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mills, 3 fulling mills, and 3 carding machines. Of Utica contains three banking institutions in ex. the cotton factories, the New York Mills may chal- . cellent repute; the Bank of Utica, with a capital of lenge a comparison with any in the state for six hundred thousand dollars; the Ontario Branch the substantial beauty of the buildings, and the ex- Bauk, with a capital of half a million; and a branch cellence and finish of the machinery. They em of the Bank of the United States, this place having ploy 7032 spindles, 197 looms, and 250 boys and been selected by the latter institution from about girls.

thirty applications for the establishment of a The Erie canal enters the western limits of the branch. county about five miles southerly from Oneida There are in this town eleven places of public Lake. It takes a semicircular course to Rome, worship belonging to the presbyterians, baptists, and thence runs parallel with the Mohawk to Utica. episcopalians, methodists, Dutch reformed, caThroughout this distance there are no locks, it tholics, Welsh congregationalists, Welsh baptists, forming a part of the long level from Frankfort, in friends, and universalists. There are also an Herkimer county, to Syracuse, in Onondaga county. academy and court house, two high schools, two The canal is abundantly supplied with water by a female seminaries, two infant schools, an orphan feeder from the Mohawk at Rome.

asylum, and an excellent market. It supports The foregoing view will give a faint general seven weekly newspapers. There are established idea of the advantages which the town of Utica here one brass and two extensive iron foundries, possesses from its situation. From the period of a manufactory of steam engines, a manufactory of its incorporation until the completion of the mid oil cloths for carpeting, a steam mill and distil-, dle section of the Erie canal, its augmentation, lery, three breweries, two manufactories of cut though substantial, was not remarkably rapid. In stone, three extensive coach manufactories, three 1813 it numbered only 1700 inhabitants. It was,

It was, large potteries, two joiner's tool manufactories, and however, the centre of intercourse between the many others of less importance. lakes and the cities of Schenectady and Albany; The United States District Court for the norththe Mohawk river affording a tolerable communi- ern district of New York, and the Supreme Court cation with the former place. The great western of the state, each hold a term yearly in this town, turnpike from Albany to Buffalo also offered great and have clerk's offices established here. facilities for inland commerce, and Utica became In 1813, the population was about 1700. In the deposit of the products of the northern, south- 1816, 2800; in 1820, 2972; in 1823, 4000; in 1825, ern, and western back country. But when the 5040; in 1828, 7400; in 1830, about 8500. great channel of intercourse belween Lake Erie The appearance of the town betokens the taste and the Hudson river approached its consum and substantial prosperity of its inhabitants. The mation, the business, wealth, and population of the streets are wide and straight, although they do not place rapidly increased, and it is now become one invariably intersect each other at right angles. of the most flourishing and substantial towns in the They are mostly well paved and flagged. The state.

dwellings and stores are constructed principally of In the year 1793 the first mail west of Canajo- brick, and the style of building is neat and tasteful. harie was transported, by Simcon Pool, from that Utica aspires to become, at no distant day, the place to Whitestown, in pursuance of an arrange- seat of the state government. Its central position ment with the Post Office Department that the in- entitles it to demand this honour, and the growing habitants along the route should convey it at their population of the west will sustain its claims. It own expense.

The distance was fifty miles, and needs only this additional impulse to augment it to twenty-eight hours were allowed the post-rider to a second rate city, respectable for its wealth and complete it. This contract soon passed into the prosperity, and an ornament to the rank it may hands of the late Jason Parker, Esq. a man of much enterprise, who was the founder of the great lines

J. W. WILLIAMS. of stages which now traverse this country in every direction. To his activity Utica is largely in UTRECHT, anciently ULTRAJECTUM, a city of debted for herextraordinary facilities of intercourse the Netherlands, and capital of the province of with every part of the state. At the time of his the same name, is divided into two parts by a decease, in 1830, there were eight regular daily branch of the Rhine called the Old Rhine. The lines of stages running east and west from Utica, in approaches to the town, particularly that from which he was, or had been, deeply interested. Amsterdam, are very beautiful. The town, which Besides these, there were twelve weekly, semi- is of a square form, is about three miles in circuit, weekly, or daily lines running southerly and north- exclusive of four large suburbs. It is encircled erly. One hundred and eight regular stages left with an earthen mound and moat, and is defended the place, and about sixty mails arrived and de- by some bastions and half moons. The streets are parted weekly. In addition to these conveyances of considerable width, and are intersected by canals, by land for the mails and travellers, there are two the level of which is 20 feet beneath the pavement. lines of packet-boats on the Erie canal, which Two of these, the Vaort and the New Gracht, are leave Utica daily for Schenectady, and also one for crossed by 35 bridges, and run through the whole Buffalo, and one for Syracuse. These boats are city. The houses, though ancient and of a gloomy commodious and pleasant, accommodating com aspect, are built of brick, and some of them are fortably from thirty-five to forty passengers.

magnificent. VOL. XVIII.-Part II.


