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I duy, fible fears and sorrows, and unknown anguith in his foul, he
sweat drops of blood.
One of his disciples betrayed him, and he was denied by faith, a another. He was apprehended, and bound by the Washer
rude soldiers as a malefactor ; accused by falfe wit- trayed. nesses ; arraigned and condemned by
Abused. who declared he could find no fault in hi raining was buffeted, and scourged, and spit upon ; derided and ms: hete mocked by the people, the soldiers, and at last by. at in the the high priest himself: Was made the scorn, and Scourged. Eeverlate contempt, and sportof his infolent and insultingenemies; and are there was hurried to death by the clamours of the rab, and is ble, that cried out, Crucify him, crucify him. Fnal lit. XI. Accordingly he was nailed to the cross, on which, test curs after having hung several hours, he gave up the comma ghost.
lled Was cruciThis wa utting to death was called Otherse" crucifixion, a Roman punishment, remarkable for efs in ve the exquisite pains and ignominy of it. The torment of it ness of t appeared from the piercing those parts of the body with nails, zans and which are most nervous, and yet did not quickly procure death; und me and the shame of it was evident from those upon whom it ed token' was inflicted, being only slaves, and such as had run away ament: from their masters. emed, And that our Saviour also suffered in his mind, appears : by las from those grievous a him w garden just before his apprehension, when his soul in minds
when his foul Tormented the Father was exceeding sorrowful, even unto death ; when" -nal Soz he sweat as it were drops of blood, and prayed thrice with all wore great vehemence to his Father, that if it were possible, that the Prie bitter cup might pass from him: and from that unconceiva
Melt ble anguish, which he expressed upon the cross, when he zature broke out into that passionate exclamation, my God, my God, hofe is why hast thou forsaken me? Thus evil to come tormented nt impe his soul with fear, and evil present with sadness, anguish, and was fialo forrow. Not that he suffered the torments of the damned, upon for as he knew no guile, consequently he deserved and could o fute fuffer no punishment. inexpect But when we reflect how perfectly the blessed Jesus understood the evil and guilt of sin; how "
grievous agonies he felt : firs
zealous he was of God's glory; how desirous of the falvation of mankind; and yet withal, that he knew how small a number would be saved; how an ungrateful and rebellious world would frustrate the end of his death, and the designs of his mercy; we may in some measure guess at that anguish that sunk and depressed him in such a wonderful manner, as made him say, my soul is forrowful unto death. For, we may imagine how much he, who loved us so well, as to die to redeem us, might be grieved and afflicted, when he foresaw that even by his dying he should not save us all from the damnation of hell.
But here let it be remarked, that our blessed Only as man. Saviour suffered only in his human nature, that nature of man, which he took upon him; yet since it was united to the divine nature, and that there was a most intimate conjunction of both natures in the person of the Son, there did from thence result a true proper communication of names, characters, and properties ; so that the very eternal Son of God may rightly be said to have suffered whatsoever the man Christ Jesus endured in the flesh for finners, because the properties of each nature separate, may reasonably be affirmed of that person in whom the two natures are united by the power of God. And
Our Saviour suffered the painful and shameful Why on the death of the cross, to deliver us from the wrath to
come, and to purchase eternal redemption for us: And to give us a perfect pattern of patience and refignation to the will of God, and of all those christian virtues, which are necessary to qualify us to receive the benefit of his fatisfaction;
leaving us an example that we should follow his It's benefit fteps. For, when by our sins we had justly incur
* red the displeasure of almighty God, and were liable to eternal misery, our blessed Saviour discharged the obligation; and by thedding his most precious blood, as the price of our redemption, made satisfaction to God for us : he was contented to be offered a facrifice for us, to bear our fins in his own body on the tree, and to atone for the guilt of our offences by the one oblation of himself once offered for us all. And he died not only for our benefit and advantage, but in
our place and stead ; so that if he had not died, we had eternally perished, without being able to escape the justice of an angry God. Wherefore,
The blood of Christ which was shed for us upon the cross, ? is called the blood of the covenant; because, thereupon God
was pleased to enter into a covenant of grace and mercy with mankind, wherein he hath promised and engaged for the sake of Christ's sufferings, voluntarily undergoneupon our account, and in our stead, to forgive the sins of all those that truly repent and believe, and to make them partakers of eternal life in the world to come.
