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John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) was a pioneering British politician and social reformer. First published in 1861, this volume contains Mill's detailed discussion of his theories of democracy and the ... 전체 리뷰 읽기
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able active administration advantage affairs allowed already amount appointed assembly authority become benefit better body candidate character civilization complete concerns conduct considerable considered constitution democracy depends desire despotism direct duty effect election electors equal evil exercise exist federal feel form of government functions give given greater hands House human idea important improvement individual influence institutions interest justice kind knowledge least less limited majority matter means ment mere mind minister minority mode moral natural necessary never object obtain opinion Order Parliament party permanent persons political popular portion position possess possible practical present principle Progress qualities question reason regard representation representative respect responsibility rule secure social society sufficient suffrage superior supposed thing thought tion unless vote whole
306 페이지 - A PORTION of mankind may be said to constitute a Nationality if they are united among themselves by common sympathies which do not exist between them and any others — which make them co-operate with each other more willingly than with other people, desire to be under the same government, and desire that it should be government by themselves or a portion of themselves exclusively.
80 페이지 - From these accumulated considerations it is evident that the only government which can fully satisfy all the exigencies of the social state is one in which the whole people participate; that any participation, even in the smallest public function, is useful; that the participation should everywhere be as great as the general degree of improvement of the community will allow; and that nothing less can be ultimately desirable than the admission of all to a share in the sovereign power of the state.
306 페이지 - But the strongest of all is identity of political antecedents ; the possession of a national history, and consequent community of recollections; collective pride and humiliation, pleasure and regret, connected with the same incidents in the past.
109 페이지 - There is hardly any kind of intellectual work which so much needs to be done not only by experienced and exercised minds, but by minds trained to the task through long and laborious study, as the business of making laws.
79 페이지 - The man never thinks of any collective interest, of any objects to be pursued jointly with others, but only in competition with them, and in some measure at their expense.
63 페이지 - A good despotism is an altogether false ideal, which practically (except as a means to some temporary purpose) becomes the most senseless and dangerous of chimeras. Evil for evil, a good despotism, in a country at all advanced in civilization, is more noxious than a bad one ; for it is far more relaxing and enervating to the thoughts, feelings, and energies of the people. The despotism of Augustus prepared the Romans for Tiberius. If the whole tone of their character had not first been prostrated...
64 페이지 - There is no difficulty in showing that the ideally best form of government is that in which the sovereignty, or supreme controlling power in the last resort, is vested in the entire aggregate of the community...
320 페이지 - The essential is, that there should not be any one State so much more powerful than the rest as to be capable of vying in strength with many of them combined. If there be such a one, and only one, it will insist on being master of the joint deliberations : if there be two, they will be irresistible when they agree; and whenever they differ everything will be decided by a struggle for ascendancy between the rivals.
139 페이지 - One of the greatest dangers, therefore, of democracy, as of all other forms of government, lies in the sinister interest of the holders of power : it is the danger of class legislation ; of government intended for (whether really effecting it or not) the immediate benefit of the dominant class, to the lasting detriment of the whole.
347 페이지 - The government of a people by itself has a meaning and a reality ; but such a thing as government of one people by another does not and cannot exist. One people may keep another as a warren or preserve for its own use, a place to make money in, a human cattle farm to be worked for the profit of its own inhabitants.