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hould be obtof great vent of State22, the Sevent of Agricul
Breeding which the Netherlands Government contemplates calling to meet at The Hague in the latter part of August, 1923.
The invitation was referred to the Department of Agriculture for consideration and on July 13, 1922, the Secretary of Agriculture advised the Department of State of his department's belief that information of great value to the live-stock industry in this country would be obtained from the exchange of ideas at such a meeting, but that it would be impossible to definitely accept the invitation so far in advance.
The Secretary of Agriculture has now, in a letter to the Department of State dated December 18, 1922, stated reasons why, in the opinion of the Department of Agriculture, participation by that department in the congress would be to the interest of the stock industry of the United States. These reasons are as follows:
We believe that the United States should participate in this congress for the following reasons: It is expected that the meeting will be attended by the leading authorities on the various phases of cattle breeding from all parts of the world. It is certain that much new information of value and new points of view on cattle problems will be brought out at this conference. While these data could be obtained to some extent from the reports published after the meeting, in such a congress as that to be held at The Hague the information that can be obtained from informal discussions with delegates from other countries will be even more valuable than that which may be secured from the published papers. The personal contact established with the foreign delegates should be of value to the work of the department in later years. Participation in this Congress would tend to give a world viewpoint of the cattle situation which should be of great value. Furthermore, as one of the largest cattleraising countries in the world, we believe that the United States should do its share in contributing to the success of this congress. The failure of the United States to do so in this case would have an unfortunate effect on the future international exchange of ideas and cooperation in agricultural matters and doubtless in other respects as well.
The wide field covered by the program, dealing as it does with both beef and dairy cattle, with technical questions such as heredity and nutrition, and with practical questions such as registration, Government intervention, etc., makes it very desirable that this department be represented.
Secretary Wallace adds that if specific authorization is provided by Congress for representation by the Department of Agriculture in the Cattle Breeding Congress, theexpenses of one delegate (estimated at $1,500) can be financed from the regular funds provided in the Agricultural appropriation act for animal husbandry investigations (general expenses, Bureau of Animal Industry) for the fiscal year 1924.
It has been indicated to the Department of State that the Government of the Netherlands attaches great importance to the value of United States representation in this international congress because of the advance made by American scientists in the study of several subjects regarding cattle breeding, and is furthermore desirous that delegates on the part of the United States may be named promptly in order that they may cooperate with the executive committee of the Cattle Breeding Congress during the first month of 1923 in its organization and the preliminary studies of the subjects to be treated.
Prompt consideration of the Secretary of Agriculture's request by the Congress of the United States would therefore seem to be desirable. Respectfully submitted.
CHARLES E. HUGHES. DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, January 9, 1923.
4th Session. 5
? No. 288.
ARBITRATION OF NORWEGIAN CLAIMS.
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,
REPORTION OF CLATARISING OUTEMEN
A REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE IN THE MATTER OF ARBITRATION OF CLAIMS OF NORWEGIAN SUBJECTS AGAINST THE UNITED STATES ARISING OUT OF REQUISITIONS BY THE UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD EMERGENCY FLEET CORPORATION AND RECOMMENDING AN APPROPRIATION.
JANUARY 9 (calendar day, JANUARY 12), 1923.- Read; referred to the Committee
on Appropriations and ordered to be printed.
To the Senate and House of Representatives:
I transmit herewith a report of the Secretary of State respecting the arbitration of claims of Norwegian subjects against the United States arising out of requisitions by the United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation requesting that I recommend that an appropriation be made to satisfy the award rendered by the arbitral tribunal against the United States, with interest to date of payment, and that in making the appropriation authorization be granted to withhold from the total amount of the award the sum of $22,800 with which to pay the claim of Page Bros., Americancitizens, mentioned in the agreement of June 30, 1921, and in the award of the tribunal.
I recommend that in order to effect prompt satisfaction of the award made by the arbitral tribunal, the Congress authorize the requisite appropriation. A copy of the award is attached hereto.
WARREN G. HARDING. THE WHITE HOUSE, January 12, 1923.
By special agreement, signed at Washington, June 30, 1921, to which the Senate gave its advice and consent to ratification on July 27, 1921, the United States and Norway, comfortably to The Hague
convention of October 18, 1907, for the pacific settlement of international disputes and to the arbitration convention concluded by the two Governments on April 4, 1908, and subsequently renewed, submitted to arbitration certain claims of Norwegian subjects against the United States arising out of requisitions by the United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation. It was provided in Article I of the agreement that one arbitrator should be appointed by the President of the United States, one by His Majesty the King of Norway, and the third was to be selected by mutual agreement of the two Governments, or if the two Governments were unable to agree within one month from the date of exchange of ratifications of the agreement in naming the third member of the tribunal, then the third member should be named by the President of Switzerland. The arbitrator selected for the United States was the Hon. Chandler P. Anderson. His excellency Mr. Benjamin Vogt was selected by the King of Norway. The two Governments not having agreed on a third arbitrator, the President of Switzerland designated Mr. James Vallotton to act in that capacity. The tribunal assembled at The Hague on July 22, 1922. The United States was ably represented before the tribunal by the Hon. William C. Dennis as agent for the United States, and the Hon. George Sutherland, now Associate Justice of the United States, as counsel.
The special agreement submitting the claims to arbitration provided that the tribunal should examine and decide the claims in accordance with the principles of law and equity and determine what sum should be paid in settlement of each claim, and that the decision of the tribunal should be accepted as final and binding on the two Governments. The agreement provided further that any amounts granted by the award should bear interest at the rate of 6 per cent per annum from the date of the rendition of the decision until the date of payment.
