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HARRISON COUNTY:

Dr. J. M. Bowcock, Hon. J. J. Davis, (vacancy.)

JACKSON COUNTY:

Dr. S. M. Haworth, Dr. W. W. Kidd, Dr. J. W. McGuire.

JEFFERSON COUNTY:

Dr. William F. Lippitt, Dr. A. M. Evans, Dr. B. B. Ranson.

KANAWHA COUNTY:

Dr. L. L. Comstock, Dr. S. B. Chilton, Dr. N. Johnson.

LEWIS COUNTY:

Dr. White J. Bailey, Dr. E. C. Christian, Hon. Andrew Edmiston.

LINCOLN COUNTY:

Dr. A. C. Taylor, Dr. J. W. Holstein, William Campbell, Esq.

LOGAN COUNTY:

Dr. James Mitchell, C. L. Hudgins, Esq., H. C. Rayland, Esq.

MARION COUNTY:

Dr. James M. Lazzell, Hon. James Morrow, Jr., (vacancy.)

MARSHALL COUNTY:

Dr. G. W. Bruce, Dr. Leonard Eskey, Hon. W. D. Wayt.

MASON COUNTY:

Dr. A. L. Knight, Dr. J. M. McConnihay, Rankin Wiley, Jr.

MERCER COUNTY:

Hon. Isaiah Bee, M. D., Dr. O. Jordan Woods, A. C. Davidson, Esq.

MINERAL COUNTY:

Dr. T. H. West, Dr. John S. Wilson, John R. Wolverton, Esq.

MONONGALIA COUNTY;

Dr. L. S. Brock, Dr. E. H. Combs, Dr. George M. Fletcher.

MONROE COUNTY:

Hon. B. F. Irons, M. D., Dr. A. H. Butt, Dr. James B. Spicer.

MORGAN COUNTY:

Dr. E. Boyd Pendleton, Dr. William Beall, Dr. William V. Kirk.

MCDOWELL COUNTY:

Dr. W. R. Jaeger, Emanuel Church, Esq., Hiram Christian. Esq.

NICHOLAS COUNTY:

Dr. M. R. Hereford, Dr. Anthony Rader, Dr. Rufus McCutcheon.

OHIO COUNTY:

Dr. George Baird, Dr. Eugene Hoge, Hon. J. J. Woods.

PENDLETON COUNTY:

Dr. Fred. Mooman, Dr. G. A. McClung, W. H. Boggs, Esq.

PLEASANTS COUNTY:

Dr. J. B. Watson, Dr. L. B. Maxwell, J. L. Knight, Esq.

POCAHONTAS COUNTY:

Dr. C. P. Bryan, Dr. C. N. Austin, Josiah C. Loury, Esq.

PRESTON COUNTY:

Dr. James H. Manown, Dr. William Frey, Dr. S. M. Scott.

PUTNAM COUNTY:

Dr. Thomas B. Carpenter, Dr. Will J. O'Neill, Dr. David Roper.

RALEIGH COUNTY:

Dr. William M. Overton, Joel Lewis, Esq., John W. McCreery, Esq.

RANDOLPH COUNTY:

Dr. M. B. Campbell, J. W. Marshall, Esq., Dr. George W. Yokum.

RITCHIE COUNTY:

Hon. J. B. Crumrine, Dr. W. E. Talbott, Dr. T. C. Martin.

ROANE COUNTY:

Dr. William C. Campbell, Dr. R. G. Hall, Dr. George W. Carter.

SUMMERS COUNTY:

Dr. Benj. P. Gooch, Dr. N. W. Noell, William R. Thompson, Esq.

TAYLOR COUNTY:

Dr. William L. Grant, Dr. A. S. Warder, Dr. Scott A. Harter.

TUCKER COUNTY:

Dr. Bascom Baker, Ezekiel Harper, Esq., Salathiel Callihan, Esq.

TYLER COUNTY:

Dr. James L. Gillespie, Dr. Eli B. Conoway, Dr. Henry A. Rymer.

UPSHUR COUNTY :

Dr. J. P. Blair, Dr. John T. Huff, Hon. Thos. J. Farnsworth.

WAYNE COUNTY:

Dr. G. R. Burgess, Dr. C. R. Enslow, G. F. Ratliff, Esq.

WEBSTER COUNTY:

Dr. Charles A. Droddy, Dr. Chas. W. Benedum, Hon. Charles McDoddrill.

WETZEL COUNTY:

Dr. Jacob Young, Dr. J. W. Yeater, (vacancy).

WIRT COUNTY:

Dr. R. H. Thaw, Dr. J. G. Lowther, D. C. Casto, Esq.

WOOD COUNTY:

Dr. Hugo Koch, Victor G. Bloede, Esq., Thomas P. Butcher, Esq.

WYOMING COUNTY:

Dr. John W. Brown, T. F. Bailey, Esq., Drewry Halsey, Esq.

Answers to Circular Ho. 2,

AND

COMMUNICATIONS FROM LOCAL BOARDS.

FROM HARRISON COUNTY.

DR. JOHN GREGG, QUIET DELL.

QUIET DELL, HARRISON COUNTY. TO JAMES E. REEVES, M. D.,

Secretary State Board of Health, Wheeling, W. Va. SIR-Replying to your Circular No. 2 under date of September 15, 1882, I answer as follows:

TOPOGRAPHY.

