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not now detain you by enumerating; and it is on these grounds, above all others, that I greet you as the friend of humanity, justice, and benevolence, and as co-operating together with us, both for the temporal and spiritual interests of your fellow-creatures. I am sorry that I am obliged to admit, Sir, that much prejudice and misunderstanding are abroad, respecting your sentiments on the subject of tithes. It is said you would gladly rob us of them altogether. This I know to be directly and positively false; and I know that the same love of justice, which would lead you to prevent, if possible, oppression on one hand, would lead you to guard and defend, as sacred, the rights of property, on the other. But that the present system is productive of many inconveniences, and the source of much hardship and ill-will, both to the titheowner and the farmer, I have never met with any man bold enough to deny: and I know numbers of the most zealous and worthy men of my own profession, who, together with myself, would gladly hail any competent remedy for these existing evils. If, Sir, a plan could be devised, and I think it might easily be done, which would secure to us our inalienable rights and independence, without litigation and fraud and malice, and to the farmer the full and complete enjoyment of the fruit of his own skill, capital, and exertions, surely every friend to justice, every friend to religion, every member of the church of England, who knows what the interests of his church are, and would willingly defend them, must join in thinking that its adoption would infinitely strengthen, instead of weakening, the walls of his Sion.— I know that delicacy and exquisite sensibility are alive upon this subject; I know it is one which cannot be touched without a cry being attempted to be set up, that the church is in danger. But, Sir, notwithstanding this, I believe that the futility of such an alarm will yet be seen through; and I sincerely hope that something, such as I have hinted at, will yet, and before long, be successfully attempted. I may be charged with a disposition of change and innovation. What is there which the progress of society has not changed? and the change of manners has not changed? Time, says Lord Bacon, is the greatest innovator of us all; and with the authority of such a man, and the consciousness of my own heart, I rest satisfied, and indifferent to all such charges. I have only in my own name, and in that of my brethren, again to thank you, for the honor you have done us; and beg you to accept our prayers and wishes, in return, that every health, and happiness, and prosperity may attend you.
The Rev. Mr. Wilson rose to second the ideas of his reverend friend, Mr. Glover. Most earnestly did he wish that some alteration was made in the law of tithes. With respect to Mr. Coke, he need not address himself to Norfolk men; they knew him well; and to those who came from a distance, many of whom were within hearing, he would only say, that he spends a princely fortune in the diffusion of knowledge and happiness to all around. The Rev. Mr. Odell followed in similar terms.
** Lord Surrey,"—« -Lord Bury."
This toast was received with marked demonstrations of satisfaction, which, having subsided, Lord Bury rose and observed, that though he knew little of farming, he entered as warmly as any of them into their feelings, with regard to their noble and excellent host. I admire him, said his Lordship, as a man, and I love him as a true friend to the welfare and prosperity of his country.
"The Inclosure of Wastes."
Mr. Coke gave,—Admiral Lukin, Sir William Bolton, and the other Gentlemen of the Navy, with the " Wooden Walls of England."
Admiral Lukin returned thanks.
Mr. Coke hoped that some alteration would take place in the laws respecting the use of salt for agricultural purposes, for at present the restrictions were so many, and so severe, that he deemed it but right to caution persons against using it. It certainly was serviceable to cattle, but as a manure its efficacy was very questionable.
Lord Albemarle said he had received a cargo of Dutch ashes, with which he meant to make an experiment on clover as a manure.
Mr. Coke then proposed Dr. Stevenson and Mr. Boott, of America. Dr. Stevenson returned thanks.
"Mr. Blount, the President of the Staffordshire Agricultural Society."
Mr. Blount observed, in returning thanks, that he had been most highly gratified in his visit to Holkham, and added, that Mr. Coke was perfectly right in his caution respecting the use of salt. He also thanked Mr. Blaikie for his publications on different agricultural topics.
» Small in size and great in value."
"Lord Landsdown, President of the Bath Agricultural Society."
« Mr. Curwen, — Lord Somerville, — Lord Bradford, — Mr. Dundas, —Sir Watkin Wynne, —Mr. Pratt, — Mr. Hamond,— Mr. Micklethwait, —Mr. Southwell, —Captain Beauchamp, — Sir George Jerningham."
» Mr. Wilbraham, the Father of Husbandry in Cheshire." Mr. Wilbraham briefly returned thanks. « Captain Bouverie and Mr. Powe."
Captain Bouverie returned thanks. "Mr. Merest and Mr. Postle."
"Mr. Canning, of Warwickshire,—Honorable Mr. Erskine,
Mr. Bentley,—Mr. Reed,—Mr. Maude,—Mr. Champion."
Mr. Canning complimented Mr. Coke, in a speech of much force and propriety.
Lord Lynedock proposed,—« Mr. Coke's tenantry."
Mr. Gunning gave the health of Mr. Blaikie, which was warmly seconded by Mr. Coke, who paid Mr. Blaikie many high compliments.
Mr. Coke proceeded to read the adjudications, and deliver the prizes to the successful candidates.
Class I.—Southdown Sheep.
1st.—For the best shearling ram, a piece of plate, value ten guineas, to Mr. Reeve of Wighton.
2d.—For the best ram hog, bred in the county of Norfolk, a piece of plate, value ten guineas, to Mr. Reeve of Wighton.
3d.—For the best shearling wether, bred and fed in the county of Norfolk, a piece of plate, value ten guineas, to Mr. Wright of Stanhoe.
