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curious like, as though the bat-
“This quaint talisman that
“Taking a friendly leave of the countryman, I returned to Greensborough in time to dine and meet the cars for Salisbury.
"While I was waiting for the train, a raw-looking chap, about three feet across the shoulders, squared himself in front of me, and treated himself to a long, deliberate, and apparently very satisfactory stare. Notwithstanding the lofty themes which had occupied my thoughts during the morning, I permitted
my indignation to betray me uous roar of the American fire, swells the terri-into an unjustifiable act, for I revenged myself ble anthem of battle.
behind his back." “ The American lines are broken, and the tide of war rolls on until the intrepid assailants meet, in the Continental line, foes more worthy of their steel : "The war which for a space did fail,
Now, trebly thundering, swelled the gale.' “Then, then Virginia, it was a joy, that even defeat and disaster can not blight, to see that haughty battalion of Guards flying in wild disorder from the wood, while thy fiery horsemen, with hoof and sabre, trampled them in the dust!
“I rose in my stirrups, and gave a shout that made old Guilford's echoes ring again, and alarmed a plowman on a hill half a mile off.
“So bidding adieu to fancy, I set off to see the plowman, wishing to make some more particular inquiries about the localities. I found him intelligent and disposed to be communicative. He indicated the different points where
THE SHAKERS. the hardest fighting had been showed can hold I WAS at the Canaan railway station in.com
a - lumbia of and said that in plowing, even at this day, he a cool and brilliant day in August. I had come frequently turned up bullets, bayonets, and por- from no matter where, and my destination was tions of arms and accoutrements that had with the beautiful Lebanon Valley, from whose northstood the tooth of time.
ern margin healing fountains gush out, and at“One day,' said he, as I was plowing near tract the sick and the fashionable in the pleasmy house thar, my little daughter found in the ant summer-time. The stage-coach departed furrow a complete musket-lock, much rusted on its journey of seven miles from Canaan to and standing at full cock. That,' continued Lebanon at half past one o'clock, with nine the countryman, ‘set me to thinking more than passengers inside, and three, besides myself, any thing I have yet seen. It looked more like upon the driver's box and the seat upon the fighting. The man that cocked that gun was roof. Seldom have I enjoyed a journey more. killed perhaps before he had time to pull the The air was pure and invigorating ; the firma
ment was full of detached masses of magnificent “Many a time, Sir, when I am idle, I take clouds; the foliage of shrub and tree was as rich that lock in my hand and look at it, until I feell as in wealthy June, and over hill, and valley,
and intervale, broad shadows, like phantoms, three o'clock. They gush out from the rocks were chasing each other in the noonday splen- of a rugged hillside, at the rate of fourteen bardors that filled earth and air.
rels a minute, and around them is now seatThe road was smooth but extremely sinuous, ed a thriving little village, the offspring of the for it passed through a hilly country, over the popularity of the waters. Their taste is like whole surface of which the hand of industry had that of rain-water-soft and sweet—and the laid its impressions of cultivation. Down in the temperature at all seasons is seventy-three devalleys the eye rested upon variegated fields, grees. Gas is continually escaping with a lying there like rich carpets; and up the slopes, crackling sound, and the water is perfectly limto the very summits of the hills, depending from pid. Over the main fountain stoops a magnifitafts of forest, was tapestry more gorgeous than cent sycamore, full ten feet in circumference at ever came from the looms of Gobelin. Or- its base, which was planted there by the origchards, grain-fields, meadows, pastures, farm- inal proprietor of the spring, after it had been houses, churches, little villages—these dotted used by him as a riding-whip for a whole the country in every direction, and each turn day. in the road brought a new surprise. Beauties But it was not Lebanon Springs, nor the came, one after another, like the pictures of a crowd gathered there, nor the good fare and moving panorama ; and when, within three round of amusements enjoyed by the guests at miles of Lebanon Springs, a sudden turn gave the hotels, that had invited me to that beautiful us a full view of the lovely valley through which valley and its noble surroundings. I had come their waters flow and two quiet villages lie nes to visit the people in that quiet Shaker village tled, a cloud of regret shadowed the sunny feel- upon the mountain terrace, and learn what I ing which the scene had inspired, for a longer could of their history, their social condition, enjoyment of such exquisite pleasure was cov- their daily avocations, industrial economy, and eted.
