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great, if not the greatest, of Southern house- | nó properer host than Mr. H. L. Butterfield, who keepers, having a fame among the dilettanti, presides over the destinies and dinners of the from the Capes of Virginia to the Pan of Ma- Pavilion Hotel. His portly person, and shintanzas, and the Gridiron of Chagres. We our-ing morning face, and hearty welcome, are all selves can bear testimony to his excellence so many speaking testimonials in behalf of his in his official capacity. We have suffered our establishment. His own looks are eloquent arselves to have been made happy at his board guments for his larder. His jocund visage ason more than one occasion, when, at the con- serts more loudly than any language, the virtues clusion of the feast, the general reflection of of his cook and cellars. His free, degagée manall the circle was uniformly the same: “It is ner carries with it an air of invitation not to be enough. What need of more life? This day's withstood by those who prefer ease to ceremodelight can never be excelled.” And we should nial, and creature-comforts to any velvet-cushall have yielded to the fates without a struggle ioned chair of state. but for the happy suggestion, “But if to-mor The three establishments whose portraits we row should yield such delights as to-day! And have given will suffice to show that the people why not? We have Nickerson's security.” And of the Palmetto City are far from insensible to with this security we consented to prolong our what is due to the august, the beautiful, the existence, which had already reached its crown- spiritual, and the esthetic, in that mortal temple ing felicity. The Mills House is one of high of an immortal nature which your vulgar morfinish, costly in furniture, rich in decoration, alists are but too prone to disparage. There and in supreme odor among all the fashionable are sundry other excellent establishments, degentry.
voted to the same domestic deities, which are, Half a mile above, in the same street, you find no doubt, quite as capable of ministering hapspacious accommodations at the Pavilion Hotel. pily to the appetites of the race; but as our
This structure, though of less pretension ex- daguerreotypist has thought proper to confine us teriorly than its two neighbors, is yet a fine, to these three illustrations of the order, we subample, commodious building, capable of re- mit to his decision ; particularly as our aim is ceiving and entertaining happily, almost as many the architectural rather than the gastronomical, guests as either. Its style, within and without, and designed to show where our Charlestonians is less ornate and expansive. Its tastes are feed, rather than how they feed. And here, for simpler, and it appeals more to the grave, quiet, the present, we might close our labors, having and solid portion of the community than to the sufficiently sampled from the city to satisfy the gay, flaunting tribes in the courts of fashion. curiosity of the stranger. Hereafter, we may Hither come the sturdy farmers, and the brood- extend our gallery. A single specimen, howing merchants, and the philosophical politicians, ever, of the more recent among the private and all who love “their ease at their inn," dwellings of Charleston may not be amiss, parwithout feeling the necessity of putting on dress ticularly as it exhibits a singular departure from breeches for dinner, or exhibiting themselves in the usual style of modeling in a region where, costume of character at the bal masque by night. as we have said before, there is no end to the For all this class of persons, there is, perhaps, variety, and where each man who builds makes
a law for himself, doing what he deems meet in are some very pretty and imposing ones to be his own eyes, with his brick and mortar, without found in the several burial-places, dedicated by caring to ask what eye of taste he may gravel affection to private worth. We shall select but by his performances. Here is the residence one of these, which we find in the Magnolia of Mr. J. T. Mikell, a planter, we believe, and Cemetery-a very lovely City of the Silent, anlawyer.