The award was made October 13, 1922, directing the United States to pay to the Kingdom of Norway in satisfaction of 15 claims a total of $11,955,000, and permitting the United States to retain the sum of $22,800, suggesting that this latter amount be paid to Page Bros., American citizens, whose claim was submitted to the tribunal by the following provisions of the special agreement of June 30, 1921:
The tribunal shall also examine any claim of Page Bros., American citizens, against any Norweigan subject in whose behalf a claim is presented under the present agreement, arising out of a transaction on which such claim is based, and shall determine what portion of any sum that may be awarded to such claimant shall be paid to such American citizens in accordance with the principles of law and equity.
I have the honor to request that you recommend to the Congress that an appropriation be made to satisfy the award rendered against the United States, with interest to the date of payment, and that in making the appropriation authorization be granted to withhold from the total amount awarded the sum of $22,800 with which to pay the claim of Page Bros., mentioned in the agreement of June 30, 1921, and in the award of the tribunal. Respectfully submitted.
CHARLES E, HUGHES. DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, January 11, 1923.
[Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague. ) AWARD OF THE TRIBUNAL OF ARBITRATION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE KINGDOM OF NORWAY UNDER THE SPECIAL AGREEMENT OF JUNE 30TH, 1921.
Whereas the United States and the Kingdom of Norway are Parties to the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes signed at The Hague, on October 18, 1907, which replaced by virtue of Article 91 thereof as between the contracting powers the original Hague Convention of July 29, 1899;
Whereas the United States and Norway signed on April 4, 1908, a general Arbitration Convention in which it was agreed:
“ ARTICLE II.
In each individual case, the High Contracting Parties, before appealing to the Permanent Court of Arbitration, shall conclude a special Agreement defining clearly the matter in dispute, the scope of the powers of the Arbitrators, and the periods to be fixed for the formation of the Arbitral Tribunal and the several stages of the procedure. It is understood that on the part of the United States such special agreements will be made by the President of the United States by and with the advice and consent of the Senators thereof”;
Whereas it is common ground that this general Arbitration Convention is still in full force and effect;
Whereas in pursuance of all the foregoing, by a special Agreement concluded on the 30th of June 1921, and ratified on the 22nd of August 1921
the United States of America
His Majesty the King of Norway “ desiring to settle amicably certain claims of Norwegian subjects against the United States arising, according to contentions of the Government of Norway, out of certain requisitions by the United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation;
“ Considering that these claims have been presented to the United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation and that the said corporation and the claimants have failed to reach an agreement for the settlement thereof;
“ Considering, therefore, that the claims should be submitted to arbitration conformably to the Convention of the 18th of October, 1907, for the pacific settlement of international disputes and the Arbitration Convention concluded by.the two Governments April 4, 1908, and renewed by agreements dated June 16, 1913 and March 30, 1918 respectively;
“ Have appointed as their plenipotentiaries, for the purpose of concluding the following Special Agreement:
“ The President of the United States of America: CHARLES E. HUGHES, Secretary of State of the United States; and
“ His Majesty the King of Norway: Mr. HELMER H. BRYN, His Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington;
“ Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed on the following articles:
Mu of October 16, 1907, except as hereina
“ The Arbitral Tribunal shall be constituted in accordance with Article 87 (Chapter IV) and Article 59 (Chapter III) of the said Convention of October 18, 1907, except as hereinafter provided, to wit:
“One Arbitrator shall be appointed by the President of the United States, one by His Majesty the King of Norway, and the third, who shall preside over the Tribunal, shall be selected by mutual agreement between the two Governments. If the two Governments shall not agree within one month from the date of the exchange of ratifications of the present agreement in naming such third Arbitrator, then he shall be named by the President of the Swiss Confederation, if he is willing.
“The tribunal shall examine and decide the aforesaid claims in accordance with the principles of law and equity and determine what sum if any shall be paid in settlement of each claim.
“The tribunal shall also examine any claim of PAGE BROTHERS, American citizens, against any Norwegian subject in whose behalf a claim is presented under the present Agreement, arising out of a transaction on which such claim is based, and shall determine what portion of any sum that may be awarded to such claimant shall be paid to such American citizens in accordance with the principles of law and equity.
“As soon as possible, and within five months from the date of the exchange of ratifications of the present Agreement, each Party shall present to the Agent of the other Party, two printed copies of its case (and additional copies that may be agreed upon) together with the documentary evidence upon which it relies. It shall be sufficient for this purpose if such copies and documents are delivered at the Norwegian Legation at Washington or at the American Legation at Christiania, as the case may be, for transmission.
“ Within twenty days thereafter, each Party shall deliver two printed copies of its case and accompanying documentary evidence to each member of the Arbitral Tribunal and such delivery may be made by depositing these copies within the stated period with the International Bureau at The Hague for transmission to the Arbitrators.
“ After the delivery on both sides of such printed case, either Party may present, within three months after the expiration of the period above fixed for the delivery of the case to the agent of the other Party, a printed counter-case (and additional copies that may be agreed upon) with documentary evidence, in answer to the case and documentary evidence of the other Party, and within fifteen days thereafter shall, as above provided, deliver in duplicate such counter-case and accompanying evidence to each of the Arbitrators.
“As soon as possible and within one month after the expiration of the period above fixed for the delivery to the agents of the counter-case, each Party shall deliver in duplicate to each of the Arbitrators and to the Agent of the other Party a printed argument (and additional copies that may be agreed upon) showing the points relied upon in the case and counter-case, and referring to the docu