4th.—For the best pen of ten wether hoggets, bred and fed in Norfolk, a piece of plate, value ten guineas, to Mr. Hill of Waterden.
Judges,—Mr. Champion,—Mr. J. Amys,—Mr. Gill Stedman. Class II.—Devonshire Cattle.
1st.—For the best Devon bull, a piece of plate, value ten guineas, to Mr. Oakes of Burnham.
2d.—For the best two-year old bull, bred in Norfolk, apiece of plate, value ten guineas, to Mr. Blomfield of Warham.
3d.—For the best pair of two-years old heifers, bred in Norfolk, a piece of plate, value ten guineas, to Mr. Denny of Egmere.
4th.—For the best two-year old ox, bred in Norfolk, a piece of plate, value ten guineas. There was no stock exhibited for this premium.
Judges, - Mr. Blount,—Mr. J. Creasey,—Mr. Harvey.
1st.—For the best boar, a piece of plate, value six guineas, to Mr. Overman of Burnham.
2d For the second best boar, a piece of plate, value four guineas, to Mr. S. Taylor of Ditchingham.
Judges,—Mr. S. Abbott,—Mr. John Amys,—Mr. W. Gregg.
Class IV.—For $ie Conversion of Arable Land into permanent
Pasture, by transplanting Turf, hitherto called Inoculation.
Class V.—Implements of Husbandry.
A piece of plate, value ten guineas, not awarded.
Judges,—Mr. H. Abbott,—Mr. R. Gilbert,—Mr. P. Bullock.
1st.—To William Terrington, servant to Mr. Wright, of Stanhoe, the sum of five guineas.
2d.—To CharlesCopeman, servant to Mr. Harvey, of Alborough, the sum of four guineas.
3d.—To William Smith, servant to Mr. Beck, of Congham; and to William Carver, servant to Mr. Drake of Earsham Park, the sum of three guineas, divided equally between those two candidates.
4th.—To Samuel Chubbock, servant to Mr. Saul of Blofield, the sum of two guineas.
Inspectors of shepherds' certificates,—Mr. Thomas Leeds and Mr. Francis Blaikie.
Class VII.—Ploughing with Devon Oxen.
To Mr. Garwood, of Billingford, a piece of plate, value ten guineas.
To John Nichol, servant to Mr. Overman of Burnham, the sum of five guineas.
To Matthew Fisher, servant to T. W. Coke, Esq. the sum of four guineas.
To Edward Beales, servant to Mr. Garwood of Billingford, the sum of three guineas.
To Richard Langley, servant to T. W. Coke, Esq. the sum of two guineas.
To David Bloy, servant to Mr. Kendle of Weasenham, the sum of one guinea.
Judges,—Mr. John Oakes,—Mr. Harvey,—Mr. S. Taylor. Mr. Coke observing that the first prize had fallen on Mr. Reeve of Wighton, took that opportunity of expressing his high gratification in having such a tenant.
He said, the next premium was for inoculation, which was first introduced by Mr. Blomfield. He was always proud to acknowledge his obligation to his tenants; and reprobated, in severe terms, that screwing system, which tended to destroy all confidence between man and man. He advocated long leases, and said, for his own part, were he a tenant, he would have nothing to do with the most honorable man that ever breathed, without the security of a lease. He wished no man to farm who claim sufficiently meritorious for inoculation, but advised the candidates not to be discouraged.—He however presented Mr. Blomfield with a valuable piece of plate, for his invention of transplanting turf.
Mr. Coke next noticed the premiums to ploughmen, and he took occasion to compliment Mr. Garwood on the excellent example he had set, in his own person, of a good ploughman, and a good farmer in general. He was entitled to praise too, for his management of stock. He stated his intention to give a premium, next year, for ploughing with horses as well as oxen; and if any gentleman should think of any subject for a premium, he would feel obliged to him to point it out to Mr. Blaikie.
He then expressed the gratification he had derived from the sight of Mr. R. Paul's homebred, for which, though not exhibited with a view to a premium, he hoped he would do him the favor to accept one of the unawarded pieces of plate, giving him the choice of any which were before him. Mr. Coke also highly commended his ingenious invention for destroying rats.
In the course of this afternoon, Mr. Coke stated, that this annual meeting had existed forty-two years. Upon no former occasion had it been so numerously attended, a proof that the motives for its establishment had met with the approbation of his neighbors, and that the result had been favorable to the country. He trusted that it would still increase in numbers every year, and that he should be honored with the company of all who desired to see agriculture cultivated on the liberal principle of a community of interest between landlord and tenant. When he began this institution, the land of Holkham was so poor and unproductive, that much of it was not worth five shillings an acre.—He began with a trial of the Leicester breed of sheep; but, by the advice of Mr. Ellman of Sussex, he was induced to adopt the Southdown breed, and to that admirable stock he much attributed the progress which Norfolk had made in cultivation. The extension of farms, where flocks were to be employed, was unavoidable. Such farms must be large; but if capital and skill were applied to them, and the flocks were made the means of increasing the corn produce, so far from its being injurious, as a question of political economy, experience had proved it to be highly advantageous, since he could state, from actual enumeration, that three times the number of inhabitants were mainained on the same space of ground as before; the population of Holkham had increased from two hundred to six hundred, within a few years back, since cultivation, by the union of capital and skill, had advanced. In all his parish,
He regretted that there was no