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Shipments from Imperial and Coachella Valleys, season 1919.
i Includes 1 casaba, 10 honey dews.
4 Includes 2 honey dews. 2 In ludes 12 rasabas, 4 honey dews.
6 Includes casabas, which are shown separately 3 Includes 7 honey dews.
on previous statements. E.=East. W.=West. Increase in live stock, crop acreages, and property values in Imperial County.
The following table is compiled from official reports of the State board of equalization, which are based on the annual census of county assessors :
Total assessed property value.. 312, 148, 180 319,067, 433 825, 739, 973 330, 744,665 $35,859, 028 $40, 350, 450 Field crops:
Alfalfa... ....acres.. 32, 703 85,000 109, 653 95, 562 98, 274 1 96, 040 Barley.
....do.... 43, 573 116,000 71,915 83, 540 69, 761 75, 292 Cotton. ....do.... 6,538
38, 810 44, 116 77,216 61, 217 Cantaloupes. ....do...
1,111 5,500 11, 801 13,043 12, 214 13,392 Milo... ....do... 4,327
12, 482 52, 207 81,648 67,816 Wheat. ....do....
1,866 9,050 · 37, 288 Live stock:
Cattle..... number.. 14, 063 42, 238 43, 896 61, 920 59, 622 72,563 Hogs. ....do.... 34, 292 52, 320 20, 262 48, 262 34, 194
29, 127 Sheen... ....do.... 14, 825 21, 508 11,972 35, 843 47,596 107,886 Poultry ...........dozen.. 2, 844 4,341 5, 187 11, 446 9,920 10,572
1 Alfalfa, 125,000 acres. “In the alfalfa our showing is for old alfalfa only and does not take into consideration the alfalfa which is sown in 1919, which probably would be 25,000 or 30,000 more." (Wiley Weaver, Imperial County assessor.)
Other figures from the 1919 census are as follows:
A bird's-eye comparison of Imperial Valley.
----stands., 17, 784 Tomatoes
----trees., 13, 330 Lettuce
3, 306 Figs
-do---- 9, 330 Beans 310
6, 980 Onions
2,725 Potatoes -
8, 460 Melons (other than can taloupes) -----------do---- 1, 280
2, 240 Oats -------
7, 170 Sudan grass ------
786 Grapefruit ---- ---do---- 43, 975 Rhodes grass ------ ---do--- 840
----do---- 13, 875 Mules --
-_number__ 4, 845 Table grapes ----------acres-- 1, 960 Horses -
--do---- 11, 903
CALIFORNIA LAND SETTLEMENT ACT AS AMENDED IN 1919.
SECTION 1. The legislature believes that land settlement is a problem of great importance to the welfare of all the people of the State of California and for that reason through this particular act endeavors to improve the general economic and social conditions of agricultural settlers within the State and of the people of the State in general.
SEC. 2. The object of this act is to provide employment and rural homes for soldiers, sailors, marines and others who have served with the armed forces of the United States in the European war or other wars of the United States, including former American citizens who served in allied armies against the Central Powers and have been repatriated, and who have been honorably discharged, to promote closer agricultural settlement, to assist deserving and qualified persons to acquire small improved farms, to demonstrate the value of adequate capital and organized direction in subdividing and preparing agricultural land for settlement, and to provide homes for farm laborers.
To carry out the objects herein stated there is hereby created a State land settlement board to consist of five members appointed by the governor to hold office for a term of four years and until their successors have been appointed and shall have qualified : Provided, however, That of the members first appointed two shall be appointed to hold office until the 1st day of January, 1918, one until the 1st day of January, 1919, one until the 1st day of January, 1920, and one until the 1st day of January, 1921.
The governor shall designate one of the members as chairman of the board and director of land settlement. The secretary may or may not be a member of the board. The board shall appoint such expert, technical, and clerical assistance as may prove necessary, and shall define their duties. It shall fix the salaries of all employees, with the approval of the State board of control.
