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with which he viewed the unceasing calumnies with which his whole administration continued to be aspersed.

“ To the wearied traveller who sees a resting place, and is bending his body to lean thereon, I now compare myself; but to be suffered to do this in peace, is too much to be endured by some.

To misrepresent my motives; to reprobate my politics ; and to weaken the confidence which has been reposed in my administration ;....are objects which cannot be relinquished by those who will be satisfied with nothing short of a change in our political system. The consolation, however, which results from conscious rectitude, and the approving voice of my country unequivocally expressed by its representatives.... deprives their sting of its poison, and places in the same point of view both the weakness and malignity of their efforts.

“ Although the prospect of retirement is most grateful to my soul, and I have not a wish to mix again in the great world, or to pártake in its politics, yet I am not without my regrets at parting with (perhaps never more to meet) the few intimates whom I love. Among these, be assured you are onc."

NOTE, No. XXI.... See page 730. In the speech delivered by the president on taking the paths of office, after some judicious observations on the constitution of his country, and on the dangers to which it was exposed, that able statesman thus spoke of his predeçessor.

“ Such is the amiable and interesting system of government (and such are some of the abuses to which it may be exposed) which the people of America have exhibited, to the admiration and anxiety of the wise and virtuous of all nations, for eight years, under the administration of a citizen, who, by a long course of great actions, regulated by prudence, justice, temperance, and fortitude, conducting a people inspired with the same virtues, and animated with the same ardent patriotism and love of liberty, to independence and peace, to increasing wealth and unexampled prosperity, has merited the gratitude of his fellow citizens, commanded the highest praises of foreign nations, and secured immortal glory with posterity.

« In that retirement which is his voluntary choice, may be long live to enjoy the delicious recollection of his services, the gratitude of mankind, the happy fruits of them to himself and the world, which are daily increasing, and that splendid prospect of the future fortunes of his country which is opening from year to year. His name may be still a rampart, and the knowledge that he lives a bulwark against all open or secret enemies of his country's peace."

NOTE, No. XXII.... See page 731. To testify their love for the person who had for eight years administered the government of the United States, the mer. chants of Philadelphia had prepared a splendid banquet for the day, to which the general, several officers of rank in the late army, the heads of dopartments, foreign ministers, and other persons of distinction were invited.

In the rotundo in which it was given, an elegant compliment was prepared for the principal guest, which is thus described in the papers of the day.

“ Upon entering the area the general was conducted to his seat. On a signal given, music played Washington's march, and a scene which represented simple objects in the rear of the principal seat was drawn up, and discovered emblematical painting

“ The principal was a female figure large as life, representing America, seated on an elevation composed of sixteen marble steps.

At her left side, stood the federal shield and eagle, and at her feet, lay the cornu copia ; in her right hand, she held the Indian calamut of peace supporting the cap of liberty : in the perspective appeared the temple of fame; and her left hand, an altar dedicated to public gratitude, upon which incense was burning. In her left hand she held a scroll inscribed valedictory; and at the foot of the altar lay a plumed helmet and sword, from which a figure of general Washington, large as life, appeared, retiring down the steps, pointing with his right hand to the emblems of power which he had resigned, and with his left to a beautiful landscape representing Mount Vernon, in front of which oxen were seen harnessed to the plough. Over the general appeared a Genius placing a wreath of laurels on his head.”

NOTE, No. XXIII.... See page 748.

A letter from Mr. Jefferson to Mr. Mazzei, an Italian who had passed some time in the United States, was published in Florence, and republished in the Moniteur, with some severe strictures on the conduct of the United States, and a remark “ that the French government had testified its resentment by breaking off communication with an ungrateful and faithless ally until she shall return to a’more just and benevolent conduct. No doubt," adds the editor," it will give rise in the United States to discussions which may afford a triumph to the party of good republicans, the friends of France.

“ Some writers, in disapprobation of this wise and necessary measure of the directory, maintain that, in the United States, the French have for partisans only certain demagogues who aim to overthrow the existing government. But their impudent falsehoods convince no one, and prove only, what is too evident, that they use the liberty of the press to serve the enemies of France."

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