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1883. BRADDON, Golden Calf, II, ch. iv, p. 140.

Brian is a tremendous botanist, and Mr. Jardine is not an IGNORAMUS in that line.

IGNORAMUS-JURY, subs. phr. (old). -A Grand Jury.

1690. B.E., Dict. Cant. Crew. s.v. IGNORAMUS. also, We are Ignorant, written by_the Grand Jury on Bills, when the Evidence is not Home, and the Party (thereupon) Discharged.

1725. New Cant. Dict., s. v. IKEY, subs. (thieves').—A Jew :

specifically a Jew FENCE (q.v.). [A corruption of Isaac]. For synonyms see YID. Also IKEY MO.

Adj. (common).—Smart; FLY (q.v.); KNOWING (q.v.).

1870. LEYBOURNE , Song. My name it is IKEY Bill, A Whitechapel Covey am I. 1892. CHEVALIER,

The Little Nipper'. But artful little IKEY little ways, As makes the people sit up where we stays. ILE. See OIL.

ILLEGITIMATE, subs. (old).-1. A

counterfeit sovereign : YOUNG ILLEGITIMATE = a half sovereign. -BEE (1823).

2. (common).-A low grade costermonger.

Adj. (racing).-Applied to steeple-chasing or hurdle-racing, as distinguished from work on the flat.

1888. Daily Chronicle, 31 October. A much smarter performer at the ILLEGITIMATE game than she was on the flat. ILL-FORTUNE, subs. (Old Cant.).—

Ninepence : also THE PICTURE OF
ILL-LUCK.-B.E. (1690); GROSE

(1785). ILLUMINATE, verb. (American).—To interline with a translation.

1856. Hall, College Words, p. 261. s.v. ILLUMINATED books are preferred by good judges to ponies or hobbies, as the text and translation in them are brought nearer to one another. ILLUSTRATED CLOTHES. See HIS

I'M-AFLOAT, subs. phr. (rhyming).-
I. A boat.

2. (rhyming).—A coat. For synonyms see CAPELLA. IMAGE, subs. (colloquial).-An affec

tionate reproof: e.g. Come out, you little IMAGE!' See LITTLE

DEVIL. IMMENSE, adj. (colloquial).-A ge

neral superlative: cf. AWFUL, BLOODY &c.

1771. G. A. STEVENS, Songs Comic Su Satyrical, p. 216. Dear Bragg, Hazard, Loo, and Quadrille, Delightful ! extatic! IMMENSE !

1884. W.C. RUSSELL, Jack's Court. ship, xxv. What do you think of this, Florence darling?' I whispered. “Is it not IMMENSE?'

1888. Florida Times Union, 8 Feb. The afterpiece is said to be IMMENSE.

ILL, adv. (American).- Vicious ;

unpleasant; ill-tempered. Cf.RELIGIOUS. Also ILL FOR = having a vicious propensity for anything (JAMIESON). Cf., “Neither is it ill air only that makes an ill seat, but ill ways, ill markets, and ILL neighbours' (BACON).

1887. Trans. Am. Philol. Ass., xvii. 39. I heard a man in the Smoky Mountains say, 'Some rattlesnakes are ILLER’n others; and another that black rattlesnakes are the ILLEST'.

1887. Scribner's Mag. In course the baby mus' come in the thick er it! An't make me mad, seein' him so ILL with her.

TO DO ILL TO, verb.phr.(Scots' colloquial).—To have sexual commerce with: generally in negative, and of women alone.




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1889. Bird O' Freedom, 7 Aug.s
you say of a

he is IMMENSE, you pay him a compliment.

1891. Tales from Town Topics, Mimi & Bébé', p. 65. The love of twins is phenomenal. It is IMMENSE, pure, and heavenly IMMENSIKOFF, subs. (common).-A

fur-lined overcoat. [From the burden of a song, "The Shoreditch Toff', sung (c. 1868) by the late Arthur Lloyd, who described himself as Immensikoff, and wore an upper garment heavily trimmed with fur].

