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Equally with Bismarck, William II weakening of France, to be kept in conunderstood the importance of another flict with Great Britain over the spoils war in Germany's program of develop- of colonial expansion; the development ment; but, whereas the old Chancellor of Russia on the Asiatic side; and the found the real enemy in France, the consequent military domination of the Kaiser found him in Russia. The differ- European continent by Germany with a ence was based upon different concep minimum of cost. William II wanted tions of empire. Bismarck contemplated as much as possible of all this, but also a Germany ultimately dominant on the new territories and access to the southcontinent of Europe at the least possible ern waters, a route to the Far East. In expense. Hence a general reduction of 1890 this was only a vague dream, but armaments when that position was once across every vista of the vision loomed attained. But William II wished no the shadow of a resisting Russia. such limits. He aimed at world pre In these first years of the Kaiser's dominance, and understood that the reign was sounded the keynote of his disarmament of Europe would terminate personal use of power. “I can hardly the necessity for kings and emperors

believe that he will ever bear to have altogether. Bismarck was planning as a a Chancellor with a private opinion of Prussian statesman, William II as pro his own," Bismarck once remarked. prietor of the Hohenzollern dynasty; "That,” he went on, “means a return to From the beginning he looked toward absolute government, which requires difthe East as the path of empire. It was ferent qualities from those of William not France but Russia that blocked the II.” When asked why he spoke of a way. A permanent friendship with return” to absolute government, and Russia was, in his eyes, impossible. The not of a continuance of it, since he himBalkan peninsula, the debris of the Ot self had governed absolutely, the Prince toman Empire, Constantinople—these replied: “Ah! that was quite a different were the real pawns in the imperial

I may have been autocratic, game. Bismarck believed nothing of but I never boasted of it!" this. For him Germany's greatness

We now know what the Kaiser's would consist in drawing the Austrians boasting has brought upon Germany, into the German union; the permanent upon Europe, and upon the world.


In the Night



INETEEN, no more--and sleeping by his gun,

Perhaps, on the wet deck
These stormy nights. ...
Oh, wailing wind, have done, have done!
For I can bear all else: stories of wreck,
Of rocks and fogs and freezing spray,
Threats of sea-fights
And pitiless hidden beasts of prey-
All else except
The wailing, wind that makes all else seem true.
Last night it blew
Straight from the east. Who could have slept?
Yet do not think I grudge the giving of the lad:
The wind, not I, was wailing, "He is all she had.”

Simeon Small, Militarist


WILL confess frankly tary intelligence how these great benethat in the beginning I fits will inevitably arrive; how every disapproved of the war tongue will be enriched by words new distinctly. I was even and strange to its dictionaries and its filled with regret that I lexicographers. These profound benefits had not been asked to are already making their appearance. accompany Mr. Ford

For instance, I recently met a youthful on his so-called Peace Ship, for a man of British officer who referred to the period my standing and weight could not but anterior to the meridian of the day as have exerted a powerful influence in “pip emma.” The droll word “camoufavor of any movement he chose to flage" has already fixed itself so firmly espouse. But Mr. Ford neglected this in the language that no less an individual opportunity, and his expedition was not than my cook is able to use it with some the unqualified success it might have point. On Monday she set before me a proved to be.

dish which I failed to recognize, and I need not say that I studied and upon inquiring its nature she informed scrutinized the war with minute care, me in the following surprising sentence: and gradually, from viewing it with “Sure, sorr, 'tis bread-puddin' camouutter disfavor, I began to perceive that flaged.' it was not devoid of merits. I am no But to the point: Our troops are soman to take a comfortable middle journing in France, where, it is redunground, so it was inevitable that I

dant to point out, the French language should stand at one extreme or its oppo is spoken. It is inevitable that our millsite. Because of this characteristic, ions of soldiers should acquire numbers which has, not without justice, been re of the more striking French words—and ferred to as admirable, I proceeded from incorporate them into their own everymy lukewarm approval of the conflict day speech. Think of the wonderful posto a whole-hearted indorsement of it. sibilities at Saloniki where are gathered

Upon reaching this state of mind I together in one camp English, Russian, wrote at once to inform the War Depart- Serb, Greek, Italian, French. Many ment of it, receiving in reply a formally have expressed curiosity as to why this polite note of gratification, in which I

great army is maintained at that point. detected a sense of relief, as if a certain It seems clear to me: the governments weight had been removed from the of the various Allies perceive the etymowriter's mind. He must indeed have logical benefits to be derived from such been gratified to be informed of the well- polyglot associations. considered sanction of a man capable of I think I have made my position judging his conduct impartially and sci- clear, and have set forth ample and conentifically, as I may say with modestyclusive reasons for my change of opinion that I undoubtedly was.

