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power to remove an official whose abuse of authority transgresses the rights of the minority or of the individual?

There has been an utter disregard of enactments prohibiting the removal of public servants for political reasons, and the inaction of the state, or, rather, its abandonment of its servants to the personal authority of party leaders, reduces independence to a dream; not for the public servants only, but for the communities which, in their turn, are overridden by them. While patronage, as recent experience has shown, does not strengthen parties, it does strengthen party leaders of a certain type; indeed, without patronage men of that type could not become leaders at all. The great defect of our municipal organization in Pennsylvania, as elsewhere, is the want of permanence of the civil ser vice.

SAFETY OF PUBLIC FUNDS.

The people demand that the greatest protection be given for the safety of the public funds. The places in which the treasurer shall deposit the public moneys should be designated by law. The discretion vested in the treasurer to select the places of deposit is a dangerous one for him and the state. It subjects him to personal importunity, and admits of favoritism and abuse. The financial management of the state should be based upon plain business principles, and there is no reason why the public moneys should not be deposited in such a manner as to afford equal security and profit, with like capital of individuals.

APPORTIONMENT.

The constitution commands that the general assem bly, "immediately after each United States decennial census, shall apportion the state into senatorial and representative districte."

The decennial census has been taken. The constitutional period for action is at hand. There will not be a more important measure for the consideration of the assembly than that of apportionment. It touches gov. ernment in its most vital parts. Fair and just representation to all sections of the state in the general assembly and in congress underlies the whole fabric of our political system. It is the corner-stone of our government. Considerations of party, of factions, of locality, or of individuals, have nothing to do with the subject of apportionment. This duty should be performed by the legislature upon uniform and just principles. There should not be one rule for one part of the state and a different rule for another. The constitution commands that the districts shall be composed of “compact and contiguous territory.” This rule should be observed throughout the entire state. It is palpably violated by the present apportionment.

OTHER SUGGESTIONS.

In the limited range of discussion which such an occasion as the present imposes I can merely refer to a number of important matters. Among these I might include the necessity for an effective civil service in the state appointments, the substitution of salaries for fees, the inspection and regulation of state and private banks, and an extension of the power of the Auditor General so as to include within his audit all the state accounts, and the rigid enforcement of the law referring to the investment of the sinking fund money. The mining codes should be revised in such manner as will insure the payment of damages in case of injury or loss arising from the neglect or parsimony of the mine owner.

The task before us is far-reaching, comprising within its scope the whole field of material and political improvement. In administering the affairs of the commonwealth we must seek to enlarge the sources of its strength, to expand its resources, to increase its comforts and to promote its prosperity and greatness, so that the people, in harmonious progress and fulfilling a peaceful destiny, may illustrate, in the grandeur and wisdom of their self-control, and in their majestic movement toward a more perfect society, the power of a pure democracy to solve every problem that taxes the intelligence or strains the virtue of civilized humanity.

ROBERT E. PATTISON. Harrisburg, Pa., January 20, 1891.

To the Senate Nominating Humphrey D. Tate Private Secretary to the Governor.

Executive Chamber,

Harrisburg, January 20, 1891. Gentlemen : HAVE THE HONOR HEREBY TO INFORM YOU that I have appointed Humphrey D. Tate, of the

county of Bedford, to be private secretary to the Governor.

ROBERT E. PATTISON.

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To the Senate Nominating William F. Harrity Secretary of the Commonwealth.

Executive Chamber,

Harrisburg, January 20, 1891. Gentlemen :N CONFORMITY WITH LAW, I HAVE THE

honor hereby to nominate for the advice and consent of the Senate, William F. Harrity, of the

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county of Philadelphia, to be Secretary of the Commonwealth.

ROBERT E. PATTISON.

To the Senate Nominating William U. Hensel Attor

torney General.

Executive Chamber,

Harrisburg, January 20, 1891. Gentlemen : N CONFORMITY WITH LAW, I HAVE THE

honor hereby to nominate for the advice and con

sent of the Senate, William U. Hensel, of the county of Lancaster, to be Attorney General of the Commonwealth.

ROBERT E. PATTISON.

IN

To the Senate Nominating William McClelland Ad

jutant General.

Executive Chamber,

Harrisburg, January 20, 1891. Gentlemen :N CONFORMITY WITH LAW, I HAVE THE

honor hereby to nominate for the advice and con

sent of the Senate, William McClelland, of the county of Allegheny, to be Adjutant General of the Commonwealth.

ROBERT E. PATTISON.

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To the Senate Nominating John I. Rogers Judge Ad

vocate General.

Executive Chamber,

Harrisburg, January 28, 1891. Gentlemen : N CONFORMITY WITH LAW, I HAVE THE

honor hereby to nominate for the advice and con

sent of the Senate, John I. Rogers, of the county of Philadelphia, to be judge advocate general.

ROBERT E. PATTISON.

N

To the Senate Nominating Herman Osthaus General

Inspector of Rifle Practice.

Executive Chamber,

Harrisburg, January 28, 1891. Gentlemen:N CONFORMITY WITH LAW, I HAVE THE

honor hereby to nominate for the advice and con

sent of the Senate, Herman Osthaus, of the county of Lackawanna, to be general inspector of rifle practice.

ROBERT E. PATTISON.

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To the Senate Nominating Chambers McKibbin In

spector General.

Executive Chamber,

Harrisburg, January 28, 1891. Gentlemen :N CONFORMITY WITH LAW, I HAVE THE

honor hereby to nominate for the advice and con

sent of the Senate, Chambers McKibbin, of the county of Allegheny, to be inspector general.

ROBERT E. PATTISON.

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