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Therefore in the faithful communion and my soul may live for ever, and love in thee my perfect union of the sufferings of all saints that God and dear Redeemer, Ameo. Sweet Jesus, ever have been, or now are, or ever will be, in | Amen. the union of the most sacred merits of the life, passions and death of God and man, my dear


It annegre from
It appears from the following, that in the

the following that in al Redeemer and Saviour Christ, I offer myself,

"{preceding month of July another priest had williogly to what I am now to suffer, begging

been executed at Chester. by all tbat is good in heaven and in earth, remissions of sins for niyself and all the world, « The Speech of Mr. WILLIAM PLESSINGTON, particularly for all that may appear to have

who was Executed at Chester (for being a been my enemies in the concern of my life, as

Priest of the Church of Rome) July 19, witness, jury, judge, and others, whom I do not

1679. esteem as enemies, but as the best of friends; I heartily forgive them, and beg the best of “ Dear Countrymen; I am here to be exeblessiogs for them all, as being the cause of cuted, neither for thest, murder, nor any thing sending me sooner than otherwise I might have against the law of Gud, nor any fact or docirine gone, to the happy state of hope for the other inconsistent with monarcby or civil government, world. Whitber, before I go, I humbly beg I suppose several oow present heard my trial pardon of all in this world, for whatever in the last Assizes, and can testity that nothing iboughts, words or deeds I have committed to was laid to my charge but priest hood, and I offend them, or omitted to do for them, by am sure that you will tind that priest-bood is which any thing might have been mended in neither against the law of Gud nor monarchy, them, or myself, I beseech God to bless i hein all. or civil government. If you will consult either

I beseech God in bless also all my friends, the Old or New-Testainent, (for it is the basis spiritual and temporal; all benefactors; and of religion) for no priest no religion, St. Paul ali by whuan I have received good or evil, by teils us in Hebrews, the 7, and 12. The priestwords, deeds, or desires.

hood being changed, there is made also of ne. I beseech God to bless all those of whom cessity a change of tbe law, and consequently I ever had care or charge spiritually or tempo che priest- 11001 being abolis..ed, the law and rally.

religion is quite gone. But I know it will be I beseecb God bless his holy catholic church, said, that a priest ordained by suthority deand our chief bishop thereof, with all other rived from the See pi Rome, is by the law of bishops, priests and clergy.

the nation to die as a traitor, but it that be so I beseecb God bless this nation, and unite what must become of ali the clergy-men of the all amongst themselves and to God, in true 1.Church of England, for the first protestant Faith, Hope and Charity.

bişbops had their ordinatioo from abuse of the I beseech God to bless his majesty's privy Church of Rome, or pone at all, as appears by council, and make all the secrets of their hearts their own writers, so that ordination coines and their desires such, as that both Charles our derivatively to those now living.–As in the king on earth, and God our great king in hea- primitive times, Christians were esteemed ved and earth, may be served, pleased and traitors; and suffered as such by national laws, honoured by them, that men and angels may so are the priests of the Roman Church, here rejoice at it now, and be public witness of it at esteemed and surfer as such. But as Christhe last great day, at the great and last council tianity then was not against the law of God, table, where every secret shall be laid open,' monarchy, or civil policy, su now there is not Luke 12, as Solomon saich, Eccles. ult. when any one point of the Roman Catholic tuitb, (of 'God will bring into judgment every secret which faith I am) that is unconsistent there. ' thing, wherber it be good or evil.'

with, as is evident by induction in each several I beseech God to bless the parliament now point.—That the pope hath power to depose or elect, and be so present with them when they give license to murder princes, is no point of sit to judge and discuss the causes of this na. our belief. And I protest in the sight of God tion, they may imitate the assembly of those and the court of heaven, that I am absolutely that are to sit upon the twelve thrones at the innocent of the Plot so much discoursed of, and Jast great assembly, that they may now judge abhor such bloody and damsable designs, and or determinate of things no otherwise than they although it be 9 weeks since I was sentenced hope or fear then to be judged themselves, and to die, there is not any thing of that laid to my determined of to all eternity.

