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memorial as to preservation and all receipts and disbursements of money pertaining thereto.”

The second annual report of said commission, which was forwarded to the department February 1, 1922, is herewith transmitted for your consideration with a view to submission thereof to Congress. Sincerely,

E. C. FINNEY,

First Assistant Secretary. THE PRESIDENT,

The White House.

SECOND ANNUAL REPORT OF PERRY'S VICTORY MEMORIAL COMMISSION.

The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR:

In accordance with law the undersigned beg leave to file the following annual report of the Perry's Victory Memorial Commission for the year ending December 4, 1922.

The report of the treasurer of the commission for this period is as follows:

Statement of account of A. E. Sisson as treasurer of the Perry's Victory Memorial Com

mission, from December 1, 1921, the date of last account, to December 1, 1922.

Cash on hand Dec. 1, 1921..
Receipts from the memorial since Dec. 1, 1921....
Receipts from sale of booklets since Dec. 1, 1921....
Interest on deposits....

.. $4, 381. 27 . 10, 045. 00

449. 34 69. 68

Total.

.... 14, 945. 29

...........

Expenditures. Expenses incident to maintaining elevator, cost of repairs to memorial, including bronze railing .........

.......

$745. 35

745 Traveling and hotel expenses of members of commission..

1, 530. 14 Salaries of employees and guides incident to operating memorial, and uniforms.............................

............

1, 492. 26 Office expenses of secretary of commission.....

600. 73 Pamphlets and other printing and engraving..........

416.06 Salary of custodian of memorial....

750.00 Constructing tunnel through terrace of memorial....

236. 92 State insurance.....

9.95 For retaining walls, footbridge, road, laying and fitting pipe

1, 044.03 Floral emblem for vice president Henry Watterson's funeral.

35.00 Paid treasurer of commission for stenographer's charges and postage paid for the commission from Oct. 1, 1915, to Oct. 1, 1922......

300.00 Miscellaneous expenses of custodian of memorial............

131. 71 Supplies for memorial, dock charges, cartage, insurance, storage, care of grounds.............

107.45 Put in Bay Improvement Co., for light and power, season of 1922........ 2, 130,00 Balance on hand Dec. 4, 1922......

5, 415, 69 Total..

.......... 14, 945. 29 There was an increase in the receipts from the operation of the memorial of $966.40 as compared with the previous year. The normal costs of operation were practically the same as during the previous year. There was an increase in the number of visitors ascending to the top, notwithstanding the untoward industrial conditions of the season. This increase, as our previous reports have

shown, has been continuous, year by year, since the memorial was. opened to the public in 1915.

In 1922, as formerly, the memorial was not only self-sustaining but earned a net revenue.

As heretofore pointed out, the only unfortunate aspect of the interests which Congress gave into the hands of the commission when the Government took over the memorial by the act approved March 3, 1919, relates to the condition of the grounds surrounding the memorial and their protection and the protection of the memorial itself from injury by storms and movements of ice. As usual, extraordinary expenses were incurred during the past year, made necessary in order to enable the public to reach the memorial-as, for instance, the buiding of a footbridge some 600 feet long across the swamp, and the repair of retaining walls. It was also necessary to construct a tunnel through the new filling around the formerly exposed foundations, so as to gain access to the basement under the terrace. Minor construction work was also necessary in repairing paths, roads, etc.

In addition to the outlay required for the retaining walls above noted, the commission at its annual meeting was required to authorize a further expenditure from the receipts of the season of approximately $1,400 for the same purpose, and the necessary work to be done with these funds has been contracted for. The whole economic situation relative to operation and annual repairs and improvements necessarily temporary on account of the incomplete condition of the grounds, reveals the fact that during the past year the commission was obliged to disburse or contract for the disbursement of approximately 75 per cent of its net revenue of the previous year for purposes of protection which would not have been necessary if the property were placed in a condition consistent with the construction of the memorial itself. Instead of being able, year by year, to accumulate a surplus, as should be done, for future emergencies and to provide against depreciation of machinery, etc., the commission annually faces the necessity of dissipating its funds for temporary necessary objects. We feel that it is not necessary to point out the economic folly of this state of affairs and its ensuing loss to the Government.

The conditions of imminent danger to the memorial continue as described in our former report. Since the memorial is self-sustaining, and the commissioners neither receive nor ask for any public funds for maintenance, they must at least expect that the Government will place the property in such condition as to enable them in future to retain the net earnings of the memorial for the creation of a surplus to be devoted in part to meet any depreciation or emergencies that may arise and in part to be turned over to the United States Treasury.

It is estimated that if the Government upon taking over the property had placed its surroundings in a safe and decent condition there would now be on hand earnings of approximately $20,000 to be devoted to these purposes. But instead of such a highly desirable condition the commission annually finds itself practically bankrupt at the beginning of each season.

