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The Assyrian and Roman empires were of very Now growth, and therefore lasted the longest ; but stiil their increase was by conquest, and the union of dissonant parts. The Persian and Macedonian monarchies were soon founded and presently overturned; the former not lasting so long as the Assyrian, nor a fixth of the duration of the Roman; and as to the Macedonian, it lasted but six years. This advantage of a now growth is strong in favour of the Americans ; the wonderful increase of their numbers is the natural effect of plenty of land, a good climate, and a mild and beneficent govern, ment, in which corruption and tyranny are wholly unknown. Some centuries are already past since their first settlement, and many more will pass before their power appears in its full splendor; but the quickness of a growth that is entirely natural will carry with it no marks of decay, being entirely different from monarchies founded by force of arms. The Roman empire perished by the hands of northern barbarians, whom the masters of the world disdained to conquer; it will not be so with the Americans, they spread gradually over the whole .continent, insomuch that two hundred years hence there probably will be nobody but themselves in the whole northern continent; from whence, therefore, should their Goths and Vandals come? Nor can they ever have any thing to fear from the south s first, because that country will never be populous, owing to the porsession of mines ; secondly, there are several nations and languages planted and remaining in it; thirdly, the most considerable part of it lies in the torrid zone, a region that never yet sent forth nations of conquerors. '
In extent the habitable parts of North-America exceed that of any of the four empires, and consequently can feed and maintain a people much more numerous than the Assyrians or the Romans. The situation of the region is so advantageous that it leaves nothing to be wished for ; it can have no neighbours from whom there is a possibility of attack or molestation; it will possess all the folid advantages of the Chinese, empire without the fatal neighbourhood of the Tarta's.
It will have farther the fingular felicity of all the advantages of an iland, that is, a freedom from the attacks of others, and too many difficulties, with too great a distance, to engage in enterprises that heretofore proved the ruin of other monarchies,
The foil, the climate, production, and face of the continent, ig formed by nature for a great, independent and permanent govern. ment: fill it with people who will of themselves, of course, posless all sorts of manufactures, and you will find it yielding every necessary and convenience of life. Such a vast tract of country, possessing such fingular advantages, becoming inhabited by one people, speaking the same language, professing the same religion, and having the same manners; attaining a population equal to that of the greatest empire ; sprung from an active and industrious nation, who have transfused into them their own industry and spirit, and seen them worthy of their original ; inhabiting a soil not dangeroufly fertile, nor a clime generally conducive to effeminacy ; accustomed to commerce : such a people must found a commonwealth as indiffoluble as humanity will allow. Suffice it for Engla:1d, that she will have been the origin of a commonwealth greater and more durable than any former monarchy; that her language and her manners will flourish among a people who will one day become a splendid spectacle in the vast eye of the universe. This flattering idea of immortality no other nation can hope to attain.
And here let us make an observation, that should animate the authors in the English language with an ardour that cannot be infused into those of any other nation ; it is the pleasing idea of living among so great a people, through almost a perpetuity of fame, and under almost an impossibility of becoming, like the Greek and Latin tongues, dead; known only by the learned. Increasing time will bring increasing readers, until their names become repeated with pleasure by above an hundred millions of people!
Having endeavoured to answer what we conceive will be the leading inquiries of an European, who has an intention of removing from his native country to America, we shall proceed to offer such information, as from the plan laid down we had not the opportunity of introducing, or at least but nightly, into the preceding part of the work, or which we judged would be best deferred to the present period of it: in doing this, we Mhall endeavour to introduce our information with a special reference to that class of emigrators, whose various callings may induce them to settle in towns or cities; and to those who, engaged in rural economy, will take up their residence in the back country, or the western territory : many parts, however, will be applicable to both, for the farmer will in various cases find himself connected with the cities and towns ; it is there he must seek markets for his stock, and it is from his labours the towns and citiés must receive supplies.
The following tables will prove advantageous to men of every description, who have any connection with America; but particularly to an European settler:
A TABLE of the Valite of sundry Coins, as they now páss in Great
Britain and the United States
NAMES OF COINS
3 nia, New-sachusetts, New-York South-Care
Jersey, De- Rhode. and North- lina, and great
" laware, Mand, Carolina. tain.
Georgia. Maryland. Con. Vir
METHOD OF REDUCING CURRENCY TO STERLING. Carrency in Pennfylvania, New-Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland, is reduced to sterling by multiplying by thrce and dividing by five, one hundred pounds sterling making at par one hundred and fixty-fix pounds thirteen and eight-pence Pennsylvania currency. That is, a merchant, when exchange is at par, will give a draft on Pennsylvania for the above sum on receving one hundred pounds sterling. At present a merchant in London will give more, and therefore it is advantageous to buy bills on America.
Currency in New-York and North-Carolina is reduced to sterling by multiplying by nine and dividing by sixteen. Thus a fhilling New-York currency is fix-pence three farthings sterling.
Currency in New-Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode-Iland, Virginia, and the western territory, is reduced to sterling by multiplying by three and dividing by four.
Currency in South-Carolina and Georgia is reduced to sterling by deducting one twenty-seventh.
A TABLE A TABLE of the Value of the Gold Coins of the following
Countries, as established by the A& of Congress, passed Feb. 9th, 3793, viz.
Value of Dollars in Sterling, reckoning the Dollar at 45. 6d. i Dol. L. S.
1. 5 d.
5,000 1,125 - 300
Áo & e x = 5 on | Lalalalalal