charge, so that I may well take comfort in St. I beseech God to bless all that suffer in this Peter's words, 1 Pet. 14, 15, 16. • Let none of persecution, and let the blessing exprest in the you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as 126th Psalo light upon them speedily, that an evil doer, or as a busy body in other men's God turning their captivity, all mouths may be matters, yet if any man suffer as a Christian filled with joys, and tongues with singings. let him not be ashamed or sorry.' I have deConvert, O Lord, our captivity, as streams in served a worse death, for though I have been a the south, that those who now sow in tears, I faithful and true subject to my king, I have may reap in joy; and for this temporal death, been a grievous sinner against God; thieves O blessed Trinity, give me eternal life ; let my and robbers that rob on highways, would have body die to the world for the love of thee, that served God in a greater perfection than I have done, had they received so many favours and said mass at the time and place he mentioned, graces from him as I have. But as there was and I verily think that he never spoke to me, never sinner who truly repented and heartily or I to him, or saw each other but at the called to Jesus for mercy, to whom he did not Assizes week ; the third witness Robert Wood shew mercy; so I hope by the merits of his was suddenly killed, but of the dead why shonld passion, he will have mercy on ine, who am I speak? These were all the witnesses against heartily sorry that ever I offended him.-Bear me, unless those that only declared wbat they witness good hearers, that I profess that I un beard from others. I hearily and freely for. doubtedly and firmly believe all the Articles of give all that have been or are any way instru. the Roman Catholic faith, and for the truth of mental to my death, and heartily desire that any of them, (by the assistance of God) I am those that are living may heartily repent.--God willing to dic, and I had rather die than doubt bless the king and the royal family, and grant of any point of faith, taught by our holy his majesty a prosperous reign here and a crown mother the Roman Catholic Church.-In what of glory hereafter, God grant peace to the subcondition Margaret Plat one of the chiefest wit-jects, and that they live and die in true Faith, nesses against me was before, and after she was Hope, and Charity. That which remains is, with me, let her nearest relations declare that I recoinmend myself to the mercy of my George Massey, another witness swore falsly, Jesus by whose merits I hope for mercy, Jesu when he swore, I gave him the Sacrament, and be to me a Jesus."

258. The 'Trial of Thomas Knox and John LANE, at the King's

Bench, for a Misdemeanor :* 31 CHARLES II. A. D. 1679. On Tuesday the 25th day of November, 1679, Westminster, in the county of Middlesex, laat the King's bench-har at Westminster, Tho- bourer, and John Lane of the same parish and mas Kinox and John Lane were tried for the county, labourer, for that wbereas Edward misdemeanor and offence hereinafter in the Coleman, William Ireland, and John Grove, Indictment expressed ; which trial was in man-1 and other false traitors against our sovereigu ner following.

lord Charles 2. by the grace of God of England, Proclamation being made in usual manner Scotland, France, and Ireland, king, defender for information, and the defendants called to of the faith, &c. to the jurors aforesaid uptheir challenges, the jury were sworn, whose known, the 24th day of April, in the 30th names tollow.

1 year of the reign of our said sovereign lord Sir John Kirk, Thomas Harriot, Henry John-the king, at the parish of St. Margaret's, Westson, Simon Middleton, Hugh Squire, Francis minster, in the county of Middlesex, traiterDorrington, John Roberts, Raivsford Water-ously amongst themselves had conspired, coohouse, Thomas Earsby, Joseph Radcliffe, James sulted, and agreed, to bring and put to death Supple, Richard Cooper.

and destruction our said sovereign lord the king, Who being numbered, the clerk of the crown and war against our said sovereign lord the charged them with the indictment thus: king within this kingdom of England to stir up,

Cl. of Cr, Gentlemen, You of the jury that and the religion in the said kingdom of Engare sworn, hearken to your charge ; you shall land, rightly and by the laws of the said kingunderstand that the defendants stand indicted dom established, to the superstition of the by the oaths of twelve honest and lawful men Romish church to change and alter, and the goof the county of Middlesex, by the names of vernment of the said kingdom of England to Thomas Knox of the parish of St. Margaret's, subvert; for which their said 'most wicked trea.

