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Crop production, Imperial Valley, Calif., 1918—Continued.

Shipped out. Fstimated Value. acreage. Quantity. Cars. WEGETABLEs. As S--------------------------------- 28 $56, 875 Cantaloupes.. 4,422 || 4,974,750 ttuce... 919 7,237 OnS..... 55 27,500 Green peas 37 57,600 Tomatoes. . . . . . 105 105,000 Mixed vegetables 189 94,500 Watermelons.... - 475 94, Cabbage................................... - 21 15,750 Total.---------...................... 6,251 - 5,973,812 Fruits. Grapes (table). 202,800 Grapefruit... 8,000 Oranges.... 3,000 Pears.... -------------------- 6,000 Dates.................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7,500 Total................... --------------------------! ------------------------ 182 226,500 LIVE STOCK. 1709 2,130,000 11,020 | 1,428,000 2,214 5,535,000 3,943 || 9,093,000 Less estimated number of cattle shipped into the valley for feeding purposes and reshipped and included in above, 44,300 head, at estimated value.....................................................l............ 2,758,000 Wet total.-------------------.............................................l............ 6,335,000 7,000,000 pounds. . . . . . 357 3,990,000 550 tons... -- 22 440,000 ------------------------ 379 4,430,000 750 tons............... 29 300,000 16,380 tons............ 819 131,040 ------------------------ 848 431,040 600,000 pounds........!............ 180,000 ------------------------------------- 200,000 ------------------------------------- 380,000 summar Y. Total value of farm products o Out of Imperial Valley, 1918, as shown by the railroad records, and as shown in detail above: Forage and grain crops and cotton..... ----------------------------------- 6,517 | 19,781,113 Vegetables....................... 6,251 5,973,812 Fruits............ 182 226,500 Live stock........ 3,943 6,335,000 live-stock products. 379 4,430,000 Miscellaneous......... 848 431,040 Poultry and poultry products.............................................. 60 380,000 Total.-------------------------------------- ------------------------------- 18, 180 37,557,465

1 Decks.

No estimates are herein made covering production for home consumption.

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Further facts taken from the railroad records:

Total number of cars of freight loaded and shipped out of the Imperial Walley 1918, 18,682.

To care for freight and passenger traffic in Imperial Valley the Southern Pacific Co. maintains six passenger crews, two passenger trains from valley to Los Angeles each day, and two passenger trains from Los Angeles to valley each day.

Each passenger train carries two, and sometimes three, standard Pullman, operating 100 per cent space occupied.

Each passenger train carries two coaches, operating 85 per cent space occupied.

Valley ticket sales amount to approximately $50,000 per month or $600,000 per year.

One mixed train crew.

One switch crew.

Four local freight crews.

Ten Station agents.

social stock train from valley to Los Angeles Tuesdays and Fridays each Week.

SAN FRANCIsco, CALIF., June 20, 1919. ESTIMATES, Agriculture, Washington: Estimate value of all crops, Imperial Valley, Calif., only, 1918, twenty million dollars; dairy products, two and one-half millions; live stock, eleven and onehalf millions. Former years slightly less account lower prices. KAUFMAN, Assistant in Crop Estimates.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, BUREAU OF MARKETS, , Washington, D. C., June 24, 1919. Mr. O. N. SHAw, Washington Hotel, Washington, D. C. DEAR SIR: Am sending you herewith supplemental figures on shipments of live stock and cantaloupes from the Imperial Valley, Calif. During the period May 1, 1918, to June 23, 1918, shipments of live stock from the Imperial Valley were as follows: Cattle, 2,214 cars; hogs, 709 decks; sheep, 1,020 decks; horses and mules, 164 cars; and mixed stock, 6 cars. Loadings for May, 1917, to April 30, 1919, were furnished you in previous communication. The carload shipments of cantaloupes this season to June 22, inclusive, amounted to 5,591 cars. Very truly, yours, C. W. KITCHEN, Assistant in Market Surveys.

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, BUREAU OF MARKETS, Washington, D. C., June 20, 1919. Mr. O. N. SHAw, Washington Hotel, Washington, D. C.

