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following the citations of authority on which the documents are based, in the following form:
Executive orders (President). [E.O. 7298, Feb. 18, 1936]
Regulations (Veterans' Administration and Bureau of Internal Revenue). [Reg. R-1001 (K) Vet. Adm., Oct. 14, 1937] [Reg. 100, Art. 603, Bu. Int. Rev., Oct. 12, 1936]
Bulletins (Agriculture Adjustment Administration). [SR. Bull. 1, AAA, Mar. 20, 1936]
Orders (Federal Communications Commission). [Order 17-A, FCC, Sept. 29, 1937]
Rules (Securities and Exchange Commission). [Rule 3D8, SEC, Oct. 4, 1937]
Circulars (Treasury). [Circ. 570, Sec. Treas., Oct. 11, 1937]
(e) Short method of citation of source. This method of citation is applicable where a large number of sections in sequence have the same citation of source. Where section numbers are keyed to section numbers in original source document: (1) Place a dagger (†) at the end of each section or paragraph to which the citation is pertinent, (2) Include an appropriate footnote, preceded by the dagger (†), on the sheet carrying the headnote of the subdivision to which the footnote is applicable. This footnote should indicate (i) the method by which sections in the codification are keyed to the original source, and (ii) the sections covered by the footnote. Thus, for example, such footnote may be in the following form: †In 88 to inclusive, the numbers to the right of the decimal point correspond with the respective section numbers in Bulletin 10, Sept. 7, 1936. (f) Where section numbers are not keyed to section numbers in original source document. (1) Place the original section, article, or rule number in brackets, preceded by a dagger, at the end of each section or paragraph, e. g., t [Art. 171], to which the citation is pertinent. (2) Include an appropriate footnote, preceded by the dagger (†), on the sheet carrying the headnote of the subdivision to which the footnote is applicable. This footnote should indicate (i) the common original source, and (ii) the sections covered by the footnote. Thus, for example, such footnote may be in the following form:
inclusive, is Bulletin 10, Sept. 7, 1936.
†The source of §§ These short methods of citation may be employed in cases where the great proportion of a large number of sections in sequence have the same citation. When employing these methods, care should be taken, however, to give a specific citation in the form prescribed in the regulations in this part for any sections in the sequence to which the short citation is inapplicable. In those cases where the short citation is inapplicable for certain sections in sequence, a footnote such as the following may be used:
The source of §§ - to
—, inclusive, (with the exceptions noted in the text,) is Bulletin 10, Sept. 7, 1936.
(g) Explanatory material or references. Any other material which the agency deems necessary by way of explanation or reference may be submitted in the form of footnotes.
(h) Decisions and interpretations. Decisions of executive or administrative agencies which construe or apply documents, but which do not amend the text of the documents, and judicial opinions which refer to documents should not be cited except in unusual circumstances and then only in explanatory footnotes.*†
1.7 Physical format; copies; paper; contents; typing; forms. The partial and final codifications submitted shall conform to the following specifications:
(a) Number of copies. Three copies shall be submitted.
(b) Size of paper. Only letter size paper (approximately 82 x 10 or 11 inches) shall be used, and the material shall be placed thereon parallel with the long side of the sheet so that the individual sheets may be conveniently handled and filed, and a maximum of margins left for notes, corrections, and insertions.
(c) Contents and numbering of pages. Not more than one section shall be placed on a page, and the pages shall be numbered consecutively in Arabic numbers.
(d) Typing. All matter shall be legibly typewritten, mimeographed, or printed, except that material already in such form may be cut and pasted on pages of the prescribed size in order to save time and eliminate typing and the errors often incident thereto, and in such cases corrections may be made in ink or by typewriter in the margins or by interlineation and striking out.
(e) Forms, illustrations and diagrams. Ordinarily, forms should not be incorporated in the codifications. Illustrations should not be incorporated in the codifications as a part of a document unless their publication is essential in the public interest. In cases where an illustration was incorporated as a part of a document, which has been issued and amended and the publication of the illustration is essential, a new illustration including the necessary changes to conform to the amendments shall be prepared and forwarded with the codified document. Illustrations accompanying codifications, when published, shall be reduced to page size and be line-cuts only. Copy for illustrations should be in the form of tracings on linen and shall be securely attached to the part of the code which incorporates such illustration.**
1.8 System of headings and numbers. Titles will be the major divisions of the Code of Federal Regulations. Subtitles and chapters will be the major divisions of titles. Parts will be the divisions of subtitles and chapters. Sections will be the normal units within parts. Paragraphs, subparagraphs, etc., will be lesser units within sections.
*For statutory and source citations, see note to § 1.0.
(a) Assignment of titles. There will be a subject matter arrangement into titles of the materials submitted by the agencies.
(b) Assignment of chapters. Each independent agency or major subdivision of a department will be assigned a chapter in the title indicated by the materials codified by the agency or subdivision.
(1) In special cases a chapter may be assigned to a subdivision of an independent agency or a subordinate subdivision of a department, in instances where a specific regulatory function is vested in the subdivision and the logical classification of the subject matter so requires.