sons, and traiterous conspiracies, consultations, * Published in the next year, under the title and agreements, the said Edward Coleman, of “The Trial and Conviction of Thomas Knox William Ireland, and John Grove, in due matand John Lane, for a Conspiracy to defame and ner and according to the laws of this kingdom of scandalize Dr. Oates and Mr. Bedloe ; thereby England, were afterwards attainted, and un. co discredit their evidence about the Horridderwent the pain of death for the same. And Popish Plot : at the King's-Bench-bar at West-whereas William earl of Powis, William visminster, on Tuesday the 25th of November,count Stafford, Jobo lord Bellasis, Henry ford 1679. Before the Right Hon. Sir William Aruudel of Wardor, Williain lord Petre, and Scroggs, knt. Lord Chief Justice, and the other sir Henry Titchbourn, bart. the 30th day of Judges of that Court. Where, upon full evi- November; in the 30th year of the reign of dence, they were found Guilty of the offence our said sovereign lord the king aforesaid, at aforesaid. London: Printed for Robert Paw the parish of St. Margaret's Westminster, lett, at the Bible in Chancery lane, near Fleet- aforesaid, in the county of Middlesex aforesail, street, 1680."

of the treasons aforesaid were lawfully accused, I do appoint Robert Pawlett to print the and thereupon, according to due form of law, • Trial of Thomas Knox and John Lane, and were committed to the Tower of London, being

let no other person presume to print the same.' the prison of our said sovereign Lord che king, WnLia SCROGGS.

{ there safely to be kept to answer for the trea.

sons aforesaid; whereupon they the said Wil- 1 and William Bedlow, against them the said Wila liam earl of Powis, William viscount Stafford, liam earl of Powis, William viscount Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry lord Arundel of War: William lord Petre, John lord Bellasis, and dor, and William lord Petre, were in parlia- Henry lord Arundel, for our said sorereign ment impeached by the Commons in the same lord the king, to be given, falsly, maliciously, parliament assembled. And whereas Thomas subtilly, and advisedly, did write and cause to earl of Danby afterwards to wit the said 30th | be written three letters, and those letters, so day of November, in the 30th year afore- written, falsly, craftily, unlawfully, and 'adsaid, at the parish aforesaid, in the county afore- | visedly; did direct and cause to be delivered to said, of certain treasons and other misdemea- himself the said Thomas Knox, by which said nors was lawfully accused, and thereupon, ac- letters falsly, craftily, and deceitfully, it was cording to due form of law, was committed to declared, That they the said John Lane and the said Tower of London, there to be safely William Osborne were greatly troubled in their kept to answer for the treasons and misdemea consciences by reason of certain things wbich nors aforesaid, of which said treasons and mis- they well knew, and had concealed concerning demeanors he the said Thomas earl of Danby the unjust contrivances of the said Titus Oates is impeached in parliament, by the Commons and William Bedlow, in accusing the said Thoin the same parliament asseinbled, that they the | mas earl of Danby, to be guilty of the treasons said Thomas Knox and John Lane, well know and other misdemeanors aforesaid, and that ing the said William earl of Powis, William the said Titus Oates was a person of a wicked viscount Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry / and vicious life, and made an assault upon the lord Arundel of Wardour, William lord Petre, | said John Lane, and with the said Johu Lane and Thomas earl of Danby, to be accused of to commit that detestable sio called sodomy the treasons and misdemeanors aforesaid ; and before that time had endeavoured. And that they the said Thomas Knox and John Lane, he the said Thomas