regarding the war. My chief reason for-shall I

say, rati Now, then, those who know me best fying?—the war derived from a percep know me not as a student, savant, tion of its beneficial effects upon the philologist, but as a determined man of languages of the world, and more espe action. No sooner do I reach a mature cially from an appreciation of the man decision than my rare force of character ner in which it would enrich the field of and dynamic spirit force me to action. etymology for savants of a generation In the case under discussion I resolved still unborn.

to support the war. In short, I deterIt will be clear to the most rudimen mined to do all in my power to make it





continue as long as I could, for the did task. Martial ardor flamed within longer it continues the more widespread I made my plans at once. the benefits. At first I considered the I do not resemble those individuals project of offering my services to the who occupy their time in making plans Government, asking to be commissioned which are never carried out. With me a a general, or perhaps a colonel, in charge plan is inevitably a mere outline of acof the etymological department, but tivities; no man can say that my plans careful scrutiny informed me that our fail to ripen into action. On the third military establishment was deplorably day after my resolution was formed I lacking in such a branch. For a time I set about the grim business of recruiting was in a quandary.

my battalion. One evening, however, I dined in a It was desirable that young women at house where Major Peets was a guest, once athletic and cultured should make and broaching the subject of my desires up the rank and file of the organization. to him, asked him what he would coun I wanted young women who should be able sel. He replied, briskly:

to sustain the hardships of war, but more "Apply for a commission in the Vassar especially those whose mental endowGuards.'

ments were calculated to make them of “Vassar?" said I.

greatest value in collecting, preserving, “Exactly,” said he. “Vassar College." and selecting those words and phrases “Young women?” said I.

most calculated to be of interest and “Yes, indeed. You've heard of the value to the etymologist. It is well to Russian Battalion of Death, haven't win a victory, to capture the army you? Women showing the way to the enemy, but of how much less value for men? ... Then

the world is such why not Vassar

a purely ephemGuards?”

eral military “Why not, in

event to the deed?” said I,

skilled study and much impressed

classification of by his disclosure.

a group of new That very

words in process evening I wrote

of being adopted to the head of

into our lanthe college, mak

guage! ing application

I am not infor a commission

sensible to ambiin the regiment.

tion. When this After a few days

war came to an I received a dis

end I felt I might appointing

look with confiply. It seemed

dence to a lofty the Major had

ore, tane8

place in the rebeen misin

gard of my counformed regard"SURE, SORR, 'TIS BREAD-PUDDIN' CAMOUFLAGED" trymen.

The ing the Vassar

Joffres, Pétains, Guards, and that

Haigs, Pera the institution really had no intention shings, would be honored, of course. whatever of sending an educated and Their names would be mentioned upon a cultured Battalion of Death to the front. thousand pages of history. But what one It was a grievous disappointment. of them—I put this question frankly

However, I was not to be deterred. what one of them could expect to find Once the idea had settled in my intelli- his name enshrined on the title-page of a gence, I could not rest until it had been dictionary? carried out. If Vassar would organize My first step was to open a recruiting and equip no Battalion of Death, I, station. I hired a small room Simeon Small, would take up that splen- business street, and caused to be placed

Vol. CXXXVI.—No. 816.-101



may when ,




across its face a sign not lacking in con “I may not,” said I, with dignity, spicuousness which announced:

"have the lower extremities of a Grecian

athlete in marble, but I assure you that, RECRUITING STATION

such as they are, my limbs are ample for BATTALION OF DEATH

my requirements. Since the passing of Able-bodied women of culture wanted to

that garment referred to by our grandenter the service of their country

fathers as small-clothes, it has not been

considered essential for a gentleman, and In this place I seated myself behind a particularly for a student and a scientable and assumed a bearing at once tist, to possess theer-calves of a male martial and erudite, and awaited results. ballet dancer." More than one individual paused to "I did not come here,” she said, glance at the sign and a number of sharply, “to discuss your legs.". She young men, and especially boys, peered used the word baldly and without blushthrough the window at me, making re ing. “I came to inquire the meaning of marks of a character which it is needless

