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seem, is not now getting the same amount of attention which it received two decades ago. The duties of the present are too urgent, for evangelical theology to give the witticisms of an Ingersoll or the new discoveries of a Darwin much attention. It sees that enough time has been spent to equip the ship and make it seaworthy, and, therefore, it boldly steers for the deep to accomplish its purpose. It is fully convinced of the fact that the time has now come when, with the testimony concerning Christ supported by science and by faith, it were folly to stop and answer the thousand-and-one objections which may be urged against Christianity. Now is the time to push forward aggressively if permanent results of real value are to be achieved.

This practical tendency, together with personal faith, has done a great deal toward drawing the different denominations nearer to each other, out of which has come the Alliance. There was a common ground upon which they could meet as brothers, and a common foe who could be conquered only by a union of all the forces; and so differences were set aside, barriers broken down, mutual approaches made, and, as a result, Christian fraternity followed. Such an alliance must develop gradually; diplomatic negotiations cannot bring it about; it grows out of a mutual understanding and a mutual respect for each other, in which both the differences and the agreements come to light. Spiritual unity does not require outward unifornity. To have brought about a spiritual confederation of believers is one of the grand results of the practical tendency of the evarigelical theology of to-day.

It is going to be the theology of the future. Negation ends with nihilism, and confessionalism ends with lifeless forinalism. Neither of these movements have a future as a theology. Indeed they do not deserve the name. The future belongs to the theology which is founded upon a true knowledge, born of a living faith, centering around our Lord Jesus Christ, whose active charities are as wide as the world; such a healthy, spiritual, living, evangelical orthodoxy, which is in full sympathy with every thing human, and ready to recognize the divine in whatever form it may be revealed—such a theology has a long lease on life ; for it is anchored on Him of whom it is written: “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given

him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth ; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

ART. VIII. - SYNOPSIS OF THE QUARTERLIES AND OTHERS OF

THE HIGHER PERIODICALS.

American Reviews.

AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN AND ORIENTAL JOURNAL, October, 1882. (Chicago, Ill.)

-1. Native Races of Colombia, S. A.; by E. G. Barney. 2. The Cubit of the Ancients; by Charles Whittlesey. 3. Paleolithic Man in America; by L. P. Gratacap. 4. Phonetics of the Kayowe Language; by Albert S. Gaischet. 5. The Sister and Brother: an Iowa Iradition; by J. 0. Dorsey. 6. Antiquities of Nicaragua — Origin of the Palenque Builders; by Dr. Earl Flint. 7. The Origin of the Architectural Orders; by Stephen D. Peet. 8. Keltiberian

Inscriptions in Spain; by Rev. Wentworth liebster. AMERICAN CATHOLIC QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, 1882. (Philadelphia.)-1. The

Origin of Civil Authority ; by Rev. J. Ming, S.J. 2. Cardinal Newman as a Man of Letters; by John Charles Earle, B.A. 3. Cesare Cantù and the NeoGuelphs or Italy ; by Rev. Bernard O'Reilly, LL.D. 4. The Attitude of Society Toward Religion ; by Arthur Featherstone Marshall, B.A. 5. American Freethinking. 6. Superior Instruction in Our Colleges; by Rev. Aug. J. Thebaud, S.J. 7. Labor Discoutent; by Jolin Gilmry Shea, LL. D. 8. The Coming Transit of Venus; by Rev. J. M. Degni, S.J. 9. England's Latest Con

quest. 10. Irish Criine and its Causes; by John MacCartlıy. BAPTIST QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, November, December, 1882. (Cincinnati.)

-1. Thomas Aquinas; by the lare Rev. Richard M. Nott. 2. Comments on Matthew xvi, 16-18; by Rev. David Foster Estes. 3. The Free State of Tephricé ; hy L. P. Brockett, M.D. 4. Historical Proofs of the Soul's Immortality ; by Rev. Lewis M. Ayer. 5. Our Debt to the Huguenots; or, What we Owe to French Protestantism ; by Rev. J. N. Williams. 6. As to a Millen. nium; by Rev. H. A. Sawtelle, D.D. 7. The Siu Unio Death aud Prayer; by C. E. W. Dobbs, D.D. 8. The Rise of the Use of Pouring and Spriukling for