swering, in the Palmetto City, to the Mount AuThis is one of the most ambitious of the pri- burn of Boston, the Greenwood of New York, rate dwellings of Charleston. The fence, by- and the Laurel Hill of Philadelphia. It is the-way, which is shown in the picture to be of just without the city, and has been laid out with wood, is to be superseded by an open railing of very happy taste on the banks of Cooper River. iron. Our daguerreotypist was simply a little too The Porter's Lodge, the Chapel, and the Requick for the contractor. Talking of daguerreo-ceiving House are all happily designed in a typers, by-the-way, reminds us to report that we graceful and modest fashion. The natural beauowe our pictures to seyeral of the best in Charles- ties of the site which the Magnolia Cemetery ton, Cook, and Cohen, and Bowles and Glenn; occupies have been very happily brought out, all of whom deal with the sun on familiar terms, and Art and Nature seem to have united their making as free use of the solar establishment forces to make appropriate to the purpose, and as if they had a full partnership in the concern. grateful to the sentiment, this last lodging-place We suppose, however, that the privilege is not of humanity. There are miniature lakes and confined to these parties, and that Brady and islands, solemn groves and bird-frequented garothers are permitted a share upon occasion, and dens, which soothe the sentiment, beguile the when Apollo is not engaged with better com- eye and mind to wander, and fill the soul with pany.
a grateful melancholy. The place is new, and Charleston is not, like Baltimore and Savan- lacks nothing but time to hallow it with great nah, a city of monuments. As yet she has not and peculiar attractions. We detach a single reared a single one to any of the remarkable men one from several of its monuments. It is wrought who have made her annals famous. But there of Italian marble exquisitely chiseled. Thc
four niches are occupied
To be withheld from heaven." We have said that Charleston has raised no monuments to any of her great
She is beginning to feel the reproach which should follow this neglect, and there is some promise that she will shortly relieve herself from all censure on this score. The ladies of Charleston have taken in hand the erection of a monument to the memory of Calhoun; have raised some $30,000 or $40,000, and are now meditating the design after which they will build. They have not yet resolved upon any plan, though several have been submitted. One of these, the only one which we have seen, has been litho
graphed, and we therefore oli copy it. It was adopted
originally by the military of Charleston, who entertained the project of
iment themselves ; but money came in slowly. Republicanism and pa
triotism, which pay the living very reluctantly, are not apt to waste much money upon those who can no longer urge their claims in any way; and the military gave up their project in despair, transferring the cash they had collected-some $5000— to the fund of the ladies, who have thus far shown themselves first-rate assessors, and bid fair soon to realize in stone the conception of the artist. The graceful monument which is here given is from the design of Jones. It makes a very pretty picture, but its cost would be beyond the estimates of the ladies. It would require $100,000 to carry out the design as here given; and $100,000 are neither more nor less than -$100,000!
We have seen another sketch, in private hands, which we are not permitted to use, done rudely with a pen, but with great spirit, and of very novel design. It represents a wild, irregular pile of rock, shelving, precipitous, with huge crags, beetling, hanging over, as if above the sea, and shooting up into slivered pinnacles, sharp, eagle hangs, saltant, with wings outspread, eye erect, but irregularly disposed, one finally ris- dilating, and the whole action indicative of vigiing up in the centre and overtopping all the lance, a fiercely aroused passion of indignation, rest, rising slenderly, like a lance, in air mid- and an eager impatience for the strife. You way;-the boulders crop out, forming a sort of follow the glance of the eagle and see the occacavern, the entrance of which is irregularly sion of his watch and anger in the gradual erected, as if done in a sport of nature. It is progress of a monstrous snake, which, with braoverhung with moss and ivy. In this cavern zen crest, arching neck, and cunning restlessness stands the statue of Calhoun, visible from below, of eye, is crawling upward, and has already and nearly at the entrance. To this point you coiled himself above the rock of the Constituascend by a flight of stone steps within, the ma- tion. There are other adjuncts. The arms of sonry of the interior, whatever the rude, wild the Palmetto State are boldly scored upon one character of the outside, being carefully con- of the boulders; the palmettos shoot up from structed, and conducting to a fine chamber, the crevices; a laurel springs out from the rocky which from without seems a mere