페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

1. Charleston........

1 92. Battle-Ground at Guilford.............. 162

2. Plan of Charleston ..

2 93. Plan of Battle of Guilford....

162

3. The Old Customs House...

3 94. Guilford Court-House..

163

4. The New Customs House..

4 95. Finding the Gun-Lock

164

5. The State Bank...

96. Revenge....

164

6. Group of Banks

6 97. Shaker Costume....

165

7. The Orphan Asylum.

7 98. Shaker Village, Lebanon....

166

8. The Roper Hospital...

7 99. Office and Store

166

9. The Military Academy.

8 100. Meeting-House

167

10. Citadel Square Baptist Church 9 101. Interior of the Meeting-House......... 168

11. The Central Church.

10 102. The Dance......

169

12. St. Michael's Church...

11 103. Sisters in Everyday Costume........... 170

13. St. Philip's Church......

12 104. The Hydraulic Press.....

172

14. Roman Catholic Cathedral..

13 105. The Herb House.....

172

15. Unitarian Church ....

14 106. The Laboratory...

173

16. Circular Church and s. C. Institute .. 15 107. The Extract House..

173

17. The Charleston Hotel..

16 108. The Vacuum Pan

174

18. The Mills House.....

16 109. The Crushing Mill...

174

19. The Pavilion Hotel...

17 110. The Finishing Room..

174

20. Private Residence

18 111. The Powdering Mill.

175

21. Magnolia Cemetery

19 112. The Seed House...

175

22. Monument in Cemetery.

20 113. The Tannery

175

23. Calhoun Monument...

21 114. The Physician.

176

24. First Encounter with Indians

23 115-125. Lichens

178-182

25. Plymouth Bay.........

24 126. Damocles.

242

26. Samoset.

25 127. Third Volume of the Registers......... 252

27. Massasoit and his Warriors.

26 128-143 Family Daguerreotypes....... 285-286

28. Palace of Massasoit...

27 144. Fashions for July.

: 287

29. Death of Alexander

29 145. Infant's Robe .....

288

30. Battle in Tiverton.....

31 146. White Lace Fichu..

288

31. Capture of the Indian Fortress. 33 147. Black Lace Fichu

288

32. Captivity of Mrs. Rowlandson.. 34 148. Finding Gold.

289

33. Destruction of Sudbury

35 149. The Red Fox......

290

34. Indian Ambush ......

36 150, Little Britons.....

290

35. Death of King Philip.......

37 151. The Gold Hill Works......

291

36-45. Monads

.39-40 152. Mat Moyle and Nicky Trevethan...... 292

46. Izalco: A Mountain which grows 44 153. Descending the Ladder-Shaft... 293

47. At Mr. John Chivery's Tea-Table. 98 154. Boring..

294

48. In the Old Room ....

106 155. Ascending the Bucket-Shaft.....

295

49-64. Inconveniences of living in a Uni 156. At Mouth of the Bucket-Shaft... 296

form Row of Houses ..... 141-142 157. Sarah Jackson....

296

65. Fashions for June....

143 158. Rocking Cradles

297

66. Lace Shawl ......

144 159. Bill Jenkins......

298

67. Lace Berthe...

144 160. Picnic .......

299

68. Talian, Honduras

145 161. Dat Fiddle done ruinged

300

69. On the Cay......

146 162. Finis ......

300

70. Rainbow and Water-Spout.

147 163. Growing Wheat.....

301

71. House of Cannibal King.

148 164. The Wheaten Loaf....

302

72. The Tango .....

149 165. Ancient Egyptian Wheat..

303

73. Wild Fig-Tree.....

150 166. Egyptian Granary

304

74. Scene on the Tulian.

150 167. Ceres......

305

75. Crossing the Tulian...

151 168. Different kinds of Wheat....

306

76. Seineguita

151 169. Reaping Wheat...

307

77. Cassava Bread-Making..

152 170. The Harvest Field.

308

78. Puerto Cabello Lagoon

153 171. The Old Mill......

309

79. Houdon's Washington....

154 172. Boaz and Ruth...

311

80. State Capitol, Raleigh, N. C............. 155 173. Blighted Wheat...

312

81. Asylum for the Insane, N. C........... 156 174. Louis XVI. and La Perouse. 314

82. The Artist........

156 175. Louis XVI. as Locksmith....

316

83. The Sketch.....

157 176. Riot in Faubourg St. Antoine.. 318

84. Female Education...

157 177. The Three Orders........