Knox, the sooner and more being devilishly affected towards our said so effectually to persuade the said John Lane and sovereign lord the king, their supreme and na- | William Osborn falsly to accuse the said tural lord, and devising, and with all their Titus Oates and William Bedlow, that they the strength intending the peace and tranquility of said Titus Oates and William Bedlow unjustly, this kingdom of England to disturb, and to hin- and against all truth, had accused the said der and stifle the discovery of the said treasons, Thomas earl of Danby, of the treasons and by the said William earl of Powis, William other misceineanors aforesaid, and so to affirm viscount Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry against the evidence of our said sovereign lord lord Arundel, and William lord Petre, as afore the king, upon the trial of the said Thomas said supposed to be committed, and, as much earl of Danby, for the treasons and other misas in them lay to elude the due course of law, demeanors aforesaid, to be had afterwards, to and the prosecution of Justice against the said wit, the said 30th day of April, in the 31st year William earl of Powis, William viscount Staf 1 of the reign of our said sovereign lord the king ford, William lord Petre, John lord Bellasis, aforesaaid, at the parish aforesaid, in the sir Henry Tichbourn, and Thomas earl of county aforesaid, falsly, advisedly, corruptly, Danby to retard, they the said Thomas Knox and against the duty of his allegiance, unlawand John Lane, afterwards, to wit, the 30th day fully gave to the said John Lane and William of April, in the 31st year of the reign of our Osborn, divers great sums of money, and also said sovereign lord the king, at the parish afore- | further falsly, advisedly, corruptly, and against said, in the county aforesaid, falsly, malicious the duty of his allegiance, the day and year ly and unlawfully did consult and agree among aforesaid, at the parish aforesaid, in the county themselves, Titus Oates clerk, and William aforesaid, did promise unto the said John Lane Bedlow gentleman, who informations of the and William Osborn, that they the said John treasons aforesaid had given, and whom they Lane and William Osborn, within a certain the said Thomas Knox and John Lane, the day time, by the said Thomas Knox to the said and year aforesaid, well knew to have given in John Lane and William Osborn propounded, formation of the treasons aforesaid against them divcrs other great sums of money, and other the said Willian earl of Powis, William vis great rewards therefore should have and recount Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry lord ceive, against the duty of their allegiance, to Arundel, and Wiliam lord Petre, to scandalize the great retarding, obstructing and suppressing and upon the trial of the said William earl ofl of justice, in manifest contempt of the laws Powis, William viscount Stafford, John lord of this kingdom of England, to the evil and perBellasis, Henry lord Arundel, and William nicious example of all others in the like case lord Petre, to represent them to be persons of offending, and against the peace of our said evil conversation, and witnessses not deserving 1 sovereign lord the king, his crown and dignity. credit. And that he the said Thomas Knox To this indictment, the said Thomas Knux and afterwards, to wit, the said 30th day of April, John Lane, by their attorney, pleaded that in the 31st year aforesaid, at the parish afore they are Not Guilty, nor either of them is said, in the county aforesaid, in the names, and Guilty of the offence aforesaid, and further with the consent and agreement of the said withal put themselves upon the country, and John Lane, and one William Oshorn, to dig. the king's attorney likewise. And your charge grace the information of the said 'Titus Oates is to enquire if they are Guilty or Not Guiky,"

