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and apply the whip to him. There are gradations in conduct; there is morality,—decency,--propriety. None of these should be violated by a bishop. A bishop should not go to a house where he may meet a young fellow leading out a wench.” BOSWELL. But, Sir, every tavern does not admit women.” Johnson. “Depend upon it, Sir, any tavern will admit a well-dressed man and a welldressed woman : they will not perhaps admit a woman whom they see every night walking by their door, in the street. But a welldressed man may lead in a well-dressed woman to any tavern in London. Taverns sell meat and drink, and will sell them to anybody who can eat and can drink. You may as well say, that a mercer will not sell silks to a woman of the town."

He also disapproved of bishops going to routs ; at least of their staying at them longer than their presence commanded respect. He mentioned a particular bishop. “Poh !” said Mrs. Thrale, “the Bishop of

is never minded at a rout.” BOSWELL. “ When a bishop places himself in a situation where he has no distinct character, and is of no consequence, he degrades the dignity of his order.” Johnson. "Mr. Boswell, Madam, has said it as correctly as it could be.

Nor was it only in the dignitaries of the church that Johnson required a particular decorum and delicacy of behaviour ; he justly considered that the clergy, as persons set apart for the sacred office of serving at the altar, and impressing the minds of men with the awful concerns of a future state, should be somewhat more serious than the generality of mankind, and have a suitable composure of manners. A due sense of the dignity of their profession, independent of higher motives, will ever prevent them from losing their distinction in an indiscriminate sociality; and did such as affect this know how much it lessens them in the eyes of those whom they think to please by it, they would feel themselves much mortified.

Johnson and his friend Beauclerk were once together in company with several clergymen, who thought that they should appear to advantage, by assuming the lax jollity of men of the world; which, as it may be observed in similar cases, they carried to noisy excess. Jobpson, who they expected would be entertained, sat grave and

1 St. Asaph's.

silent for some time ; at last, turning to Beauclerk, he said, by no means in a whisper, “This merriment of parsons is mighty offensive.”

Even the dress of a clergyman should be in character, and nothing can be more despicable than conceited attempts at avoiding the appearance of the clerical order ; attempts, which are as ineffectual as they are pitiful. Dr. Porteus, now Bishop of London, in his excellent charge when presiding over the diocese of Chester, justly animadverts upon this subject; and observes of a reverend fop, that he can be but half a beau.

Addison, in “ The Spectator," has given us a fine portrait of a clergyman, who is supposed to be a member of his Club; and Johnson has exhibited a model, in the character of Mr. Mudge, which has escaped the collectors of his works, but which he owned to me, and which indeed he showed to Sir Joshua Reynolds at the time when it was written. It bears the genuine marks of Johnson's best manner, and is as follows :

“The Reverend Mr. Zachariah Mudge, prebendary of Exeter, and vicar of St. Andrew's in Plymouth; a man equally eminent for his virtues and abilities and at once beloved as a companion, and reverenced as a pastor. He had that general curiosity to which no kind of knowledge is indifferent or superfluous; and the general benevolence by which no order of men is hated or despised.

“His principles both of thought and action were great and comprehensive. By a solicitous examination objections, and judicious comparison of opposite arguments, he attained what inquiry never gives but to industry and perspicuity, a firm and unshaken settlement of conviction. But his firmness was without asperity ; for, knowing with how much difficulty truth was sometimes found, he did not wonder that many missed it.

“ The general course of his life was determined by his profession; he studied the sacred volumes in the original languages; with what diligence and success his Notes upon the Psalms' give sufficient evidence. He once endeavoured to add the knowledge of Arabic to that of Hebrew; but finding his thoughts too much diverted from other studies, after some time desisted from his purpose.

“ His discharge of parochial duties was exemplary. How his Sermons were composed, may be learned from the excellent volume which he has given to the public; but how they were delivered, can be known only to those that heard them; for, as he appeared in the pulpit, words will not easily describe him. His delivery, though unconstrained, was not negligent, and though for. cible, was not turbulent; disdaining anxious nicety of emphasis, and laboured

artifice of action, it captivated the hearer by its natural dignity; it roused the sluggish and fixed the volatile, and detained the mind upor. the subject with. out directing it to the speaker.

“ The grandeur and solemnity of the preacher did not intrude upon his general behaviour : at the table of his friends he was a companion communi. cative and attentive, of unaffected manners, of manly cheerfulness, willing to please, and easy to be pleased. His acquaintance was universally solicited, and his presence obstructed no enjoyment which religion did not forbid. Though studious, he was popular; though argumentative, he was modest; though inflexible, he was candid: and though metaphysical, yet orthodox.” 1

On Friday, March 30, I dined with him at Sir Joshua Reynolds's, with the Earl of Charlemont, Sir Annesley Stewart, Mr. Eliot of Port-Eliot, Mr. Burke, Dean Marlay, Mr. Langton ; a most agreeable day, of which I regret that every circumstance is not preserved : but it is unreasonable to require such a multiplication of felicity.

