Pietism and the Making of Eighteenth-Century Prussia
How did as small and backward a state as Prussia transform itself to compete successfully in war against states with far greater human and financial resources? Richard Gawthrop finds the answer to this perennial question in the creation of a unique political culture, in which service to the Prussian state took precedence over all other relationships and commitments. The campaign to inculcate the new ideology of disciplined energetic obedience to the state authority derived its moral vision and institutional forms from Lutheran Pietism, a German version of ascetic Protestantism strongly influenced by English Puritanism. This work describes systematically how the collaboration between Pietism and the Prussian state not only led to an increase in the latter's power but also laid the cultural basis for the subsequent political modernization of Germany.
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1 The German territorial state in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
2 Reformed confessionalism and the reign of the Great Elector
3 The nature of the pre1713 Hohenzollern state
4 Lutheran confessionalism
5 Spenerian Pietism
6 From Spener to Francke
ideology and indoctrination
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A. H. Francke army Arndt August Hermann Francke became beneﬁt Berlin Bible Brandenburg Brandenburg-Preussen Brandenburg-Prussia bureaucracy Calvinist central century Christian clergy confessional conﬂict court cultural Deppermann discipline East Prussia economic eighteenth Elector Elers elite estates faculty faith ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnancial ﬁrst Francke’s Frederick III(I Frederick William Friedrich Wilhelm German Geschichte God’s guilds Habsburg Halle Anstalten Halle Pietism Hinrichs Hohenzollern Ibid important inﬂuence initiatives institutions Johann Junkers king king’s labor lands large numbers Leipzig Luther’s Lutheran church Magdeburg military nobility ofﬁcers ofﬁcial one’s orphanage orthodox pastors pedagogical Philipp Jakob Spener Pia Desideria Pietist Pietist movement piety political Pomerania position Preussen Preussentum und Pietismus Preussischen prince’s princes proﬁts Prussian Puritan reﬂected Reformed regime reign of Frederick religious result role Schmoller schools seventeenth seventeenth-century signiﬁcant sixteenth-century social society soldiers Spener spiritual Staat state’s Taler territorial theology traditional University of Halle Wallmann Wiirttemberg William I’s