1889. Pall Mall Gazette, 25 Sept., p. 6., col. 1. Heavy swells clad in IMMENSIKOFFS, which is the slang term, I belicve, for those very fine and large fur robes affected by men about town. IMMORTALS, subs. (military).—The

Seventy-Sixth Foot. (Most of its men were wounded, but escaped being killed, in India in 1806]. Also THE PIGS and THE OLD

SEVEN AND SIXPENNIES. IMP, subs. (colloquial). —A mischie

vous brat; a small or minor devil: originally, a child. [TRENCH : there are epitaphs extant commencing • Here lies that noble IMP; and Lord Cromwell writing to Henry VIII speaks of 'that noble IMP, your son'].

1771. BEATTIE, Minstrel, 1. Nor cared to mingle in the clamorous fray Of squabbling IMPS.

2. (legal).- A man who gets up cases for a DEVIL (q.v.). IMPALE, verb. (venery).—To possess

a woman: specifically to effect intromission. For synonyms see

GREENS and RIDE. IMPERANCE, subs. (vulgar).—Imper

tinence; impudence; CHEEK (q.v.). Also, inferentially, an impudent

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xiv. *Don't go away, Mary,' said the blackeyed man. Let me alone, IMPERENCE,' said the young lady. IMPERIAL, subs. (colloquial).—A tuft

of hair worn on the lower lip. [From being introduced by the Emperor Napoleon III). See GOATEE.

1892. Tit Bits, 19 Mar., p. 421, col. 2.

An IMPERIAL, or carefully cul. tivated small tuft tapered down to a point from the lower lip to the chin. IMPLEMENT, subs. (old). - See quot.

1690. B.E. Dict. Cant. Crew. s.v.

1725. New Cant. Dict., S.V., IMPLEMENT, a Tool, a Property or Fool easily engag'd in any (tho' difficult or Dangerous) Enterprise. IMPORTANCE, subs. (common).—A


1647-80. ROCHESTER, Works (1718), ii. 29. IMPORTANCE, thinks too, tho' she'á been no sinner To wash away some dregs he had spewed in her. IMPOST-TAKER, subs. (old).-A

gambler's and black-leg's moneylender; a SIXTY-PER-CENT (q.v.). 1690. B.E. Dict. Cant. Crew. s.v. 1725. New Cant. Dict., s.v.

1785. GROSE, Vulg. Tongue, s.v. IMPROVEMENT, subs. (American). —

That part of a sermon which en. forces and applies to every-day life the doctrine previously set forth; the application.

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1869. Putnam's Magazine, August [quoted by DE VERE). Long sermons running on to a tenthly, with a goodly number of IMPROVEMENTS appended.

IMPURE, subs. (common).--A harlot.

For synonyms see BARRACK-HACK
and TART.
1811. Lexicon Balatronicum, s. v.

1823. GROSE, Vulg. Tongue (3rd ed., EGAN) s. v. IN, subs. (colloquial).- A person in,

or holding an office; specifically, (in politics) a member of the party in office. Cf. OUT.

1768. GOLDSMITH, Good Natured Man, v.

Was it for this I have been dreaded both by Ins and outs? Have I been libelled in the Gazetteer, and praised in the St. James's?

1770. CHATTERTON, Prophecy. And doomed a victim for the sins. Of half the outs and all the INS.

1842. DICKENS, American Notes, ch. ï. The ins rubbed their hands; the outs shook their heads.

1857. LAWRENCE, Guy Livingstone (5th Ed.) p. 216. If he had backed the IN instead of the Out.

1884. Pall Mall Gazette, 20 March. p. I, col. 2. When there shall be no distinction in principle between Radicals and Tories, but a mere scramble for office between ins and outs'.

1884. Pall Mall Gazette, 7 July. The pledges which the ins have to contend with in their strife with the Outs.

1888. Boston Daily Globe. It is the civil service that turns out all the INS and puts in the outs.

1890. NORTON, Political Americanisms, s. v. INS AND OUTS.

Adv. (colloquial).— Various : (cricketers'), = at the wickets; (general) = in season; also, on an equality with, sharing, or intimate with, or fashionable; (political) = in office; (thieves') = in prison, or QUODDED (q.v.)

1851-61. H. MAYHEW, London Lab. Eu Lon. Poor, i, p. 85. During July cherries are in as well as raspberries

1877. Five Year's Penal Servitude, iii, p. 147

It is the etiquette among prisoners never to ask a man what he is in for. The badge upon his left arm gives his sentence.

