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WASHINGTON, north western county of Ar- Reigne's Mills, Waterford, Watertown, and Wesley. kansas, as laid down on Tanner's U. S., is bounded Population in 1820, 10,425, in 1830, 11,731. W. by the Osage territories, and N. by the state WASHINGTON, county of Indiana, bounded of Missouri. The extent on the map exceeds 3000 S. by Harrison, S. W. by Crawford, W. by Orange, square miles, but the country is too imperfectly N.W. by Lamena, N.' by the E. Fork of White known to admit detailed description. By the list river, separating it from Jackson, N.E. by Scott, of 1831, there were three post offices, namely, E. by Clark, and S.E. by Floyd. Length from E. Cane-hill, Fayetteville and Vineyard: neither of to W. 26, mean breath 20, area 520 square miles. which are marked on the map. The extreme Extending in Lat. from 38° 27' to 38° 47', and sources of White river are delineated as rising near Long. from 8° 54' to 9° 20' W. from W. C. This the centre and flowing north-eastwardly out of this county extends southwardly from the bank of the county into the state of Missouri, and from the east branch of White river, over the table land belatter curving back into Arkansas.
tween that stream and Ohio river; Blue river, a WASHINGTON, county of Tennessee, bounded small confluent of Ohio, rises in and drains the by Greene W., Sullivan N., Carter E., and by Blue southern part, whilst from the western flow small Ridge separating it from Buncombe county North creeks into the E. Fork of White river, surface Carolina, s. Length from S. to N. 30, mean broken, hilly, and fertile. Chief town, Salem. By width 20, and area 600 square miles. Extending in the post-office list of 1831, besides at Salem, there Lat. from 35° 57' to 36° 24', and in Long. from 5° were offices in this county at Claysville, Livonia, 10 to 5° 35' W. from w. c. A small section of Martinsburg, and Pleasant Valley. Population in this county slopes to the northward and is drained 1830, 9039. Salem, the county seat, is situaied near by small creeks flowing into Watauga river, but the centre of the county, 91 miles S. from Indianathe southern, central and much most extensive sec- polis. N. Lat. 38° 36', Long. 9° 08'. tions, are commensurate with the higher valley of WASHINGTON, county of Illinois, · bounded Nabachucky river, and slope south-westwardly. S. by Perry, S.W. by Randolph, W. by St. Clair, Chief town, Jonesborough. "Population in 1820, N. by Clinton, and E. by Jefferson. Length from 9557, in 1830, 10,995.
E. to W. 36 miles, mean breadth 18, area 540 WASHINGTON, county of Kentucky, bounded square miles. Extending in Lat. from 38° 13' to W. by Hardin, N.W. by Chaplin's Fork of Salt 38° 30', and in Long. from 12° 10' to 12° 44' W. river separating it from Nelson, N.E. and E. by from W. C. Kaskaskia river forms a part of the Mercer, S.E. by Casey, and S. by the south fork northwest boundary of this county, separating it of Salt river. Length 28, mean breadth 18 and from Clinton, and the slope of the contiguous part area 500 square miles. Extending in Lat. from 37° is northwestward towards that stream; the southern 30' to 37° 52' N., and in Long. from 7° 58' to 8° side declines to the southward, and gives source to 32' W. from W. C. Comprised within the two the northwestern branches of Muddy creek. In main branches and drained by numerous creeks of 1831, by post list, there was no office at Nashville, Salt river. Chief town, Springfield. Population the county seat, but there were at Beaucoup, in 1820, 15,947, in 1830, 19,130.
Covington, and Elkhorn. Covington is a post WASHINGTON, post village and seat of jus- village on Kaskaskia river, 47 miles a little S. of tice, Mason county, Kentucky, situated four miles E. from St. Louis in Missouri, and by post road from Ohio river at Maysville, and by post road 40 miles S.S.W. from Vandalia. Population in 63 miles N.E. by E. from Frankfort, N. Lat. 38° 1830, 1675. 37', Long. 6° 43' W. from W. C. It contains, be WASHINGTON, county of Missouri, bounded side the county buildings, an academy and three by Madison, S.E., St. Francis county E., Jefferson, or four places of public worship.