3 Y

The principal public building is the Dome or UTTOXETER, a town of England in StaffordCathedral, part of which is in ruins. The tower is shire.

shire. It stands on the declivity of a hill sloping said to be 464 feet high (380 according to other to the river Don, which is crossed by a good stone accounts), and from its summit no fewer than 51 bridge. The principal streets unite in a spacious towns may be seen. The church of Notre Dame or market place. The houses are good and well built, Buur-Kerch has a small library, and the other and the church is a very handsome edifice, with a parish churches are those of St. James, St. Nicholas, lofty spire. There are several iron forges in the and St. Gertrude. The town-house is a good vicinity. The manufactures of the place are various building, and there are well managed hospitals and kinds of ironmongery. Great quantities of corn, charitable establishments in the town.

cheese, butter, &c. are sold here, and conveyed The university was established in 1636, having down the Don to the canal communicating with been previously a school founded by the Bishop of the Mersey, &c. Population of the parish in 1821, Utrecht. The buildings are plain, but it possesses 4658. A great increase of population has taken a good library, an anatomical theatre, a botanical place in consequence of a branch of the Grand garden, a cabinet of natural history, and an ob- Trent canal having been extended to the town. servatory. There is also here a hall of paintings, VULTURE. See ORNITHOLOGY. schools for the fine arts, and several private libraries UXBRIDGE, a town of England in Middlesex, and collections.

is situated on the river Colne and the Grand The literary and philosophical society of Utrecht Junction Canal, over each of which there is a has been long established, and has published seve bridge. It is a neat and well built town, consisting ral volumes of its transactions.

chiefly of one street about a mile long. Near the · Utrecht has some manufactures of fine black centre of it is a large and newly erected marketcloth and other woollen fabrics, which are sent house. This town is celebrated for its great corn chiefly to Amsterdam. Its foreign trade is small, market, and its opulent mealmen, who are chiefly but by means of the Rhine, it carries on a small quakers. There are many powerful corn and flour trade with Germany. There is a fine promenade mills in the neighbourhood, and a great deal of called the Mall, without the walls. It is about a malt is made in the town and vicinity. The anmile long, and is bordered with a single row of cient building called the Treaty-house, where the trees. It consists of seven alleys 2000 feet long, commissioners of Charles I. and the parliament and three crosswise. There is also an agreeable met in 1644 is now the Crown Inn. Population of walk on the ramparts. Population about 35,000. the chapelry in 1821 was 506 houses, 595 families, East Long. 5° 7' 16'', North Lat. 52° 5' 31". 302 in trade, and total population 2750.


, Wabash Flowing Ohioand Illinois. This parallel Edgar, and fine stream is the great northwestern confluent of Crawford counties, falls into the main channel of Ohio river. Beside many minor branches Wa

Wabash ten miles below Vincennes, after a compabash is composed of three main constituents; Little rative course of about 100 miles; mean breadth of Wabash on ihe southwest; Wabash proper in the the valley 20, and area 2000 square miles. centre, and White river on the eastern side of the Vermilion river is the next tributary stream of valley.

consequence which enters the main Wabash from Little Wabash rises in Shelby county of Illinois, the side of Illinois, above the influx of Embanas; interlocking sources with those of Kaskaskia river, intermediate distance about 100 miles direct course. and flowing thence in a southeastern direction over Vermilion rises in the state of Illinois, northFayette, Clay, Wayne, and White counties, Illinois, wardly from Vermilion county, interlocking sources falls into the main channel of Wabash, between with those of Embanas and Kaskaskias, and those White and Gallatin counties, about ten miles direct of the Sangamon and Pickmink branches of Illinois course above the influx of Wabash into Ohio river. river; flowing to the southeastward 60 miles falls The entire comparative course of Little Wabash is into the Wabash, after having traversed Vermilion about 110 miles, mean breadth of its valley 25 county of Illinois and Vermilion county of Inmiles, and area, 2750 square miles; between diana. 37° 50' and 40° 30' N. Entire valley in the state Tippecanoe, as laid down by Tanner, is the exof Illinois.

