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We also wish to support their condemnation of present recruitment, hiring, promotion and appointment policies in the United Nations system. The responsibility for these inadequate policies rests equally on the United Nations administration and on individual member states. These policies have led to a serious underrepresentation of women at all professional levels especially the highest ones, and on exploitation of the predominantly female General Service staff.
We join in UNEEQ's criticism of the Standing Committee on the Employment of Women in the Secretariat established March 1975, which so far has completely failed to be effective.
We endorse the suggestion of UNEEQ that a woman be nominated and elected as Secretary General of the United Nations in the term beginning 1977. Section II
The women of the Tribune of the International Women's Year hereby pledge themselves when they return to their respective countries to work for the implementation of the World Plan of Action. We hereby recognize that the World Plan of Action is merely a first step consisting essentially of good intentions. We accept our responsibility to press our governments to provide the funding without which the plan cannot be effectively implemented.
We commit ourselves, furthermore, to lobby for the full and equal participation of women on our own nation's delegations, both to the General Assembly of the United Nations and to all committees and agencies of the United Nations system.
We will make concerted efforts to propose qualified women candidates not only for delegation posts, but for all professional staff positions in the United Nations system.
Furthermore, we will closely monitor the way our governments presently and in the future grant money internationally. We will pressure them not to give money to projects which work against the promotion of world peace and which discriminate against women.
Women of the world will continue to work for Disarmament and
The women of the International Women's Year Tribune applaud the initiation of the International Women's Year program and the establishment of both the United Nations Conference on the International Women's Year and the Tribune Conference, but we deplore the serious underfunding of the International Women's Year and of both conferences. We note in sorrow that the work of the Tribune has been constantly impeded by lack of communication facilities for participants and that many women of the world are absent because of inability to meet the travel costs to Mexico City.
We have taken seriously our obligation to listen to each other and to propose courses of action to the United Nations. Communication between us and the United Nations conference should have been easy and has, in fact, been difficult.
We demand that the future commitment of the United Nations and its member states to International Women's Year and the concerns of women include adequate funding and planning to serve the needs
Recognizing that the subject of Women and Religion does not appear in the Plan of Action, women of the Tribune protest discrimination in religious institutions and support women's full and free participation in all aspects of religious life.
OPENING REMARKS BY SENATOR CHARLES H. PERCY, PRESENTED AT
OPEN FORUM ON DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE, JUNE 23, 1975 I am pleased to be here this afternoon, and I thank you for coming. . It is not often that a United States Senator has the opportunity to have a group discussion with so many knowledgeable women from so many different backgrounds and countries at a single meeting. I am here to listen and learn from all of you.
As a concerned individual and as a government representative, I need to better understand the direction that development assistance must take to integrate the needs, aspirations, and priorities of women and thus, enhance economic growth world-wide.
We know that women suffer pervasive discrimination, openly or subtly, in every country in the world. We know that women do not fulfill their self-potential in the majority of cases. We know that this combination of discrimination and low level of self-realization among women has retarded development.
In turn, development assistance has adversely affected women in many developing countries. It has further widened the income gap between the richest and the poorest in those countries.
Development assistance affects women in donor countries as well. Despite national boundaries and language barriers, women share common problems. In all societies, traditional or industrial, women are excluded from the power structure and have little, if any, input into policy formation or program implementation.
What can be done? It is certain that muc should be done. But where do we start, what are the priorities? How can the donor countries and international organizations who are committed help resolve the problems that inhibit women's contribution to the improved quality of life for all people.
What we are dealing with transcends the limits of so-called "women's issues”. The integration of women in development is a direction, an affirmative action which touches on the over-all question of international economic and political stability.
The world stands on the verge of profound change. The political future, economic system, and social norms of every country are being contested. How well the world responds to the challenge will depend on all citizens-male and female-of every country having a just share of both the benefits and responsibilities of economic growth.
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CHASSELS The IWY Iban Trioessthat women and nongorem. mental organizace we combate to development, peace and creation of a better min riay. Bu deremoped comes will be reluctant to change mye aid to borgovernmental organizations if there is not a parte ber of pregorem.mertal organizations
In every dere gain there and be a National Crion of nongoverramenta. Orzacza osposed of representatives from each organization. Tuere old be Eason between this boir and the ministry of Paris ad Development, the ministr of Communiy Development and sa! Securtyard the National Commission for Women's Affairs. In this was por governmental organizations would be aware of plans made by their goreriments and can niake a more meaningful contribution to society.
Requests for aid shood te made either br indir dual organizations through the Natior.al Union or by the National Union itæ f. These requests should be sent to Non-Gorenmental Organization Offices at C.N. Centres in the respective countries. The officers emplored in these offices are expected to engage in fie:d work among organizations so that they would be in a position to make ralid comments on these applications which are forwarded for appraisal.
