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connection with the modification, improvement, enlargement, and extension of the present irrigation systems of the said valley.

“ Sec. 3. That the said Secretary shall report in detail as to the character and estimated cost of the plan or plans on which he may report, and if the said plan or plans shall include storage, the location, character, and cost of said storage, and the effect on the irrigation development of other sections or localities of the storage recommended and the use of the stored water in the Imperial Valley, and adjacent lands.

* SEC. 4. That the said Secretary shall also report as to the extent, if any, to which, in his opinion, the United States should contribute to the cost of carrying out the plan or plans which he may propose; the approximate proportion of the total cost that should be borne by the various irrigation districts or associations or other public or private agencies now organized or which may be organized; and the manner in which their contribution should be made; also to what extent and in what manner the United States should control, operate, or supervise the carrying out of the plan proposed, and what assurances he has been able to secure as to the approval of, participation in, and contribution to the plan or plans proposed by the various contributing agencies.

“ SEC. 5. That, for the purpose of enabling the Secretary of the Interior to pay not to exceed one-half of the cost of the examination and report herein provided for, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated not-to-exceed the sum of $20,000: Provided, That no expenditure shall be made or obligation incurred hereunder by the Secretary of the Interior until provision shall have been made for the payment of at least one-half the cost of the examination and report herein provided for by associations and agencies interested in the irrigation of the lands of the Imperial Valley."

The bill H. R. 12537 was referred to the Secretary of the Interior for his consideration and report thereon, and on February 25, 1920, Hon. Franklin K. Lane, Secretary, made the following report:

“ DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, February 25, 1920, “ Hon. M. P. KINKAID, Committee on Irrigation of Arid Lands,

House of Representatives. “MY DEAR MR. KINKAID: I have your letter of February 18 transmitting copy of a bill, H. R. 12537, with request for report thereon. The bill is entitled as follows: 'A bill to provide for an examination and report on the condition and possible irrigation development of the Imperial Valley in California.'

“You state that the bill was introduced after a conclusion had been reached that neither the Kettner bill (H. R. 11553) nor anything like it could be passed at this session. The bill proposes to authorize an appropriation not to exceed $20,000 under which no expenditure shall be made or obligation incurred until provision has been made for the payment of one-half the cost of the examination, provided by the bill, by associations and agencies interested in the irrigation of lands in the Imperial Valley.

“On February 16, 1918, I made a contract with the Imperial irrigation district providing for investigations, surveys, and cost estimates of an all-American canal from Laguna Dam, Arizona-California, into Imperial Valley, which contemplated an expenditure of $45,000, of which the Imperial district furnished $30,000. This report has just been printed and I inclose herewith a copy for the committee.

“ This report was devoted largely to the engineering features of the proposltion. The bill in question will authorize a more general study of the character of the lands and their availability for irrigation, together with a number of other important details regarding the feasibility, necessity, and advisability of the undertaking.

“ In view of the conditions regarding the possibility of passing an appropriation for construction of the works as presented by the committee, it seems to me that the best thing which can be done at the present time to advance the interests of this proposition, which I regard as meritorious, would be to appropriate further moneys for the necessary investigations which would be preliminary to construction. I therefore suggest favorable action upon the bill. “ Cordially yours,

“ FRANKLIN K. LANE, Secretary."

