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materials worth about $360.9 million. The sale of 667 tons of heavy water

valued at $35.4 million was also negotiated.

--12 shipments of spent fuel were received from foreign countries for

reprocessing.

--The United States and the Soviet Union signed their ratified copies of

the NPT. (November 24.)

--The United States and the Soviet Union held meetings to discuss their

respective peaceful nuclear explosion programs.

1970

--The United States and the Soviet Union deposited their instruments of

ratification of the NPT. (March 15.)

--A second set of bilateral meetings was held between representatives

of the United States and the Soviet Union to discuss their peaceful nuclear

nuclear explosions programs.

--Foreign orders were placed with United States suppliers for nine nu

clear powerplants in seven countries.

--By the end of 1970, the Export-Import Bank had authorized 18 pro

jects involving American-supplied materials and equipment in nuclear plants aborad totaling approximately $600 million.

--Export shipments to cooperating countries totaled approximately 3,521 kilograms of U-235 under toll enrichment agreements, 2,597 of U-235 under sale and lease agreements, and 45 kilograms of Pu.

--As of mid-1970 the Commission had distributed abroad through sale,

lease, and deferred payment sales, special nuclear material and other ma

terials worth about $437.6 million.

The Commission negotiated the sale

to Canada of 500 tons of heavy water valued at $29. 4 million.

--Ten shipments of spent fuel were received from Canada and Japan

for reprocessing in the United States.

1971

--President Nixon announced in his foreign policy report to Congress on

Feburary 25,

1971, that the Administration had consulted with the Joint

Committee on Atomic Energy concerning ways in which the United States

might assist its allies to construct multinational uranium enrichment faci

lities.

The Commission informed several nations that it was prepared to

undertake exploratory discussions on the possibility of making gaseous dif

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fusion technology available outside the U.S.

Preliminary discussions were

held in November.

--Seventeen uranium enrichment contracts were executed under agree

ments for cooperation.

--Export shipments to agreement nations totaled approximately 19, 707

kilograms of U-235 under toll enrichment agreements and 1,264 kilograms

of U-235 under sale and lease agreements.

--As of mid-1971, the Commission had distributed abroad through sale,

lease, and deferred payment sales, special nuclear material and other ma

terials worth about $572.3 million, resulting in revenues of $491.9 million.

-- The United States participated in the Fourth United Nations Confer

ence of the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy.

1972

--Forty-one facility inspections were carried out by U.S. personnel in the five countries in which safeguards continue to be applied under agree

ments for cooperation.

--Meetings were held with other nuclear material and equipment sup

plier nations to define the extent of their responsibilities under Article III

of the NPT.

-- In the interest of strengthening international safeguards for nuclear

materials, the Commission participated with the IAEA and the U. S. Arms

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--The Commission continued to support the objectives of the NPT, in

cluding the IAEA's responsibility for administering the treaty's safeguards

provisions.

--Discussions continued on the 1967 offer to permit the IAEA to apply its safeguards to all United States nuclear activities, excluding those with direct national security significance.

1974

--The Commission provided technical support to the IAEA for safeguards.

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--Negotiations, in which the Commission played a major role, neared completion on a safeguards agreement with the IAEA under which the IAEA will implement safeguards at selected U.S. nuclear facilities.

--The Commission negotiated bilateral information exchange agreements

with five nations covering systematic reciprocal exchanges of data on operating experience and other technical informatition related to the safety and

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environmental impact of nuclear powerplants.

--In mid-1974, the Commission began a small-scale program of as

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signing a limited number of foreign regulatory employees from countries

with embryonic nuclear power programs to work for one to two years within

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the AEC regulatory organization.

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APPENDIX IV

PRINCIPLES FOR ESTABLISHING THE SAFEGUARDS AND

CONTROL SYSTEM UNDER THE EURATOM AGREEMENT

The principles which will govern the establishment and operation of the safeguards and control system are as follows: The EURATOM Commission will:

1. Examine the design of equipment, devices and facilities, including nuclear reactors, and approve it for the purpose of assuring that it will not further any military purpose and that it will

permit the effective application of safeguards, if such equipment, devices and facilities:

(a) are made available pursuant to this Agreement; or
(b) use, process or fabricate any of the following materials re-

ceived from the United States: source or special nuclear ma-
terial, moderator material or any other material relevant to

the effective application of safeguards; or (c) use any special nuclear material produced as the result of

the use of equipment or material referred to in subpara

graphs (a) and (b). 2. Require the maintenance and production of operating records to assure accountability for source or special nuclear material made available, or source or special nuclear material used, recovered, or produced as a result of the use of source or special nuclear material, moderator material or any other material relevant to the effective application of safeguards, or as a result of equipment, devices and facilities made available pursuant to this Agreement.

3. Require that progress reports be prepared and delivered to the EURATOM Commission with respect to projects utilizing material

, equipment, devices and facilities referred to in paragraph 2 of this Annex.

4. Establish and require the deposit and storage, under continuing safeguards, in EURATOM facilities of any special nuclear material referred to in paragraph 2 of this Annex which is not currently being utilized for peaceful purposes in the Community or otherwise transferred as provided in the Agreement for Cooperation between the Government of the United States of America and

the Community

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