treme northern source of the Wabas!ı, 'rising at Above that of Little Wabash spreads another north lat. 41° 30', and go W. from W. C., and inriver valley, also entirely included in the state of terlocking sources with those of Kankakee branch Illinois, and drained into the Wabash. The river of Illinois river, and with those of Elkhart or the of this second tributary is named Embanas, and southern branch of St. Joseph's river of lake Mihas its extreme source in Vermilion county, Illi- chigan. Flowing by comparative courses 80 miles, nois, interlocking sources with those of Vermilion, first to the S.W. and thence south, falls into Wa.

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bash in the northern part of Tippecanoe county, of Wabash is only about ten miles eastward from after having traversed that of Carroll. The entire the boundary between Illinois and Indiana, but valley of Tippecanoe is in the state of Indiana. continues within the latter about sixty miles, sepa

Eel river is the last confluent of the Wabash rating Parke and Fountain from Vermilion, and • from the right. This stream rises about thirty entering Vigo county. At Terre Haute (Highmiles to the northward from Fort Wayne, inter land) the seat of justice for Vigo, the Wabash aslocking sources with the St. Joseph's river of Mi a general course of a little E. of S.S.W., chigan, and with those of St. Joseph's of Maumee; and ten miles below Terre Haute becomes, and so flowing to the southwest by west eighty miles com continues to its mouth, a boundary between Indiana parative course, joins the Wabash in Cass county. and Illinois. The comparative distance is about

The whole left inclined plane of Wabash sweeps one hundred and twenty miles, in which the Waa curve, concave side towards the main channel, bash channel constitutes the demarcation between and in length three hundred and thirty miles. the two contiguous states, and in this part of its The mean breadth about thirty-five miles, and area course the stream is augmented by the Embanas eleven thousand five hundred and fifty square miles. and Little Wabash from the right, and White

Wabash proper rises on the great plateau or river from the left. table land, from which flow to the northwestward White river is the most considerable branch of St. Joseph's river of lake Michigan; to the north- Wabasin, draining the large space between the eastward Maumee into lake Erie; Miamee south- main stream above their confluence, the Miami ward into Ohio, and from which flow westward valley, and that part of Ohio river valley between the confluents of Wabash. The rivers of this com- the mouths of Miami and Wabash.' The valley of paratively elevated but level region present some White river, comprising an area of eleven thousand remarkable phenomena. The two main confluents square miles, is drained by innumerable smaller of the Maumee, the St. Joseph's rising in Michigan streams, which, firsi uniting in two main branches, and St. Mary's in the state of Ohio, flow each for a and which again by their union form White river. comparative distance of seventy miles in complete White river proper, or the northern branch, has accordance with the confluents of Wabash; but ito extreme source in Randolph county, Indiana, uniting at Fort Wayne inflect upon themselves, iť but very near ine western border of Darke county, the expression can be admitted, and in place of Ohio. Flowing thence westward by comparative pursuing what is apparently their natural direction courses seveniy miles, over Randolph, Delaware, to S. W. down the channel of the Wabash, the Madison and into Hamilton county. Inflecting to waters turn to N.E. from the Maumee in Allen S. W. and traversing Hamilton, Marion, Johnson, county Indiana, thence entering the state of Ohio, Morgan, Owen and Greene, and thence separating separating Williams from Paulding, and traversing Daviess from Knox county, joins the East Fork, Henry and Wood counties, enter lake Erie in after an entire comparative course of upwards of Monroe county of Michigan, after a comparative two hundred miles. course of a fraction above 100 miles.

