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amongst ancient attempt became become began beginning body bourgeois called capital capitalist carried caused century CHAPTER civilisation classes commodity complete condition consequence deal definite direct early economic element Empire England essential ethics example exchange exist expression fact feudal followed force France French further future give guilds hand human ideas important increase individual industrial Italy kind King labour land least less living machine Marx matter means mediæval ment mere Middle Ages middle classes movement nature necessary once organisation original Paris party period persons political position practical present production progress religion represented result Roman seems sense short side Socialism Socialist society struggle things tion took towns tribes turn various whole workmen
225 페이지 - ... from each according to his capacity, to each according to his needs'.
241 페이지 - VII. he gives an outline of the History of the English Intellect, from the middle of the sixteenth to the end of the eighteenth century.
262 페이지 - In times long gone by there were two sorts of people; one, the diligent, intelligent, and, above all, frugal elite; the other, lazy rascals, spending their substance, and more, in riotous living.
265 페이지 - The capitalist mode of appropriation, the result of the capitalist mode of production, produces capitalist private property. This is the first negation of individual private property, as founded on the labour of the proprietor. But capitalist production begets, with the inexorability of a law of Nature, its own negation.
265 페이지 - ... property. In the former case, we had the expropriation of the mass of the people by a few usurpers, in the latter, we have the expropriation of a few usurpers by the mass of the...
234 페이지 - In order to be able to extract value from the consumption of a commodity, our friend. Moneybags, must be so lucky as to find, within the sphere of circulation, in the market, a commodity, whose use- value possesses the peculiar property of being a source of value, whose actual consumption, therefore, is itself an embodiment of labour, and, consequently, a creation of value.
245 페이지 - An organised system of machines, to which motion is communicated by the transmitting mechanism from a central automaton, is the most developed form of production by machinery. Here we have, in the place of the isolated machine, a mechanical monster whose body fills whole factories, and whose demon power, at first veiled under the slow and measured motions of his giant limbs, at length breaks out into the fast and furious whirl of his countless working organs.
240 페이지 - A greater number of labourers working together, at the same time, in one place (or, if you will, in the same field of labour), in order to produce the same sort of commodity under the mastership of one capitalist, constitutes, both historically and logically, the starting point of capitalist production.