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Alexandria, and for a considerable distance below company, but as the stock was unproductive, its that city, is frequented in the winter season by im- funds would not enable them to rebuild it, its mense flocks of wild ducks. of several species, length being upwards of three-quarters of a mile. particularly the highly esteemed canvass back. A new one is ordered to be erected at the public In the morning and evening they fly up or down expense, and is, of course, to be a free bridge. the river in an almost continuous flock for hours. The appropriations made for these purposes amount At night, or in the day, a listener in a favourable to about 200,000 dollars, and for their completion situation may hear at intervals the distant report additional sums will hereafter be granted. The of the ducking gun, and then the roar of the flock, rebuilding of the long bridge must be considered as they flap their wings in the water, attempting to as an undertaking truly national, as it makes a part rise, which sounds like distant thunder. Ducking of the direct main mail route through the United is a source of profit to many persons, as they ob- States; since its destruction the mails passing betain generally from fifty cents to one dollar per pair tween Washington and Alexandria have been for the canvass backs.

compelled to make a considerable circuit. The District of Columbia having no local legis The population of the District of Columbia, lature, but being under the exclusive jurisdiction according to the census of 1820 and 1830, were as of the government of the United States, is depend follows: ant upon congress for all general enactments 1820 Whites Slaves Free Col. Total. intended to improve its condition, and its interests City

9606 1945 1696 13,247 have been much neglected, or postponed, in conse Georgetown 4940 1526 894 7,360 quence of the pressure of higher objects, embracing Washington Co. 1512 1049 168 2,729 the interests of the whole nation; of this the citi. Alexandria 5615 1435 1168 8,218 zens of the district have complained, and that with Alexandria Co. 941 422 122 1,485 much apparent reason. At the close of the session of 1832, however, large appropriations were made

22,614 6377 4048 33,039 for internal improvements within the district. The 1830 Macadamizing of the Pennsylvania Avenue from City

13379 2319 3232 18,930 the Capitol to the President's house, a distance of Georgetown 6053 1175 1209

8,442 nearly two miles, has been undertaken at the Washington Co. 1727 999 267

2,993 national expense. The long bridge crossing the Alexandria 5681 1201 1381 8,263 Potomac, and leading from Washington city to the Alexandria Co. 802 366 177 1,346 Alexandria road, was destroyed by the ice in the year 1830; this structure belonged to a private

27647 6060 6266 39,973

Note.-In preparing the account of Washington City, I have been indebted to the politeness of George Watterston, Esq. from whom the description of the Capitol was principally obtained; much information was also derived from an article prepared by John Sessford, Esq. and published in the National Callendar” for 1832. The accounts of Georgetown and Alexandria were principally obtained from gentlemen resident in those towns.-EDITOR.

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WASHINGTON, southeastern county of Maine, Englishman's bay is followed by Machias bay, the bounded by Passam aquoddy bay S.E., Atlantic latter receiving Machias and East rivers. These Ocean S., Hancock county in Maine S. W., Penob. bays, in a distance of 40 miles, penetrate the counscot county N.W., and St Croix river separating it try from 10 to 12 miles, and such is the rapid defrom the British province of New Brunswick E. clivity, that, excessive as is the tide along the coast, It is difficult to estimate the true extent, as the the flow does not ascend the short rivers far above county stretches indeffinitely to the northward, but the head of the bays. the southern and settled parts occupy a surface ap From Machias bay the coast inflects from N.E. proaching a square of 50 miles each side; area by E. to N.E., and in a distance of 30 miles to the 2500 square miles. Extending in Lat. from 440 mouth of Eastport bay is unbroken by any inlet of 23' to 45° 20' N., and in Long. from 8° 46' to the consequence. Turning Quoddyhead, in the strait eastern side of Manan Island 9° 16' E. The slope between Great Manan Island and the main shore, shown by the course of the streams is southeast- Eastport bay opens. This latter is an irregular ward; the ocean coast excessively broken by bays sheet of water, extending its arms to 10 or 12 miles and islands of the bays advancing from the west on every side. One of these arms reach into St ward.

Andrew's bay, or the inner recess of PassamaquodDyer's bay separates Hancock from Washington. dy bay. Into the head of St Andrew's bay is poured Pigeon Hill bay receives the small river Nanagua- the much celebrated St Croix river, forming the gus. Pleasant bay, a small river of the same name. northeastern boundary of the United States on the

Atlantic Ocean. The mouth of this river being an in New Hampshire, and by post road 524 miles
important political point, it may be well to observe, N.E. from W. c. N. Lat. 44° 16'. Population,
geographically, that N. Lat. 45o and Long. 10° E. 2500.
from W. C., intersect in the southern side of St WASHINGTON, the south western county of
Andrew's bay, or the estuary of St Croix.