320

85. The Partisan Leader

158 178. Doors of the Assembly closed. 321

86. Lord Cornwallis .....

159 179. Mirabeau ......

323

87. Nathaniel Greene....

159 180. The Country Ship....

324

88. Colonel Henry Lee.....

160 181. At the Water-Tub.....

325

89. Colonel William Washington.... 160 182. Going Ashore......

326

90. Colonel John E. Howard..

161 183. The Carriage

326

91. The Cavalry Charge

161 184. Our Hotel......

327

185. The Dutch Wife...
328 272. Hog-Drovers......

595 186. A Family Party. 329 273. Scene at Blountville ...

596 187. Dancing-Girls. 330 274. View from the Tower.

597 188. Starting for the Interior.... 331 275. The Towers......

598 189. The Rising Generation... 331 276. Interior of the Tunnel..

600 190. Javanese.. 332 277. Looking out from the Tunnel.....

601 191. Hunting. 334 278. The Tunnel, looking in...

602 192. Equestrianism..... 335 279. A probable President..

603 193–208 Elephantine Metamorphoses. 429-430 280. Holston Springs..

603 209. Fashions for August. 431 281. Saw-Mill........

604 210. Coiffure ....... 432 282. Labor in vain....

604 211. Undress Cap...... 432 283. Top of the Coach.......

604 212. Under-Sleeves..... 432 284. Passing the Holston

605 213. Saltville, Virginia..... 433 285. Jonesborough, Tennessee.

605 214. The Prescription

434 286. The French Guard liberated.. 607 215. Sir John's Station..... 434 287. Camille Desmoulins.....

609 216. Annette ....

435 288. Sacking the Royal Arsenal.... 611 217. Old Virginia Labor-Saving Machine. 436 289. Sacking the Hôtel des Invalides....... 613 218. Penitentiary at Richmond 437 290. Storming the Bastile..........

614 219. Canal Basin, Richmond..... 438 291. Death of De Launay....

615 220. The Choir.... 438 292. Assassination of Flesselles

616 221. Boots....... 439 293. My Baby..........

716 222. Aunt Hannah...

440 294-309. Jinks's Inflating Costumes... 717-718 223. Canal Basin, Lynchburg. 441 310. Fashions for October.

719 224. Newbern Dépôt... 442 311. Puffed Sleeve......

720 225. Godbey's Cliffs.. 444 312. Velvet Cloak......

720 226. The Love-Feast... 445 313. Summit Cliffs of the Roane..

721 227. Interior of Salt-Works 446 314. Time to start

722 228. Firing up.-Jeff... 447 | 315. Tipton's House

723 229. Dipping out.-Ike..... 448 316. Distant View of the Roane.

724 230. The Ragged Cavalier.--Andy 449 317. The Mountaineer

725 231. Salt Valley 450 | 318. One of 'em....

725 232. Lower Salt-Works 450 319. Grey Briggs.

726 233. The Coal Fire...... 451 320. Chased by a Panther...

727 234. Discovery of Anthracite Coal 452 321. The Horse-Thief ..

727 235. Map of Coal Region...... 453 322. Summit of the Roane

728 236. Coal-Arks descending Water-Gap 454 323. The Black Mountains...

730 237. Mount Pisgah Planes.... 456 324. The Colonel.........

731 238. Stratification of Vein..... 457 325. Gouge, Distiller....

732 239. Open Quarry of the Lehigh.. 458 | 326. Apple-Jack Distillery

733 240. Section of Schuylkill Basin.. 460 | 327. Aggravation ...

733 241. Coal Drift..... 460 328. Tom Wilson's Cabin

734 242. Price Wetherill Colliery.. 461 329. Tom Wilson.......

735 243. Interior Plat of Coal Slope. 462 330. Summit of Mount Mitchell.

737 244. Coal-Breaker, side view 463 331. Wet Boots.......

738 245. Coal-Breaker, front view... 463 332. Johnsey..

739 246. Fault in Coal-Vein. 464 333. Skull and Flowers.....

740 247. The Davy Lamp.... 465 334. Roman Flower-Girl...

741 248. Coal-Miner. 466 335. The Porter....

741 249. The Baltimore Mine.... 467 336. Senza Nome ...........

741 250. Fossils found in Coal...... 469 337. A Cherub

742 251. Interior of Temple of Abou Simbal... 470 338. The Emperor.....

742 252. Shrine of Temple, Abou Simbal....... 471 | 339. Repose

743 253. Dome of the Rock, Mount Moriah.... 472 340. A Niche......