your sign.” to repeat; indeed, a great portion of "It was yourself," I reminded her, these remarks was couched in a ter “who introduced as a subject the anaminology which conveyed no meaning tomical fraction you mention so frankly. whatever to my intelligence. Toward As to my sign, it speaks for itself. I am noon a woman of ample proportions, and recruiting a Battalion of Death, the idea what I should be obliged to describe as being based on the military unit of that mature years, made her appearance name now in being in Russia, but, I may without. She read the sign, then she say with all modesty, I have modified pressed her face against the window so the idea very greatly to its advantage. vehemently as to cause her nose to flat. I have given to it dignity and culture, ten at great risk of damaging its carti- utility and the color of erudition.” lage. She peered at me for some time, “Heavens!" said she. “But get down drew back a step, straightened her to brass tacks, young man. shoulders and pursed her lips. Then, actually enlisting women to fight?" with a certain belligerency of mien, she “I am,” said I. entered the door.

“In Europe?” she asked. “What," she asked in a deep voice, “Where else?” said I. “does this mean?”

“Military uniforms and guns?" she “Madam-” said I.

asked. “Miss,” she said, brusquely; “Miss.” "Decidedly," said I, "and note-books

“Indeed,” said I, “at your age one and pencils. naturally assumes that the obligations Young man, you interest me. I was of matrimony have been long since ac arrested for wearing trousers in 1887– quired.”

that was my first arrest. Last week I “Sir," said she, with needless vehe was in jail in Washington for sitting on mence, “what is my age to you?” the chest of a police officer who inter

“I must confess," I replied, ingratiat- fered with our pickets before the White ingly, “that it is of singularly small House. I have taken part in innumerimportance.'

able riots, and have been chairman at no She glared at me. I use the term ad less than twenty-six stormy public meetvisedly. It would seem the woman had ings. I am no weakling. I believe I found reason to be provoked at me. shall enlist.” "If I chose," said she, "to remain a "Are you educated ?" I asked. spinster, is that any reason why every “Enough,” said she, savagely, “to bespectacled spindleshanks sitting under stick a bayonet into a German.” an outrageous sign should remark upon “Um,” said I, “are you familiar with it?"

the word 'camouflage??” This I put as "Spindleshanks?” said I.

“Am I to a test question. If she had noted the understand that you refer to

appearance of this word it indicated a Spindleshanks?”

certain natural aptitude for the primary "You are," she said, shortly.

object of my organization.

Are you



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Certainly,” said she, “but I do not The second woman was selling a powapprove of it. I believe in frankness.

der to be put inside the shoes to give Evasions and disguises are abhorrent to ease and comfort to the feet. She inme.

formed me that infantrymen were crying "Excellent," said I.

“You are ac

for it, and that a soldier who had been cepted, and as you have reached mature able to march but five miles in a day years, and as your personal appearance before using the preparation was able is such as to suggest the possession of afterward to march twenty with ease. firmness, not to say bellicosity, I appoint you a non-commissioned officer. You may, hereafter, regard yourself as a sergeant.

I took her name, which, it appeared, was Hannah Panner, and directed her to report for active duty the following Monday: She seemed enthusiastic, which boded well for my enterprise. I fear, however, that I became prematurely optimistic. Miss Panner caused me to believe it would be a matter of no difficulty to recruit a sufficient number of suitable women, but as the day advanced and no other entered my office I became apprehensive. At first I contemplated sending a telegram to the Secretary of War demanding the use of the machinery of the

YOUR COUNTRY NEEDS YOU," SAID I Draft, but on consideration I decided against that course.

Volunteers were much This interested me, for one of the duties more desirable.

of my battalion would, of course, be to But volunteers did not come. Nor did march. I ordered fifty pounds of the I have better fortune next day. Two mixture. women came up to my desk, but neither She seemed interested in my battalion of them enrolled in my organization. and exceedingly solicitous for its sucOne proved to be the Field Secretary and

The fact that recruits failed to Investigator for the Society for Prevent appear did not discourage her. ing Working Girls from Wearing White Nowadays," said she, "folks don't topped Shoes. Upon my assuring her that come to you; you got to go to them.' working girls did not enter into


calcu “You mean?" lations, and that our uniform did not de “That if you want wimmin to join mand white shoes, she expressed herself this here Battle of Death, you got to vehemently as being skeptical of the truth hustle out and git 'em." of my statements and informed me that “Excellent,” said I. “I shall do so at she meant to keep me under her eye.



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