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HISTORY

OF THE

REBELLION IN SCOTLAND,

IN 1715, 1716,

UNDER

THE EARL OF MAR,

Saturninus. Noble Patricians, patrons of my right,
Defend the justice of my cause with arms ;
And countrymen, my loving followers,
Plead my successive title with your swords :
I am his first-born son, that was the last
That wore the imperial diadem of Rome;
Then let my father's honours live in me,
Nor wrong mine age with this indignity.
Bassianus. Romans, friends, followers, favourers of

my right,
If ever Bassianus, Cæsar's son,
Were gracious in the eyes of royal Rome,
Keep then this passage to the Capitol ;
And suffer not dishonour to approach
Th' imperial seat, to virtue consecrate,
To justice, continence, and nobility:
But let desert in pure election shine;
And, Romans, fight for freedom in your choice.

Titus Andronicus.

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Speak, citizens, for England; who's your King ?

King John.

It is related, that, on the 6th of December 1688, when the Queen of James the Second was in the act of flying from the kingdom, she was obliged to wait for an hour under the walls of Lambeth Church, till a hackney coach could be procured from the city, to convey her to the boat upon the Thames. She stood, with the Prince of Wales in her arms (then a child of four months), very imperfectly sbeltered from the heavy cold rain of a December night ; not a single attendant, out of all that formerly constituted her court, was there to cheer ber mind, or relieve the irksomeness of her burden ; and, as her eye wandered back upon the multitudinous lights of the far-spread city, she had ample time to compare the splendid retrospect of her fortunes, which that scene seemed to symbolize, with the dark future into which she was about to plunge. It is strange to think, that the interests of a great people should have depended, so much as they did, upon the fate of the miserable little infant which this desolate woman bore in her arms. Had a constable happened to come up during that hour, or had the coach been delayed, it is very probable that the House of Hanover would have never sat upon the throne-that we should have been spared the three rebellions of 1689, 1715, and 1745—that, indeed, a totally different turn would have been given to the fate of the British empire. It is vain, of course, to speculate upon wbat might have happened, but for certain little circumstances ; because, in the economy of both nations and individuals, little circumstances are perpetually affecting their fate; and what is there more in one little circumstance than in another? Yet there is something peculiarly striking in the matter alluded to. It is allowed to have been the grand error, or rather perhaps the only misfortune, of the great men who achieved. the Revolution, that they did not secure the person of the infant heir of King James, so as to educate him for eventual sovereignty in a style of politics and religion suitable to the wishes of the nation. By permitting his escape to France along with his parents, they insured his being brought up in principles which unGitted him for the government of the British nation ; and, thus inducing the necessity of adopting

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