cavern, proper clefts, just beside the entrance of the cavern, for a hermitage. A congeries of boulders forms bearing a single great white flower. On one of the foundation of the cavern, cropping out on the most salient of the boulders which make the every side-here and there rounded by attri- base, the name of “Calhoun" appears in letters. tion and action of storm and wind—sometimes There is very little detail besides. The effect broken and slivered as by lightning; but all so is from the boldness of the conception. The arranged as to simulate the wildest workings of mass of rocks has the general aspect of some Natare in her own sovereign abodes of rock and isolated mountain-spur by the ocean side, forest. One of these boulders, the largest, juts which the thunders of Heaven have smitten and out just below the entrance of the cavern, and the lightnings have slivered for a thousand is inscribed with the word “Constitution.” On years, but which remains unshaken. The boula projecting shelf of rock above the cavern an ders below and the segregated shafts forming so
many pinnacles above, confer upon it its monu- | ADVENTURES OF THE EARLY SETmental aspect; and the detail is so happy that
TLERS OF NEW ENGLAND. the effect is two-fold, compelling the mind at the same moment to feel the equa! pressure of ON the 11th of November, 1620, the stormArt and Nature in the work. It is difficult to describe the gradual process by which the pin- hundred and one Pilgrims, first caught sight of nacles are evolved from the mass, and how they the barren sand hills of Cape Cod. It prerise, one shooting beyond the other, unequally sented a cheerless scene, even for those weary ascending, until one alone passes into the firm- of a more than four months' voyage upon a ament far beyond the rest-slender all of them, cold and tempestuous sea. But, dreary as the even as we sometimes see them in the snow- prospect was, a leaky ship, the storms of apcrowned pinnacles of the Swiss and Tyrolese. proaching winter, and the perils of innumerable We give, as a proper sequel to this sketch, a sloals, upon an unknown sea, compelled them copy of an Ode on Calhoun by one of the Caro- to seek a shelter at the extremity of the bleak lina poets, which was spoken at the theatre on and verdureless Cape. Sundry explorations a benefit night given to the Calhoun Monument. were made to find a place of settlement in the It has never been in print before ; and with immediate vicinity. Failing in this, the shalthis we conclude our present sketches from the lop was launched, and eigliteen embarked for Palmetto City :
a more extensive survey of the coast.
On the evening of the second day they CALHOUN.-ODE.
dragged their boat upon the beach for a night's Nations themselves are but the monuments
encampment. A dense forest was behind them, Of deathless men, whom the Divine intents
a bleak ocean before them. Throwing up a Decree for miglity purposes. They rise
slight rampart of logs, with a warm fire blazing Superior, by their mission from the skies, To thoughts of self; and, in self-sacrifice,
at their feet, they established their watch, unitAssert the race: guide, fashion, and inform,
ed in their evening prayer, and fell asleep. Direct for conquest, gather from the storm,
Through the long night no sound disturbed And build in strength!
their slumbers but the wind sighing through Their powerful arms maintain
the forest and the surf dashing upon the shore. The realm of Peace, and consecrate her reign
The next morning they rose before the dawn By Justice, Truth, Protection. They defend
of day, and anxiously prepared to continue their The land that gave them being, and commend
search. A drizzling rain falling through the Her virtues to the love of other climes That else had lapsed from weaknesses to crimes,
night, had drenched them to the skin. The And so, to ruin! They foresee the fate,
occan looked black and angry, and sheets of And arm against the danger ere too late;
mist were driven, by the chill wind, over earth Meet the assailing foeman at the wall,
The Pilgrims were preparing to reAnd nobly conquer, or as nobly fall. Their lives--devote to patriot service-teach
embark, and some of them had carried their How best to build the tower and man the breach ; guns, wrapped in blankets, down to the boat, Their hands, outstretched in blessing rites, have made when, suddenly, a fearful cry broke from apThe nations safe and sacred in their shade!
parently a thousand voices in the forest, and a We rear our humble column to the name
shower of arrows fell upon their encampment. Of one who led our power and won us fame!
Four muskets only were left. By the rapid Whose wondrous genius, with Ithuriel spear,
discharge of these they held the savages at bay Hath made the crouching fiend start up in fear;
until the others were regained. A fierce conSmote the foul reptile, even as he lay Coiled round our altar, poisoning still his prey;
Alict now ensued, demoniac yells deafening the Expelled the foe that threatened as a fate, And saved from loss the sacred shield of State!