East Fork, though not having an equal length of This central plain with slight swells is in general course, drains, however, little if any less surface so near a dead level as to admit but slight current than does the main branch of White river. The in the streams. What is laid down by Tanner as former rises in Hancock and Henry counties, Inthe main source of Wabash, is a stream rising in diana, and including all the confluents, has a general Mercer and Darke counties, Ohio, and flowing southwestern course of one hundred and fifty miles, thence N.W. by W. enters Indiana, and, after a draining the counties of Hancock, Henry, Rush, comparative course of 60 miles, Little River Shelby, Decatur, Jennings, Scott, Bartholomew, from the northwest, and from the highest part of Jackson, Lawrence, Orange, Martin, Dubois, with the central table land in Allen county of Indiana. part of Daviess, Monroe, Johnson, Ripley, JefferThe sources of the latter so nearly approach the son, Clark, Washington and Pike. junction of St. Mary's and St. Joseph's, or head of It may be mentioned as a remarkable peculiarity Maumee, as to leave at times of high water only a of the valley of White river, that the extreme southportage of five miles between the navigable channels. eastern source in Jefferson county rises within less It is by this route that nature itself seems to have than one mile from the right bank of Ohio river, pointed out a channel of intercommunication be- · but flowing directly from the latter unites with it tween the Ohio river and lake Erie along the as a final recipient one hundred and sixty miles Wabash and Maumee rivers.

lower down both rivers. A ridge of hills extends Already a navigable stream below the influx of over the state of Indiana, from the mouth of Great Little river, the Wabash inflects to a course of Miami to that of Wabash, in a southwest by west a little S. of W. 50 miles, receiving in that distance direction, or very nearly parallel to the opposite from the south the Salamania and Mississinaway, course, and at a mean distance of about twenty and Eel river from N.W. With the influx of Eel miles from the channel of Ohio. From this ridge river the channel of Wabash curves to S. W. and no stream above the size of a large creek enters continuing that direction by comparative course 70 Ohio, the principal slope being westward into the miles, and receiving at 30 miles below the influx of valley of White river. Below the junction of its Eel river the Tippecanoe, the main channel again two main branches, the channel of White river in deflects to the left, and assumes a course but very a southwestern direction by comparative courses of little W. of S. At the last mentioned bend, agree. thirty miles, separates Knox from Pike and Gibson able to Tanner's United States, the main channel counties, finally falls into the Wabash nearly op.

posite to Mount Carmel in Wabash county, Illi On the post-office list of 1831, there is but one nois.

office named in this county, Elk Heart Plain. On The entire valley of Wabash approaches the Tanner's United States there is a village named form of an ellipsis; the longer axis three hundred Thorntown placed near its centre, and on a branch miles from the extreme southwestern sources of of Sugar river, about thirty-five miles N.W. from: Little Wabash to the northern fountains of Eel Indianopolis. river. The greatest breadth two hundred miles WABASH, one of the southeastern counties of from the sources of Graham's Fork, near Madison Illinois, bounded W. by Bos Pas river, separating in Jefferson county, Indiana, to the northwestern it from Edwards; N. by Lawrence; N.E. by Wafountains of Vermilion river, in the state of Il- bash river, separating it from Knox county, In. linois. The whole area of the valley, about forty diana; and again E. and S.E. by Wabash river, thousand square miles, exceeding by a small frac- separating it from Gibson county, Indiana. It lies tion the one fifth part of the superficies of the whole in form of a triangle, base twenty-two miles parallel Ohio valley.

to the general course of Bon Pas river; acute angle In fixing the relative extent of the confluents of made by the courses of Wabash and Bon Pas; Ohio, Wabash is the third in length of course, and mean breadth nine, and area one hundred and ninetysecond in regard to area drained; being in the eight or two hundred square miles. Extending in former case exceeded by Tennessee and Cumber- latitude from 38° 17' to 38° 36' N., and in longitude land, but in the latter by Tennessee only. As a from 10° 44' to 11° 4' W. from W. C. This coun. navigable channel, Wabash is very important. It ty bounds as noted on the Wabash, and stretches is but slightly impeded by falls and rapids, and the above and below the influx of White river, with a position of its course could not be more advan southern declivity. tageous if artificially made, to constitute a great The post office list of 1831, gives, beside Mount link in a chain of intercommunication between the Carmel, the county seat of three other offices, ArmMississippi basin and lake Erie.

strong, Centreville, and Coffeetown. Mount Car. As an agricultural section, it may be doubted mel, the seat of justice, is situated on the bank of whether any other of so great continuous ontcit, the Wabash, directly opposite the mouth of White exceeds the Wabash valley. 1 he surface is in part river, thirty miles below Vincennes in Indiana, and hilly, particularly towards Ohio river; it is no part by post-road, one hundred and nine miles S.E. from mountainous, or to any considerable extent a dead Vandalia. N. latitude 38° 28', longitude 10° 48' level. The northern part exhibits features which W. from W. C.