Baptism; by Rev. Norman Fox. BIBLIOTHECA SACRA, October, 1882. (Andover.)-1. The End of Luke's Gospel

and the Beginning of the Acts: Two Studies;-hy Theodore D. Woolsey, D.D., LL.!). 2. The Development of Monotheism among the Greeks; by Dr. Edward Zeller; translated from the German by Edwin D. Mead. 3. The Trial of Christ: A Diatessaron with Dissertations; by lienry C. Vedder. 4. Positiv. ism as a Working System; by Rev. F. H. Johnson. 5. The Epistle to the Romans in the Revised Version: by Rev. R. D. C. Robbins. 6. Dr. Dorner's Po

sition with Regard to Probation After Death; by Rev. Williain llenry Cobb. CHRISTIAN PHILOSOPHY QUARTERLY, October, 1882. (New York.)--1. Anniver

sary Address; by Pres. Charles F. Decms, D.D. 2. The Validation of Knowl. edge; by Prof. Henry N. Dy, D.D. 3. Christ and Our Century; by Rev. A. 11. Bradford. 4. The Duality of Mind and Brain; by Prof. Noali K. Davis, LL.D. 5. Nature, the Supernatural, etc.; by Prof. George T. Ladd, D.D. 6. God and Man Mutually Visible: by Howard Crosby, D.D. 7. Proceedings of the Institute.

CHRISTIAN QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, 1882. (Columbia, Mo.)-1. Baccalaure

ale Sermon; by M. Rhodes, D.D. 2. Exegeses of John xvi, 8: Mission of the Spirit; by Elder G. R. Hand. 3. The Alleged Cruelties of the Old Testament; by Prof. J. W. M'Garvey. 4. Inspiration; by Elder H. W. B. Myrick. 5. The Name Christian and Pros. Pendleton's Essay; by Elder B. U. Watkins. 6. S mplicity of the Gospel ; by W. J. Barbee, A.M., M.D. 7. The Question Settled; by II. Christopher, A.M., M.D. 8. Our Alar of Incense; by N. S. Haynes. 9. Reflections on a Pagan Picture of Primitive Christianity; by Robert T.

Mathews, A.M. CUMBERLAND PRESBYTERIAN QUARTERLY REVIEW, October, 1882. (Lebanon,

Tenn.l. Holiness; by J. W. Poindexter, D.D. 2. Rev. Thomas C. Ander. son. D.D.; by S. G. Burvey, D.D. 3. Japan and the Japanese; by C. H. Bell, D.D. 4. Faith; by Rev. J. T. A. Hendersou. 5. Studies in Christian Evidence; by S. II. Buchanan, D.D. 6. One Aspect of the Atonement; by Rev.

W.C. Logan. LUTHERAN QUARTERLY, October, 1882. (Gettysburg.)-1. The Strength of Young

Men; hy M. Valentine, D.D. 2. A Monophysitic Confession; translated by Prof. George H. Schodde, Ph.D. 3. The Old Matin and Vesper Service of the Lutheran Church; by Rev. Edward T. Horn, A.M. 4. Mission Work and Propiecy: A translation from the German of Prof. Franz Delitsch in “ Suat auf Hoffnung;” by Rev. P. C. Croll, A.M. 5. The Lutheran Church in Ul-ter County, N. Y.; by Rev. William Hull. 6. The Salvation Army: Its Methods and Lessous; by Prof. C. A. Stork, D.D. 7. A Glance at Modern Missions; by Rev. William K lly. 8. Ecclesiastical Quarterlies in the United States; by

Rev. Matthias Slieeleigh, A.M. New ENGLANDER, September, 1832. (New Haven.)-1. The Importance and the

Method of Bible Study; by Prof. C. J. H. Ropes. 2. Some Honest Doubts about the Supposed Ouly Scriptural Ground for Divorce; by Rev. I. E. Dwinell. 3. The Historic Religions of India-Budulisin; by Rev. C. W. Clapp. 4. The Real School Contest in Germany; by Prof. Edward Hungerford. 5. Liberty of Miin, Woman, and Child in Unchristian Lands; by W. F. Crafts. 6. Leg Basques; by J. Wentworth Webster; translated by John Davenport Wheeler.

