximate value of $141.7 million.

1966

--IAEA safeguards were extended to cover processing plants, a move that was proposed and strongly supported by the United States.

--The United States offered at the eighteen-nation Disarmament Con

ference in Geneva, in cooperation with Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc., to

make the NFS plant for chemical processing of irradiated fuel available

to the IAEA to develop and test safeguards techniques and to gain experience and training for Agency safeguards inspectors.

--The Commission issued criteria for the supply of uranium enrichment services to foreign customers. These criteria included: assurance of longterm availability at stable prices of enriched uranium; and non-discriminatory terms and conditions of supply to be as nearly as possible identical

between foreign and domestic customers.

--During 1966 there were 21 shipments of spent fuel to the United States

for other nations.

--As of mid-1966 the AEC had distributed abroad through sale, lease and deferred payment sales, special nuclear and other materials worth about

$214.4 million.

1967

--The 11th General Conference of the IAEA considered the United States'

suggestion for the extension of the IAEA safeguards system to fuel fabri

cation plants.

--The Commission noted the heightened interest in peaceful nuclear ener

gy by Latin American countries.

--President Johnson announced that when safeguards are applied under a

nonproliferation treaty for nuclear weapons "... the United States will permit

the International Atomic Energy Agency to apply its safeguards to all nuclear

activities in the United States--excluding only those with direct national security significance...' (December 2.)

--Two liaison meetings with EURATOM officials were held on safe

guards procedures relating to fuel fabrication, especially plants fabricating

fuel elements from plutonium and highly enriched uranium.

--The Commission signed its first contract to provide uranium toll enrichment services for a reactor in a foreign country. (Sweden.)

--Thirty-one shipments of spent research reactor fuel were made to

the United States for processing.

--As of mid-1967, the AEC had distributed ab

rad through sale, lease,

and deferred payment sales, special nuclear and other materials worth about

$266.4 million.

1968

--The Non Proliferation Treaty was opened for signature, 80 nations

signed it.

--IAEA safeguards system was extended to cover fuel conversion and

fabrication plants.

--The Commission adopted a new policy to deliver enriched uranium

as long as five years in advance of the time of actual need.

--As of mid-1968, the Commission had distributed abroad through sale

and lease, and deferred payment sales, special nuclear and other materials

worth about $313, 3 million.

--The Commission negotiated the sale of 850 tons of heavy water, worth

$42 million for use in Canada, Germany, and Sweden.

--There were 13 shipments of highly enriched research fuel to the

United States for reprocessing.

1969

--Toll enrichment became the preferred method of supplying enriched uranium for reactors abroad.

--Approximately 40 foreign exchange arrangements for information on nuclear science and technology continued.

--A new series of workshops for foreign nationals was held at the Ar

gonne National Laboratory.

--As of mid-1969, the Commission had distributed abroad through sale,

lease and

deferred payment sales, special nuclear material and other

materials worth about $360.9 million. The sale of 667 tons of heavy water

valued at $35.4 million was also negotiated.

--12 shipments of spent fuel were received from foreign countries for

reprocessing.

--The United States and the Soviet Union signed their ratified copies of

the NPT. (November 24.)

--The United States and the Soviet Union held meetings to discuss their

respective peaceful nuclear explosion programs.

1970

--The United States and the Soviet Union deposited their instruments of

ratification of the NPT. (March 15.).

--A second set of bilateral meetings was held between representatives

of the United States and the Soviet Union to discuss their peaceful nuclear

nuclear explosions programs.

--Foreign orders were placed with United States suppliers for nine nu

clear powerplants in seven countries.

--By the end of 1970, the Export-Import Bank had authorized 18 pro

jects involving American-supplied materials and equipment in nuclear plants

aborad totaling approximately $600 million.

--Export shipments to cooperating countries totaled approximately

3,521 kilograms of U-235 under toll enrichment agreements, 2,597 of U-235

under sale and lease agreements, and 45 kilograms of Pu.

« 이전계속 »