N.E., Franklin N., and as laid down on Tanner's WASHINGTON, one of the south-eastern coun- Map, by territory not laid out into counties on the ties of Ohio, bounded by Athens S.W. and W., S. and W. Length, from S. to N. 40, mean Morgan N.W., Monroe N. E., Ohio river separating width 25, and area 1000 square miles. Extending it from Tyler county Virginia, on the E., and Ohio in Lat. from 37° 35' to 380 10', and in Long. from river, separating it from Wood county Virginia, S. 13° 36' to 14° 08' W. from W. c. Extending in Lat. from 39° 15' to 39° 40' N., and in as delineated by Tanner, has a natural boundary on Long. from 4° 10 4° 54' W. from W. C. Length on the S. by the Iron mountains, from the southern the northern border along Monroe and Morgan slopes of which and the border of the county, rise counties 50 miles. It lies in a rude resemblance to the extreme sources of St. Francis and Black a triangle, mean breadth 15, and area 750 square rivers. The body of the county, however, declines miles. The slope is southward, towards the Ohio almost due north, and is drained by the fountains river. The Muskingham enters the northeastern of both main branches of Merrimac rivers. The angle, and winding thence eastward to near the tract of country embraced by Washington county centre of the county, inflects to the south, and falls is an important section of the state of Missouri. into the Ohio river at Marietta. The surface of The intelligent Henry R. Schoolcraft, who visited this county is generally very billy, but soil produc- the lead mines at and contiguous to Potosi, speaks tive. By the post list of 1831, besides at Marietta, 'thus of the country:“Washington county, although the county seat, there were offices at Belpre, Bents, the seat of the principal lead mines, is at the same Brown's Mills, Carroll, Fearing, Little Hockhock- time not deficient in farming land. Big River, (the ing, Lower Salem, Newport, Point Harmar, eastern branch of Merrimac), in its whole course,
which is long and devious, and most completely Saline is maintained by the united waters in all the subtends the north, east, and south boundaries of residue of their course to Red river. Washington county, affords the finest of farming Below the influx of Saline, Washitau flows southlands. The principal farming tracis of this county, ward 35 miles to the entrance of Bayou Bartheberry which, although detached with ridges of poor land from the northeast, and of the Saluter from the intervening, yet, taken in the aggregate, bear a res. northwest. The Bartheberry is a stream of 140 miles pectable proportion to its whole number of square comparative course, rising within two or three miles, and exalt its agricultural character above miles from the main channel of Arkansas, in Jeffer. that of the mining counties (of Missouri), St. son county, territory of Arkansas. Flowing thence Genevieve excepted. Bellevue abounds in granite by an elliptic curve to the eastward, but without and iron ore. The iron of Bellevue, is a subject of receiving any tributary streams of consequence, universal notoriety. In the richness of the ore and traverses Chicot county, Arkansas, and entering extent of the beds or mines, it is no where paral- Louisiana, falls into the Washitau river in the parish leled. The most noted place is called the Iron of Washitau. Saluter is a large pine woods creek mountains, where the ore is piled in such enormous rising in Lafayette county, Arkansas, and flowing masses as to constitute the entire southern extre. S.E. enters Louisiana and falls into Washitau a mity of a lofty ridge, which is elevated 500 or 600 short distance below, but on the opposite side from feet above the plain.” Mr Schoolcraft denominates the influx of Bartheberry. the species of iron ore to be called micaceous Out of the Bartheberry, about three miles from its oxyde of iron, and very rich in quality. This junction with the Washitau, issues a creek, called author enumerates zinc, also, amongst the minerals in the country Bayou Siard, which winding about of Washington county, but lead was the (1819) 15 miles, falls itself into the Ouachitau, forming an only ore worked to any great amount, if we except island of 10 or 12 miles in length, with a breadth of three salt-petre caves. In 1831, by the post-office 100 to 405 miles. Nearly opposite to the lower list, beside at Potosi, the county seat, there were end of the Siard island comes in from the northoffices at Caledonia, Harmony, and Old Mines; westward the Terrebonne river. This latter is a Potosi, the seat of justice, is situated on a branch of most limpid and beautiful pine forest stream interBig River, about 60 miles S. W. from St. Louis, locking sources with those of the Saluter, and those 40 W. from St. Genevieve, and by post road, 127 of Dacheet branch of Red river, and by a comparamiles, S. E. by E. from Jefferson, the seat of gove tive course of 75 miles to the southeast, falls into ernment of the state. N. Lat. 37° 36', Long. 13° the Washitau. 