IDEAR SIR: Reference is made to your conversation with Mr. Kitchen, of this office, yesterday afternoon concerning the available statistics regarding the shipments of agricultural products from the Imperial Valley in California. The following figures represent reports made to this bureau by railroad officials concerning the movement of fruits and vegetables and live stock. Figures are not available, on any other products. The figures represent car-lot shipments only.

1917 1918 1917 1918

Apples........................ 1 ----------- Mixed fruit and vegetables... 1 Apricots...................... * !----------. Onions: 111 46 Asparagus..................... 34 28 || Oranges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .] 1 |..... ----Cabbage...................... 21 49 24 Cantaloupes... 5,744 4,405 4 ---------

Cord------------------------------ 6 ---------Green corn. ! ----------. 61 91 Grapefruit. ! ----------- 504 432 Grapes..... 122 156 3 ---------

Lettuce..................... o 431 875

Shipments of live stock from May 17, 1917, to April 18, 1918, inclusive, were as follows: Cattle, 1,731; hogs, 673; sheep, 372; horses and mules, 282.

I trust that you have secured from the Bureau of Crop Estimates information concerning production of cotton, alfalfa, and other important agricultural products. If we can be of any further assistance to you, do not hesitate to call upon us.

Very truly, yours,
WELLs A. SHERMAN,
Specialist in Market Surveys.

Crop statistics of Imperial Valley for 1919.

[Taken from Southern Pacific Co.'s records.]

Value

Lettuce, 1,069 cars----------------------------------------------- $650,000

Cantaloupes, 7,500 cars––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– 9,000,000

Watermelons, 1,000 cars------------------------------------------ 240,000 Barley, estimated 60,000 acres, yield 35 bushels to the acre, 2,100,000

bushels------------------------------------------------------- 2,520,000

Wheat, 40,000 acres, estimated yield, 1,600,000 bushels______________ 3,000,000

Milo maize, estimated 150,000 acres.

Cotton estimated 140,000 acres.

There were 3,306 acres of winter vegetables planted 1919. If water conditions are stabilized it is estimated by a survey already made that there will be from 8,000 to 10,000 acres next year. • * Coachella reports 417 cars of onions shipped, 1919, 540 crates per car, at $3 per crate f. o. b. valley, value $675,540.

There is one thing I would like to speak about, Mr. Davis's remarks that he made a few minutes ago. He said it would be dangerous to plant alfalfa. Well, now, I have raised alfalfa ever since I can remember, and I have raised it there in the valley for the last 16 years, and I don't consider that a shortage of water for two months on alfalfa there in the valley in the summer time is any detriment to it at all, except you just lose that time on the alfalfa. I have let my alfalfa go dry there a number of times during the summer months, during July and August, but if you put water on it again, as soon as cool weather comes on, it will strike right out and grow just as though nothing had ever happened to it.

The CHAIRMAN. How long does it take to produce a crop of alfalfa there?

Mr. Brooks. It depends on the time of the year. Now, early in the season we let it grow about 30 to 35 days. Along in May and June we can get a good crop of alfalfa in 25 days.

o Then you might lose a whole crop by being out of Water

Mr. BRooks. You might lose one or two crops, but still you could raise five or six crops.

