페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

possession of persons under its jurisdiction.

The U.S. Government will

then compensate India for the material at currı nt domestic prices.

Definition

The following terms are defined in the Agreement: U.S.

Commission, Tarapur Atomic Power Station, equipment and devices, per

sons, reactor, atomic weapon, special nuclear material, source material,

parties, and reliable full power operation.

The United Kingdom

The agreement for nuclear power cooperation with

the United Kingdom is shorter and less detailed than that with India. Its

principal provisions follows.

[blocks in formation]

The Parties agreed to assist each other in furthering the use

of atomic energy for civil power applications, including merchant marine

propulsion, subject to the availability of personnel and material, applicable laws, directives, regulations and license requirements in force in their re

spective countries. The assistance is to be on a reciprocal basis.

Restricted data and privately owned information are not to be com

municated under the Agreement.

The Parties are to exchange general in

formation on the development of atomic energy for civil power applications, Detailed and applied information in this field are to be exchanged to such

an extent and under such terms and conditions as may be agreed.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

of any exchanged information or materials is the responsibility of the receiv

ing Party.

Materials

ERDA is to sell agreed upon quantities of enriched U-235

for fueling reactors in the U.K. civil nuclear power programs, including

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

search and power. There are no U.S. inspection rights and no commitment for supplying information on materials quantities. However the guarantee provisions of each agreement commit the parties to safeguard classified transfers, where the word "safeguard" appears to mean physical protection

rather than the meaning in other agreements.

IAEA safeguards

Neither agreement provides for the IAEA to apply safeguards.

Responsibility for information and materials

Both agreements contain the same provisions for responsibility for

information and materials as appears in the other agreements for research

and power.

Responsibility for safe handling of materials

Neither agreement contains the provision for safe handling of materials that appears in other agreements for research and power.

Guarantees

Both agreements provide guarantees by the parties to safeguard

transferred classified material, equipment, devices and classified informa

tion; not to use transferred items for atomic weapons, or research and de

velopment of atomic weapons, or any other military use; and not to transfer items to unauthorized persons or beyond the jurisdiction of the receiving

country.

The Canadian agreement ties the first guarantee to security safeguards and standards prescribed by the separate security arrangements be

tween the AEC and the Atomic Energy Control Board of Canada. The United

Cooperation by Persons - Arrangements may be made between ei

ther Party or authorized persons under its jurisdiction and authorized persons under the jurisdiction of the other Party for the transfer of materials,

etc. subject to limitations in this Agreement.

Safeguards

The Parties agreed to request the IAEA to assume re

sponsibility for applying safeguards to materials transferred.

In the event the Parties did not reach a mutually satisfactory agree

ment on the trilateral, either Party by notification, could terminate the

Agreement.

In the event of termination, the United Kingdom would at the

United States' request, return all special nuclear material received and still

in its possession or in the possession of persons under its jurisdiction. The United States would compensate the United Kingdom for its interest in these

material at current domestic prices.

Guarantees - Both Parties guaranteed that:

No material transferred pursuant to this Agreement will be used for atomic weapons or for research on or development of atomic weapons or

for any other military purpose.

No material transferred will be transferred to unauthorized persons

or beyond the jurisdiction of either receiving Party without the written con

sent of the transferring Party.

U.S. consent will not be given unless the

transfer is within the scope of an Agreement for cooperation.

No special nuclear material produced through the use of any material

transferred pursuant to this agreement may be used for atomic weapons or

for research on development of atomic weapons or for any other military

purpose. Further, they may not be transferred beyond the jurisdiction of the

Party in which they were produced.

nuclear material. In addition, the agreements with Indonesia, Ireland and Colombia include definitions for parties, byproduct material, and person. The agreements with Ireland and Indonesia also define safeguards. All de

1

finitions are identical to those in the research and power agreements.

Cooperation and Restricted Data

Concerning cooperation and Restricted Data, the Agreements with

Ireland and Indonesia are identical. In them, the parties agree to cooperate

in the achievement of the uses of atomic energy for peaceful purposes subject to the provisions of the Agreement, the availability of personnel and material, and the applicable laws, regulations, and license requirements in

force in their respective countries. Restricted data and information that the

parties

are not

permitted to communicate are outside the scope of this

agreement.

The Agreements with Israel, Turkey, Iran, and Colombia state only

that restricted data shall not be communicated under the Agreement.

The Agreement with Greece does not mention restricted data.

Scope

Under the agreements with Colombia, Indonesia, Ireland, and Tur

key, the areas in which information will be exchanged are the same as the

research areas in the research and power agreements.

The agreements with Greece, Iran, and Israel outline the following areas as suitable for cooperation:

-design, construction, and operation of research reactors and their

use as research, development, and engineering tools and in me

dical therapy.

1

selecting reactor projects, the technical and economic features were to

be considered and approved by both parties while other features were to

be considered and approved by the EURATOM.

The total capital cost, exclusive of fuel inventory of the nuclear power

plants to be constructed under the program was estimated not to exceed the

equivalent of $350 million to be financed by the U.S. and Euratom. The

U.S. offered guarantees designed to limit financial risks associated with the

fuel cycle.

The reactor R & D program aimed primarily at improving reactor

performance, lowering fuel cycle costs, and developing plutonium recycle.

Materials to be provided

The U.S. agreed to sell or lease up to

30,000 kilograms of Uranium enriched in U-235, for joint projects as the

Euratom Community requests. This net amount was

to be the gross quan

tity of contained U-235 in uranium sold of leased to the Community less the quantity of contained U-235 in recoverable uranium resold or returned to

the U.S., or transferred to another nation or group of nations

ith U.S. ap

proval. By agreement, the United States could also sell additional quanti

ties of SNM to the Community. Any lease of SNM by the U.S. Commission

could be converted to a sale of material upon Euratom request, if such a

sale was consistent with U.S. laws and policy.

Details of the leasing ar

rangements are included in the Agreement.

The uranium supplied for use in power reactors may be enriched to 20% U-235. Upon request and at its discretion, the United States could

supply part of the enriched uranium as material enriched up to 90% for use

« 이전계속 »