743 254. Interior of Mosque El Aksa............ 473 341. The Three Brothers...

744 255. Interior of the Beautiful Gate.......... 474 342. The Dance......

745 256. Jacob's Well at Shechem ..., 475 343. Miss Flora M'Flimsey

746 257. Baalbec, from the Fountain 476 | 344. Nothing to Wear

753 258. The Parthenon .... 476 345. The Foam at Sea

754 259. Fashions for September 575 346. Harold Haarfager's Ship.....

755 260. Lace Fichu

576 347. Icelandic Traveling Costume.. 755 261. Lace Sleeve.. 576 348. Thingvalla

756 262, Lace Body. 576 349. The Icelandic Fox.....

757 263. The Ship of the Desert.... 577 350. Icelandic Lady..

758 264. Male Bactrian Camel 579 351. First Glimpse of Jan Mayen...

759 265, Bichariehs of Egypt... 581 | 352. The Midnight Sun .....

761 266. 'Arabian Dromedary. 583 353. English Bay, Spitzbergen

762 267. Pehlevan from Muscat 585 354. Et Ego in Arctis.....

763 268. Camel secured for a Gale...

587 355-362. Charlie's Acquaintances...... 861-862 269. The Halt. 589 363. Fashions for November.....

863 270. The Male Tuilu.. 592 364. Coiffure........

864 271. Bristol, Virginia.. 594 365. Cloth Cloak...

861

[merged small][merged small][graphic][ocr errors][merged small]

CIT

CHARLESTON,

Revolution in the formation of the ConfederTHE PALMETTO CITY.

acy and the Constitution—in the noble conNITIES, like men, and because they are the tributions of intellect and valor which she has

work of men, have each, necessarily, marked made to the common capital of the country—in features of individuality, and these will be found hergenerous sacrifices at all times in the common to illustrate, in some degree, the characteristics cause—by the refinements of her society—by the of the people by whom they have been founded, polish of her people—the general propriety of and by whom they are maintained. All of our her tastes—her lofty morals, and warm hospitalAmerican cities may be thus distinguished, cach ity. She has her faults, no doubt, but with having its local atmosphere and aspect; and we these we have nothing to do. We have no propose, for the benefit of our readers, to da- pleasure in fault-finding or fault-seeking, and guerreotype the most salient of those which most regard with more satisfaction the more genial commend themselves to our curiosity. It so occupation of distinguishing only what is excel. happens that our artist has possessed himself of lent in the people; even as in heraldry we are the Palmetto City-Charleston, South Carolina required to recognize only the more noble char-among the first for presentation to the public acteristics of the animal whom we symbolize on through our pages. It is hardly a matter of the escutcheon, rejecting all the baser ones from choice that he has done so, though we should consideration. scarcely quarrel with him even had it been so ; Founded under peculiar circumstances, at a for, though not without her censors and ac- juncture of marked transition in European afcusers, Charleston is confessedly one of the fairs, under the direct patronage of the most favorite cities of the South, if not of the Union, eminent among the British nobility, and subseand is commended to our regards by a thou- quently taken under the immediate protection sand special considerations. She has been dis- of the Crown, the colony of South Carolina-of tinguished by her early and active share in onr which Charleston was at that period the very

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, by Harper and Brothers, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Vol. XV.-No. 85.-A

[ocr errors]

soul—was always a much-favored province of borrowed from the practice in all the Spanish the mother country. The richness and value of towns, where you might shake hands with your her products furnished substantial reasons why sweet-heart—nay, proceed to a loving familiarity she should be a favorite. Her merchants were with her lips—across the street from your mumostly British ; her native sons of family were tual balconies. sent to Britain for education; and the affinities But the ancient plan and policy of Charleston between the parent state and the colony were need not have become a law for its modern popthus rendered doubly tenacious, making the ulation. The old city, according to the origstruggle of the Revolution a much severer one inal design, covered less than a tenth of the in this than in any other colony of the whole present surface, on the southeast corner; yet, continent.

