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STATE BOARD OF HEALTH.

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.

OFFICE OF SECRETARY,
STATE BOARD OF HEALTH OF WEST VIRGINIA,

WHEELING, January 1, 1884. "To His EXCELLENCY, JACOB B. JACKSON,

Governor of West Virginia : Sir:-In compliance with the law establishing a State Board of Health and Regulating the Practice of Medicine and Surgery, I have the honor to present to you my THIRD ANNUAL REPORT, in which is contained a complete record of the work of the Board from its organization to the present, together with sundry statements, papers and reports of general interest to the people.

JAMES E. REEVES, M. D., Secretary of the State Board of Health.

MEMBERS OF THE BOARD.

FIRST CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.

JAMES E. REEVES, M. D., Secretary, WHEELING. WM. M. LATE, M. D., BRIDGEPORT.

SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.

*GEO. H. CARPENTER, M. D., MOOREFIELD). C. T. RICHARDSON, M. D., CHARLESTOWN.

N. D. BAKER, M. D., MARTINSBURG.

THIRD CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.

†HON. ISAIAH BEE, M. D., PRINCETON.

GABRIEL MCDONALD, M. D., UNION.

LAWRENCE CARR, M. D., CHARLESTON.

FOURTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.

HON. A. R. BARBEE, M. D., POINT PLEASANT.

GEO. B. MOFFETT, M. D., President, PARKERSBURG.

- Transferred, in 1883, to the Board of Visitors of the State Institution for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind, at Romney.

tResigned, 1881, on account of ill health.

THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE BOARD, 1881.

AN ACT to establish a state board of health, and regulating the practice of medicine and surgery.

[Passed March 8, 1881.] Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia :

1. The governor shall appoint two physicians from each State board of

T health; how congressional district, who shall be graduates of respect-appointed." able medical colleges, and of not less than twelve years Required continuous practice in their profession, and have distinguished themselves by devotion to the study of medicine and the allied sciences, who shall constitute the state board of health. The terms of office of the persons Term of office. so appointed shall be so arranged that the terms of two of them shall expire at the end of every second year. Va-ven

Vacancies; how cancies in the board shall be filled by re-appointment, or filled. otherwise, by the same appointing power.

2. The board so appointed shall take the oath of office Oath of office. prescribed by the constitution for other state officers, and receive from the secretary of state certificates of their appointment.

3. The board shall meet within twenty days after re- First meeting. ceiving notice of their appointment, at such time and when held. place as the first named member of the board shall desig- ing; how deternate; and shall organize by the election of a president mined.ro and secretary from their own number, who shall occupy such positions until their successors are elected ; and they may adopt all necessary rules and regulations for Rules and regthe dispatch of business. The board shall also pro-ulations may vide for itself a suitable seal. A majority of the board Seal to be shall constitute a quorum ; and they are authorized to provided. send either the secretary or president, or a special committee of the board, to consult and co-operate with the Co-operation national board of health, or other sanitary organizations, whenever they may deem it necessary for the public Health. good.

4. The secretary shall be the executive officer of the Secretary to be board, shall superintend and perform the work prescribed in this act, and perform such other duties as the board.. board shall direct; shall respond to all communications of the local boards of health, hereinafter provided for,

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in case of the prevalence of endemics, epidemics, infecInfectious, con- tious and contagious diseases, or other unusual sickness, tagious and he shall, on the request of the local board of health, visit

the locality and adopt such regulations for its suppresAnnual report; sion as may seem best. He shall annually report to the what to con

governor, on or before the first day of January, the investigations, discoveries and recommendations of the board, which shall be printed and distributed as soon as practicable thereafter, in the same manner as other public

documents of the state. Board of 5. The board shall take cognizance of the interests of cognizance of the life and health of the inhabitants of the state, and life and health

its shall make, or cause to be made, sanitary investigations of States, and inquiries respecting the causes of diseases, especially To make sanitary investiga- of endemics, epidemics, and the means of prevention, the

sources of mortality, and the effects of localities, employ

ments, habits, and circumstances of life on the public To investigate health. They shall also investigate the causes of diseases diseases among occuring among the stock or domestic animals in the state, methods of the methods of remedying the same, and shall gather inremedying. formation in respect to these matters and kindred subjects Drainage, ven- for diffusion among the people. They shall also advise tilation, etc., of with regard to drainage, sewerage, the water supply of coal mines and sewerage, etc., towns and cities, the ventilation of school houses, coal villages.

ad mines, etc. When they may believe there is a probTo take meas- ability that any infectious or contagious disease will the invasion of invade this state, from any other state, it shall be this state by in their duty to take such action, and adopt and enforce tagious dis-such rules as they may in the exercise of their discretion, May adopt and deem efficient in preventing the introduction and spread enforce rules of such disease or diseases. The better to accomplish tion thereof.“ such objects, the board are empowered and directed to May establish establish and strictly maintain quarantine at such places quarantine. as they may deem proper, and may adopt rules and regu

lations to obstruct and prevent the introduction or spread

of infectious or contagious diseases to or within the May enforce in-state. They may enforce inspections of persons and spections of articles of baggage, or other goods of whatsoever characarticles of ter, as well as the purification of the same; and compagoods, and pu rify the same.

u nies or individuals operating or controlling railroads,

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steamboats, coaches, public conveyances, and steamers ty for re-plying the Ohio river, or its tributaries in this state, shall rules estab- obey the rules and regulations when made and published

by the state board of health; and any owner or owners, person or persons, having charge of any railway train, passenger coach, steamboat, or public or private conveyance, who shall refuse to obey such rules and regulations when made and published, shall be held to have committed a misdemeanor, and for each offense shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars, nor more than five hundred dollars, to be confined in the county

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