Cl. of Cr. Make an ) yes.

| to this matter : that there hath been an horrid Crier. O ves ! if any one will give evidence and abominable conspiracy against the king, on the behalf of our sovereign lord the king, the nation, the religion, and the law, appears against Thomas Knox and Joho Lane, of the (my lord) by the proceedings in parliament, misdemeanors and offence whereof they stand whereio the Lords and the Commons have indicted, let them come forth and give their several times jointly declared so, and I think, evidence.

it is so public that no body will doubt there is Mr. Trenchard. May it please your lordship, such a thing ; who is guilty, that is another and you gentlemen of the jury, Thomas Knox matter. and Jobn Lane stand indicted for a great and! L. C. J. This court must take notice of that, high misdemeanor, and the indictment sets because some have been tried, convicted, and forth, that whereas Coleman, Ireland, Pick | condemned for it by this court. ering, and Grove, and orber false traitors did Serj. Maynard.' Your lordship says right, conspire to destroy the king, and change the But my lord, the first discovery of this conspireligion established by law, tu levy war against racy came from a single person, one that stood our sovereign lord the king, and to iotroduce single and discouraged a long time, and that popery, and for these treasons were convicted, there were endeavours to discourage his further attainted, and executed ; and further sets forth, I discovery, that will appear. My lord, when it that the lord Powis, lord Arundel of Wardor, stood so, it happened that sir Edmundbury and others, were accused of the said treasons, Godfrey had taken his examination, and these and were committed to the Tower, and after things will be naterial in the end of the cause. wards were impeached for the same by the Sir E. Godfrey having taken the examination Commons in parliament assembled ; as also of Oates, then the endeavour was to suppress that Thomas earl of Danby was impeached of this examination that he had taken, and that by. high-treason and other misdemeanors ; that the no less a wickedness than the barbarous murder defendants knowing Mr. Oates and Mr. Bed- of that honest gentleman, whom you all knew; low had given information of these treasons, to and they not only took away his life, but they stifle the evidence, and to scandalize them, did did strive to bafe and defame him, when he falsly conspire to represent them as wicked was dead, and that will appear too, and is persons, and men of no credit. And the in public and known. My lord, all this while stood dictment further sets forth, that the defendant Oates single ; it fell out by the metcy of God, Knox, with the agreement of Lane, and one that a further discovery was made by Bedlow, Oshorn, did cause several letters to be writ, in he was examined, and it is publicly known, which it was contrived to accuse the said Oates and public justice bath gone upon it.--The and Bedlow, that they had conspired falsly to next attempt was to corrupt the testimony of accuse the said earl of Danby, and that Oates Bedlow with bribes and rewards, and by other was a person of a vicious conversation, and had | ways; and the person that transacted it, Reada design to attempt an assault upon the person | ing, is attainted of it, . Sceleré tutandum est of the said Lane, with an intention to commit scelus,' when men have invented and designed that detestable sin of sodomy; the better to any great wickedness, they are forced to cuter effect which wicked designs, the said Knox upon others to cover and conceal the former. gave several sums of money to Osborn and | My lord, it proceeded now, and comes to that Lane, and had offered great rewards unto | which will be the question this day. Having them. To this indictment they have pleaded | gone all these ways, now they returo again, to Not Guilty, and you are to try whether they see if they can disgrace and baffe slie evidence are Guilty or Not, of this misdemeanor, Oates and Bedlow bad given, and the way to Then sir John Maynard, the king's eldest

that is by disparaging and scandalizing them with

foul offences, especially Dr. Oates; and that serjeant at law, pursued the charge thus:

was thus, (as we shall prove to your lurdship) Serj. Maynard. May it please your lord- Lane had been a servant with Oales, and the ship, and you gentlemen of the jury; this cause l other was one of the like condition, and he was is of great consequence; and, my lord, I desire tampered with to accuse Dr. Oates of that the jury to observe, that their question this day horrid sin of sodomy, and I think if he were is not to enquire whether the lords or the other such an one, little credit were to be given to persons accused and impeached in parliament such a man. This was the design they were to are Guilty or Not ; but the question before accomplish. And we shall prove to you, in them, is, whether the persons that stand here order to it, tbere were letters written (aud conindicted, are guilty of wicked and vile endea-l trived by Knox indred) written by Osborn who vours to discountenance and suppress the evi- is not now before you, but a contrivance of dence, aod scandalize their persons, who were 1 them all. And, my lord, there must be #urato give evidence against these lords; we are tence ; for in truth these pers0 $ had hiperi! not to give evidence against the lords, but amined, and had charged him with the north, against these persons.

but upop further examination in rilie L. C. J. (Sir Wm. Scroggs) You are rigbit. nounced their discovery. brother.

L. C. J. Had they all given frite Serj. Maynard. Gentlernen, something I

who did ? must observe to you, that is an inducement Serj. Maynard. No, my . ., ,1

am not speaking of their Evidence, but only of sons that stand indicted, that is Lane and their Examination before the Lords.

Knox. I presume the gentlemen that are on L. C. J. What was it that was there wit- the other side for each of the prisoners (lor I Dessed i

perceive those that are for the one, are not for Serj. Maynard. Then they pretended this the other) inay expect that there should be matter, That they were touched in conscience, proof made of 'wbat is laid as inducement in and now they repent, and must discover the the indictment, and will not tend immediately truth for the truth's sake, that themselves were | to that which will be the question in this case : false in making of the charge, and this my lord, for there is recited in the indictment the conmust be furthered with bribes and rewards, as viction of Coleman in this place, and others in we shall prove to you. We shall make out the other places, for the bigh-treason the evidence particulars by witnesses, and then we think we whereof these persons are indicted for scandamay leave it to your lordship and the jury to lizing, we have bere the Records ready to determine. In truth, my lord, it happens in prove it. this case as it did long ago, when the first dis- L. C.J. I suppose they will admit that. covery was of a like design, and as is told by Recorder. If they will not, we have that the historian; Multi ob stultitiam non puta- which will prove it. 'bant, multi ob ignorantiam non videbant, Mr. Withins. My lord, we shall not stand "multi ob pravitatein non credebant, et non upon that. credendo conjurationem adjuvabant.'

