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Chap. 14.-Pharaoh does not relent. Another mes.

sage is delivered to him. The waters of Egypt

are turned into blood,

89

Chap. 15.—The plague of frogs. Pharaoh is more
hardened. The plague of lice,

95

Chap. 16.-The plague of flies, of murrain, and of

boils and blains,

101

Criap. 17.-

The plague of hail, and of locusts, 109

CHAP. 18.—The plague of darkness.-Pharaoh in a

rage orders Moses from his presence,

116

Clap. 19.-What is meant by the Israelites borrowing

of the Egyptians. Of what the passover was a

type,

121

Chap. 20.—The passover. The destruction of the

first-born of the Egyptians. Pharaoh urges the

Israelites to depart, which they do,

127

Chap. 21.--Assembly of the Israelites at Rameses.

First day's march to Succoth. Etham. The pillar

of a cloud and of fire,

134

CHAP. 22.-The Israelites encamp between Migdol

and the sea. Pharaoh overtakes them,

143

Chap. 23.--The Israelites pass through the Red Sea.

The destruction of the Egyptians,

151

CHAP. 24. — The Song of Moses. Miriam. The Is-

raelites suffer from the want of water,

158

Caap. 25.-Marah. Its bitter waters sweetened. Elim.

Encampment near the Red Sea,

166

Chap. 26.—'Wilderness of Sin. Murmurings of the

Israelites. Quails and manna sent,

173

Chap. 27.—How the manna was to be gathered. The

Sabbath,

179

Chap. 28.--The golden pot of manna, to be laid up

before the ark. Rephidim. The Rock in Horeb

smitten, and supplying water,

186

CHAP. 29.--Attack of the Amalekites. They are de-

feated in battle, while Moses prays on the hill-

top,

192

CHAP. 30.-Jethro comes to the camp of the Israelites,

with the wife and sons of Moses. By his advice

Moses appoints rulers over the people,

200

Chap. 31.--Mount Sinai,

206

LIFE OF MOSES.

CHAPTER I.

The oppression of the Israelites in Egypt by Pharaoh, and

his cruelty towards them.

It was about seventy years after Jacob and his family came into Egypt that Joseph died. During this period, he had continued to be governor over the whole land, -the next in authority to the king, and possessing great power and influence. He had procured for his father and brethren the privilege of residing in Goshen, one of the most fertile portions of the country. There they lived securely, as a separate community, and, under his fostering care, had been rapidly advancing in numbers and prosperity.

The death of Joseph produced no immediate change in their condition. A peaceable people, still protected by the reigning monarch, and treated as friends by his subjects, the Israelites " waxed exceeding mighty, and the land was filled with them."

But not many years elapsed before tneir pros. pects were sadly darkened. A new king, in all probability a foreigner and usurper, took possession of the throne. He disregarded entirely the character and valuable services of Joseph. He disliked the measures which, under his influence, had been pursued with regard to the Israelites, and cherished towards them a bitter suspicion and jealousy.

They were in possession of one of the most pleasant and productive parts of the kingdom; and why should strangers thus incroach upon the rights of himself and his subjects ?

They were becoming very rich and powerful. Their flocks and herds were spreading on every side. Their dwellings were covering the land. They would soon be,-if they were not already, superior in numbers and strength to his own people; and, in case of any attack from foreign inva ders, the Israelites would, as he pretended, most certainly join them, and thus leave the Egyptians no hope of resistance. Defeat, and perhaps exter mination, must be the issue.

Most unjustly were the peaceful and unoffending shepherds of Goshen the objects of these vindictive feelings. They had furnished no occasion for them. But wicked men who have evil designs to accomplish, will always find, or invent, some plausible reasons for their conduct; as did the Egyptian monarch in this case.

He called together his counsellors and principal men, and laid the matter before them. He proposed to adopt a course of proceeding which, without any open and direct assault

upon

the Israel. ites, should in a crafty and, as he flattered himself, very wise way, so afflict them, that they would rapidly decrease in numbers, and, at length, become utterly extinct.

His plan was speedily put into execution. A vast amount of hard labor, and probably of tribute also, was exacted from the Israelites. Task-masters were set over them, to oppress and wear them down with grievous toils and burdens. Among other labors of great magnitude, they were required to build treasure-cities for the king ; containing extensive granaries, and magazines for the safekeeping of all kinds of warlike instruments.

"The Egyptians," we are told, "made the children of Israel to serve with rigor; and they made their lives bitter (or sorrowful) with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field : all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigor;"-with great severity, and without mercy.

But this cruel bondage was very far from accomplishing the object for which it was designed. The Israelites had long been accustomed to labor. They were a temperate, industrious, and hardy race, capable of enduring a great deal of toil and fatigue.

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