48' W. from W. C. Population in 1830, 6784. Below Siard island the now fine volume of
WASHITAU, or, according to French ortho. Washitau inclines to S.S.E. by very tortuous indigraphy, Ouachitau, a river of Arkansas and Loui. vidual bends, but by comparative course of 50 miles siapa." The most reinote sources of this river, its to the entrance of Boeuf river from the north. The three main branches of Little Missouri, Washitau latter, similar to all the northeastern confluents of proper and Saline, are in the southeastern valleys Washitau, rises within a few miles from the main of the Masserne mountains in the southwestern part channel of Arkansas, and pursuing a southern of Arkansas.
course between the Mississippi and Bartheberry 65 Little Missouri, the southwestern branch of miles, enters Louisiana, in which, inclining to the Washitau, rises in Clarke county, Arkansas, be- S.S. W. 85 miles, joins Washitau at N. Lat. 31° 52'. tween the sources of Saline branch of Red river The Boeuf, for the first and highest half of its and those of Washitau proper. Flowing thence to course, is distant about from !5 to 20 miles from the southeastward between Clarke and Hempstead Mississippi, and is annually swelled by the superior counties, joins the main or middle branch at N. flood of the vast volume of the latter. This swell, Lat. 33° 45', and about 60 miles a little east of as indeed that of all the lower confluents and main south from the Hot Springs.
stream of Washitau, is occasioned, not by an influx Washitau proper rises between the sources of of water from the Mississippi, but from a back waLittle Missouri and those of the Saline branch, and ter food produced by the filling of the low lands, by several confluent streams pursues a general and preventing the outlet of the streams of Washicourse a little east of south 70 miles to its junction tau and Boeuf. with Little Missouri. Below the union of the two With the influx of the Boeuf, the Washitau as. branches, the main volume, now at high water a sumes a southern direction by comparative course pavigable river, inclines to S. E., and by a very tor 20 miles to its very remarkable reception of the tuous channel, but comparative course of 55 miles, Tensa'w from the northeast, and of the Ocatahoola receives the Saline from the north.
from the southwest. The meeting of these three In length of course the Saline at their junction streams at one point, and the peculiar features and about equals the Washitau, but falls short in mag. phenomena of the Ocatahoola, gives great interest nitude of volume. The Saline has its remote to the scene. sources about 30 miles westward from Little Rock Tensaw river is formed by the drain of the im. or Arkansas, from which point pursuing a direc- mense flow, and annually inundated, though densely tion of a little east of south by comparative courses wooded plain between the Mississippi and Washi. 120 miles, falls into Washitau at N. Lat. 33° 10'; tau rivers. The highest source, if that term in its and what is rather remarkable, the course of the common acceptation is here applicable of the Ten
saw, is about N. Lat. 33°, and the northern boun- and about 300 miles a little E. of N. from Natchidary of Louisiana, issuing from Grand Lake, a toches in Louisiana. former bend of the Mississippi. Flowing thence The writer of this article resided in Louisiana about 100 miles comparative course of S.S, W., and when the celebrity of those springs first rose, and receiving the Masson, a considerable branch from has known several instances of unequivocal benefit the low grounds between it and the Boeuf, joins the
nd the Boeuf, joins the to health derived from a visit to inem, and their Washitau as already stated.