religious belief. So, after dinner, I started on In a few moments new emotions were ex- foot for a ramble down the valley, and following cited, for on the right, stretching along upon a a winding road up the slope entered the mysnoble mountain terrace, half way between the terious village from the north a little before sundeep green valley and the bending sky, lay the set, beneath the arching and interlacing boughs Shaker village, surrounded by slopes enriched of grand old trees. Not a leaf trembled upon by the most perfect culture. A portion of it its stem; for the zephyrs were asleep, and was half hidden by trees and a vail of blue scarcely a sound was heard but the lowing of smoke, while the polished metal roof of the cows in the distance, and the footfalls of house of worship sparkled in the rays of the strange-looking men and women, seen here and san like a cluster of stars.
there in the village, moving with quick and We arrived at Lebanon Springs at about earnest pace in their daily walk of duty. Look
ing down into the valley where the golden light This cut shows the various costumes of the Shakers of the evening sun lay warm and harmonizat home and abroad. Figures 1 and 7 show the worshipcostume of a man and woman; Figure 2, that of the field ing, the sweet words of Gray came out from and shop laborer: Figure 3, an Eider ; Figures 4 and 5, the closet of memory, and murmured on the traveling costume; and Figure 6, a half-dress costume." | lips
“The curfew tolls the knell of parting day,
It was Saturday evening. The weekly toil The lowing herds wind slowly o'er the lea, of the community had ceased, and a Sabbath The plowman homeward plods his weary way,
stillness brooded over the populous town. ImAnd leaves the world to darkness and to me."
mense dwellings filled with men and women, As I walked into the village, serenity and and extensive workshops supplied with choicest peace seemed to pervade the very air! Placid-implements, lined the one broad street. Order ity dwelt upon every face I met. And there and Neatness there held high court with a mawere children, too, with cheerful faces peering jesty I had never before seen. The very dust out from their broad hats and deep bonnets, for in the road seemed pure, and the virtue “next they were all dressed like old men and women. to godliness" was apparent upon every stone. I marveled at the sight of children in that iso Near the centre of the village is a large brick lated world of bachelors and maidens, forgetting building, painted a chocolate color, in the lower that it was a refuge for orphans who are un- part of which is the Office and Store of the comsheltered in the stormy world without.
ity. There I found several of the brethren
and sisters, who re-
THE OFFICE AND STORE
There I found Edward Fowler, the chief busi- | a spacious frame building, painted white, with ness-man of the Society, and had a long and in- an arched roof. At its southern end is a smaller structive conversation with him respecting the building, which they call the Porch, in which temporalities of the Shakers. While thus en- the chief ministers, two men and two women, gaged, I heard the sounds of music and dancing, reside. This edifice, built about thirty years and was told that the family (about sixty in num- ago, is a few yards from the first Shaker meetber), on the opposite side of the street, were en- ing-house erected in Lebanon, and which is yet gaged in their usual evening worship. Curiosity standing. at once led me thither. There, collected in a The bour for the commencement of worship large room devoted to the purpose, were a large was half past ten. Half an hour earlier a long number of men and women, engaged in the pe- wagon arrived, in which were two brethren and culiar religious rites of Shaker family worship. several sisters from the “East Family,” who They sang hymns and lively spiritual songs, reside partly over the mountain. At the same all of which were accompanied by dances and time vehicles came with visitors from Lebanon marches, conducted in an orderly, and, at times, Springs, and soon the seats between the entrance very impressive manner. These exercises were doors, called the “lobby," were filled by “the interspersed with brief exhortations by both men Gentiles,” the sexes being separated, the men and women; and in the gene order of the rit-on the left of the women. The floor, made of ual, it was not much unlike their public ceremo- white pine, was as clean as a dining table. On nials on the Sabbath. There I saw what the eye the side of the room opposite the seats of the of the stranger seldom sees. It was a physical strangers were rows of movable benches, and “manifestation of the power of God," as they upon them the sisters who came from a distance call it. One of the younger brethren, standing began to gather, after hanging their bonnets in the middle of the room, stretched out his upon wooden pegs provided for the purpose. In arms and commenced whirling, not rapidly, but the ante-rooms on the left, the brethren and sissteadily, and continued to turn, as if upon a ters of the village were assembled, the sexes pivot, at least an hour, without cessation, the being separated. At the appointed hour they recipient of the “gift” being apparently uncon- all came in in couples, stood a moment in siscious of all that was passing around him. Ex- lence, and then sat down, the men and women cept in costume, he strongly resembled a whirling facing each other. Adults and children were Dervish, such as travelers frequently see in the dressed precisely alike. With the exception of East. This family worship continued about an the resident elders and some visiting brethren, hour and a half, when I retired to the room the men were in their shirt sleeves. Their Sunassigned me, filled with new emotions, for I day costume consists of pantaloons of blue linen, was in the midst of social and religious novel with a fine white stripe in it; vests of a much ties.
