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designated by the Archivist. The Board shall supervise and coordinate the form, style, arrangement, and indexing of the codifications of the various agencies.

(c) The codified documents of the several agencies published in the supplemental edition of the Federal Register pursuant to the provisions of subsection (a) hereof, as amended by documents subsequently filed with the Division, and published in the daily issues of the Federal Register, shall be prima-facie evidence of the text of such documents and of the fact that they are in full force and effect on and after the date of publication thereof.

(d) The Administrative Committee shall prescribe, with the approval of the President, regulations for carrying out the provisions of this section.

Soon after the Attorney General and the Archivist of the United States designated the members of the Board provided for in paragraph (b) it became evident that additional personnel and machinery would be necessary if the project for a basic code was to be successfully carried out. Accordingly, the Attorney General designated the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Lands Division as the representative of the Department of Justice to find the means and provide the organization and methods for the effective completion of the project. With him were to serve, as an informal committee, the Special Assistant to the Attorney General who was a member of the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register, to represent that Committee, and the Director of the Division of the Federal Register to represent The National Archives.

Pursuant to the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (d) of the new section 11 of the Federal Register Act, the President, on November 10, 1937, approved the regulations of the Administrative Committee and authorized the publication of the codification in a supplemental edition of the FEDERAL REGISTER. The regulations thus approved appear in codified form at 1 CFR Part 1. A distinguished professor of the Law School of the University of Michigan was selected as a technical director of the codification project and the basic data was collected and systematized in preparation for printing.

The Codification Board, established by paragraph (b) for the purpose of supervising and coordinating the form, style, arrangement, and indexing of the codifications of the various agencies, was abolished on July 1, 1939, by the President's Reorganization Plan No. II, section 202 (4 F. R. 2732). Plan No. II further provided for the transfer of the functions of the Codification Board to The National Archives and their consolidation with the functions of the Division of the Federal Register, to be administered by the Division under the direction and supervision of the Archivist of the United States. The completion of the editing and publication of the volumes of the Code of Federal Regulations followed.

EXPLANATORY NOTES

Divisions of the Code; Tables of Contents

The major divisions of the Code consist of 50 titles closely paralleling the titles of the United States Code. The titles are normally divided into chapters which have been assigned to the various agencies in accordance with the subject matter embraced within their regulations. However, in most of the major departments, the Office of the Secretary has been assigned Subtitle Å without a chapter designation. In such

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titles, Subtitle B is divided into chapters in the usual manner. The principal divisions within chapters are designated as parts.

Each of the commonly used major divisions of the Code, that is, titles, chapters, and parts, carries a table of contents. A list of the agencies or principal departmental functions treated in any particular title appears in the table of contents for that title. Tables of contents for chapters list the part heads carried in the chapter and include subchapter heads where these occur. Tables of contents for parts ordinarily consist of the section heads within the parts, together with any subpart heads or undesignated center heads, and also contain paragraph heads when these are given special emphasis.

Numbering

In general, the various divisions of the Code have been numbered as follows:

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The principal deviation from this system occurs in Title 14-Civil Aviation. In this title the internal structure of each part is shown by the absolute decimal system of numbering. Minor variations of the general numbering plan sometimes occur where it has been found. expedient to key the codified material to source documents or to applicable statutes. In such cases the keying of section numbers is explained in a note following the first section in the keyed group. This explanatory note is referred to by a dagger (†) at the end of each section affected. (See "Citations of Source Material", page viii.)

It should be noted that, in general, Chapter I of each title has been assigned Parts 1-199; Chapter II, Parts 200-299; Chapter III, Parts 300-399; etc. Exceptions to this practice have been made where a chapter, by reason of its length or complexity, has required an unusually large number of parts.

Citations to the Code

The following short form should be used in citing a section of the Code: 7 CFR 108.16, where reference is made to section 16 of Part 108 in Title 7. Examples of citations commonly used follow:

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Cross References

All types of references from one title to another used within the Code employ the forms of citations exemplified above. References within a title use a shortened form of citation in which identification of the title is omitted; thus:

Unit cited:

Subtitle_

Chapter-
Part-

Section--

Paragraph_
Subparagraph.
Multiple----

Example
Subtitle A
Chapter I
Part 108

8 108.16

§ 108.16 (a)

§ 108.16 (a) (2) 88 108.16, 108.22-108.46

Cross reference notes to subject matter related to a title, chapter, or part are carried immediately after the table of contents of the division to which they are pertinent. References from sections or lesser divisions immediately follow the section, paragraph, subparagraph, etc., to which they are pertinent.

