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60. Strict attention is paid to ventilation ; teachers open windows and doors, and manage ventilators so as to keep the air pure.
61. We have modern seats and desks of several different kinds, but all comfortable.
62. We have two playgrounds, each about 100x200 feet; there are no shade trees.
63. They have.
64. Wet garments are hung on hooks in the hall; there is no especial provision for drying them.
63. Our average of absence is about 10 per cent.; I cannot say what part of this is on account of sickness; headache is not very frequent.
66. Pupils are not allowed to attend school when any member of the family at home is known to have a contagious disease; when we were threatened with small-pox, no pupil was allowed to attend school unless he or she could show one or more distinct vaccination marks.
67. The pupil attacked would be sent home; I fear that no further precautions would be taken.
FROM PRESTON COUNTY.
DR. W. S. MARTIN.
KINGWOOD, September 30, 1882. 1. About eight hundred feet above the level of the sea. 2. Temperate. 3. Clay, sub-soil of sand.
4. A strata of sand stone, slate, coal and iron ore, in all the hills; coal veins from eight feet to a few inches deep ; iron ore two and one-half feet.
5. Two-thirds hill, four-sixths bottom, one-sixth swamp.
6. Poplar, oak, chestnut, ash, walnut, red ash and black ash-oak and chestnut principally--good in quality and quantity.
7. Cheat river, Sandy creek and Muddy creek are the principal streams.. 8. There is very little stagnant water in this county. 9. Northeast. 10. There is considerable drainage in part of the county. 11. About three-fifths. 12. Wheat, corn, oats, buckwheat, rye, potatoes and millet. 13. Apples, pears, plums, prunes, blackberries and raspberries.
14. Red plums, wild gooseberries, whortleberries, strawberries and cranberries.
15. The houses are medium in size; mostly wood ; not good in quality. 16. Three-fourths wood, the rest are brick; no stone houses.
17. Rather ancient in style.
SOCIAL AND MORAL STATISTICS.
33. Five thousand six hundred and seventy-five.
39. Brandonville, Bruceton, Crawley, Aurora, Albrightville, Kingwood, Reedville, Masontown, Gladesville, Tunnelton, Newburg, Fellowsville, Independence, Evansville, Rowlesburg ; there are twenty postoffices, and three newspapers printed.
40. There are about thirty churches, value about $60,000 ; Presbyterian, Methodist, Episcopal, Catholic, Dunkards, Evangelical and Calvenists; the Methodist and Presbyterians have each about two-sixths, the Catholics onesixth.
41. Tobacco is used extensively; not much whisky; the Germans are the largest consumers.
42. Three of opium habit. 43. None use alcoholic drinks; one-twentieth use tobacco. 44. Five; I don't know. 45. Two blind; one mute; the blind was caused by scarlet fever. 46. Six insane. 47. As six is to six. · 48. One by hanging.
49. Scarlet fever and diphtheria ; twenty-two deaths.
52. Three cases; it invaded once; no deaths; carried by a man who had been with it in Pennsylvania in his clothing; it cost the county about $700.
53. About three-fourths.
57. From enteric or typhoid, 3; scarlet fever, 15; diphtheria, 18; by isolation and disinfectants.
58. One hundred and thirty-one; teachers, one hundred and fifty ; frame buildings 30x40 feet; heating by stoves ; about 250 to 300 cubic feet; water good; two privies to each house ; six hours study. 59. No; on all sides. 60. No. 62. Some have. 63. Some have. 64. In the hall; no provision for drying, 65. Three per cent. ; headache is common. 66. None. 67. Isolation and disinfectants and all hygienic precautions.
FROM WOOD COUNTY.
DR. W. H. SHARP.
DR. Jas. E. REEVES,
Secretary State Board of Health : SIR :— Below I submit the report of the Local Board of Health of Wood county for the quarter ending September 30th, 1882:
Blanks for reports were sent to twenty-seven physicians practicing in Wood county, and replies were received from twenty-two—of those not reporting, Dr. Hatfield, of Leechtown, who has been ill with typhoid fever. I understand that in that locality, on the Little Kanawha river, there have been this fall many cases of typhoid fever, but the attending physicians have not reported.
Cholera, no cases.
Scarlet fever, six cases; no deaths; good sanitary surroundings; one of these cases contracted the disease while away on a visit.
Diphtheria, sixty-three cases ; one death ; sanitary condition reported good, bad and indifferent; of these cases thirty were reported by Dr. Sloan, of Williamstown, on the Ohio river; gave no particulars.