Mr. Eliot, with whom Dr. Walter Harte had travelled, talked to us of his “ History of Gustavus Adolphus,” which he said was a very good book in the German translation. Johnson. “Harte was excessively vain. He put copies of his book in manuscript into the hands of Lord Chesterfield and Lord Granville, that they might revise it. Now how absurd was it to suppose that two such noblemen would revise so big a manuscript. Poor man ! he left London the day of the publication of his book, that he might be out of the way of the great praise he was to receive ; and he was ashamed to return, when he found how ill his book had succeeded. It was unlucky in coming out on the same day with Robertson's History of Scotland.' His husbandry, however, is good.” BOSWELL. “So he was fitter for that than for heroic history : he did well, when he turned his sword into a ploughshare."

Mr. Eliot mentioned a curious liquor peculiar to his country, which the Cornish fishermen drink. They call it mahogany; and it is made of two parts gin and one part treacle, well beaten together. I begged to have some of it made, which was done with proper

skill by Mr. Eliot. I thought it very good liquor ; and said it was

1 "London Chronicle," May 2, 1769. This respectable man is there mentioned to have died on the 3d of April, that year, at Cofflect, the seat of Thomas Veale, Esq., in his way to London.

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a counterpart of what is called Athol porridge in the Highlands of Scotland, which is a mixture of whisky and honey. Johnson said, that must be a better liquor than the Cornish, for both its component parts are better.” He also observed, “Mahogany must be a modern name ; for it is not long since the wood called mahogany was known in this country." I mentioned his scale of liquors :claret for boys,-port for men,-brandy for heroes. “Then,” said Mr. Burke, “let me have claret ; I love to be a boy ; to have the careless gaiety of boyish days.” Johnson. “I should drink claret too, if it would give me that ; but it does not : it neither mases boys men, nor men boys. You'll be drowned by it before it has any effect upon you."

I ventured to mention a ludicrous paragraph in the newspapers, that Dr. Johnson was learning to dance of Vestris. Lord Charlemont, wishing to excite bim to talk, proposed, in a whisper, that he should be asked whether it was true. “ Shall I ask him ?said his lordship. We were, by a great majority, clear for the experiment. Upon which his lordship very gravely, and with a courteous air, said, “ Pray, Sir, is it true that you are taking lessons of Vestris ?” This was risking a good deal, and required the boldness of a general of Irish volunteers to make the attempt. Johnson was at first startled, and in some heat answered, “How can your lordship ask so simple a question ?" But immediately recovering himself, whether from unwillingness to be deceived or to appear deceived, or whether from real good humour, he kept up the joke : "Nay, but if any. body were to answer the paragraph, and contradict it, I'd have a reply, and would say, that he who contradicted it was no friend either to Vestris or me. For why should not Dr. Johnson add to his other powers a little corporeal agility ? Socrates learned to dance at an advanced age, aud Cato learnt Greek at an advanced age. Then it might proceed to say, that this Johnson, not content with dancing on the ground, might dance on the rope ; and they might introduce the elephant dancing on the rope. A nobleman' wrote a play called 'Love in a Hollow Tree. He found out that it was a bad one, and therefore wished to buy up all the copies and

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burn them. The Duchess of Marlborough had kept one ; and · when he was against her at an election, she had a new edition of it printed, and prefixed to it, as a frontispiece, an elephant dancing on a rope, to show that his lordship's writing comedy was as awkward as an elephant dancing on a rope."

On Sunday, April 1, I dined with him at Mr. Thrale's, with Sir Philip Jennings Clerk and Mr. Perkins, who had the superintendence of Mr. Thrale's brewery, with a salary of five hundred pounds a year. Sir Philip had the appearance of a gentleman of ancient family, well advanced in life. He wore his own white hair in a bag of goodly size, a black velvet coat, with an embroidered waistcoat, and very rich laced rufiles ; which Mrs. Thrale said were old fashioned, but which, for that reason, I thought the more respectable, more like a Tory; yet Sir Philip was then in opposition in parliament. Ah! Sir,” said Johnson, "ancient ruffles and modern principles do not agree." Sir Philip defended the opposition to the American war ably and with temper, and I joined him. He said the majority of the nation was against the ministry. Johnson. " I, Sir, am against the ministry ; but it is for having too little of that of which the opposition thinks they have too much. Were I minister, if any man wagged his finger against me, he should be turned out; for that which is in the power of government to give at pleasure to one or to another should be given to the supporters of government. If you will not oppose at the expense of losing your place, your opposition will not be honest, you will feel no serious grievance ; and the present opposition is only a contest to get what others have. Sir Robert Walpole acted as I would do. As to the American war, the sense of the nation is with the ministry. The majority of those who can understand is with it ; the majority of those who can only hear is against it; and as those who can only hear are more numerous than those who can understand, and opposition is always loud est, a majority of the rabble will be for opposition."

This boisterous vivacity entertained us; but the truth in my opinion was that those who could understand the best were against the American war, as almost every man now is, when the question has been coolly considered.

Mrs. Thrale gave high praise to Mr. Dudley Long (now North).

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