deeper blue, and plain, made of linsey-woolsey The Sabbath dawn was brilliant, and the (woolen and linen); stout calf-skin shoes and beanty of the day was memorable. Opposite gray stockings. Their shirt-collars and bosoms my lodgings was the house for public worship, are made of cotton, like the body; the collar is
fastened with three buttons and turned over. | wall rows, and commenced a backward and forThe women wear, on Sunday, some a pure ward march, or dance, in a regular springing white dress, and others a white dress with a step, keeping time to the music of their voices, delicate blue stripe in it. Over their necks and while their hands hung closely to their sides. bosoms were pure white kerchiefs, and over The wall rows alone kept time with their hands the left arm of each was carried a large white moving up and down, the palms turned upward. pocket-handkerchief. Their heads were covered The singing appeared like a simple refrain and with lawn caps, the form of all, for both old and a chorus of too-ral-loo, too-ral-loo, while all the young, being alike. They project so as to fully movements with hand, foot, and limb were exconceal the cheeks in profile. Their shoes, tremely graceful. sharp-toed and high-heeled, according to the The worshipers now stood in silence a few fashion of the day when the Society was form- moments, when they commenced singing aned, were made of prunella, of a brilliant ul- other hymn, with chorus like the last. When tramarine blue. Such was the appearance it was ended they retired to each end of the of the worshipers in the presence of at least room, the benches were replaced, and the men six hundred strangers, attracted there by curi- and women again sat down opposite each othosity.
Elder Evans then came forward, and, in The worshipers soon arose, and approached an able discourse of almost an hour, expoundfrom opposite ends of the room, until the two ed the peculiar doctrines of the Shakers, espefront rows were within two yards of each other, cially that which relates to the duality of God the women modestly casting their eyes to the as male and female, and the second advent of floor. The benches were then instantly re- Christ upon earth in the person of Ann Lee, moved. There they stood in silence, in serried the founder of the Society. When he had columns like platoons in military, while two ceased all the worshipers arose, the benches rows of men and women stood along the wall, were removed, and they formed themselves into facing the audience. From these came a grave serried ranks as before. Then, with graceful personage, and standing in the centre of the motions, they gradually changed their position worshipers, addressed them with a few words into circular form, all the while moving with of exhortation. All stood in silence for a few springing step, in unison with a lively tune. minutes at the conclusion of his remarks, when In the centre stood twenty-four singers in a they began to sing a hymn of several verses to circle, twelve men and twelve women; and a lively tune, and keeping time with their feet. around them, in two concentric circles, marchIn this, as in all of their songs and hymns, they ed and countermarched the remainder of the did not pause at the end of each verse, but kept worshipers, the men three and the women two on without rest and with many repetitions un- abreast. A brief pause and they commenced til the whole hymn was completed. Elder Evans another lively tune and march, all keeping time then came forward, and addressing a few words with their hands moving up and down, and octo the audience, asked them to regard the acts casionally clapping them three or four times in of worship before them with respectful atten- concert. The women were now three and the tion. This request was unnecessary, for there men two abreast. When the hymn ceased, was nothing in the entire performance calcu- with a prolonged strain, they all turned their lated to elicit any other than feelings of deep- faces toward the inner circle of singers. est respect and serious contemplation.
After another pause the worshipers comAfter two other brethren had given brief menced a hymn in slow and plaintive strain. "testimonies," the worshipers all turned their The music was unlike any thing I had ever baeks to the audience, except those of the two heard; beautiful, impressive, and deeply sol