At the village of Sand Hill, near Volcano, an outbreak of diphtheria occurred during the last of September among the school children; there were in first number of cases five occurring in three families, being in contiguous houses, but separated by 150 feet each ; sanitary surroundings good; these children were all attending the village school; the surroundings of the school-house were good ; out-house in fair condition; the water supply was good ; but the school-house had not been cleansed during the fall nor properly ventilated before the opening of school ; and I understand that a hog, which had been shot, went under the building and died there, the hog was removed ; in one family there were two additional cases; in others none; in the first family the first case was malignant and died; in others mild ; in first isolation and disinfectants used ; in others no such precaution; in a fourth family, occurred at same time, a case of follicular tonsillitis in child attending same school at same time.
Whooping cough, fourteen cases; one death; good sanitary surroundings. Measles, twenty-three cases; no deaths; good sanitary surroundings; twenty of these cases occurred at New England, a village below Parkersburg, on the Ohio river.
Typhoid fever, thirty-one cases; no deaths; good, indifferent and bad sanitary surroundings; a number of these cases occurred in Parkersburg ; Dr. Moffett, of the State Board, thinks that many of them were remitteni fever ; with a light mortality; I would judge the type to be mild.
Cerebro-spinal meningitis, two cases ; one death ; bad sanitary surroundings.
Erysipelas, eight cases; one death ; good and bad sanitary surroundings. Puerperal fever, two cases ; one death ; bad sanitary surroundings,
Pulmonary consumption, eleven cases ; four deaths; good sanitary surroundings.
Accidents and violence, thirty cases; two deaths.
During the winter and early spring months there occurred a number of cases of variola and varioloic in Pedrotown, a suburb of Parkersburg; the patients were quarantined by order of the Local Board, the County Commissioners promptly supplying all needed funds and authority ; after the disease abated the parties were removed to clean houses, and on the recommendation of the Local Board the County Commissioners directed the Sheriff to disinfect one of the two infected houses and to destroy the other, owing to the impossibility of properly disinfecting it; the owner applied for an injunction from the Circuit Court, which was granted and the order modified so that the owner should disinfect both houses, but the manner of disinfection not to be specified by the authorities; the Local Board then kept the property under quarantine until the owner should disinfect it; and on his neglect to do so entered complaint to the Grand Jury of Wood county at the July term of Court against the owner for misdemeanor in violating section 6th of Acts of March 15th, concerning. "The Public Health ;' the Grand Jury failed to find an indictment; the Local Board then had the property disinfected at the expense of the county, and two of the members resigned ; the vacancies have not yet been filled, the County Commissioners declining to recommend persons for the vacancies to the State Board, on the ground that it was evident that the public of Wood county did not want a Local Board of Health. This action of the two members is to be regretted, as they were active and intelligent workers in behalf of sanitary measures and thoroughly impressed with the benefits to be derived from the carrying out of the law. Your reporter has received no replies to the questions of Circular No. 2 and his acquaintance with the rest of the county is too limited for him to answer them at present. At a future time he will endeavor to give the Board some information on those points.
W. H. SHARP, M. D.,
Chairman W. C. B. of H. P. S.-During the winter and spring a general vaccination was ordered by the County Commissioners, and under the direction of the County Board of Health, a large number of persons were vaccinated ; bovine virus was used almost exclusively.
W. H. S.
SIR-I submit report of cases of epidemic, contagious and infectious diseases, as reported to me by the physicians of Wood county for the quarter ending Deceniber 31, 1882. Reports were not received from at least half of the practicing physicians, although blanks were sent to them from the Local Board, but from verbal information, I learn that many, if not most of these, had no cases to report.
Diseases and Cause of Death. No. of
Cases. Cholera............................. None. Small-pox ........................ None. Scarlet Fever................. 5 Diphtheria ......................... 31
None. 4 moderately good; 1 good.
Cerebro Spinal Fever........ None.
None. 4 cases good ; 3 no mention.
1 good ; 1 bad; 1 no mention. One. 3 good ; 4 no mention. One.
Reporters do not state how closely they made sanitary inspections, especially in cases of enteric fever.
Of the cases of enteric fever, twelve cases occurred in the vicinity of Valley Mills, Union district; twenty-eight cases in all reported by physicians . practicing in rural districts; six by Parkersburg physicians.
Of erysipelas, four of the cases were reported by Parkersburg doctors.
Of diphtheria, reports equally from city and country ; judge type to be · mild, from absence of mortality.