use while there. But conversing with intelligent Within less than half a mile below the entrance physicians and others, some of whom founded their of the Tensaw, the Ocata hoola enters from the op- opinion on personal experience, one common prinposite direction. This latter has its remote sources ciple seemed to be acknowledged: that is, if we in the pine forests between the Washitau and Red suppose all other circumstances the same, any pure river, interlocking fountains with those of the Ter- spring water heated to a like temperature and used rebonne branch of Washitau and those of the Lower in the same manner for the same time, would be Saline branch of Red river. Flowing thence to equally efficacious. “ Pure air from mouniain S.S. E. by comparative courses 80 miles, reaches the scenery, exemption from their ordinary cares, and verge of the great plains of the Delta. Here the a more temperate regimen, in most cases are the Ocatahoola discharges a small outlet which con true sources of cure," said one. All their attendant tinues the general course to Red river; but the advantages cannot, however, be easily brought into main volume bends abrupily to the northeast, and combined action, if we suppose such a combination in seasons of high water spreads into a lake of 20 possible on the wide spread monotonous regions to miles in length, and with a breadth of from one to the south ward; therefore the Hot Springs, it is profive or six miles; and again contracts into a river of bable, will at all future ages afford a most saluiary about 100 yards wide, continuing to the N E. to and delicious summer retreat, not alone to the sick its union with the Washitau. At seasons of high and lame, but to every one who can afford the exwater in Louisiana the Ocata hoola lake and river
pense of a visit. becomes nearly stagnant, but as the great flood of Muriate of soda (common salt), and, it is said, the Delta abates, the current into Washitau aug. gypsum, abound in the Washitau valley. The soil, ments until the lake of Ocatahoola disappears, and if taken generally, is far from productive, and a a muddy stream wandering over an immense mea great proportion is indeed sterile. To these asdow succeeds. This meadow again, as the flood perities some strong exceptions exist. Along the of the succeeding year commences, receives the re lower Washitau and its confluent streams, tracts of flux of Ocatahoola river from the Washitau, and first rate land are found. The same observations gradually fills; and thus, alternately, the lake and may be made respecting partial sections over the meadow take place of each other, and the interme whole valley; but they are partial exceptions. diate Ocataboola flows towards or from the Wash Where the land is capable of culture, particularly itau, according to the state of inundation or drain in Louisiana, cotton, Indian corn, and the sweet ing of the Delia.
potato are the common vegetables cultivated; the With the augmentation of Tensaw and Ocata- former as the staple for market. The peach and hoola, Washitau looses its name in that of Black yellow fig abound. Wheat, ryc, oats, and meadow river, which, with a very crooked channel, but ge- grasses have been attempted, but with only partial neral southern course of 30 milcs, merges in the larger volume of Red river, 'at N. Lat. 31° 17', and The main Washitau is completely navigable at 14° 55' W. Long. from W. C.