7. Progress in Psychology; by Rev. E. Janes. November, 1882.-1. Why did the Pilgrim Fathers come to New England ?

by Edwin D. Mead. 2. Emerson's Relation to Christ and Christianity: by Rov. C. S. Walker. 3. Provision and Method of Salvation; by Rev. L. 0. Bristow. 4. Hickok's Mental Science; by Prof. C. E. Garman. 5. A Chapter in the Religious History of Italy; by Rov. J. B. Chase. 6. Les Basques; by J. Wentworth Webster; translated by John Davenport Wheeler. 7. Professor Bowne's Metaphysics; by J. P. Gordy. 8. Non-competitive Economics; by

Prof. J. B. Clark. January, 1883. — 1. Spiritisin a Scientific Question: An Answer to Professor

Wundt's Open Letter; by Dr. H. Ulrici; translated by Rev. J. B. Chase. 2. Conditions of Belief; by Rev. Burdett Hart. 3. Swedenbory as a Theologian a::d a Seer; hy Rev. J. Brainerd Thrall. 4. Darwin and Darwinisin; by Rev. J. M. Whilon. 5. The Preservation of the Classic Texts; hy Prof. A. G. Hopkins. 6. St. Thomas Aquinas; or, Scholastic Philosoplio in Modern Theology; by Austin Bierbower. 7. Herbert Spencer's Data of Ethics; hy Rev. A. C. Sewall. 8. The Pilgrim Line of Theological Progress; by Rev. George Mooar, D.D. 9. Saint Luke: Physician, Painter, and Poet; by Hon. Frederick J.

Kingsbury. 10. A Popular Fallacy; by Rev. F. H. Burdick. NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW, September, 1882. (New York.)-1 Political Assess.

ments; by Dorman B. Eaton. 2. Oatlıs in Legal Proceedings; by Judge Edward A. Thomas. 3. Tornacioes and their Causes; by T. B. Maury. 4. Architecture in America; by Clarence Cook. 5. Constitutional Protection of Property Rights; by A. G. Sedgwick. 6. Earth-Burial and Cremation ; by Augustus (i.

Cobb. 7. The Geneva Award and the Ship-Owners; by J. F. Manning. October, 1882.-1. The Coming Revolution in England: by H. M. Hyndman.

2. The Morally Objectionable in Literature; by 0. B. Frothingham. 3. Recent

Discoveries at Troy: by Dr. Henry Schliemann. 4. Political Bosses : by Sen. ator John I. Mitchell. 5. Safety in Railway Travel; by Prot. George L 'Vose.

6. The Protection of Forests; by Prof. Charles S. Sargent. November, 1882.-1. English Views of Free Trade; by Jolin Welshı. 2. Disor.

der in Court-Rooms; by Judge Joseph Neilson. 3. A Problem for Sociol) gists; by Dr. Wiliiam A. Hammond. 4. The Industrial Value of Woman; by Julia Ward Howe. 5. Advantages of the Jury System: by Judge Dwiglit Foster. 6. Safety in Theaters; by Steele Mackaye. 7. The Pretensions of Journalism ; by Rev. George T. Rider. 8. The Suppressiou of Vice; by An

thony Comstock, 0, B. Frothinglam, and Rev. Dr. J. M. Buckley. PRINCETON REVIEW, November, 1882. (New York.)). Wages; by William G.

Sumner. 2. The Theological Renaissance of the Nineteenth Century; by Prof. Allen. 3. Great Britain, America, and Ireland; by Goldwin Smith, D.C.L. 4. The Education of the Will; by G. Stanley Hall, Ph.D. 5. The Scottish Philosophy as Contrasted with the German; by President James M'Cosh.

6. Tarifi' Revision; by David A. Wells, LL.D., D.C.L. January, 1883.-1. Revision of the Tariff'; by David A. Wells, LL.D., D.C.L.

2. An Early American Version of the Scriptures; by Prof. Francis Bowen. 3. Disfranchisement for Crime; by James Fairbanks Colby. 4. The Theological Renaissance of the Nineteenth Century: by Prof. Allen. 5. Art and Ethies; by Henry J. Van Dyke, Jun. 6. The Latest Irish Legislation and its

Principles; by Sheldon Amos, LL.D. QCARTERLY REVIEW OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCII, SOUTH, October, 1882.

