« 이전계속 »
DEFINITIONS RESEARCH ONLY
For the purpom of this Age:
"The Authority" mean the United Kingdom Alomie Energy
"The Commission means the United States Atomic Energy
"Person" means wy individual, corporation, partarship, firm,
Association, trust, cetate, public or private institution, group, govern.
ment Agency or government corporation other than the Commission
and the Authority.
"Restricted Data" means all data concerning: (1) design, mano-
factors, or utilization of atomic weapona; (2) the production of special
nuclear material; or (8) the use of pecial nuclear material in the
production of energ, but shall not include data declassified or removed
from the category of Restricted Data by the appropriate authority,
"Special nuclear material" means (1) plutonium, uranium enriched
in the isotope 233 or in the isotope 335, and any other material which
the Commission and the Authority determine to be special nuclear
material; or (%) wy material artificially enriched by way of the
Tee there of this Agron
(1) "Partie man the devement of the iced Hates of
in the closion on behalf of the Govent of the
United Nate of orie, and the cuvameent of Portugal, Imelding
the Junts on behalf of the lower of Portugal. Party mens
one of the shore Partie.
(3) Commission on the wiced ate atomle Inergy constela.
(5) Santa man the Southeryla Pelour of Portugal.
(6) Atomie van sy seule wilsim atenie energy
onclusive of the man for transporting of propelling the sovice
imer rech Mar 15 repared low diviso part of the welco)
the principal pou of which to form a fer dowolent of
, voupa prutorre, er voor devle.
(5) "produce morial muralects moteriel (o
peeled muclear material) ylelled to or male radiosets y por
Lo Uhe relation incident the process of protein or willing
peeial weleer material.
10 polyment and lovi.com'equipo devieno man
Intret, aparate, or toeslicy, w leclude e tecility.
escope atom roupon, cable of making of or producing special
nuclear material, and went parts thereof.
( sex em tivi, main, wrap
tin, moletse, tree, claro, se a private leastution,
groue government on, or powermat corporation do
met Include the Parties to this great
(1) Tector - parole, other the sale ve
in which selb-portin fiesta de rosie 1. maintained
• etilising wees, pletendo o serie, o insties of
(9) Robined Douawal data concerning (a) sein,
manufacture, or veiliwel of stemte opene, a to predetto
of special meleer material, o lo he of bel suelos
material la the poetsen org. he shall we neede data
doeleified or record fro the topic of moue. Dom the
(10) "Sofopante y of controla si semn
that materials, it coveted the profil
of manke many are met wed further diary puso.
(13) louro material som (a) weale, where Other
noterial ia la determined by the color the Santa
source material, or rentalaing more of the foregoing
materiale, la concentre
devenime troue to
Descare reveler's NLOr wala is designed
for a production of motrom other relations for general
research and dovolet purposes, medical therapy and diagnosis,
- wala ng la nuclear elence and engineering. The ten does not
Soww power reactor, power constration reactors, or racters
Solned primarily for the production of special nuclear material.
Yotricted DeLamans all data concerning (a) danie
manufacturo, weilsatsen of stone wapons, (3) the production
of special suclear material, o (5) these of special relea
material in the production of energy. hat shall not seclude data
declassified or removed from the category of Restricted Douby
the propriate outhority.
''Safeguardo'y means yorum of contrado colgned to
seos that any material, suspense Covico. come to the
peaceful was of stoele energy are met wood to further any silitary
The Government of the United States of America and the
Government of Portugal note that, be agremot rired by these and
the International Atomic Leergy money on July 12, 196, the Agency
has been applying safeguarda te materiale, quant and facilities
anetarred to the jurisdiction of the Government of Portugal under
the superseded recente. The Parties. Reynising the desirablety
of continuing to make wo of the facilities vices of the
International Atonis Energy Agency, grow that Agency safeguardo
shall continue to ply be materiala, equipo and facilities
transferred under the reporreded Agrot er to be urmatorred
ander hie Mgrecent.