1st–What is the general average altitude of your county?
Answer-About 900 feet.
2d–The average temperature of the seasons?
Ans.-55° Fh.
3d.-The nature or quality of the soil ?

Ans. The soil is mainly clay, loam and calcareous loam, six to eight inches deep on the hills, and from twelve to eighteen inches on the levels. 4th.-Geological stratification ? Ans.-Chiefly coal; also limestone and potters' clay. 5th-Relative acreage of hill, flat and swamp lands?

Ans.--About five-eighths hill, two-eighths flat and one-eighth swamp land. 6th-Varieties of forest timber, order of quantity and quality ?

Ans.—Timber is mostly white, chestnut, black and red oak; also chestnut, hickory, poplar in good quantity; ash, sugar, maple, hemlock, beech, locust and black walnut.

7th-What streams or ponds or other bodies of water ?

Ans.-Gnatty creek and tributaries, Rooting creek and tributaries, Lost creek and tributaries, Brushy Fork and tributaries, Elk creek and tributaries, all of which are tributaries to the West Fork river which flows northwest in its general course. The drainage of the county is affected by the water-sheds to the respective streams and tributaries of streams. Now, if a tributary to a stream flows directly northward, the western water-shed inclines eastward, and the eastern water-shed westward, and vice versa if the tributary run directly southward, and the same is true of all streams flowing with the four points. of the compass. The natural drainage is northwest, and this answer includes question No. 9. There are but few natural ponds. There are sixteen grist and saw mills in the county, each having, I suppose, a dam. These dams, of course, during a drought, are ponds to all intents and purposes, so far as producing stagnant water is concerned.

8th-In what proportion is the water stagnant?
Ans.—Shown in preceding question.
10th-What is the extent of artificial drainage ?
Ans.-I cannot answer.
11th-Relative acreage of cleared and forest land?
Ans. At least three-fourths cleared land.
12th-What are the principal crops ?

Ans.-Corn, oats, wheat, rye, and especially grass. Blue grass sods the land spontaneously.

13th—The principal kinds of fruit?
Ans.-Apples, peaches, plums, cherries and grapes.
14th-What indigenous or wild fruits may be gathered ?

Ans.-Blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, whortleberries, wild plums, wild grapes and persimmons.

DOMICILIARY HYGIENE.

15th-The general character of dwelling houses?

Ans.--Good as can generally be found in any other section of the State, though mostly constructed without regard to sanitary architecture.

16th-The proportion constructed of wood, brick and stone? · Ans.-The proportion I will not attempt to give. A brick house, now and then, but the greater proportion of dwellings are of wood.

17th-The general style of architecture and ordinary capacity ?

Ans.--As a rule, architecture is antiquated. The capacity, in most instances, is sufficient. A few buildings in various parts of the county may be seen whose architecture is decidedly an improvement on the old style.

18th-The methods of warming?
Ans. For the most part, by open fire places.
19th-Kinds of fuel ?
Ans.--Generally bituminous coal.

20th-Any special means of ventilation---other than open doors and windows?

Ans.-None, to my knowledge.
21st-The proportion of dwelling houses having cellars ?

Ans.---About one-fourth have cellars, so far as I have been able to learn. 22d.-The proportion of wet or damp cellars ?

Ans.-Many of them cannot be otherwise than damp, though the proportion cannot be given without actual examination.

23d-The source and character of drinking water?
Ans.--Wells, in which the water is said to be “hard."
24th-The ordinary depth of wells, the deepest ?
Ans.-Ordinary depth ten feet; deepest I have seen, thirty feet.

25th- The ordinary distances of the stable, barn-yard, pig-sty, and privy from the family dwelling? from the well? from the dairy or "spring house?”

Ans.-Distance of stable, (average) fifty yards ; barn-yard, same distance; pig-sty, thirty yards (average); privy, fifteen to twenty yards. From the well, fifteen to twenty yards (average). From the “spring house," about the same distance.

26th-The usual style of privy accommodations ? Ans.—The ordinary out-house.

27th-The probable number having well or vault, with box above ground. where dry earth is used as a deodorizer and purifier?

Ans.-Have seen none having vault except box above ground, and none where dry earth is used.

28th-Have you known of cases of sickness or house-epidemics, the cause of which was, probably, drinking water contaminated by leakage into the well from privy-vault or cess-pool.

Ans.--None.
29th-How are the houses lighted ?

Ans.-For the most part by common coal oil lamps. In the absence of these, candles. (I find these answers to apply to question 30.)

31st—How many deaths and injuries within the past year have resulted from lamp explosions ?

Ans.-None within my observation. 32d-How many cases, during the past year, of sickness and death from Paris-green and other poisons, the result of careless handling?

Ans.-None, to my knowledge.

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SOCIAL AND MORAL STATISTICS.

33d- What is the population of your county; males and females?
Ans.--About 27,000; cannot give the number of each sex respectively.
34th-What nativities are represented ?

Ans.-Negro or African, Irish, English, German, Italian, Welsh and
Scottish.
35th-How many of Negro parentage, and the proportion of mulattoes ?
Ans.-Cannot answer.
36th-The industrious habits of the different classes?
Ans.--Commendable.
37th-The general character of food supply? and the manner of cooking?

Ans.-Food supply abundant and nourishing, as a rule; and the cooking good.

38th-The principal employments of citizens? the proportion employed in mechanic arts? and in agriculture ?

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