1883. Punch, 28 July, p. 38, col. 1. I was in it, old man, and no kid.

1891. N. GOULD, Double Event, p. 180. You are all in with me at this.

1892. HUME NISBET, Bushranger's Sweetheart, p. 311., Jenkins has been on a visit to us for the past two months, so that we are all in it.

1894. GEORGE MOORE, Esther Walters, XXX. Are the 'orses he backs what you 'd call well in?

TO BE IN (or IN IT) WITH ONE, verb. phr. (common).1. To be even with’; to be on guard against.

2. (colloquial).—To be on intimate terms, or in partnership with; to be in the SWIM (9.v.) Cf., IN, prep.

1845. SURTEES, Hillingdon Hall, v. p. 22 (1888). He was in with the players too, and had the entrée of most of the minor theatres.

1879. Justin McCarthy, Donna Quixote, xxxii. You have gone a great deal too far to turn back now, let me tell you.

You have been in with me from the very first.

1888. J. McCarthy and Mrs. CAMPBELL PRAED, The Ladies Gallery, xxii. The love of woman, the thirst for gold, the desire for drink, the ambition of high command, are not in it with the love of speech-making when once that has got its hold.

1892. Ally Sloper's Half-holiday, 27 Feb., p. 71, col. 3. Peter was fascinated all the time. Hypnotism was not in it as compared with the effect of that

umbrella. TO BE IN FOR IT, verb. phr. (common).-1. To be in trouble; generally to be certain to receive, suffer, or do (something).

1668. DRYDEN, An Evening's Love, ii. I fear that I am IN FOR a week longer than I proposed.

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Goddess he'd have bin. Playing, belike, at IN-AND-IN. • .. For so thy words seem to import.

1719. DURFEY, (quoted) Pills etc., iv. 78. Their wives may PLAY AT INAND-IN, Cuckolds all-a-row.

1773. GOLDSMITH, She Stoops to Conquer, iv. I was in

a list of blunders.

2. (colloquial). — To be with child.

IN FOR THE PLATE, phr. (old). – Venereally infected.

FOR ALL THERE'S IN IT, phr. (common).—To the utmost capacity (of persons and things). TO PLAY ONE'S HAND FOR ALL THERE'S IN IT = to use fair means or foul to attain an object.

1888. ROOSEVELT, Ranch Life. Cowboys must ride FOR ALL THERE IS IN THEM, and spare neither their own por their horses' necks.

TO GET IT IN FOR ONE, verb. phr. (common).—To remember to one's disadvantage.

1864. Derby Day, p. 121. Brentford:' cried the tout. That was a bad job for you, guv'nor, I've Got IT IN

I don't forget if I do look a fool.




IN-AND-OUT, subs. (colloquial).—The

detail or intricacies of a matter; generally in pl., e.g., To know all the INS-AND-OUTS of a matter.

Adv. (racing).-1. Unequal; variable: applied to the performances of a horse which runs well one day, and on another not.

1885. Referee, 26 April, p. 1, col. 2. Now and again IN-AND-OUT running on the part of a horse subjects his owner to considerable annoyance.

1888. Sportsman, 28 Nov. It is best if possible to overlook IN-AND-OUT running, or variation of form.

TO PLAY AT IN-AND-OUT, verb. phr. (venery).—To copulate. For synonyms see GREENS and RIDE.

1620. Percy, Folio M.S., p. 93. • Walking in a Meadow Green'. Then stifly thrust

and PLAY about AT

FOR you.



IN, verb. phr.(old).—To copulate.
For synonyms see GREENS and
RIDE. Also IN-AND-OUT (q.v.).

1635. GLAPTHORNE, The Hollander, in Wks. (1874), i. 127. They are sure fair gamesters. ... especially at IN. AND-IN.

1653. BROME, Five New Plys, 239. The Physitian thought to have cired his patient (who has bin a notable grimester at IN-AND-IN) between my lady « legs.

1675. COTTON, Scoffer Sivil, in Works (1725), p. 192. What with some

INCH, verb. (old).—To encroach ; to move slowly.

1690. B. E. Dict. Cant. Crew. s. V. INCHING IN, Encroaching upon.

1694-6. DRYDEN, Ænid, ix. With slow paces measures back the field, And INCHES to the wall.