Having this state of facts in mind, in our previous report the commission requested that the Secretary of the Interior recom

mend to Congress an appropriation of $100,000 to meet specific estimates for filling and grading and construction work in the memorial grounds and approaches to the plazas, for parking, for retaining sea walls, for facing the upper plaza with tile or other material consistent with the general construction, and for the same purpose with reference to the lower plaza. The estimates totaled $99,185, and an appropriation in that sum was so recommended. The enactment of this appropriation by Congress would place the Government in possession of a property not only free from cost for maintenance so far as the Government is concerned but earning an annual net revenue capable of providing for all of the future needs of the property and protecting it indefinitely against injury and deterioration. As a pure business proposition the enactment of this appropriation should appeal strongly to the lawmaking power, for, as stated in our previous report, it would not only meet an existing emergency but would prove a lasting economy.

During the past year the commissioners also considered the problem of immunizing the memorial from injury by lightning. This matter has been taken up with the Bureau of Standards of the Department of Commerce, from which the commission has received valuable advice on the subject. If other imminent dangers to the property did not exist, this problem could be solved within the financial resources indicated by our annual net revenues, but under the circumstances now existing the early solution of this important problem does not seem probable. The needed protection should be afforded, and would be promptly if the net revenue were not annually necessarily frittered away for so many other purposes.

Meanwhile we again urge upon the consideration of the proper national authority that in the absence of the Federal aid requested in our former report, the people continue to be denied their rights in the premises surrounding the memorial. The prevalent conditions not only imply danger to the property and annual loss to the Government, but they deprive the people of the enjoyment which they have the right to expect. The 14 acres surrounding the memorial constitute virtually a national park, but are wholly unfit for public use. If the proposed appropriation were made, the Government would still have contributed less than one-half of the total cost of the memorial, the remaining more than one-half having been already contributed by the nine States participating in its erection. Respectfully submitted.

GEO. H. WORTHINGTON,

President, Cleveland, Ohio. A. E. Sisson,

Treasurer, Erie, Pa. WEBSTER P. HUNTINGTON, Secretary, Mount Sterling, Ky.

4th Session. S

1 No. 297.

TRAMP TONNAGE..

LETTER FROM THE CHAIRMAN OF THE UNITED STATES SHIPPING

BOARD TRANSMITTING, IN RESPONSE TO SENATE RESOLUTION 410, INFORMATION RELATIVE TO THE SO-CALLED TRAMP TONNAGE.

JANUARY 29 (calendar day, FEBRUARY 3), 1923.-Ordered to lie on the table and to

be printed.

UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD,

Washington, January 23, 1923. Hon. Calvin Coolidge,

President of the Senate. SIR: Referring to Senate Resolution No. 410, calling upon the Shipping Board to furnish the Senate at the earliest practicable date certain information regarding tramp tonnage, the following is submitted:

1. So-called tramp operations are not being conducted with Government-owned vessels at present. The board has used this tonnage in the past on several occasions in what were tantamount to tramp operations, where such use was desirable to meet extraordinary conditions, and where it was necessary to supplement temporarily regular line service to meet unusual requirements. Such use of Shipping Board vessels for tramp voyages was made necessary to move a part of the Russian Relief grain in the spring of 1922, and to bring from England bituminous coal during the coal strike in this country in the fall of 1922.

The statistics given herewith represent approximately the number of tramp steamers operating in the trade between the United States and foreign countries during the year 1922. These figures are taken from information readily available, and do not represent exact figures, which could only be obtained after an exhaustive examination of custom records at all ports, requiring considerable time and a great amount of detail work.

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2. In the early part of the present Shipping Board administration there were approximately 126 Shipping Board steamers operating as tramps, every one of which was losing in varying amounts up to $25,000 per round voyage. These steamers were operating in all parts of the world, and such operations were accomplishing no definite purpose in the matter of developing the American merchant marine. In many instances such vessels were operating between foreign ports without any direct benefit to our own citizens. It is also pointed out that we are specifically mandated under section 7 of the shipping act of 1920

To establish and maintain line services with a view to furnishing adequate, permanent, and certain services on such essential trade routes.

It is the board's opinion it would be contrary to good business practice to keep in operation tramp steamers, many of which, because of the very nature of their operations, would compete with the regular line services we are endeavoring to establish and maintain. It is submitted, therefore, that the operation of tramp tonnage would be unbusinesslike, accomplish no definite purpose in the way of developing the American merchant marine, and would be an unwarranted waste of public funds.

3. It is the opinion of the board that it has not authority under existing law to provide for the operation and maintenance of tramp services with Government-owned vessels of the United States under existing conditions. While the board is given general authority to operate the vessels in its charge, the board does not believe that such authority extends to the operation of vessels at a loss to the United States when such operation does not tend to carry out any specific provision or purpose declared in the merchant marine act. Very truly yours,

. A. D. LASKER, Chairman.

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