In addition to the regular cross references, alphabetical references have been introduced at the end of each of the alphabetically arranged titles. These references are designed to suggest important subjects which would fall alphabetically between the initial words of the consecutive titles. For example, at the end of Title 7—Agriculture, there is a list of alphabetical references beginning with the subject "Aid of Civil Authorities and Public Relations" and ending with the subject "Alien Property Bureau," thus filling the alphabetical gap between Title 7-Agriculture and Title 8-Aliens and Citizenship.

Citations of Statutory Authority

In general, each section of the Code is followed by a citation of statutory authority under which the section was issued. Where the authority is common to a group of sections, a blanket citation for the entire group is inserted after the first section in the group. The blanket authority for a group of sections is identified by an asterisk (*). The authority for an individual section is designated by enclosure in parentheses at the end of the section. In citations of statutory authority "Sup.," unless qualified by the numerals. I, II, or III, refers to Supplement IV, United States Code, 1934 edition.

Citations of Source Material

Source citations have been introduced on a plan similar to that employed for citations of statutory authority. Where the citation of a source document applies to a single section, it is carried in brackets at the end of the section. Where a source document is common to a group of sections a blanket citation identified by a dagger (†) is carried after the first section in the group. In such groups the section numbers are frequently keyed to numbers in the source or statutory material. Where such keying occurs the system is explained in the blanket source citation. Where a blanket citation of the original source is used and the section numbers in the codification are not keyed to the corresponding numbers in the source document, references to the specific sections or portions of the source document are enclosed in

brackets following the blanket citation symbol (†), the citation of statutory authority, or the citation of statute interpreted, as the case may be. The same rule applies to other identifying information such as the date on which was issued the document codified in the text of the section.

Supplemental Publications

Publications which are of general interest as supplementing or relating to the application of the statutes or the codified regulations within a chapter are generally listed following the table of contents for the chapter to which they pertain. Where chapter cross references appear, the supplemental publications follow the cross references. In listing a serial publication, dashes are used to indicate continuity of publication. Thus the description, "Annual v. 1-, 1922-." indicates that the volumes were published annually beginning with volume 1 in 1922, and that publication is current.

Abbreviations

Abbreviations of document titles, agency names, and the technical terms used within a chapter are explained in a list following the first section in the chapter. These lists do not include standard forms of citation such as "Stat." (United States Statutes at Large), "R.S." (Revised Statutes), "U.S.C." (United States Code), "F.R." (Federal Register), etc.

Index

The general or subject index is contained in Volume 15. References are to the title and section numbers (Example: 8 § 3.1 is a reference to Title 8, Section 3.1). The emphasis in the indexing has been placed on the code titles with appropriate cross references. There are an abundant number of miscellaneous entries to guide the searcher.

Supplements

The 1938 Supplement to the Code covers the period beginning June 2 and ending December 31, 1938. Each succeeding supplement will cover the period of one calendar year. Since the rules and regulations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations were codified as of June 1, 1938, it follows that this edition should be used in conjunction with the annual supplements, and in conjunction with the daily issues of the FEDERAL REGISTER.

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I Farm Credit Administration

II Commodity Credit Corporation

III Farm Security Administration, Department of Agriculture

TITLE 7—Agriculture

SUBTITLE A-Office of the Secretary of Agriculture

SUBTITLE B—Regulations of the Department of Agriculture

I Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agriculture
Bureau of Plant Industry, Department of Agriculture

II

III

Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, Department of Agriculture

IV Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, Department of Agriculture

VI Soil Conservation Service, Department of Agriculture

VII Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Department of Agriculture

VIII Sugar Division, Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Department of Agriculture

IX Division of Marketing and Marketing Agreements, Agricultural Adjustment Administration, Department of Agriculture

TITLE 8-Aliens and Citizenship

I Immigration and Naturalization Service, Department of Labor

TITLE 9 Animals and Animal Products

I Bureau of Animal Industry, Department of Agriculture

II

Bureau of Dairy Industry, Department of Agriculture

TITLE 10-Army: War Department

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