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--At the end of the year, six reactors made in the United States were
in operation in other countries, and licenses to export 16 others from the United States had been issued; nine new agreements for research and power and one for research became effective, five agreements were amended.
--Continued financial assistance was given to reactor projects in other
--Training and assistance activities to American States continued. Work continued on the establishment of a Spanish language training center
in atomic energy at University of Puerto Rico.
--The United States held its fifth course of the International School of
Nuclear Science and Engineering.
--Eighty nations signed the IAEA statute and 59 nations became charter
--The European Atomic Energy Community was established.
ferences in nuclear science and technology.
--The International Atomic Energy Agency was formally inaugurated in
Vienna, Austria on October 1.
--President Eisenhower submitted to Congress and asked for early approval of an international agreement with EURATOM for a cooperative program on the peaceful uses of atomic energy.
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ruary 1, within the framework of the Organization for European Economic
uranium enriched to more than 20 percent in U-235 could be made available
--Letters of commitment for $350,000 each for research reactor pro
jects had been made to 16 countries, nine of them during 1958.
-- More than 8.5 kilograms of U-235 were shipped to foreign countries.
--Exchange visits were made between leading figures in atomic energy
activities in the Soviet Union and the United States.
--Discussions continued among the United Kingdom, the United States
and the Soviet Union on the cessation of nuclear weapons tests.
--The number of member states of the IAEA increased to 70. General principles of the application of safeguards were provisionally approved by the Board of Governors.
--Closer ties were established with the Organization for European Eco
--Two new agreements for cooperation were signed.
--The Commission established a policy of leasing nuclear material to
foreign countries either through the IAEA or agreements for cooperation.
--The Commission established a staff to handle safeguards activities under agreements for cooperation and to assist in the establishment of an
effective worldwide safeguards system through the IAEA.
--Training opportunities were expanded for foreign personnel at United
-- An Inter-American Nuclear Energy Commission was established as a
center for consultation and to facilitate cooperation.
--The Fourth General Conference of the IAEA, held in September and October, accepted principles and procedures to serve as the foundation for an international safeguards system against diversion of SNM and equipment
from peaceful uses.
--The Joint reactor program of Euratom and the United States entered
its second phase with preparation to issue an invitation for proposals for
power reactors to be completed by the end of 1965.
-- The Commission enlarged its participation in OEEC activities,
--Three new agreements for cooperation became effective.
--Eight new reactors manufactured in the United States went into oper
ation in foreign nations, making a total of 27 reactors in foreign nations.
An additional 17 were being built abroad by U.S. companies and seven more
were being planned for construction.
--Three additional grants for research reactors were approved, bring
ing the total number committed since the establishment of the program in
1966 to 22 reactors, with a total value of $7.55 million.
--Commission inspectors conducted safeguards inspections of 33 faci
lities in 12 foreign countries and the City of West Berlin.
--Commission support of technical libraries continued, bringing to 85 the total number of libraries presented to 58 foreign countries and five inter
national or regional organizations.
--The United States and several agreement nations announced their wil.
lingness to transfer to IAEA administration of safeguards for U.S. - supplied
--The Commission recommended to the President and received approval
for increasing the supply of enriched uranium for peaceful uses abroad from
50,000 kilograms to 65, 000 kilograms of contained U-235.
--The United States contributed $2.5 million to seven nations to help
with nuclear research reactors and equipment.
--The IAEA Board of Governors approved a set of guidelines for Agency
safeguards and put them into effect, subject to review after two years.
--The Commission approved the basic United States negotiating position
for its offer to place four of its reactor facilities under IAEA safeguards.
--The United States participated in 24 international conferences and spon
gored several exhibits.
--U.S. -financed research and development contracts approved by the United States-EURATOM Joint Research and Development Board totaled
34 projects costing $9.57 million.
--The United States signed its first long-term fuel sales contract with
EURATOM. (20 years. )
--The State Department convened an Advisory Committee to Review the Policy of the United States toward the IAEA under the chairmanship of Ambassador Henry D. Smyth.
--The first and second tests of IAEA safeguards inspection procedures
within the United States were carried out in June and November when two
Agency representatives visited U.S. reactors which were made available for
--Amendments to 14 U.S. agreements for cooperation were concluded. --Through 1962, the Commission had made 18 reactor grants, totaling
$6.3 million, and had commitments for eight others.
--The United States and India concluded an agreement under which the
United States will cooperate in the construction of the Tarapur nuclear power
-- The United States, Japan, and the IAEA concluded a trilateral agree. ment under which the Agency assumed responsibility for administering safeguards for U.S. -supplied materials and equipment in Japan. This was the first agreement of this kind.