Every Indian was stationed behind some tree His lips spoke lightnings! His immaculate thought,
or rock, which protected him from the bullets From seraph source, divinest fervor caught;
of his 'antagonists. Fortunately for the PilHis fiery argument, with eagle rush,
grims, their barricade of logs atforded them Spellid mightiest Senates into trembling hush; much shelter, while their thick garments were While the great billowy thunders, echoing still,
almost as coats of mail to ward off the comWith rolling surges, round the Sacred Hill, Struck with sharp terrors into nerveless awe,
paratively feeble missiles of the natives. For The insidious enemies of Right and Law!
some time the perilous conflict raged, the blaze Even to the last, still battling in the van,
of the guns flashing through the gloom of the For the great truths and natural rights of man, He died in harness, in the thick of strife,
morning, and the forest resounding with the His very death a triumph-like his life!
report of musketry and the hideous war-whoop
of the savages. The Great fall from us. We have need to fear,
There was one Indian, of Herculean size, apWhen voice like his no longer thrills the car! When, in the Senate, owls and mousing things
parently more brave than the rest, who appearCreep to high places, which were made for wings, ed to be the leader of the band. He had ad'Tis need we should do homage, and implore
vanced beyond his companions, and had placed Great shoulders, such as his white mantle bore! himself within half musket-shot of the encamp'Tis reverence brings the prophet. If we praise
ment. The perish'd virtue, and its altar raise,
Watching an opportunity when his elWe may recall the genius, lost too soon,
bow was exposed, a sharp-shooter succeeded in And find, 'mong other sons, a new Calhoun!
striking it with a bullet. The shattered arm
dropped, helpless. The savage, astounded by add to their consternation, a flaw struck the the calamity, gazed for a moment in silence sail and snapped the mast into three pieces. upon his mangled limb, and then uttering a They seized their oars, and with difficulty kept peculiar cry, which was probably the signal for their craft before the wind. At last they perretreat, dodged from tree to tree and disap- ceived land before them, which proved to be peared. His companions, following. his ex an island. Rowing around its northern point, ample, fled with him into the depths of the they found, on its western shore, a small cove, forest. Hardly a moment elapsed ere not a where they obtained a partial shelter. Savage was either to be seen or heard, and Here they dropped anchor. Though soaked naught but the wail of the wind and the wash with the rain, and though the night was freezof the wave interrupted the silence of the scene. ingly cold, knowing that they were surrounded
The surf dashed sullenly upon the shore. by a savage foe, most of the company dared The wintry gale swept the ocean, and howled not land. Some, however, almost dying from through the sombre firs and pines, driving the fatigue and cold, could endure the exposure no rain in spectral sheets over sea and land. The longer. They were put on shore, and at length attack and the retreat were alike instantaneous. succeeded in building a fire beneath the dripThe silence of the rayless morning was, with ping boughs of the forest. They knew, howthe suddenness of the lightning's flash, broken ever, full well that the flame was but a beacon by fiendlike uproar and fearful peril; as sud- to inform their savage foes where they were. denly the clamor ceased, and was succeeded They constructed a rude rampart, established a by the stillness and the solitude of the un- watch, united in prayer, and sought such repeopled wilderness.
pose as their hard couch could furnish. At None of the English were even wounded in midnight those left in the boat, unable longer the conflict. They immediately embarked. A to endure the cold, joined the party on shore. cold storm of rain, mingled with snow, swept Another morning dawned. It was the Sabthe ocean. The waves broke upon the icy bath. These extraordinary men decided not shore; and as the day of suffering and peril to leave their encampment, that they might rewore along, they could find no place of landing. member the Sabbath day and keep it holy. Just as the darkness of an appalling night was There was true moral grandeur in this decision settling around them, a huge billow broke over even they must admit who think that a more the shallop, nearly filling it with water, and un- enlightened judgment would have instructed shipping and sweeping away their rudder. To that, under the circumstances in which they