The continued application of Agency watoguarde persuant
to this article will complished either we provided in the
above-mentioned rilatore) wyrat mong use Parties and the Agency,
uit my bended from time to tim or replanted by
trilateral reat, or provided in an arent which may be
entered into between the laternational Atomto Energy Agency and the
Governong of Portugal purwant to Artiel. It of the Treaty on the
'A. The Government of the United sustes of America and the
Government of the kaprublic of Indonesia note that, by an wreement
oigned by them and the International Atonie Energy Agency on
June 19, 147, (') the Agoney was been applying safeguardo te
materiale, equipment and tacilities transferred to the Government
of the Republic of Indonesia under this Agreceat. The Parties
gree that any safeguarda shall continue to apply to such
materials, equipment and tecilities we provided in the wilateral
greement, A. At may be wonded from time to time or supplanted
by new teslateral recant, recognising that the safeguarda
rights accorded to the Government of the United States of
A. The United States and the United Kingdom, recognizing the
desirability of making use of the facilities and services of the Inter
national Atomic Energy Agency, agree that the Agency will be
requested to assume responsibility for applying safeguards to materials
transferred under this Agreement.
B. In the event the Parties do not reach a mutually satisfactory
agreement on the terms of the trilateral arrangement envisaged in
paragraph A of this Article, either Party may, by notification, termi-
nate this Agreement. In the event of termination by either Party,
the United Kingdom shall, at the request of the United States, return
to the United States all special nuclear material received pursuant to
this Agreement and still in its possession or in the poression of persons
under its jurisdiction. The United States will compensate the United
Kingdom for its interest in such material so returned at the Commis-
sion's schedule of prices then in effect domestically.
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapone. 16 .. understood that
without med tication of this Agreement, the safeguards right
accorded to the Government of the United States of America by
Article ki of this Agreement will be spended during the time
and to the entent that the Government of the United States of
America agrees that the need to everes ruch right. 1. satsstied
by categaarde agreement contemplated in NL paragraph.
c. In the event the applicable mateguarde ICONGRS referred
to in paragraph of thi. Article should be terminated for any
rosson and consequently, the Government of the United States of
America shoid resou the safeguards rights referred to in
Article of this Agreement, the Parties shall see the situation
e created in the light of the obligations by the Government
of the United States of maries wider the sens of the Treaty on the
Hon-Proliferation of Puclear weapons, " that propriate me
may be taken, if necessary. to oly satisfactorily with the above
erica by Article VIII of this Agreement are suspended 4 in
the time and to the ROBE that Agency safeguardo apply to Swed
materiale, equipment and facilities.
3. In the event that the trilateral agreement referred to
in paragraph of this Article should be tominated prior to the
expiration of this Agreement and the Partie should fail to agree
promptly upon reception of Agency safeguarde, either party may.
by Sarafication, terassete this Agreement. to the event of
Lomination by other Party, the Government of the Republie of
Indonesia whall, at the request of the Government of the United
States of America, return to the Government of the United States
of America all social nuclear material received pursuant to use
Agreement and still in its possession er is the possession of
persons under sto jaridiction. The Government of the United
States of America il compensate the Government of the Republie
at ladanessa or the persons under its jurisdiction for their
interest in such material se returned at the comin'.
schedule of prices than in effect is the United States of America.
Selected Chronology of International Activities of the AEC
Source: AEC Annual Reports to Congress, 1955-1974
The annual reports of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission following
the revision of the Atomic Energy Act in 1954 included brief highlights of
There follows a chronology of selected items from
--Twenty-seven nations entered into agreements for cooperation with
the U.S. in developing the civil uses of atomic energy.
--The President enlarged the scope of Atoms for Peace Program by advocating the construction and demonstration of a nuclear-powered mer
--The President proffered financial aid to other nations in the construction of research reactors, and training and technological aid in the development of power reactors by friendly nations.
--The United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Ato
mic Energy was held in Geneva.
The Conference was originally proposed
--The Commission opened a course for scientists and engineers from
other nations in reactor engineering.
--The Commission continued support of libraries of unclassified atomic energy publications in other nations, a program which was begun in late 1954.
--The United States participated in a conference to consider the basic
charter of the IAEA at United Nations headquarters. The Conference adopted
--A total of 41 agreements for cooperation were completed with 39 na
--The first financial commitments under the President's plan for re
search assistance were made to reactor projects in Brazil, Denmark, the
--The number of technical libraries approved for presentation to other countries was increased to 42 plus three to international agencies.
--Through 1956, the Commission had approved sale of 129 tons of heavy water to Australia, France, India, Italy, Switzerland and in the United
States for use in peaceful programs.
--The Commission continued support of libraries and training in other
--The Commission and the Export-Import Bank agreed to joint action to provide assistance for the construction of nuclear power plants and for research reactor projects in nations which had entered into agreements for co
operation with the United States.
--The United States participated in the July United Nations Disarma