(2) In cases where a title contains more than one chapter subject to the exceptions in (b) (3) and (b) (4), of this section, the first chapter shall include Parts 1-199, and each succeeding chapter respectively a block of 100 part numbers, viz.-Chapter I shall include Parts 1-199; Chapter II, Parts 200-299, etc.
(3) In the titles assigned to the several departments, the title may be divided into subtitles, of which Parts 1-19 shall be allocated to a Subtitle A to provide for documents issued by the departmental head and not included in the submission of the subdivision of the department. Subtitle B shall be subdivided into chapters, of which Chapter I shall comprise Parts 20-199; Chapter II, Parts 200-299, etc., subject to the exceptions in (4).
(4) In case the parts assigned to a chapter under the rule in (2) are insufficient, one or more additional blocks of 100 part numbers in sections, as are required, may be included in the chapter.
(5) The use of subtitles or subparts is to be avoided, unless deemed necessary by the agency and the board member concerned or unless the materials included are sufficiently extensive to justify the grouping of parts in subchapters.*+
1.9 Numbering system. The following general rules are to be followed (with such exceptions as may be appropriate) in the numbering of titles, chapters, etc.
(a) Numbering of titles, chapters, etc. Titles are to be numbered consecutively in Arabic as prescribed by the Board, subtitles consecutively in capitals, chapters consecutively throughout the title in Roman, and subchapters consecutively throughout the chapter in capitals.
(b) Numbering of parts. Parts are to be numbered serially in Arabic, leaving sufficient unassigned numbers to provide for expansion. Normally, subparts and similar subdivision of parts are not to be numbered or lettered, except as indicated in (d) (2) of this section. In exceptional cases, with the Board's approval, subparts may be numbered, as may be appropriate, either in Roman capital letters or by a decimal method such as described in (d) (2) of this section.
(c) Numbering of sections. The numbers assigned to individual sections shall include (1) the number of the part in which the section is placed, followed by a decimal point, and (2) a serial number following the decimal point, assigned to the section within the part. Such serial number may consist of one or more digits in Arabic as may be required.
**For statutory and source citations, see note to § 1.0.
Thus the section number to be given to the 21st section in part 25 would be 25.21.
In cases where it is desired, subject to the approval of the Codification Board, the serial numbers following the decimal point, assigned to individual sections, may correspond with the present numbering of sections in the document forming the original source of the codification.
Thus, assuming that the part number 100 were to be assigned to Regulations 94 of the Bureau of Internal Revenue, Art. 113 (a) (8)-1 of Regulations 94, would have the following number: 110.113 (a) (8)-1.
(d) Alternative method of section numbering. The internal structure of sections may be indicated by the following alternative method of numbering:
(1) First method: Sections may be subdivided into paragraphs designated by lower case letters in parentheses, and subparagraphs into subdivisions, designated by lower case Roman numerals in parentheses, thus
(2) Second or decimal method: In this system sections may be designated by the first, first two, or more digits to the right of the decimal point in the section number, depending upon the structure of the part. Such sections may be subdivided into paragraphs, subparagraphs and subdivisions, which may be designated by adding one, two, or three digits to the section number, as the case may be. Thus, in a part requiring two digits to the right of the decimal point for section numbers, the break-down would be as follows:
(3) In general, the numbering within sections should conform to one of the systems indicated in (1) and (2), and the method adopted by the agency should be uniform throughout each chapter. In special cases, to be approved by the Board, the method employed in an individual part may be varied from that generally adopted for the chapter, or where there is a substantial need to retain the identity of a numbering system because of the wide-spread use of the document codified, adequate alternative methods of numbering within sections may be employed.
(4) The numbering system employed to designate sections or subdivisions thereof shall be uniformly applied throughout the chapter or part affected.**
**For statutory and source citations, see note to § 1.0.
1.10 Tables of contents; indexing; heads; captions. Each submission of the codification should be accompanied by a table of contents, giving the titles, chapters, parts, sections, and paragraphs, together with their numbers, headings, and headnotes. Agencies are not required to prepare indexes but they are invited to submit indexes to aid the Board in its indexing of the codifications.
(a) Tables of contents to be included. The tables of contents shall be included in copy for all:
Titles including two or more chapters or subtitles.
Titles without chapters but including two or more parts.
Departmental subtitles (see § 1.8 (b) (3)) including two or more
Chapters including two or more parts.
Parts including two or more sections.
(b) Tables of contents not necessary to be included. Except upon special instructions by the Board, no tables of contents shall be included in copy for:
Titles comprising a single chapter.
Titles without chapters comprising a single part.
Parts comprising a single section.
(c) Tables of contents explained. In the application of this provision, the following examples may be followed:
(1) Tables of contents for titles including two or more chapters shall show the numbers and captions of all chapters included in title, the numbers of the first part included in each chapter, and all subtitles, in the following form:
TITLE 43-PUBLIC LANDS: INTERIOR
Subtitle A-Office of the Secretary of the Interior___.
Subtitle B-Land Regulations
Chapter I General Land Office, Department of the Interior_-_-
(2) Tables of contents for titles without chapters, departmental subtitles and chapters, including two or more parts, shall show the numbers and captions of all parts included in the chapter or subtitle and all subtitles, in the following form: