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--The European Nuclear Energy Agency was officially established Feb
ruary 1, within the framework of the Organization for European Economic
--The Commission announced liberalization of conditions under which
uranium enriched to more than 20 percent in U-235 could be made available
to friendly nations under agreements for cooperation.
--Letters of commitment for $350,000 each for research reactor pro
jects had been made to 16 countries, nine of them during 1958.
--More than 8.5 kilograms of U-235 were shipped to foreign countries.
--The Second United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful
Uses of Atomic Energy was held.
--Exchange visits were made between leading figures in atomic energy
activities in the Soviet Union and the United States.
---Discussions continued among the United Kingdom, the United States
and the Soviet Union on the cessation of nuclear weapons tests.
--The number of member states of the IAEA increased to 70. General
principles of the application of safeguards were provisionally approved by
the Board of Governors.
--Closer ties were established with the Organization for European Eco
--Two new agreements for cooperation were signed.
--The Commission established a policy of leasing nuclear material to foreign countries either through the IAEA or agreements for cooperation.
--The Commission established a staff to handle safeguards activities under agreements for cooperation and to assist in the establishment of an effective worldwide safeguards system through the IAEA.
--Training opportunities were expanded for foreign personnel at United
--An Inter-American Nuclear Energy Commission was established as a
center for consultation and to facilitate cooperation.
--The Fourth General Conference of the IAEA, held in September and
October, accepted principles and procedures to serve as the foundation for i
an international safeguards system against diversion of SNM and equipment
from peaceful uses.
--The Joint reactor program of Euratom and the United States entered
its second phase with preparation to issue an invitation for proposals for
power reactors to be completed by the end of 1965.
--The Commission enlarged its participation in OEEC activities,
--Eight new reactors manufactured in the United States went into oper
ation in foreign nations, making a total of 27 reactors in foreign nations,
An additional 17 were being built abroad by U.S. companies and seven more
were being planned for construction.
--Three additional grants for research reactors vere approved, bring. ing the total number committed since the establishment of the program in 1966 to 22 reactors, with a total valae of $7.55 million.
--Commission inspectors condected safeguards inspections of 33 facilities in 12 foreign countries and the City of West Berlin.
--Commission support a technical libraries continued, bringing to 85 the total number of libraries presented to 58 foreign countries and five international or regional organizations.
--The United States and several agreement nations amounced their willingness to transfer to IAEA administration of safeguards for U.S. - supplied mclear materials.
--The Commission recommended to the President and received approval for increasing the supply of enriched uranium for peaceful uses abroad from 50,000 kilograms to 65, 000 kilograms of contained U-235.
--The United States contributed $2.5 million to seven nations to help with muclear research reactors and equipment.
--The IAEA Board of Governors approved a set of guidelines for Agency safeguards and put them into effect, subject to review after two years.
--The Commission approved the basic United States negotiating position for its offer to place four of its reactor facilities under IAEA safeguards.
--The United States participated in 24 international conferences and sponsored several exhibits.
--U.S. -financed research and development contracts approved by the
United States-EURATOM Joint Research and Development Board totaled
34 projects costing $9.57 million.
--The United States signed its first long-term fuel sales contract with
EURATOM. (20 years.)
--The State Department convened an Advisory Committee to Review the Policy of the United States toward the IAEA under the chairmanship of Am
bassador Henry D. Smyth.
--The first and second tests of IAEA safeguards inspection procedures
within the United States were carried out in June and November when two
Agency representatives visited U.S. reactors which were made available for
-- Amendments to 14 U.S. agreements for cooperation were concluded. --Through 1962, the Commission had made 18 reactor grants, totaling
$6.3 million, and had commitments for eight others.
--The United States and India concluded an agreement under which the United States will cooperate in the construction of the Tarapur nuclear power
--The United States, Japan, and the IAEA concluded a trilateral agreement under which the Agency assumed responsibility for administering safeguards for U.S. -supplied materials and equipment in Japan. This was the first agreement of this kind.
--The IAEA Board of Governors provisionally approved a system of safeguards for reactors larger than 100 thermal megawatts. This system was endorsed by the Seventh General Conference of the IAEA.
--The first shipment of irradiated reactor fuel was returned from Swe
--Through 1965 the Commission made 20 reactor grants totalling $7 million and had commitments for six others to be paid upon completion of
--A U.S. delegation toured Soviet peaceful atomic energy installations. --The Commission program for participation in, and financial support
of, selected international conferences on atomic energy included 11 IAEA
conferences. 4 sponsored by other international organizations, and 20 held under the auspices of U.S. organizations.
--Through 1964 the Commission distributed abroad special nuclear and
other materials with a total value of $117.5 million.
Of these, sales ac
counted for $66.9 million; lease, $31.7 million; and deferred payment ar
rangements, $18.9 million.
--President Johnson signed into law on August 26, an amendment to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 providing for private ownership of special mu
--Approximately 280 exports and 20 imports of special nuclear mate
rials were made.
There were 12 shipments of irradiated fuel elements
from research reactors in Sweden and Canada to the United States.