high water for any requisite vessel, far above Loui. · The valley of the Washitau extends from N. Lat. siana. When thus swelled, it is rather a rapid, 31° 17' to 34° 45', or in round numbers, over three but otherwise safely navigable stream. With the and a half degrees of latitude; the greatest length head of Siard island high land ceases on the left from the Red river to the sources of Saline is 250 bank, if we except a solitary elevated tract called miles along a course a very little west of north; Sicily island, about midway between the mouths of mean breadth at least 8), and area 20,000 square the Boeuf and Tensaw. On the right side, or wesmiles. It is a region presenting great diversity of tern bank, hills of considerable elevation stretch to feature, soil, climate, and of vegetable and mineral near the influx of Boeuf. Those hills, in some production. The higher sources rise amidst moun. states of the atmosphere, are distinctly visible from tains in part clothed with timber, and in part pre the Bluffs in the vicinity of Natchez, though besenting naked rocks or grassy plains. On one of tween 30 and 40 miles of inundated plain lies beits higher branches, at N. Lat. 34° 34', and 16° W. tween. from W. C. gush forth one of the most remarkable WASHITAU, north-eastern parish of Louisi. fountains of hot water known. The adjacent coun ana, bounded by Tensaw river, separating it from try, rich in scenery and richer still in a most salu. Concordia, S.E., by Ocata hoola parish S., Natchbrious atmosphere, and innumerable fountains of itoches S.W., Clairborne W., and Lafayette, Union pure cool water, is now known as Hot Spring and Chicot counties of Arkansas N. Length from county, Arkansas. The springs and village which east to west, 90 miles, mean breadth 50, and area has risen near them are situated, according to Tan 5400 square miles. Extending in Lat. from 31° ner's U. S. Map, 47 miles a little S. of W. from 48' 10 33° N. and in Long. from 14° 15' to 15° 46, W. Little Rock, the seat of government for Arkansas, from W. C. This comparatively extensive region,
exceeding in extent some of the states of the Lakes Erie and Michigan, and give source to the United States, is entirely comprised within, and extreme branches of Grand river of the latter. except the mountainous part, presents an epitome By the post office list of 1831, there were offices of the whole Washitau valley. The main volume in this county at Ann Arbour, Dexter, Dixborough, of the Washitau river enters its northern side and Lodi, Saline and at Ypsilanti. traverses the whole parish in a nearly southern di Ann Arbour, the seat of justice, is situated on rection, dividing it into two not very unequal sec Huron river, by the post roarl 535 miles N. W. by tions, and receiving within iis limits the Saluter W. from W. C., and 42 W from Detroit. N. and Terrebonne from the right, and the Barthe. Lat. 42° 17', Long. 6° 38' W. from W. C. Popu. berry from the left. The Siard island is very near lation of the county, 4035 in 1830. the centre of the parish. The eastern section is WATAUGA, river of North Carolina and Ten. traversed from northeast to southwest by the nessee, rises in Ash county of the former state,
from Boeuf. From the south western angle issue some the northwestern valleys of Blue Ridge, opposite of the higher sources of Ocata hoola. The general to the sources of Catawba and Yadkin, and interslope being southward. With but little exception, locking sources with those of New River branch of the section west of the Washitau river is covered Great Kepliawa. These higher creeks of Walauga with a fine forest; the surface waving and soil Aowing to the W. by N.W., traverse the Iron rather sterile. To the latter character there are mountains and unite in Carter county, Tennessee. exceptions along the streams. On the eastern Carter county is indeed very nearly commensurate side above and eastward of Bayou Siard island, with the lower valley of Watauga, in the western pine woods again commence and extend to the angle of which the various branches unite, and Tensaw, with the low grounds of the Boeuf inter- entering Sullivan, fall into the S.E. branch of vening. The south-eastern part reaches the annu Holston.
DARBY, ally inundated extremes of lhe Delta.
Small, and some of them very fertile prairies are WATCH. See HOROLOGY. dotted over the north-eastern section, but the nineteen-twentieths of the whole parish, in its natural WATERA, local name given to the Catawba state, was covered with a dense forest, great part river in the lower part of its course in Kenshaw, of which remains untouched by the hand of man. Richland and Sumpier districts, South Carolina. Settlements are, however, extended over every part See Catawba and Congaree rivers. DARBY. where any arable soil is found, and along the truly productive soil of the Washitau fine farms are cul. WATERWORKS. See HYDRODYNAMICS and iivated to advantage.
