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A Christian: the
As the Old Whole Duty of Man was design'd
Which are wanting in that Book
For the Ule of Families and particulăr Petjons
under various fircumstances of Life.
Without Faith it is impotjible to please God. Heb. xi. 6.
of his Son Jefus Christ, and LOVE one another. John iii. 23.
LONDON: . Printed only for EDWARD WICKSTERD'at the Black Swan in Nem.
gate Street, near Warmick Lane.
THE following reasons, I hope, will justify me to a
candid and confiderate reader, for publishing this New Whole Duty of Man, and I trust, they are also
fufficient to remove any prejudices, that at it's firit appearance may possibly be entertained against it. For,
It being now betwixt four score and a hundred years since the publication of the Old Wbole Duty of Man, it need not be matter of surprize to any, if the generality of readers begin to be little affected by that work.
The cause of which dislike is to be ascribed in a great measure, I presume, to the distance of those times in which that treatise was wrote; for not only the words but the manner of expression, and all the ways and methods of treating such subjects are, and ought to be, very different now from what 'they were formerly *. And though I am far from denying that a vein of found learning and piety is visible throughout that book, or that it was well adapted for those unhappy times of ffrife and confufon in which it was written t, yet all this lying under the forementioned disadvantages, it is apprehended the people of the present age are never like to be better reconciled to it. Besides,
It is very evident, I think, that the subjeets treated of in the Old Whole Duty of Man, are by no means so many, nor all of them so well chosen, as they might be for the use and neceffities of the present age : and, I believe, no considerate man can doubt that the Church and Religion have another fort of enemies to contend with now, than the Solific dians of that time I, whose shocking impieties and B
and I Atheists, tenets strike at the very foundation of Christiania
Deifts, &c. ty itself, for which reason the OLD Wbole Duty of Man, . .. A
which, * See the prayer for the peace of the church, pag. 496, 8vo Edit. &c, &C.
+ The OLD Whole Duty of Man, as appears by Dr Hammond's recommendation, dated March 1657, was first published in the grand rebellion, during the Iubverfion of the conftitution both in church and fats,
which, in opposition to the prevailing doctrine of those days, is chiefly confined to the moral duties, which are the Agenda of religion, cannot by any means be well suited to the impious age we live in, when the Credenda of religion are so impudently attacked and contemned; and whether the Old Whole Duty of Man, which for near a century last past, has been indiscriminately put into the hands, not only of the common people, but of many others, as a complete summary of our most holy religion, when at the same time the articles of the christian faith are quite omitted in it; I say, whether this has not in some degree contributed, during such a course of years, to produce that contempt which the christian faith now labours under, is submitted to the considerate and judicious part of mankind to determine.
Most certain it is, that the author of the Old Whole Duty of Man himself, conscious it may be of the defects of that treatise, speaking in his lively oracles of those things we are to believe, says * These are the excellencies of the doctrinal
part of scripture, which also renders them most aptly
advantage of both.” And as the Duty of Man was the first, and the Lively Oracles the last piece of that author, for so they are placed in his works, it may reasonably be presumed, the Lively Oracles was intended to supply the defects of the former ; but the proprietors of those books, not thinking fit to print them together, the author's intention, if such it was, has been rendered of little effect.
But how fashionable soever it may be at this time of day, those men grossly impose upon themselves, who rest their acceptance with God upon the mere performance of the obligations of morality, and slight and ridicule the christian religion. I say, how foolishly such men deceive their own souls, is described with such clearness and energy by the late Archbishop SHARP, that I shall give it the reader in his own words.
“ It is not enough (says this judicious and orthodox di“ vine) to entitle any man to everlasting falvation, that he
“ practiseth Page 271, Sect. XXXI. of his worke printed at Oxford, 1684:
« practiseth the duties of natural religion, unless he also “ believe and embrace that religion which God has re“ vealed by Jesus Christ, supposing he has opportuni“ ties of coming to the knowledge of it. Bare morality or “ honesty of life, without a right Faith, will not fave a “ man's soul, supposing that the man hath opportunities “ of coming to the knowledge of that right Faith; and “ this consideration I seriously address to all those among “ us, who think it so indifferent a matter what religion or “ what faith they are of, provided they are but honest in “ their lives. They think nothing offends God but the “ open violation of those rules of morality which all the
world mustacknowledge themselves obliged to observe, “ and which it is scandalous not to observe. But this is a “ grievous mistake, and of most pernicious consequence. “ It is certain, that wherever God has revealed his will, “ and declared upon what terms he will bestow salvation “ upon mankind, there all men are, under pain of damna“ tion, obliged to embrace his revelation, and to believe, “ and profess, and practise according to the doctrines of such “ revelation. And it is certain likewise, that God hath “ fully and entirely revealed his will by Jesus Christ “ and his apostles in the New Testament, and so revealed “ it, as to exclude all men from the hopes of salvation, “ who, having opportunity of knowing Jesus CHRIST " and his doctrines, do not believe in him. And therefore “ for any man to reject this method of God, and to say, I “ hope to be saved by another way than God hath ap“ pointed, is the extremest folly in the world : let every “ one therefore among us, as they would not be undone to “ all eternity, endeavour to instruct themselves aright in “ the true religion. All their pretended moral bonesły will “ not in the least excuse them before God, if, when hav“ ing means to find the truth, they do not embrace it, but “ continue infidels or misbelievers. If they had been born “ and bred in an heathen country, where they had no op“portunity of coming to the knowledge of God's revealed “ will, I know not how far their justice and temperance, “ and other good moral qualities, might avail them towards