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though extremely glad to see even himself, were mortified to the last degree at finding that he brought with him neither men nor stores. He, on the other hand, could not help expressing dissatisfaction when he learned how small they were in numbers. On coming to Perth next day, he desired to see “ those little kings with their armies,” as be was pleased to entitle the chiefs and the clans; and accordingly, one of the best bodies was turned out to display itself before him. He was highly pleased with the appearance of the warlike mountaineers, and approved of their arms and mode of using them. But, on inquiring how many such troops were in arms for him, and learning their miserably diminished number, he gave visible tokens that he was surprised, and that his surprise was not an agreeable one. It may be argued, from the circumstance of there having been no general review on this occasion, that the forces were too few to make a respectable appearance.

He was not prevented, however, from issuing a few edicts in his assumed royal character. He ordered a fast and thanksgiving over the kingdom for his safe arrival, and commanded all ministers to pray for him by name in churches. He proclaimed a currency to all foreign coin, appointed a day for a Convention of Estates in Scotland to settle the nation, and ordered all fencible men in the kingdom, between sixteen and sixty, to repair to his standard. The sixth of his proclamations was for his coronation, which he appointed to take place at Scoon on the 23d of January, and for which the Jacobite ladies of Perthsbire immediately began to prepare, by subscribing sums for the purchase of a temporary coronet where

· with to'ornament his brows, in the absence of the diadem of his ancestors at Edinburgh Castle.

But these attempts at sovereign state never went beyond the paper on which they were at first set forth. Before he had been three days at Perth, he became completely aware, to use a vernacular phrase, that he was in a scrape. He found himself committed to what was little better than the staff of an army; and that small band was itself on the point of being broken up, either by its own disputes, or by the force of the enemy. The distant clans as yet displayed no disposition to rejoin the camp, alleging the depth of the snow as a reason for their not undertaking the journey. The Marquis of Huntly and the Earl of Seaforth were, he understood, actually in terms with the government for a submission. At the same time, the Duke of Argyle was preparing his immensely superior force to march against Perth, so soon as the snow should melt; and he had already taken the better part of Fife under his authority, and thus cut off all supply of coal from the insurgent camp, at a time when that commodity had become the most indispensable of all the necessaries of life.

It is not easy to imagine a more melancholy condition than that of the unfortunate representative of the Stuarts on this occasion. It is evident, from the lugubrious tone of a speech which he delivered to his council soon after his arrival, that he felt it to be 80; but perhaps it could not be more distinctly proved by any thing, than by the fact which one of his adherents has recorded of him, that, during the whole time of his stay at Perth, he never was once observed to smile.

“ His person,” says the Master of Sinclair, de

scribing him as he appeared at Perth, “ was tall and thin, seeming to incline to be lean rather than to fill as he grows in years. His countenance was pale, but perhaps looked more so than usual, by reason he had three fits of an ague, which took him two days after his coming on shore. Yet he seems to be sanguine in his constitution; and there is something of a vivacity in his eye, that perhaps would have been more visible, if he had not been under dejected circumstances, and surrounded with discouragement; which, it must be acknowledged, were sufficient to alter the complexion even of his soul, as well as of his body. His speech was grave, and not very clearly expressive of his thoughts, nor overmuch to the purpose ; but his words were few, and his behaviour and temper seemed always composed. What he was in his diversions, we know not; here was no room for such things. It was no time for mirth. Neither can I say I ever saw him smile. Those who speak so positively of his being like King James VII., must excuse me for saying, that it seems to say they either never saw this person, or never saw King James VII. ; and yet I must not conceal, that when we saw the man whom they called our king, we found ourselves not at all animated by his presence; and, if he was disappointed in us, we were tenfold more so in him. We saw nothing in him that looked like spirit. He never appeared with cheerfulness and vigour to animate us. Our men began to despise him ; some asked if he could speak. His countenance looked extremely heavy. He cared not to come abroad amongst us soldiers, or to see us handle our arms or do our exercise. Some said the circumstances he found us in dejected him ; I am sure the figure he made dejected us ; and, had he sent us but five thousand men of good troops, and never himself come among us, we had done other things than we have now done.

“ At the approach of that crisis when he was to defend his pretensions, and either lose his life or gain a crown, I think, as his affairs were situated, no man can say, that his appearing grave and composed was a token of his want of thought, but rather of a significant anxiety, grounded upon the prospect of his inevitable ruin, which he could not be so void of sense as not to see plainly before him, at least when he came to see how inconsistent his measures were, how unsteady the resolutions of his guides, and how impossible it was to make them agree with one another. "7

CHAPTER VIII.

CONCLUSION OF THE INSURRECTION.

But see Argyle, with watchful eyes,
Lodged in his deep intrenchment, lies;
Couched like a lion in thy way,
He waits to spring upon his prey;
While, like a herd of timorous deer,
Thy army shakes and pants with fear,
Led by their doughty general's skill,
From firth to firth, and hill to hil.

Is thus thy baughty promise paid,
That to the Chevalier was made,
When thou didst oaths and duty barter
For dukedom, generalship, and garter ?
Three weeks thy Jemmy shall command,
With Highland sceptre in his hand,
Too good for his pretended birth-
Then down shall fall the king of Perth!

Pasquil on the Earl of Mar.

ORDERS had now been transmitted from the Government, commanding the Duke of Argyle to proceed against the insurgents, and endeavour to crush them while they were in their present weak condition. To assist him both in his councils and in the management of the army, he was joined in December by General Cadogan, an officer ranking next to Marlborough in reputation, and whose loyalty and zeal were still less questionable. It

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