Rhode Island, bounded S.W. by Paucatuck river, The features of Washington, Maine, are varied separating it from the southeastern part of New by the bays and small islands along the coast, and London county, Connecticut; W. by the extreme by internal lakes. At the foot of the lower falls of eastern part of New London county; N.W. by the St Croix, the Schoodic river enters from the west. southeastern angle of Windham county, ConnectiThis stream is the outlet of a chain of lakes called cut; N. by Kent county, Rhode Island; by the westthe Schoodic lakes, extending into Penobscot coun- ern arm of Narraganset bay separating it from ty, and almost touch the Pesadumkeag lakes of the Newport county, and by the Atlantic Ocean S. E. Penobscot river, and thus almost insulate the in and S. Extending in Lat. from 41°

17' to 41° 39'; habited part of Washington county. Population in and in Long. from 5° 06' to 5° 35' E. from W. C. 1820 was 12,744; in 1830 it had risen to 21,294. It approaches to near a square of 18 miles each

Machias, the seat of justice, stands on the point side. Area 324 square miles. between Machias and East rivers, about 10 miles The eastern part declines towards Narraganset within the outer capes, by post road 143 miles a bay, but the central, western and northern sections little N. of E. from Augusta, the capital of the are drained by the main stream and confluents of state, and 745 miles N.E. by E. from W. C. It is Paucatuck river. The surface is agreeably broken about 25 miles S. W. from Eastport. N. Lat. 44° into hill and dale, and soil productive. Population 43', Long. 67° 21' W. from London, and 9° 34' E. in 1820 was 15,687; in 1839, 15,411. from W. C.

Kingston, or South Kingston, the seat of justice, WASHINGTON, county of Vermont, bounded is situated on the Atlantic Ocean, about three miles by Orange county of the same state S.E. and S., S.W. from the mouth of the western arm of NarraAddison S.W., Chittenden W. and N.W., N. by ganset bay, 10 miles S.W. by W. from Newport, 4] Orange, and N.E. and E. by Caledonia. Length miles a little N. of E. from New London, and by from S.W. to N.E. 26 miles; mean breadth 20, and post road 31 miles a very little W. of S. from Proarea 520 square miles. Extending in Lat. from vidence. Lat. 41° 25'; Long. 5° 32' E. from W. C. 44° 05' to 44° 32' N., and in Long from 4° to 4° In 1820, this county contained a population of 40' E. from W. C.

15,687. The eastern border of this county, in common WASHINGTON, county of New York, bounded with Caledonia, is a chain of mountains, from the S. by Hoosack river separating it from Renssalaer western flank of which issues numerous sources of county of the same state; S.W. by Hudson river Onion river. These sources mingle their waters separating it from Saratoga county, W. by a line with other streams from the mountain valleys on running a little W. of due N. from the great bend of both sides, but the main channel flowing to the Hudson at Sandy Hill to Lake George, separating northwestward gives that declination to the sur it from the southeastern part of Warren; N. W. by face. The country is indeed nearly commensurate Lake George separating it from the northeastern with the higher part of the valley of Onion river. part of Warren; N.E. by Rutland county Vermont; It may be, however, well to observe, that though and E. and S.E. by Bennington county Vermont. the general slope is N.W. that the counter valleys Length from south to norih, and from Hoosack between the mountain chains are at nearly right river to the outlet of Lake George, 64 miles; mean angles to that direction. The face of the county width 13, and area 832 square miles. is very greatly diversified by hill, dale, valley and This lengthened county occupies the very rethe most rugged mountain scenery. The soil is as markable physical section between the basin of varied as the physiognomy, but generally produc- Hudson and Lake Champlain, along which extends tive in grain, grasses, pasturage and fruit. Popu- the Hudson and Champlain Canal. This region lation in 1820 was 14,113; and in 1830 had risen to and the important work upon its surface, have 21,378.