NAVIGATION, Inland. By the post office list of 1831, there were offices WATERS, COLOUR OF. See PHYSICAL Geoat Monroe, Caldwell's, Hamilton, Lake Providence GRAPHY. and Pecan Grove. In 1820 the population amounted WATERS, MINERAL. See MINERAL WATERS. to 2896, and in 1830, 10 5140, having gained in WATER Bellows. See HYDRODYNAMICS. ten years at a ratio of 130 per cent.
WATERFORD, a maritime county of Ireland, Monroe, the seat of justice, is a village on the in the province of Munster, is separated by the east bank of the Washitau river, about two miles be- Suir from Kilkenny and Tipperary, by the Blacklow the lower extreme of Bayou Siard island, by water from Cork on a part of its west boundary, post road 1258 miles S.W. by W. from W. C., and by the sea on the souih, and on the east by the 323 miles N.W. from New Orleans. In direct dis. harbour of Waterford, which separates it from tance, Monroe is N.N.W. 80 miles, but by the Wexford. It is about 51 miles long and 30 broad, road via the junction of Tensaw and Ocatahoola and contains 710 square miles, or 454,400 English with the Washitau, about 120 miles from Natchez. acres. Its political divisions are the liberties of N. Lat. 32° go', Long. 15° 12' W. from W. C. the city of Waterford, and seven baronies, in
WASHTENAW, county of Michigan, bounded cluding 74 parishes and 21 churches, which are N.W. by Ingham county, N. by Shiawassee, N.E. divided between the sees of Waterford and Lis. by Oakland, E. by Wayne, S.E. by Monroe, S. by more. Lenawee, and S. W. and W. by Jackson. Length This county is generally billy, and is particularly from S. 10 N. 36 miles, mean breadth 30, and area rugged and mountainous in its northern part. The 1080 square miles. Extending in Lat. from 42° Knockmeledown mountains occupy the west of the 06' to 42° 39', and in Long. from 6° 32' to 7° 08' county, forming a very elevated ridge on the north W. from W. C.
of the Blackwater. The Commeragh mountains From the northwestern border issue, and flowing occupy a great space between Dungarvon and northwardly, the extreme sources of Shiawassee Clonmell. With the exception of a few barren river, one of the branches of Saginau. Huron river and rugged spots, these hills afford good pasture. of Lake Erie, rising in Oakland, flows southwest. On the south and east of the county, the land is wardly into Washienaw, forms a sweeping curve rich and productive. The farms are in general towards the centre of the county, and thence bends small; though some of the dairy farmers in the to S.E. into Wayne.. The southern side is drained neighbourhood of Waterford pay 10ool. of rent per into the river Raisin. The surface of Washtenaw annum. A great deal of butter is made in the is level; indeed much of it a real flat. General mountainous districts, where small cows form the slope, slight however, is to the eastward. The principal stock. There are few sheep, and these western border extends along the table land between are not good, and a small part of the land is under
tillage. Lime is so dear that it costs £.5 to lime and salt. Linen, cotton, and coarse woollen goods an acre. Furze is so much used as fuel, that it is are made in other parts of the county. Waterford raised as a crop for that purpose. The largest carries on a considerable trade with England and property in the county is that of the Duke of De- the interior of Ireland, as well as with oiher counvonshire. Leases are generally for 21 years. tries. A few years ago, it had no less than 70
The principal rivers are the Blackwater, which vessels employed in the Newfoundland trade. Its is navigable to Cappoquin. The Bride, which joins inland trade is greatly facilitated by an extensive the Blackwater, passes near Tallow, and is so far inland navigation by means of the Barrow, Nore, navigable. The majestic Suir, which rises in Tip- and Suir. The harbour of Waterford is deep and perary, flows almost due east, when it enters this spacious, and is defended by Duncannon fort. The county, till it joins the Barrow and the Nore be- quay, is about half a mile long, and there is a yond ihe city of Waterford, when flowing southerly, wooden bridge across the Suir, which forms a comthey form the harbour of Waterford, which is an munication with Wexford and Kilkenny. The prinestuary nine miles long and two broad. The cipal exports of Waterford are beef, butter, hides, wooded banks of the Blackwater and the Suir, and tallow, pork and corn. The number of large hogs their tributary streams, are singularly beautiful, slaughtered weekly during the season, exceeds and adorned by many ancient castles and modern 3000 at an average; and in 1809 they where estiresidences.