KINDS Aid to both governments and nongovernmental organizations should take the following forms:
(a) Finance (gifts. loans):
(f) Sponsorship of field tours of projects in developed or developing countries; and
(9) Sponsorship of scholarships. In order to facilitate the processing of the applications for aid, requests may be classified as follows:
(a) Health and Rehabilitation;
(d) Art and Craft. The nongovernmental organizations would also welcome help in the establishment of talent pools in each developing country. These pools would register talents and the outstanding individuals, organizations or institutions that offer these talents. At every pool there would be information on a domestic as well as a foreign talent market.
The UN office and the National Union of Non-Governmental Organizations would be responsible for disseminating this information through libraries, educational institutions, village councils and the media. These talent pools would make people aware of their deficiencies and serve as incentives to future development.
It is better that the Talent Pools be handled at the nongovernmental level because government departments are usually bogged down with red tape and very often much valuable information does not flow to the masses. With this procedure, ordinary citizens would get to know the kind of aid that is available to them.
When organizations have received aid, they should be required to give a written account of the use of such aid to the National Union of Non-Governmental Organizations. A copy of this statement should be issued to the U.N. Office for Non-Governmental Organizations.
The National Union should also be made to account publicly every year for the use of aid. Copies of these reports should be sent to relevant Government departments.
Aid to Non-Governmental Organizations, as outlined, will not conflict with aid to governments, because governments will undertake large projects to serve the national interest. Non-Governmental Organizations will undertake small projects to serve the national interest, and community interests.
On the question of food and clothing, it must be pointed out that day care centers and baby sitting agencies are sorely needed in developing countries, but operation costs are too great and Government grants are inadequate. Much food is dumped in developed countries each year in order to maintain market prices. If some of this food is sent to welfare organizations—even on a quarterly basis-this would be a great help.
This kind of aid would not upset domestic prices because the people who are being helped have low purchasing power in any case. Rice is our staple in the Caribbean, but we have no objection to feeding our children potatoes if it means that more mouths are to be fed.
Regarding scholarships, the plan should be extended to Non-Gorernmental Organizations because Government Scholarships are limited to the number of posts which Government can fill. Some Non-Governmental Organizations would like to obtain training for their emplovees but find it difficult to bear the entire cost.
No care has been taken to single out women's organizations because it is expected that the U.N. will continue to promote the interest: of women. Moreover, true development cannot take place unless both men and women work together as equal partners. These proposals therefore, are made in the interest of both men and women.
It will be necessary, however, to stipulate which Non-Governmental Organizations will receive aid and which will not. Trade Unions are Non-Governmental Organizations and they may see themselves as having a right to this aid. They should not be excluded from the
National Union of Non-Governmental Organizations because they i would add a new dimension to the generally accepted idea of the role 25 of Non-Governmental Organizations. In many countries, Trade C Unions are regarded merely as a group of strikers and fighters. If
Trade Unions are given aid in the form of scholarships, field tours
and technical advice and more dialogne occurs between Trade Unions 17" and other Non-Governmental Organizations, a new awareness among
developing countries would emerge. We need more women involvement in Trade Unions. Our aim is not to overthrow the male power structure, but to infiltrate it.
Finally, may I add that the very existence of so many Non-Governmental Organizations in developing countries is an indication of the dedication and the competence of the people in such societies. The developed countries should therefore have no reservations in giving aid to them through the United Nations. After all, we are the primary producers who generate employment industry and the profits that accrue to developed nations.
Very relevant to the idea of equality for women is a more equitable distribution of the wealth of the world,
CONGRESSIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S YEARACTION RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE WORLD CONFERENCE OF THE IWY
SUMMARY OF SYMPOSIUM RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IWY CONFERENCE
1. Objectires and Goals of International Women's Year: Present
Policies and Programs 1. Although U.S. women have made significant advances toward de jure equality, they are still virtually excluded from decision and policy making positions in all walks of life. In short, U.S. women have not found access to the country's established power structure. If U.S. women are to achieve equal rights, opportunities and responsibilities with men, they must learn the exercise of power and gain access to and participation in the inner circles of the country's power structure.
2. Although the U.S. is the wealthiest nation in the world, it is not free from poverty. As in other countries, women and children are the most helpless victims of poverty, comprising the overwhelming majority of the U.S. welfare population. The plight of our women and children on welfare needs serious consideration. Welfare laws need improvement so that every U.S. citizen can be assured an adequate income, a dignified life, and some choice of lifestyle.
3. The U.S. has achieved an excellent record in enacting anti-sex discrimination laws. However, these laws have generally been in adequately applied. Strong enforcement has been lacking. Moreover, anti-sex discrimination laws in themselves are not enough. In addition to strong enforcement, positive measures to redress past discrimination are also needed. Some suggestions to strengthen enforce