been already noticed in different parts of the article There is, perhaps, no point in this county at United States. The space along which the Hud. which the arable surface does not exceed an eleva son and Champlain canal has been constructed, tion of 500 feet above the Atlantic Ocean, whilst though connecting two physical basins, is a deep the higher margin at the extreme sources of Onion valley when compared with the adjacent country on river exceeds a relative height above tide of 1300 either side. The arable surface of the country feet. In effect or temperature at least two degrees along the canal is elevaied above the Hudson tides of Fahrenheit may be allowed for the mean height from 150 to 200 feet, but rapidly rises to the eastof the county. If, therefore, we allow a central ward towards the mountains of Vermont. The Lat. of 44° 15', the real aerial temperature of 46° surface is greatly varied from the bottoms along 15' must be taken when compared with the ocean the Hudson and the level of the canal, to the rugged border.

elevations between which flow the channels and Montpelier, the seat of justice of the county and confluents of Hoosack, Batten Kill, and Parlet of the government for the state, is situated on the rivers. Extending in Lat. from 42° 53' to 43° 50', right bank of Onion river, 25 miles N.N.E. from the difference of latitude alone gives a sensible difMiddlebury, 25 miles N.W. by W. from Haverhill ference of climate. The soil is varied, but the

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general character is that of fertility. In 1820, the the county betwcen the mouth of Mirgo creek and population amounted to 38,831; and in 1830, had Elizabeth Town on the Monongahela, is at least risen to 42,635, giving an augmentation of nine per elevated 850 feet above the tide level of the Atlantic cent, and at the latter epoch a distributive popula- Ocean. Three degrees of Fahrenheit may be astion of a fraction above 51 to the square mile. sumed as a moderate allowance for the change of

From its great length there are two places, temperature over the mean surface of Washington Sandy Hill and Salem, at which the courts of county, arising from difference of level; consejustice are held; and beside at these, there were in quently, if we assume 40° 14' as the central lati1831, post offices at Adamsville, Anaquascook, tude, the winter climate would accord with 431° Argyle, Battenville, Buskirk's Bridge, Cambridge, nearly, on the Atlantic ocean. The difference of Centre Cambridge, Coothill, Dresden, Easton, inflorescence and foliage in the spring, and of ripenFort Ann, Fort Edward, Fort Miller, Granville, ing of grain and fruit in summer and autumn is Greenwich, Griswold's Mills, Hampton, Hartford, strikingly perceptible between the table land of Hebron, Jackson, Kingsbury, North Easton, North Washington county and the borders of MonongaGranville, North Greenwich, Patten's Mills, Put hela and Ohio rivers. These vegetable phenomena nam, South Hartford, West Hebron, White Creek are usually ascribed to soil, but the true and effiand White Hall.

cient cause is relative level. In fact much of the Salem, one of the villages at which courts are soil on the table land is fully equal to that on the held, is situated near the eastern border of the rivers. county, N. Lat. 43° 08', Long. 4° 44' E. from W. The surface of Washington county is very much C., 20 miles S. E. from Sandy Hill, and by post broken by hill and dale, and some parts so much so road, 46 miles N.N.E. from Albany, and 423 as to deserve the title of mountainous. The premiles N.E. from W. C. The township of Salem vailing rocks are freestone and deep blue limein 1830, contained 2972 inhabitants.

stone, the formation foetz; consequently all the Sandy Hill, in the township of Kingsbury, is rocks lie in horizontal strata. Though freestone rendered at once interesting and romantic from its and limestone are the most abundant, they are not position on the left bank of Hudson river on an the only components of rock strata in this county; elevated plain near Baker's Falls, 50 miles a little soapstone is frequent, but always excessively laminE. of N. from Albany, and by post road 427 miles ated. N.E. from W. C. Below this fine village the Bituminous coal of very fine quality is the only Champlain Canal is connected with Hudson river. valuable fossil which abounds, but that inflammable In 1820, the township of Kingsbury contained body is found in immense strata over the county, 2203 inhabitants, and in 1830, 2606.