mated as worth £. 1,000,000 sterling. The butter The principal towns in this county are Water- exported annually exceeds 80,000 casks. The ford, Lismore, Dungarvon and Tallow. WATERFORD annual value of agricultural produce exported, has and Lismore are described in separate articles. been estimated at £. 3,000,000 sterling. Population Dungarvon is an old seaport town, with narrow and
26,787. dirty streets. Forty or fifty coasting and fishing boats belong to the place. The ruins of the old WATERFORD, formerly Le Bæus, situated on castle of the Augustinian priory still remain. It Le Bæus creek, Erie county, Pennsylvania, 15 miles sends a member to the imperial parliament. It is a litile E. of S. from the borough of Erie, 100 frequented for sea bathing. Tallow or Tallagh is miles very nearly due N. from Pittsburgh, and by a decayed village containing a barrack, and at the post road, 333 miles N. W. from W. C. At seasons west end of the bridge the ruins of Lessfinny castle. of high water, a down stream navigation is practi. The village of Tramore, a few miles south of cable from this place. Population in 1820 of the Waterford, is much frequented during the bathing township 570, in 1830, 554. Population of the season.
borough, exclusive of the township, in 1830, 1000. Waterford county sends two members to the im..
DARBY. perial parliament.
In 1791, the population of this county was WATERLOO, BATTLE OF. See FRANCE. 110,000, and the number of houses 18,796. In WATERSPOUT. The phenomena of this me1821, the population was 127,679. The Protestants teor have been described in our article Physical bear a small proportion to the Catholics, and most GEOGRAPHY, and various references to the acof the landed and personal property is in the hands count of individual phenomena have been added. of the Catholics. "The celebrated Boyle was born Although various kinds of waterspouts have been in the castle of Lismore, and also Congreve, whose observed since that article was written, yet no father was agent to the Boyles, from whom the satisfactory explanation of the phenomena has been Duke of Devonshire, as the oldest branch of the discovered. M. Bosson has recently observed family, derives his property in the county. See some phenomena connected with the waterspout, Beaufort's Memoir of a Map of Ireland, and Wake- which have not been seen before. One of the most field's Statistical Account of Ireland, passim. remarkable effects which he noticed, was that in
WATERFORD, a city and seaport town of the direction taken by the waterspout, the trees Ireland, and the capital of the county of the same put out new blossoms, a circumstance which he name, is situated on the south side of the river attributed to the privation of leaves, an elevation Suir, and is a handsome town. The cathedral, of temperature, and the humidity of the atmoswhich has been lately erected, is a fine structure phere. The following conclusions are deduced by with an elegant steeple. The episcopal palace is M. Bosson: also a noble building of hewn stone, with a double 1. The action of the waterspout showed itself in front. Besides the cathedral, there are three parish a valley. churches, four Roman Catholic chapels, and places 2. Iis direction continued always the same, in of worship for the Society of Friends and other spite of the hills and valleys over which it passed. sects. The other public buildings are highly orna 3. The elevation of the ground rendered its effects mental to the city. The most important are a fine more remarkable. court-house, jail, exchange, custom-house, theatre, 4. Whenever it met heights of a conical form it coffee-house, and assembly-rooms. It has also a moved round them. house of industry, and a poors' hospital, and many 5. It crossed the river Le Vegre without followother liberally supported charities, which owe ing its course. much of their success to the never failing charity 6. It developed heat to such a degree, that some and benevolerice of the Society of Friends, who are persons experienced a sensation analogous to that very numerous in Waterford.
of burning. The manufactures of this town are fint glass 7. It displayed all the ordinary phenomena of a