(Nashville, Tenn.)-1. Attitudes of Atheism; by the Editor. 2. The Work of the Ministry; by Rev. S. W. Cope. 3. Miley's Atonement in Christ; by Rev. J. C. Allen. 4. The Genesis of Knowledge. 5. Art and Woman; by Rev. M. Callaway, D.D. 6. Macaulay's E-says: hy J. C. Hinton, A.M. 7. Rev. A. L. P. Green, D.D.: by Rev. J. B. Walker, D.D. 8. Meteoric Visita'ions; by A. Means, D.D... LL.D. 9. Local Preacliers; by Rev. David Wil.

10. American Statesmen: Alexander Hamilton; by the Editor. UNIVERSALIST QUARTERLY, October, 1882. (Boston.)—1 The Catacombs of Rome:

The Pervading Spirit of their Teachings; by Rev. A. B. Grosh. 2. Critical and Fxegetical Votes on Certain Controverted Texts of Scripture: by 0. D. Miller, D.D. 3. Literary Remains of Emanuel Deutsch ; by Chaplain G. Collins, U.S A. 4. Theories of Skepticism-Pantheism ; by William Tucker, D.D. 5. The Con. tinent of Atlantis; by Rev. J. P. M'Le:in. 6. The Universalist Origin of American Sund:y-Schools: by Rev. Richard Eddy. 7. Eternal Regret; by Rev.

Stephen Crane. 8. Other World Order; by G. T. Flanders, D.D. PRESBYTERIAN REVIEW, October, 1882. (New York.)-1. Lyman Beecher on the

Atonement--It- Narure and Extent; by Prof. E. D. Morris, D.D. 2. “The Light of Asia;” by llie Rev. Robert D. Wilson. 3. The Sabbath in the Cuneiform Records; by Prof. Francis Brown, A.M. 4. The Logical Methods of Prof. Kuenen: br Prof. Willis J. Beecher, D.D. 5. The Origin of Theism; by Prof.

Francis L. Patton, D.D., LL.D. Prof. Brown's article on the “Sabbath in the Cuneiform Records is an interesting production by a learned specialist on Assyriology. But, though the work of an expert, and valuable from the facts it presents, he expresses opinions for which he favors us with no proofs, if he has proofs.

We still retain the old-fashioned view that the Sabbath is a divine institution established at the close of the creative week. “ The Sabbath was made for man;" and man's first living week, as antitype of the great divine week, closed with the

son.

first Sabbath. We suppose that the constitution of man requires the week and the Sabbath, and that the seven-day work of God is a conception formed very much to authenticate the seven-day work of man to be closed with a sacred rest. That sublime Psalm of the Creation, Gen. i, we can easily imagine, was chanted in the antediluvian Church where Enoch, seventh from Adam, was one time preacher. Ilence the cosmogenic conception and the decalogue are counterparts of each other. The Sabbath, being made for man," was based in the constitution for whom the weekly labor and the Sabbath rest are a duty. and a blessing. And thence seven became a sacred number, founded in the nature of man and recognized by God. That this number spread among the various races of men was natural, and no wonder we find it in Babylonia.

We quote Prof. Brown:

In the very first section of the Book of Genesis (ii, 2) God is represented as resting on the seventh day, and in Exodus (xx, 11) the command to observe the Sabbath is based upon God's so resting. Now it became evident, as soon as men were able to study the fundamental notions of the Babylonians and Assyrians with the help of contemporary documents, that the number seven was one of great significance to them. Oppert found in an astronomical tablet a connection between the sun, moon, and five planets, and the days of the week; and Schrader argued at length for the week of seven days as original with the Babylonians. But still earlier than this George Smith had made an important discovery. He says: “In the year 1809 I discovered, among other things, a curious religious calendar of the Assyrians, in which every month is divided into four weeks, and the seventh days, or “Sabbaths,' are marked out as days on which no work should be undertaken." In another place he tells us, more explicitly, that the 7th, 14th, 19th, 21st, and 28th days are described by an ideogram equivalent to šulu or šulum, Hebrew my w and bike, meaning 'rest.' The calendar contains lists of works forbidden to be done on these days, which evidently correspond to the Sabbaths of the Jews."

In 1875 appeared the fourth volume of the “Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia,"containing some calendar texts, (pl. 32 and 33,) and in connection with these Sayce took occasion to confirm the statements of Smith, and gave a translation of the requirements for the seventh day. Ilere we find, also, the first mention of Boscawen's discovery that šabuttu is in one place explained as umi nuh libbi, a day of rest of heart.” In the following year Sayce published a translation of the whole hemerology, or description of the days, of the intercalary month Elul, calling special

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