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H. MISCELLANEOUS H 4. Eradication of control of noxious weeds.—Payment may be earned on cropland or along ditch banks or on any land in a watershed which furnishes water for irrigation for the eradication or control, in accordance with approved methods, of bindweed, white horse nettle (Solanum eleagnifolium), and Russian knapweed. This practice may be approved only on farms (1) where the infestation is limited to a single farm; (2) where approved weed-control measures are being carried out on all infested adjacent and contiguous lands, including roadways; or (3) where the county committee determines that there is no likelihood of reinfestation from adjacent farms or contiguous land. Detailed instructions issued by the county committee and approved by the State committee must be followed by the operator in carrying out this practice. Rates of payment:

a. $0.06 per pound of sodium chlorate.
b. $0.45 per gallon of carbon bisulphide.
c. $0.0175 per pound of borax.
d. $10.00 per acre by periodic clean cultivation throughout

the growing season.

county commitiguous land. Detood of reinfestaunty

G. F. GEISSLER, Director, Western Region.

* U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1945—674731

L'ANSI

SRB-1001-Ark.

Issued December, 1945

HANDBOOK OF CONSERVATION PRACTICES

FOR ARKANSAS

1946 AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM

TO ARKANSAS FARMERS:

This handbook has been prepared for your use. It contains all the conservation practices for which assistance is offered by the Arkansas State Committee in 1946. It also tells you of the way you can obtain this assistance on your farm. If you are a landlord, tenant, or sharecropper, you are eligible for conservation assistance if you: 1. Obtain the county committee's approval of assistance be

fore beginning any practice which requires that prior

approval of the committee must be obtained. 2. Carry out the conservation practice in accordance with

the printed specifications in the handbook (see sec

tion 1 C). 3. Inform the county committee or county office within the

time fixed by the county committee of the completed

practice (see section 3 C). The county committee will advise you of the amount of assistance available for your farm as determined in accordance with section 1 A.

STATE COMMITTEE: RUFUS C. BRANCH, Chairman

KIT PHILLIPS CECIL C. Cox

CHARLES C. WILLEY JIM KEITH

AUBREY D. GATES

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

PRODUCTION AND MARKETING ADMINISTRATION

FIELD SERVICE BRANCH SOUTHERN REGION

HANDBOOK OF CONSERVATION PRACTICES

FOR ARKANSAS

Section 1. CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE, PRACTICES, AND

RATES OF ASSISTANCE

A. Conservation assistance.—Farmers in Arkansas are offered assistance under the 1946 Agricultural Conservation Program for carrying out conservation practices which meet approved specifications between January 1, 1946, and December 31, 1946. This assistance consists either of payments to farmers as reimbursement for a part of the cost of performing conservation practices or of conservation materials and services furnished to farmers to be used in performing approved practices.

The county committee will recommend to the State committee a formula to be used in the county for determining the minimum limit of assistance for each farm in the county. Formulas approved by the State committee for establishing farm limits shall take into consideration the conservation needs of individual farms and provide for an equitable distribution of assistance, including materials and services. The total of the farm limits for any county shall not exceed the county limit on expenditures established by the State committee. Assistance earned within the farm limit will be paid for in full. Approved practices carried out on the farm in excess of the farm limit will be paid at the approved rate of assistance on a pro rata basis so as not to exceed the unobligated portion of the county limit on expenditures.

B. Pooling agreements.--Farmers in any local area may agree in writing, with the approval of the county and State committees, to perform designated amounts of conservation practices which are necessary to conserve or improve the agricultural resources of the community, and, where applicable, to combine all or any part of the farm limit approved for each of the farms for this purpose. Practices carried out under such an approved written agreement will, for payment purposes, be regarded as having been carried out on farms which the county committee determines, in accordance with section 3 D, contributed in performing the practices.

C. Conservation practices and rates of assistance. - County committees can approve assistance for only those approved conservation practices contained in the 1946 Arkansas conservation handbook. Furthermore, in order to encourage the use of those conservation practices which are most needed on farms in the county, the county committee, with the approval of the State committee, will designate from the list of practices approved for the State or area, those practices for which assistance will be offered on all or designated groups of farms in the county.

To qualify for assistance, practices must meet the practice specifications. For additional information regarding how practices should be performed to qualify for assistance, the farmer should consult his committeeman or the county office.

1. Application of phosphate:

(a) 20 percent-66 cents per 100 pounds,
(b) 19 percent-64 cents per 100 pounds.

(c) 18 percent—62 cents per 100 pounds. Phosphate applied in mixed fertilizers or straight materials other than those listed above will be paid for on the basis of equivalent 20 percent material.

SPECIFICATIONS: See specifications following practice 2.

2. Application of 60-percent potash (or its equivalent)—$1.30 per 100 pounds.

Potash applied in mixed fertilizers or straight materials other than 60 percent material will be paid for on the basis of equivalent 60 percent material.

SPECIFICATIONS FOR PRACTICES 1 AND 2:
Phosphate and potash must be used on:

1. Permanent pasture.
2. New seeding of legumes and grasses seeded with or without a nurse

crop before or after the nurse crop is harvested.
3. Winter cover crops (may be applied on 1945 fall-seeded small grains

if small grain is overseeded with lespedeza in the spring of 1946). 4. Cover crops in orchards. 5. Hay crops. 6. Summer legumes grown for cover crops, hay, or seed for planting.

3. Application of ground limestone (or its equivalent)–Payment rates per ton to be announced later.

SPECIFICATIONS: Prior to the application of the material, an acidity test must be made to determine the amount needed. The results of the test must be filed with the county committee.

The material must be evenly distributed and contain 85 percent or more calcium carbonate equivalent. Limestone, oyster shells, and pulp mill waste lime must be of sufficient fineness so that 50 percent will pass through a 60-mesh sieve and 98 percent through a 10-mesh sieve. If materials of a lower grade are used, sufficient additional quantities shall be applied to furnish calcium carbonate equivalent thereto. Each material listed below is considered equivalent to 1 ton of ground limestone:

1,200 pounds of burned limestone
1,400 pounds of hydrated lime
2,000 pounds of ground oyster shells

2,000 pounds of pulp mill waste lime 4. Establishing a satisfactory cover of ryegrass seeded on cropland or in orchards in the fall of 1945—7 cents per pound.

Volunteer or naturally reseeded ryegrass will not qualify for payment.

SPECIFICATIONS: The minimum preparation of the land prior to seeding should be disking or similar tillage, so that freshly turned soil will be available for covering seed when sown. At least 20 pounds of seed should be sown per acre and covered lightly by the use of a harrow or similar implement. A stand similar to that which would normally be secured from such seeding must be obtained. Ryegrass should be seeded in September or early October to obtain best results. No seedings should be made later than November 1.

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