DARBY. evince an advance to the physical section “ Prairie;' but the prairies, or natural meadows of Indiana, WACHITAU. See WASHITAU. are of moderate extent when compared with even WAD, a specie of manganese ore, the varieties those of Illinois. Fertility is the general character of which have been recently analyzed with great of the whole soil of the valley.

accuracy by that able chemist, Dr. Turner. His If peopled only equal to some of the counties of paper on the subject is published in Dr. Brewster's Kentucky, or of Onio, of not superior soil if taken Journal of Science, No. IV. New Series, p. 213. at a mean, and excluding large towns, the valley of April 1830. Wabash would sustain a population of upwards of four millions.

WADESBOROUGH; post village and seat of Geographically this fine portion of the United States justice, Arson county, North Carolina; situated stretches from north latitude 37° 47' to 41° 30'; and

near the centre of the county, by post road one hunin longitude from 7° 35' to 11° 55' W. from W. C. dred and thirty-four miles S. W. by W. from Raleigh, The difference of level between the arable extremes and four hundred and ten miles S.S.W. from W.c. is not far above or below one thousand feet; or an North latitude 35° 3', longitude 3° 12' W. from W.C. equivalent to two and a half degrees of latitude. WADESBOROUGH, or as written in the census Adding the result of the difference of level to that tables, Waidsborough, post village and seat of jusof latitude, the extremes of temperature will be tice, Callaway county, Kentucky, situated on a small six degrees of Fahrenheit. The cultivated soil branch of Clark's river, about sixty miles S. E. by near the mouth of Wabash is about four hundred E. from the mouth of Ohio; thirty miles S. from feet above the ocean tides, and the highest part

Smithland, at the mouth of Cumberland river, and say fourteen hundred, the mean elevation of the by post road two hundred and sixty-two miles valley will be from seven hundred to nine hundred

s.w. by W. from Frankfort, and eight hundred feet above the ocean level.

and one miles from W. C. N. 36° 44'. PopuWABASH, county of Indiana, bounded by Carroll lation in 1830 one hundred and sixty-three. N.; Miamis N. E.; Hamilton E.; Hendricks S. ;

DARBY. Montgomery S.W. and Tippecanoe N.W. Length

WAHABEES. See ARABIA, Vol. II. p. 281. thirty-eight degrees; mean breadth twenty-five degrees, and area nine hundred and fifty square miles. WAKE, county of North Carolina, bounded N. Extending in latitude from 39° 57' to 40° 28', and by Granville, N.E. by Franklin, S.E. by Johnson, in longitude from go to 9° 40' W. from W. C. The S. by Cumberland, S. W. and W. by Chatham, eastern border of this county is on the table land and N. W. by Orange. Length 38, mean width 30, between the main or western branch of White river and area of 1140 square miles. Extending in latiand the Wabash, but the slope is westward, and tude from 35° 31' to 36° 7', and in longitude from nearly the whole surface is drained in that direction 1° 14' to 2° 2' W. from W. C. A small angle towards the latter river.

along the western part is drained southwardly into

Cape Fear river ; but the body of the county is about 250 miles long from east to west, and its me. contained in the valley of the Neuse, with a de- dium breadth is about 160 miles. It contains about clivity to the S. E., the Neuse deriving its sources 27,000 square miles. from Person, Granville, and Orange counties, is The northern part of the province is moun. formed into a river on the northwestern angle of tainous, the Carpathian range to the north sending Wake, and winding thence south westwardly, out a number of branches into the interior; in the crosses the county into Johnson. Chief town, Ra. south it grows less mountainous, exhibiting some leigh, the capital of the state. Population in 1820, fertile plains and valleys. The principal rivers are 20,102, and in 1830, 20,398.