Whence we learn the great evil of sản, which we are apt to make so flight of; for Ğod incarnate was made a sacrifice to deliver us from it's guilt ; and the in
teacheth. finite love of our dear Redeemer, who suffered such bitter torments and inexpressible anguish, to purchase our eternal falvation : that the good things of this life are not so valuable, nor the evils of it, so considerable, as we are apt to imagine; when the best man that ever lived, was so destitute of the common comforts and conveniences of human nature, and shared so much in the afflictions and sufferings thereof: that the favour of God is not to be measured by outward prosperity in this world, nor his wrath and indignation to be concluded from temporal afflictions; since the greatest sufferer that ever lived, was the dearly beloved Son of God; to testify the power of Christ's death, by crucifying the old mán, and destroying the whole body of sín; not glorying, fave in the cross of Christ, by which the world is crucified unto us, and we unto the world: to suffer the calamities of this life with patience and resignation to the will of God, and not to murmur and repine, that we bear what we have so highly deserved, when our Saviour, who was perfectly innocent, endured much greater for our sake: not to defpond under the sharpest trials, from a sense of our own weakness, because our Saviour hath purchased for us the gift of his holy Spirit,
ost powerful principle of resolution; whois himself touched with a feeling of our infirmities, having been in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin and corruption : to make all the returns we are able of love and gratitude : to
facrifice all that is dear to us for the defence of his truth, and the increase of his glory and honour in this life: to extend our charity to all mankind, our enemies as well as friends; for while we were enemies to God, Christ died to obtain
peace and reconciliation for us at the bar of divine justice. To which, if we consider that God laid on him the iniquities of us all, we must confess that his grief was greater than could either be expressed or conceived by any mere man: besides, what anguish must arise from the sense of the guilt of so many millions of sinners, in a mind possessed with such detestation of all fin, such a love to God, such zeal for his glory; in one of such perfect knowledge, that he knew every sin of every man, and all the aggravations thereof?
The reason and necessity for our belief that The use and Christ suffered, appears from the assurance we rec flity of
thence receive that he was truly man, which if he
were not, man could not be redeemed by him. We are also hercby assured, that satisfaction is made to the will of God for our fins; whereof in his decree, no remission could be but by shedding of blood. We likewise learn from this faith, that he is truly affected with the utmost compaffion of our afflictions, and is a most faithful and merciful high priest, touched with the feeling of our infirmities, and therefore ready to succour them that are tempted. And finally, such a belief as this prepares us to receive with patience the sufferings of this life : fór if God spared not his own Son, how shall he spare his adopted ones, whose best evidence of their being his children, is their being under his fatherly correction ; otherwise, as the apostle observes, we should be bastards and not fons ? but if when we suffer with him we also suffer like him, and follow the admirable pattern he has left us of humility and patience, and absolute submission to the will of God, we then ihall be made partakers of his divine holiness. As by his crucifixion, our Saviour cancelled the obligation we were under to perform the whole law, and blotted out the hand-writing of ordinances, which was against us,
which was contrary unto us, and took it out of the applied to our way, nailing it to his cross : so we ought to learn advantage. that if we will be Christ's, we must crucify the
How to be
flesh, with the affections and lusts, and glory in nothing fave in the cross of Jesus Christ crucified.
XII. And although Jesus was both God and man, yet he did truly and properly die, by an actual departure of his soul from his body, in whose union his life, The death as man, consisted; as appears not only from the of Christ
was real. many plain texts of fcripture, which say that he died, but farther from those texts, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit, and having thus faid, he gave up the ghost by the means of a violent death, caused by the pains and tortures inflicted on him, which
Violent. could not, without a miracle, but diffolve that natural disposition of the body, which is necessary to continue it's union with the soul. He voluntarily indeed submitted v himself to that violence, which could not have been
" forced upon him without such a submission; and therefore he faith, no man takes away my life from me, but I lay it down of myself, &c. And after he had so submitted himself, he could not by the course of nature, avoid that death. . XIII. Christ being taken down from the cross was buried, as had been typified by Jonas lying three days and
His burial. three nights in the whale's belly; and intimated in that of the Pfalmist, my flesh shall rest in hope, &c, which, plainly teacheth, that the body was to be buried, but not lie in the grave to see corruption. But Ifaiah is more express, saying, he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death. Whence
By this burial of Christ's body, we are assured of the reality of his death and resurrection. Men cannot be truly said to rise from the dead, who never died. Of what But that Christ was truly dead, we have the highest assurance in this, that his body was delivered by his enemies from the cross, and laid by his disciples in a new fepulchre.
This part of our christian faith should work within us something correspondent to it; for we are buried with
Influence. him in baptism unto death, that like, as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also Thould walk in newness of life, being raised from the