Sol. General (sir Fr. Winnington.) We are Attorney General (sir Cr. Levinz). May it ready, if you do. please your lordsbip, and you gentlemen of the Serj. Maynard. And you will admit that jury: I am of counsel for the king in this cause, | Dr. Oates and Mr. Bedlow were witnesses upon whose suit it is. The evidence hath been open- | those trials ? ed fully by Mr. Serjeant. I shall only say this, / Mr. Withins. Yes, and gave evidence very that this is a counter-part of Mr. Reading's considerable. Case, oply it seems in this to differ, that the Recorder. Then, my lord, we must hint to counter-part exceeds the original; for, I think, | you, that Lane, who is one of the persons taken that it is of a further extent than his was. It notice of in the indictment, was a servant to hath been told you, by Mr. Şerjeant, and, I Dr. Oates; Knox was not in his service, but know, the Court will tell you that it matters not Knox is a man that made use of Lane as a wherber those persons that are accused of the handle to the matter he had designed; therePlot, and impeached for it, were guilty or not, it fore letters are prepared, but by whom? That is sufficient that they are accused, and that by we shall give you an account of was by the dithese persons. For any body to endeavour to | rection of Knox, though the letters that will be suppress and withdraw the king's evidence, or to produced, are directed to Knox himself,

sgrace the king's evidence, that is not lawful, I L. C. J. Your indictment says so. be the crime what it will; but it is a much 1 Recorder. But we shall give you an account, greater crime in a case of this nature of High that he was director of those letters himself; Treason, where the life of the king, the govern hut as your lordship may observe, there are ment of the kingdom, the religion, and the not only letters, but some accusations or intrue worship of God established in it, and the formations. We shall prove to your lordship laws of the nation are in danger. Some of these whose hand-writing they were, and who dicpersons are guilty, for Mr. Coleman, and se tated those inforinations : for I think that Mr. veral others, bave been found guilty, and have | Knox is pretended to have the most brains ; been executed for it. The design in this case and I believe Mr. Knox, in the consequence, that lies before you, gentlemen, to try, was to will appear to have the most malice. Aod we throw a disparagement upon the testimony of shall prove in the next place, that inasmuch those persons by whose evidence those traitors as it would be natural in the course of justice vere principally attainted and esecuted. This to ask whether these persons should not have is, gentlemen, to affront the justice of the na money for the reward of such a business; we tion, and indeed to cast a disparagement upon shall prove that there were treaties with Mr. it; and that sure is as great an offence as can Lane, and one Mr. Osborn who is not indicted, be; the matter of the evidence hath been (but was likewise a servant to Dr. Oates, and opened to you, I shall only acquaint your lord. bad thereby an opportunity of deceiving him) ship and the jury, that it hath been designed a that they had mectings; how guineas have great while, and so long designed, that one of been cunningly dropped down, wluch was to the persons here accused, Mr. Lane, one of prevent, as I was acquainting your lorship, Oates's servants, had the opportunity to get any such question that should be asked, what into his master's secrets, thereby the more monies and rewards they were to have for this etiectually to betray him, and as it will appearl great discovery of any wickedness that Mr. by witnesses, did carry on the design till it was

, ulu carry on the design till it was Oates should be guilty of. Mr. Knox, he preCiscovered, and by that discovery prevented, I pares them in this manner. At every meeting, as to any success.

when they were discoursing and pursuing this Mr. Recorder (sir George Jefferies). Your business, then by some unlucky accident or lordship is pleased to observe in the indictment other. Mr. Koox be is to drop a guidea or two, at is now to be tried, there are but two per according as Mr. Lane and the other person VOL, VII,

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