1725. New Cant. Dict., s. v. 1785. GROSE, Vulg. Tongue, s. v.

1868. BROWNING, Ring & Book, i. 118. Like so much cold steel INCHED through the breast blade. INCOG, adv. (colloquial).-1. Un

known; in disguise. Also as subs. [An abbreviation of incognito].

1690. B. E. Dict. Cant. Crew, s. v. INCOG, for Incognito, a Man of Character or Quality concealed or in disguise.

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Rep.). A fellow that had beene excessive trading, In taking liquor in beyond his lading, Of Claret and the Spanish Malligo, That's legs vnable were vpright to goe; But sometimes wall, and sometimes kennell taking, And as the phrase is vs'd, INDENTURES MAKING.

INDESCRIBABLES, subs. (common).

Trousers. For synonyms see BAGS and Kicks.

1835. DICKENS, Sketches by Boz, (C. D. Ed.) p. 67. A pair of INDESCRIBABLES of most capacious dimensions.

1836. DICKENS, Pickwick, ch. xvi. Mr. Trotter

gave four distinct slaps on the pocket of his mulberry INDESCRIBABLES.

1711. Spectator, No. 41, 17 April, p. 69 (MORLEY). So many Ladies, when they first lay it (painting) down, INCOG in their own faces.

1739. Gray, Letters, No. xxiv, Vol. , p. 49 (1819). He passes INCOG without the walls.

1777. SHERIDAN, School for Scandal, iv. 3. What! turn inquisitor, and sake evidence INCOG.

1795. BURNS, Poems. Address to the De'il.' Then you, ye auld sneckdrawing dog, Ye cam to Paradise Incog.

1812. Edinburgh Review, xx. p. 113. He travels INCOG to his father's two estates.

1819. MOORE, From the Diary of a Politician. Incog he (the king) was travelling about.

1826. DISRAELI, Vivian Grey, Bk. v, ch. v, p. 187. (1881). Whose wellcurled black hair, diamond pin, and frogged coat hinted at the magnifico INCOG.

1828-45. Hood, Poems, (1846) i. 215. A Foreign Count who came INCOG, Not under a cloud, but under a fog.

1836. MAHONEY, Father Prout, i. 319. O. the vile wretch ! the naughty dog! He's surely Lucifer INCOG.

1855. THACKERAY, Newcomes, ii. 183. 'Don't call me by my name here, please Florac, I am here incog.'

2. (common).—Drunk: i.e., disguised' in liquor.

1823. BEE, Dict. Turf. s. v. INCOG. A man drunk is incog. Ibid, s. v. Cog: COGUE, a glass of gin or rum with sugar

... COGEY = drunk.

INDEX, subs. (common).—The face. For synonyms see DIAL and Phız.

1818-24. EGAN, Boxiana, ii. 438. The INDEX of Church was rather transmogrified.

1828. EGAN, Finish to Tom E Jerry, p. 48. Kind-hearted Sue ! Bless her pretty index. INDIA, subs. (venery).—The female

pudendum. For synonyms see MONOSYLLABLE.

1613. DONNE, Elegy, xvIII. (CHALMERS, English Poets, VI. 151). And sailing towards her India in that way Shall at her fair Atlantic navel stay. INDIAN, verb. (American colloquial).

-To prowl about, or live like an Indian.

1869. H. B. STOWE, Old Town Folks, 189. Jake Marshall and me has been INDIANING round these 'ere woods more times 'n you could count. INDIAN-GIFT, subs. (American).— An

inadequate return or exchange;'a sprat for a whale'. INDIAN GIVER

= one who takes back a gift. INDIA-WIPE, subs. (old).—A silk

hanılkerchief.-GROSE, (3rd Ed.


(Grose 1785).

in it ...:

INCOGNITA, subs. (obsolete).—A

high-class harlot; ANONYMA, (q.v.). For synonyms see BARRACK-HACK and TART.

INCUMBRANCE, subs., in pl. (com

mon).—Children. For synonyms see Kid.


URES, verb. phr.(old).—To stagger with drink.

1622. ROWLANDS, Good Newes and Bad Newes, p. 43. (Hunterian Club's

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