and no doubt exists in easily accessible situations to WASHINGTON, one of the extreme western an unsuspected extent. The bituminous coal, here, counties of Pennsylvania, bounded N.W. by Bea as elsewhere over the Ohio valley, lies in horizontal ver; N.E. by Allegheny; E. by Monongahela river, strata, between masses of freestone and beds of separating it from Westmoreland and Fayette; S. clay. The coal strata varies in thickness, but of by Greene; S.W. by Ohio county Virginia, and pure combustible coal; the beds are seldom above W. by Brooke county Virginia. Length along the four and a half or five fect. When found, the coal Virginia line 38 miles; the greatest breadth at right stratum is invariably continuous on its level, and angles to the length about 37 miles, but the county is never found to terminate unless pursued to open narrowing towards the eastern border, the mean day on the opposite side of the hill in which it ocbreadth is about 26 miles. The area in round num curs. bers may be assumed safely at 1000 square miles, The soil of Washington county varies in quality, extending in Lat. from 29° 58' to 40° 30', and in but its general character is that of fertility. PreLong. from 2° 52' to 3° 35' W. from W. C. This vailing timber, white oak, black oak, poplar (Liriocounty is traversed from south to north by the di- dendron tulipifera), sugar maple, red maple, hickory viding ridge between the sources of creeks flowing three or four species, and various other species of eastward into the Monongahela, and westward into trees. Dogwood (Cornus sporida), is a common Ohio. The central part contiguous to the borough underwood; wild plum, and two or three species of of Washington, is a real mountainous table land, thorn, abound along the creek bottoms. In the from which the waters flow like radii from a com- early settlement of this county, the hazel was very mon centre. From here issue the sources of Ten abundant. Mile, Pigeon, Chartier, Buffalo and Wheeling The adaptation of the soil to farming may be creeks. The borough of Washington, situated in strongly illustrated by showing the advance of the a comparatively deep valley, is, by actual measure. population. The first effective white settlements ment, found to be elevated above tide water 1406 were made about 1770, and in 1800 it contained feet, and the mean elevation of the farms in that 28,298 inhabitants; in 1810, 36,289; in 1820, 40,038; neighbourhood is at least 1400 feel; many of them, and in 1830, they had risen to the number of no doubt from 200 to 300 feet above that level. 42,909, or upwards of 42 to the square mile. The village of Willsborough, on the United States Washington, the seat of justice, and in which is road, 12 miles S.E. by E. from Washington, is located Washington College, is situated near the elevated 1750 feet above tide water, and 1072 feet centre of the county, near the head of the middle above the ordinary river level at the city of Pitts- branch of Chartier's creek, 25 miles S.W. from burgh. The lowest cultivated farm or flat part of Pittsburgh, 31 miles N. E. by E. from Wheeling in

Virginia; 229 miles N.W. by W. from W. C., and Conecocheague are noted for the production and 312 miles a little N. of W. from Philadelphia. of grain and fruit. N. lat. 40° 11', and long. 3° 19' W. from W. C. Progressive population-1790

15,882 Though elevated 1406 feet above tide water, as

1800

13,650 stated in the previous article, the village is envi.

1810

18,730 roned with hills which rise to a considerable eleva

1820

23,075 tion above any part of its streets. From the high

1830

25,268 est eminences about two miles eastward, and along Hagerstown, the seat of justice, stands near the the United States road, Chestnut Ridge, though western bank of Antietam creek, 68 miles N.N.W distant 40 miles, is distinctly visible over the deep from W. C., 25 N. W. from Frederick, and 72 miles valley of Monongahela.

N.W. by W. from Baltimore. N. lat. 39° 39', The streets of the town are laid out at right an and long. 0° 42' W. from W. C. By the census of gles to each other, the main street pursuing a 1830, this place contained 3371 inhabitants. It is gentle acclivity for some distance, and thence a prosperous and well built town, and the third in sweeping over the head of a valley. This street is size on the western shore of Maryland. rather closely built, and contains the greater part Hancockstown, on the left bank and at the exof the population. The college edifice stands over treme northern bend of Potomac, 24 miles a little a small valley to the east of the village. In 1830, by N. of W. from Hagerstown, is a small, but neat the census returns, this borough contained 1816 in- village in a delightful situation on the main western habitants. It was founded by the Hoge family in 1781. road.

The United States road passes through Wash Williamsport, also on the Potomac and on the ington, entering it from the eastward, and winding high point below the mouth of Antietam, is in point out at the northwestern side. It is also connected of population and wealth the second town in the with Pittsburgh by a turnpike road, which passes county. The site and environs are peculiarly through Cannonsburg, seven miles from Washing. picturesque. The powerful mill stream of Antieton, and eighteen from Pittsburgh.