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The CHAIRMAN. And that would be enough for the year, anyhow? Mr. BROOKs. That gives a person all he wants to do. Mr. BARBOUR. You mentioned the fact that the railroad had come in there since that country was developed, and you also mentioned the fact that the majority of the travel in and out of the valley was by automobile. Are there State highways in the valley? Mr. BROOKs. Yes, sir. Mr. BARBOUR. The regular paved California highway? Mr. BROOKs. It is not paved all the way, but it is paved practicall all the way. For a little way through the mountains it is not paved. Mr. BARBOUR. Where does that highway go to ? Mr. BROOKs. It goes to San Diego. Mr. BARBOUR. Now, what are the plans of the State of California under this recent bond issue that we voted about two weeks ago out there, what are the plans in the Imperial Valley? Aren't they going to build a lot more of highways down in your country? Mr. BROOKs. Yes; there is one to be built, and they are workin on it now, and that is to go down from Colton and down throug the Coachella Valley. Mr. BARBOUR: And connects with Los Angeles? Mr. BRooks. Yes, sir. Mr. BARBOUR. With highways leading clear to the northern end of the State and also to Arizona Ż Mr. BRooks. Yes, sir; and through to Yuma, Ariz. Mr. BARBOUR. I just wanted to bring that out to show that the State of California has confidence in that country down there. Mr. BRooks. Yes; they have promised us that that will be one of the first pieces built out of this next bond issue. Mr. Rose. They have already built a part of it now. Mr. THOMPson. Are you to have a trunk-line railroad from San Diego to the East through there? Mr. BRooks. They expect this year to get through. There is something like 9 miles, I believe, that they have got to finish on the San Diego road, and that will connect through from San Diego with us at El Centro. Then they can either go out by Niland on the South§. Pacific, or they can loop down through Mexico and come out by lin 18. Mr. BARBOUR. From San Diego? Mr. BROORs. Yes, sir; from San Diego. Mr. BARBour. What system is that? Is it the Rock Island that is building that road? Mr. BRooks. I think now the Southern Pacific owns it, do they not? Mr. BARBOUR. It is pretty hard to tell just which one of those roads does own it. Mr. BRooks. It was started by the Spreckles people, but I think the Southern Pacific owns it now. Mr. SMITH of Idaho. Do you have any trouble with disease among cattle, sheep, and hogs down there in that hot country? Mr. BRooks. Very little. They did have a little cholera in there a few years ago, but I think they have practically eliminated it. Mr. SMITH of Idaho. How about the cattle? Mr. Brooks. They are very healthy, too. They told us when we first went in there that a hog couldn't live there, but I never saw hogs do better in any country. In fact, when I used to raise hogs there a number of years ago I would let them harvest my grain. I would put in 100 or 200 acres of barley, and when it got ripe I would just turn the hogs into it, three or four or five hundred head of hogs. Mr. HUDspETH. You don’t have the cattle tick? Mr. BROOKs. No, sir. no THOMPson. Do you have sheep in there, too? Do you raise sheep Mr. BROOKs. Yes, sir; Mr. Shaw can tell you about sheep. I don't raise sheep, myself, but he is president of the sheep association. Mr. HUDSPETH. You never have any frost? You raise crops the year around? Mr. BROOKs. Yes; in some years we have frost. I have seen winters there that went through without a bit of frost, but we usually expect frost from about the first of December until the last of January. We may get frost any time during those months, but other years I have seen it where there wasn't a speck of frost, and I o cut a good crop of alfalfa hay between Christmas and New ear's. Mr. SHAw. Those frosts may occur one day in three weeks, or one day in a month in the winter. Mr. Brooks. Yes. Mr. SHAw. But one frost during a year is not sufficient to kill vegetation. r. HUDSPETH. I didn't think when I was there in August that you would ever have any frost there. [Laughter.] Mr. Brooks. It didn’t feel like it here in Washington when I came here a few weeks ago, either. Mr. SMITH of Idaho. The insanitary condition of the water going in there is because it runs through Mexico. Now, if this all-American canal is built, will you stop the water from going through Mexico? Mr. BRooks. Yes; we will keep it on American soil, and we can control it. Mr. SMITH of Idaho. But how will you get rid of it? Mr. BRooks. The water that we use won’t go into Mexico. Mr. SMITH of Idaho. I know, but the water will come down to irrigate the lands of Mexico. It will come down the Alamo River, won't it? Mr. TAYLOR. It won't have to come back up into the United States. Mr. SMITH of Idaho. How will they get rid of the surplus? Mr. SHAw. It might come down to this point [indicating] and cross through a waste gate, provided here [indicating]. A gate is dropped into the Alamo River and it has a free run from there on to the Salton Sea, and the water is not taken out of that river except at one small diversion dam which doesn't amount to a great deal, irrigating a small section of land, but this is primarily a drainage canal to carry off any surplus water. The CHAIRMAN. Is that all you have, Mr. Brooks? Mr. BRooks. I think that is all, Mr. Chairman. The CHAIRMAN. We will hear your next witness, then.

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