It has been made to appear to your committee by an abundance of evidence that there exists urgent necessity for the relief of the present water users in Imperial Valley, Calif., from the serious obstacles with which they contend in Securing water for the irrigation of their farms by the present imperfect system, of carrying the water, first, by canal fom the Colorado River in the State of California South across the international boundary line into the Republic of Mexico; thence by an old river bed west in Mexico for 60 miles, whereby physical control by American water users is suspended ; thence north across the international boundary line into Imperial Walley, Calif. Imperial Valley water users have been and are obliged to deliver water to Mexican irrigators at nominal prices. It has also been necessary to construct and maintain expensive levees on the Mexican side to safeguard American holdings from being flooded, and additionally to pay exorbitant duties to the Mexican Government for conveying into the Republic the immense amount of American material used in the construction of such levees, as well as for all of the horses and mules and other property taken into Mexico for temporary use. An acute condition has arisen between the patrons of the canal which supplies Imperial Valley and the water users of the Yuma Reclamation Project in Arizona by reason of the fact that in order to divert water by gravity from the Colorado River into the canal, the Imperial Irrigation District of California has annually, for the several years last past, found it expedient to construct at very great expense, during the period of low water, a temporary diversion dam, or wier, across the river, which to prevent disaster by flooding the Yuma, water users, must be annually removed before the high-water period. But it is the opinion of reclamation engineers that the existence at any time of the wier dam imperials the safety of the Yuma project and property thereon; also the safety of the Laguna Dam, constructed by the Government, on account of the possibility of a sudden rise in the river, resulting in the flooding of the Yuma. project and the backing of the water up the river against the dam. It is contemplated that the solution of the problem is the building of an allAmerican canal, with the route through Mexico entirely abandoned, and surveys. by competent engineers make that appear to be feasible. Your committee is convinced of the great productivity of the soil in Imperial Valley and its exceptional merits as an agricultural proposition, with water properly applied to the planted and growing crops. On the irrigated lands in the Imperial irrigation district, comprising about 430,000 acres, there was realzed last year from the sale of their surplus productions over the local demand and home consumption, about $60,000,000. According to reliable estimates there remains in the Imperial Valley, irrigable lands not yet provided with water, 250,000 acres owned by the Government, and an equal amount in the hands of private owners, so that with all of the irrigable lands in the valley reclaimed, the area would amount to nearly a milliOn a CreS. While your committee is convinced there is a very pressing demand and necessity for relief to be afforded to the present water users in Imperial Valley, it is yet deemed a prudent precaution to require the investigation and report thereon, provided by H. R. 12537, for the better information of the Congress in the premises. In conclusion your committee unanimously recommend the passage of H. R. 12537, when amended as herein suggested.

Whereupon, at 10.45 a.m., the committee adjourned.

APPENDIX.

The following is a tabulation of the receipts and shipments in carload lots of merchandise in and out of the Imperial Valley dur

ing the year 1919:

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Imperial Valley.

CARLOADS RECEIVED—continued.

Seed barley ----------------- 6
Salt ------------------------ 36
Sugar ---------------------- 67
Seed ----------------------- 8
Wood ----------------------- 72
Tractors -------------------- 32
Vegetables ------------------ 278
Water ---------------------- 23
Wire ----------------------- 6
Wool ----------------------- 1.
Vehicles -------------------- 4
Wheat ---------------------- 1
Tires, auto ------------------ 2
Tomatoes ------------------- 2
Total carloads received
in Imperial Valley,
1919 ---------------- 12, 272
CARLOADS, SHIPPEd.

Alfalfa ---------------------- 612
Asparagus ------------------- 25
Automobiles ----------------- 5
Barley ---------------------- 415
Barley, rolled ---------------- 1
Bones ----------------------- 1
Bottles ---------------------- 24
Butter ---------------------- 305
Brick ----------------------- 80
Cantaloupes ----------------- 7, 809
Cement lime and plaster------ 1
Cotton ---------------------- 1,378
Cotton linters --------------- 19
Cotton seed ----------------- 1,093
Cottonseed hulls ------------- 207
Cottonseed meal ------------- 190
Cottonseed oil --------------- 60
Cotton bolls ----------------- 19
Dredgers -------------------- 2
Emigrant ------------------- 23
Flour ----------------------- 1
Grapes ---------------------- 247
Grapefruit ------------------ 4
Honey ---------------------- 31
Hides ----------------------- 1

----------------------

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CARLOADS SHIPPED—continued.

CARLOADS SHIPPED—continued. Ice --------------

647 Potatoes -------------------Implements ----------

Paper Junk -----

Spinach ------Live stock --

263 Stone, sand, and gravelLettuce

Straw Lumber --

Shooks Manure --

2, 763 Seed cotton -Miscellaneous

437

Sugar --Merchandise 966 Tomatoes

114 Milo maize ----1, 266 Vegetables

269 Oats -----------

Watermelons

1, 154 Onions -------16 Wheat

544 Oil

Wool

--------------Ostriches --

3 Wood --Pipe ------Pears ------

Total carloads shipped Pumice

from Imperial Valley, Peas, green -

1919

- 24, 281 Gross value, 1919, Imperial Valley and Lower California farm products. Alfalfa ---------------- $220,000 | Miscellaneous -----

$437, 000 Asparagus -----56, 000 Merchandise

966, 000 Barley --------

986,040
Milo maize -------

2, 532, 000 Butter ---------

3, 377, 000
Oats -----------

10,000 Cantaloupes --

9, 208, 000
Onions --------

17, 000 Cotton 20, 713, 000 Pears

6,000 Cotton linters--22, 000 Pumice -

67,000 Cotton seed-

Peas, green_

295, 000 Cottonseed hulls.

132.000 Spinach

3, 222, 000 Cottonseed meal.

