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amongst ancient attempt became become began beginning body bourgeois called capital capitalist carried caused century CHAPTER civilisation classes commodity complete condition consequence constitutional deal definite direct early economic element Empire England essential ethics example exchange exist expression fact feudal followed force France French further future give guilds hand human ideas important increase individual industrial Italy kind King labour land least less living machine Marx matter means mediæval ment mere Middle Ages middle classes movement nature necessary once organisation original Paris party period persons political position practical present production progress religion represented result Roman seems sense side Socialism Socialist society struggle things tion took towns tribes turn various whole workmen
227 페이지 - ... from each according to his capacity, to each according to his needs'.
236 페이지 - In order to be able to extract value from the consumption of a commodity, our friend. Moneybags, must be so lucky as to find, within the sphere of circulation, in the market, a commodity, whose use- value possesses the peculiar property of being a source of value, whose actual consumption, therefore, is itself an embodiment of labour, and, consequently, a creation of value.
239 페이지 - He, who before was the money-owner, now strides in front as capitalist; the possessor of labour-power follows as his labourer. The one with an air of importance, smirking, intent on business; the other, timid and holding back, like one who is bringing his own hide to market and has nothing to expect but — a hiding.
242 페이지 - A greater number of labourers working together, at the same time, in one place (or, if you will, in the same field of labour), in order to produce the same sort of commodity under the mastership of one capitalist, constitutes, both historically and logically, the starting point of capitalist production.
265 페이지 - Thus it came to pass that the former sort accumulated wealth, and the latter sort had at last nothing to sell except their own skins. And from this original sin dates the poverty of the great majority, that, despite all its labour, has up to now nothing to sell but itself, and the wealth of the few that increases constandy although they have long ceased to work.
258 페이지 - That part of capital then, which is represented by the means of production, by the raw material, auxiliary material and the instruments of labour does not, in the process of production, undergo any quantitative alteration of value.
265 페이지 - In times long gone by there were two sorts of people; one, the diligent, intelligent, and, above all, frugal elite; the other, lazy rascals, spending their substance, and more, in riotous living. The legend of theological original sin tells us certainly how man came to be condemned to eat his bread in the sweat of his brow...
233 페이지 - ... and from the latter to form C, the changes are fundamental. On the other hand, there is no difference between forms C and D, except that, in the latter, gold has assumed the equivalent form in the place of linen. Gold is in form D, what linen was in form C — the universal equivalent.