iam and a limestone soil contribute to the prosperity Cannonsburg, the seat of Jefferson College, stands of this place. on a steep acclivity, rising from Chartier's creek, Should either or both the Chesapeake and Ohio seven miles below Washington. The village is in canal and Baltimore and Ohio rail-road, be ex. great part comprised in a main street ascending the tended up the Potomac the lines of extension will hill from the creek. The college, a large brick edifice, stretch along the Potomac margin of this county stands on the eastern side of the main street. The and pass both Williamsport and Hancockstown. country around Cannousburg is highly fertile, pic The lowest part of the cultivated surface of this turesque and pleasant. The two colleges of Wash- counly exceeds an elevation of 300 feet above tide ington and Jefferson, however, though located in water, and in the higher part near Hancockstown, delightful and healthful situations, are too near upwards of 450 feet. It is probable that the mean each other for their mutual benefit. In 1830, Can- height of the arable soil exceeds 500 feet, or more nonsburg contained 673 inhabitants.

than an equivalent to a degree of latitude. The WASHINGTON, one of the western counties effect of difference of level at the extremes on both of Maryland, bounded W. by Allegheny county of the temperature of the air and on vegetable life is the same state; N.W. by Bedford county Pennsyl- very perceptible. vania; E. by South Mountain, as there called (Blue WASHINGTON, county of Virginia, bounded Ridge), separating it from Frederick county Mary. W. by Scott, by Clinch mountain separating it land; and by Potomac river, separating it from from Russellon N. W., and Tazewell on the N., by Jefferson and Berkeley counties of Virginia S., and Wythe county E., by Blue Ridge separating it from Morgan county Virginia, S.W. The greatest from Grayson on S. É., by Carter county in Tenlength along the southern boundary of Pennsylva- nessee S., and Sullivan of Tennessee S.W. Length nia 44 miles. The breadth varies greatly, as along between Wythe and Scott counties 50 miles, mean the Blude Ridge the width exceeds 30, whilst at breadth 17, and area 850 square miles, extending Hancock's town it falls short of three miles; the in Lat. from 36° 35' to 36° 55' N., and in Long. from mean width is about and over 440 square miles, 4° 30' to 5° 19' W. from W. C. This county ocextending in Lat. from 59° 19' to 39° 42', and in cupies part of the valley between Blue Ridge and Long. from 0° 26' to 1° 18' W. from W. C. Tra Clinch mountains. These chains extend in this versed by three chains of mountains, the slope of region from S. W. by W. to N.E. by E. with minor this county is very nearly due S. and in that direc- lateral ridges. The slope of this county is to the tion is drained by the Antietam, Conecocheague, S.W. by W. and traversed by the S.E. middle and and numerous smaller creeks flowing in that direc- north branches of Holston. All those streams tion. The surface is very broken, particularly that have their source in Wythe, and subdivide Washof the western part, above the Kittatinny range of ington into as many fine fertile valleys. It may, mountains, but the soil of the valleys excellent. however, excite some reflection when told that in The eastern part between the Kittatinny and Blue this large and well populated county, there were Ridge, comprises a part of the great limestone in 1831 but two post offices, Abingdon, the capital, range which falls from, and Aanks the latter chain and Seven Mile Ford. Population in 1820, 12,444, on its north-western side. The valleys of Antictam in 1830, 15,614.

By the post list of 1831, Abingdon, the seat of Gladsden county, and S. E. and S.W. by the Gulf justice, is stated at 385 iniles S.W. by W. from W. of Mexico. Length from the entrance of ChocC., and 309 S. of W. from Richmond; it is situated tawhatchie bay to the north of Appalachicola river at the S. E. side of a mountain ridge about mid 110 miles, mean breadth 22, and area 2420 square distance between the iwo main branches of Holston miles, extending in Lat from Cape St. George 29° river, and about seven miles distant from each on the 20'10 30° 40' N. and in Long. from go to 9° 36' W. great valley road, N. Lat. 36° 41', Long. 5° 65' W. from W. C. from W.C

Williams, in his View of West Florida, speaking WASHINGTON, county of North Carolina, of this county, says: “ It is a misshapen tract of bounded by Tyrrell E., Hyde S., Martin W., and worthless land in general; a few Lammocks on St. Albemarle sound N. It lies in form of a parallello. Andrew's bay, the south edges of Oak and Hickory gram 20 miles by 18, area 360 square miles, ex. bills, a part of Holmes valley, and the borders of tending in Lat, from 55° 40' to 35° 56' N., and in the Econsina river are valuable exceptious." St. Long. from 0° 12' 10 0° 38' E. from W.c. What Andrew's bay opens into and occupies the central very little declivity this county presents is from S. parts of this county, and is a fine sheet of water, to W. towards Albemarle sound, but the surface is which, according to William's Map, has 18 feet nearly a dead level, and in most parts swampy. water on its shallowest bar. Chief town, Holmes Chief town, Plymouth. Population in 1820, 3986, valley. in 1830, 4552. Plymouth is situated on the S. side WASHINGTON, county of Alabama, bounded of Roanoke river, near Albemarle sound, 18 miles by the Chickasaw Lay river separating it from S. of Edenton, Lat. 35° 51' and Long. 0° 16' E. from Wayne county of the state of Mississippi, W., by the W. C. By the post list of 1831, this place is dis- Chocktaw territory, Alabama, N., by Tonbigbee tant 128 miles almost due E. from Raleigh, and river separating it from Clarke county, Alabama, 290 miles E. of S. from W. C. Population in 1830, E., and by Mobile county, S. The greatest length is 662.