DARBY. the Danube, with its tributaries, the Alt, the

Dumbowitza, the Jalomitza, and the Sereth. WAKEFIELD, a town of England, in the West

Its agriculture is in a very rude state, the mounRiding of Yorkshire, is situated on the side of an

tainous tracts being covered with forests, and the eminence, sloping gently to the Calder. T'he town, extensive marshes undrained. The productions of which is neai, clean, and well built, consists of nine the soil are wheat, millet, maize, beans and pease, streets, three of which are wide and commodious, grapes, and fruits of various kinds. The wealth of and many of the houses are lofty and handsome.

the province consists in its pastures, which support In the market, which is small, there is a neat numerous herds of cattle and sheep. Horses are building called the market cross, formed of an found in a wild state in some of the forests. Game open Doric colonnade, supporting a dome, and is abundant, and also poultry and common domestic containing a large room, in which the business of animals. the town is transacted. The parish church of

The mineral productions are gold, which is ocSt. Peter's is a lofty Gothic building, but of a poor casionally found in the sands of the rivers, salt, and style of architecture. Its spire, which is octagonal, saltpetre: rising from a lofty square tower with double battle

Walachia possesses almost no manufactures. ments at each angle, is reckoned the highest in The gypsies, who amount to about 100,000, are Yorkshire. The church of St. John, which is occupied with the manufacture of coarse hard wool. finely situated at the end of St. John's place, a little The trade of the country, which is chiefly in the out of the town on the road to Leeds, is an elegant hands of Jews, Greeks, and Armenians, is in a building with a lofty steeple. The other public very unprofitable state. The principal imports are buildings are the town-hall, the cloth-hall, seventy woollen goods, hardware, and groceries, and the yards long and ten broad, the free grammar school, exports are horses, cattle, sheep, hogs, tallow, a noble and spacious building, the prison, which is leather, wax, butter, flax, hemp, salt and saltpetre. a large and fine stone building, containing one hun The Walachians belong in general to the Greek dred and fifty cells, the house of correction for the church. Bucharest, Tergovista, Brailow and Giorwhole Riding, the new banks, the auction mart, and gief, are the chief towns. Population about 800,000. an elegant building appropriated to assembly See BUCHAREST, MOLDAVIA and TURKEY. rooms, news-room, library, and dispensary. There WALES. See ENGLAND. is a handsome bridge over the Calder at the south WALES, New South. See AUSTRALASIA, Vol. east entrance to Wakefield, and built in the reign III. p. 114-128. BOTANY Bay, Vol. IV. p. 350-353. of Edward III. This bridge is remarkable by a Dieman's Island, Vol. VII. p. 585-589, and Holhighly ornamented Gothic chapel, twenty feet long LAND, New, Vol. X. p. 444-447. and twenty-four feet wide, which is built in the centre of it, projecting from the eastern side, and WALKER, county of, Alabama, bounded by resting partly on the hustings. The west part Blount, E., Jefferson, S.E., La Fayette, S.W. facing the passage over the bridge, is particularly Marion, W., Franklin, N.W., and Lawrence, N. admired for the richness of its ornaments. This Length, from S. to N. 50 miles. Extending in lat. chapel was dedicated to the memory of the Duke of from 33° 35' to 34° 17' N., and in long. from York, who was slain near this town in 1459.* It 9° 56' to 10° 43' W. from W. C. Declivity southhas been lately used as a warehouse.

eastward, and drained by the numerous western Wakefield has been long celebrated for its manu

branches of Mulberry river. The latter stream facture of woollen cloths, and for being the chief formed in this county by two main branches, Sipsay wool market in the kingdom. Wakefield has also and Blackwater, flows a little westward of S. along one of the greatest corn markets in England, and the southeastern border, receiving the drain of the contains immense corn warehouses, which have western part of Mulberry river valley. Chief town, been erected on the banks of the Calder, principally Walker Court House. Population in 1830, 2202. since 1800. The trade has been much benefited by

DARBY. the Calder navigation. Fairs well attended are held here on Wednesday every fortnight.

WALLACE, SIR WILLIAM. See SCOTLAND, Vol. In 1821 the township of Wakefield contained XVI. p. 652, &c. 2223 houses, 2251 inhabitants, 2069 families en WALLER, EDMUND, a celebrated English poet, gaged in trade, and 10,764 inhabitants. See the was born at Coleshill in Hertfordshire in March Beauties of England and Wales, vol. xvi. p. 802. 1605. His mother was the sister of John Hampden,

WALACHIA, a province of European Turkey, and in consequence of the death of his father when is separated on the north from Transylvania and he was a child, he came into the possession of an Moldavia, by a range of mountains; while on the estate of £3500 per annum. He was educated at south the Danube divides it from Turkey. It is Eton and King's College, Cambridge, and entered

* See ENGLAND, Vol. VIII. p. 687.

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