unhappily, the original mistake of the proprieBut we must not be led too far from our im- tors has been perpetuated by their successors, mediate subject. We must not forget that it is and they have been laying out new streets, withnot as a colonial town of Britain, but as the me- in a recent period, but little wider than the mistropolis of an independent State, that Charles- erable lanes and gloomy avenues which were ton now claims our attention. But it may con- preferred two hundred years ago. cern us still somewhat to mention that, as a pet We have given below the ground-plan of the city of the British nobility, Charleston tasked present city, which covers, north and south, a more than was common the care of the lords corporate domain nearly three miles long, by proprietors. The original plan of the town, something less than two miles at the widest, forming a mere cantle of the plat, as exhibited east and west. The population within these above, of the present city, was sent out from limits is now estimated to range between fiftyEngland, and in that day was held to be a plan five and sixty-five thousand souls. of great beauty and propriety. The streets You see that the Palmetto City is happily running at right angles, north and south, east placed within two spacious rivers, the Cooper and west, and without much heed to the topo- and Ashley—the Etiwan and Keawah of the graphical characteristics of the site, were as reg- Red men. These unite to form the harbor, ular in their squares as those of the good Quak- which is ample, and attractive to the eye in erly city of William Penn. Unhappily, they high degree, forming a beautiful ensemble, not were lanes rather than streets; and one of the less sweet than spacious. As you enter from chief obstacles to the proper improvement of the the sea, between the Islands of Sullivan and present city is due to this original error, the Morris, the city opens before you in the forefruits of a most wretched economy of space, or ground, five miles distant-rising, like another of a more wretched mistake as to sanatory ef- Venice, from the ocean. It is built, like Venice, fects. In that period, we are to remember, the upon flats and shoals of sand and mud. So low notion was entertained that a city in the low is the land, that the illusion that it is built dilatitudes was cool in degree with the narrow- rectly in the sea, continues till you approach ness of its passages. The notion was naturally quite near it. This illusion is productive of a

[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small]
[graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

picturesque effect, but not sufficient to compen- | terprise of a small body of citizen soldiery. sate you for the relief which would be yielded Here, at the very portals of the city, you enby an elevated background, or by lofty emi-counter Castle Pinckney, covering an ancient nences of land on either side. As you advance, mud reef; and here we propose to give you a the bay expands, wide and majestic, forming a bird's-eye view of the city itself. We are now harborage to which there can be no objection, in the ancient city itself—the Palmetto City! were it not for the embarrassments of the bar at You see the tout ensemble at a glance, and perthe entrance, which forbids the admission of ceive its two most prominent characteristics, ships of very heavy draught of water. It is a the verandas, balconies, piazzas, with the ample present project with the Charlestonians—sup-gardens and their foliage, which isolate every posed to be quite feasible—so to dredge this dwelling-house, and form a substitute for pubchannel as to remove every difficulty. In lic squares, in which Charleston is lamentably that event, Charleston must necessarily acquire deficient. But for the largeness of the several a large and imposing commercial marine of lots, and the taste of the people for shade trees, her own. In front of you, commanding the the deficiency would be fatal at once to the channel, is Fort Sumter, a formidable pile of health and the beauty of the place. fortress, with double tier of heavy cannon, ris This city is one of many beauties, arising ing upon a mole at the head of a sand-bar. In from this isolation of the dwellings, and from passing Sullivan's Island, the eye readily dis- the ample verdure which girdles them; but we tinguishes the Moultrie House, famous as a must not talk of its beauties, perhaps, in the local watering-place; and the still more famous presence of Monsieur Beauvallet. fortress which also bears the name of Moultrie, It is just possible, gentle reader, that you never distinguished in American history as the scene heard of Monsieur Beauvallet ? If so, let us of one of the first and best-fought battles of the counsel you to glance over the most comical of all Revolution, when a few hundred native riflemen, ridiculous books, “ Rachel in the New World." who had never fired a cannon before, beat off It is written by Monsieur Beauvallet (Query? and nearly destroyed a formidable British fleet, Beau-valet?). Beauvallet was one of the actors making such slaughter among them as, in pro- in Rachel's American troupe. Rachel, as we portion to the numbers engaged, was not even all know, did not fail in the new world: but the reached by that of Trafalgar and the Nile. On speculation did; and Monsieur Beauvallet was the right you see Haddrill's—Mount Pleasant vil- one of the sufferers by the failure. It is a sad laze-which also constituted one of the fortresses thing to go forth to shear, and to come home of '76. On the left are the shores of James and shorn! Morris Islands, the latter bearing the light-house This was just “the fizof Monsieur Beauof the port; the former the site of old Fort vallet—to use our expressive Yankee vulgarism. Johnson, which was wrested from the British, The Frenchmen were to fleece the Philistines prior to the battle of Fort Moultrie, by the en we mean the Yankees—and carry home such

« 이전계속 »