along the eastern border 42 miles by the general WASHINGTON, sea port, post village and seat course of Tombigbee river, the mean breadth is of justice, Beaufort county North Carolina, situated about 20 miles, area 840 square miles, extending in on the left bank of Tar river, at or near the point Lat. from 31° 23' 10 32° N. and in Long. from 11° where that stream assumes the name of Pamlico 3' to 11° 37' W. from W. C. The mere western bor. sound, by post road 122 miles a little S. of E. der of this county is in the valley of Chickasaw Lay from Raleigh, and 202 miles almost direcıly S. river, but the far greater part slopes to the eastward, from W. C. N. Lal. 35° 32', Long. 0° 63' W. from towards Tombigbee river. Chief towns, WashingW. C. Washington is at the head of such ship ton and St. Stephens. Population in 1830, 3474. navigation as Pamlico sound will admit of, and WASHINGTON, parish of Louisiana, bounded having the fine valley of Tar river in the rear, is a by Pike county Mississippi, N.W., Maria county place of considerable note.

Mississippi, N, Pearl river separating it from HanWASHINGTON, county of Georgia, bounded N. cock county Mississippi, E., St. Tammany parish W. by Baldwin, N. by Hancock, N.E. and E. by Louisiana, S., and langipao river, separating it Jefferson, S E. by Emanuel, S.W. by Laurens, from St. Helena parish of Louisiana, W. Greaiest and W. by Oconee river, separating it from Wilkin- lengih, a diagonal from the S. E. to N.W. angle, 66 son; extending in Lat. from 32° 42' 10 33° 13', and miles, mean breadth 15, area within a small fracin Long. from 5° 36' to 6° il' W. from W. C. tion of 1000 square miles; extending in Lat. From 30° Though bounded on the westward hy Oconee, this 34' 10 31° N., and in Long. from 12° 36' to 13° 34' county is a table land. It is bounded on the N. E. W. from W. C. The declivity of this county is to by the main stream, and gives source to several the S.S E. and in that direction it is bounded by confluents of Great Ogechee, this section falling to the Pearl E., and Tangipao W. The Bogue Chito, the southward. The general declivity is neverthe. rising in Laurence.and Pike counties, Mississippi, less to the southward, discharging creeks into traverscs Washington parish, which, also giving Oconee. Much of the soil is good, some excellent, source to Chisuncte river, discharges the former but in general thin. The greatest length is from into Pearl river and the latter over St. Tammany the southern angle or Oconee to the northern or into the north side of Lake Pontchartrain. The Great Ogechee, 38 miles, mean brearlth 20, area 760 far greatest part of the surface of Washington square miles. Population in 1820, 10,627, in 1830, parish is composed of open and sterile pine woods. 9820.

Where the land admits cultivation the staple is cotWASHINGTON, post village and seat of justice, ton. Chief town, Franklinton. Population in Wilkes county Georgia, situated 51 miles W.N.W. 1820, 2517, in 1830, 2286. from Augusta, and by post road 64 miles N.E. WASHINGTON, post village, Adams county from Milledgeville. N. Lat. 33° 42', Long. 5° 45' Mississippi, situated on St. Catharine creek, six W. from W. C. This place cuntains an academy miles E. from Naichez. This place was many and about 800 inhabitants.

years the seat of government for the Mississippi WASHINGTON, county of Florida, as laid territory, and afterwards for the state of Missdown on Tanner's U. S., is bounded on the N.W. issippi. Jefferson College was located here in 1802, by Choctawhatchie bay and river, separating it but has not flourished as a literary institution befrom Walton county, on the N. by Jackson county, yond the ordinary routine of a common academy. E. by Appalachicola river, separating it from The site of the town is high, dry and pleasant.

Vol XVIII.-Part II.

4 F

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