Tomatoes -----

57, 000 Cottonseed oil----------)

Vegetables

132, 500 Grapes --------494, 000 Watermelons

276, 960 Grapefruit 8, 000 Wheat -

1, 479, 000 Honey -------

260, 400 Wool
----------

111, 000 Hides 10,000 Cheese --------

105, 339 Live stock 4, 752, 300 Turkeys --

160, 000 Lettuce

1, 176, 000 Manure

221, 0001 Grand total.-- --- 51, 509, 539 Acreage under cultivation, Imperial Valley, 1919. UNITED STATES SIDE.

UNITED STATES SIDE-continued.

| Oats-----------------------Alfalfa

108, 762 |

| Strawberries.---Asparagus--------

464

Gum trees-------Barley ----------

66, 860

Apricots --Cotton------

76, 663

Sweet potatoes--
Cantaloupes
S

14, 088
------

Peas.

1, 201 Grapes.

Orchard ----

1, 375 GrapefruitLettuce.

2, 425 Milo maize---

863

Total acres------------ 418, 151 Onions ------

32

MEXICAN SIDE. Oranges -----

Total acres (practically all in Pears --------

180

cotton)---Peas, green----

---------- 136, 580 Tomatoes-------

650 Vegetables----

2, 104

Grand total number of

acres, both sides inWheat-

25, 234

ternational boundary Watermelons--

line ------Corn -----

8, 930

-------- 554, 731

NOTE.—Irrigation district Fruits------

shows ----

------- 588, 250 Miscellaneous------Rhodes grass--------

574 This difference caused by water Potatoes-----------

35 companies not reporting new land beApricots ------------------

12 | ing leveled for irrigation and cultivaDates -----------------

40 1 tion.

----

120

11

92

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1

13

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241

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Coachella Valley, 1919.
CARLOADS SHIPPED AND GROSS VALUE.

*i; | Value. i. | value. Beans and peas 3 $3,000 Cotton. . . . . . . ..] 5 || 125,000 425 || 459,000 Cotton seed - 5 17,500 ipe------------------------------| 1 |---------Emigrant. - 2 ---------- Sweet potatoes......... - 4 1,600 Grapes. ----------. ..] 33 66,000 || Stone, Sand, and gravel........ * -- 6 12,600 Grapefruit.. --- 1 1,000 || Spinach and Vegetables........... 87 87,000 Grain.... 2 3,800 || Shooks Hay.. 10 3,600 || Tomatoes Iron.. 1 ---------- Wood. Ice 77 ---------. Water Live stock 18,000 || Wheat Manure--------------------------- 6 120 || Dates.----------................. Miscellaneous..................... 38 19,000 elons--------------------------- 4 4, Total CARLOADS RECEIVED. Automobiles--------------------- 4 Merchandise -------------------- 333 Brick 1 | Manure------------------------- 3 Bananas------------------------ 2 Oil ---------------------------- 51 Cement, lime, and plaster-------- 35 | Pipe 10 Date palms --------------------- G | Potatoes ----------------------- 1. Emigrant ------------2----------- 1 | Shooks ------------------------- 53 Flour -------------------------- 10 || Stone, Sand, and gravel---------- 169 Grain--------------------------- 2 | Salt --------------------------- 1 Hay ---------------------------- 19 | Sugar -------------------------- 2 Ice----------------------------- 8 Vegetables ---------------------- 1 Lumber------------------------- 81 | Well casing--------------------- 2 Live stock---------------------- 4 - Miscellaneous ––––––––––––––––––– 121 Total carloads received---- 870 Imperial Valley, - Year 1919. Dairy cows ------------------ 17, 500 | Date palms------------ trees__ 13, 875 Young cows------------------ 5,000 || Apricots -------------- do---- 13, 330 Steers on feed---------------- 44, 300 | Fig -------------------do---- 9, 330 Sheep, ewes------------------140,000 | Olive ----------------- do---- 6,980 Lambs----------------------- 90,000 | Peach ---------------- do---- 2,725 Hogs --------- --------------- 29,000 | Pear ------------------ do---- 8, 460 Poultry ––––––––––––––dozen—— 10, 572 | Plum ––––––––––––––––– do---- 1, 501 Bees ---------------- Stands-- 17, 784 || Lemon ----------------do---- 2, 240 Grapefruit ------------trees–- 43,975 | Orange --------------- do---- 7, 170

The only items on which we have figured the value are the ones which we have knowledge of having been shipped out of the valley. Believe that fully $5,000,000 should be added to the gross value of Imperial Valley crops, 1919. This to cover less-than-carload shipments which moved out of the valley by express or trucks, of which am not in position to figure the value.

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