The four members of the board shall receive a per diem for each meeting attended, and the chairman shall receive a salary, said per diem and salary to be fixed by the State board of control, with the approval of the governor. The nembers shall also receive their actual necessary traveling expenses in the discharge of their duties.
The said land settlement board shall have power to cooperate with and to contract with the duly authorized representatives of the United States Govern. ment in carrying out the provisions of this act.
SEC. 3. The State land settlement board, hereinafter called the board, shall constitute a body corporate with the right on behalf of the State to hold property, receive and request donations, sue and be sued, and all other rights provided by the constitution and laws of the State of California as belonging to bodies corporate.
Three members of the board shall constitute a quorum and such quorum may exercise all the power and authority conferred on the board by this act.
SEC. 4. For the purposes of this act, the board may acquire on behalf of the State by purchase, gift, of the exercise of the power of eminent domain, all lands, water rights, and other property needed for the purposes hereof, and may take title in trust and shall without delay improve, subdivide and sell such land, water rights, and other property with appurtenances and rights to approved bona fide settlers; the board shall have the authority to set aside for townsite purposes a suitable area purchased under the provisions of this act and to subdivide such area and sell or lease the same for cash, in lots of such size, and with such restrictions as to resale, as they shall deem best: And provided further, That the board shall have authority to set aside and dedicate to public use such area or areas as it may deem desirable for roads, schoolhouses, churches, or other public purposes.
SEC. 5. Whenever the board believes that private land should be purchased for settlement under this act, it shall give notice by publication in one or more newspapers of general circulation in this State, setting forth approximately the area and character of the land desired and the conditions that shall govern the proposed purchase, and inviting owners of land willing to enter into a contract of sale on the conditions proposed to submit such land for inspection.
SEC, 6. Within 30 days thereafter the bard shall direct an officer or officers in its employ, or one or more persons who may at its request be designated by the dean of the college of agriculture of the University of California, to inspect and report on all tracts of land suitable for closer settlement which are so submitted.
Sec. 7. The board shal give not less than one week's notice of the approximate date when tracts submitted will be inspected and every report of such inspection shall as far as practicable specify the
(a) Situation and brief description thereof;
(b) Extent and situation of land comprising so much of any tract as it is proposed to acquire;
(c) Names and addresses of the owners thereof;
Sec. 8. On receiving the reports on all of the land examined the board shall decide which of the areas is best suited to the purposes of this act. Before so deciding the board may examine the land, or it may employ one or more competent valuers to fix the productive value of the land and report the same in writing; the owner or his agent may give evidence as to its value.
SEC. 9. If from the evidence submitted or from the results of its personal inspection, the board is satisfied that one or more of the tracts submitted are suited to intensive, closer settlement and can be acquired at a reasonable price, it shall submit to the governor its report, giving the reasons for recommending the purchase, and on the approval of the governor the board shall be authorized to purchase the same: Provided, That before such purchase is made, the attorney general shall approve the title of such lands and any water rights appurtendent thereto, and the State water commission shall certify in writing as to the sufficiency of any water rights to be conveyed.
Sec. 10. All sales to settlers of land under this act shall be made under such terms and conditions as shall give to the board full control of any subdivisions thereof until all moneys advanced by the State for the purchase, improvement, or equipment of such subdivisions are fully repaid, together with interest thereon as herein provided.
SEC. 11. Immediately upon taking possession of any land purchased as above, and after deducting any areas to be set aside for townsites or public purposes in accordance with section 4 of this act, the board shall subdivide it into areas suitable for farms and farm laborer's allotments, and lay out, and where necessary, construct roads, ditches, and drains for giving access to and insuring the proper cultivation of the several farms and allotments. The board, prior to disposing of it to settlers, or at any time after such land has been disposed of, but not after the end of the fifth year from the commencement of the term of the settler's purchase contract, may
(a) Prepare all or any part of such land for irrigation and cultivation :
(b) Seed, plant, or fence such land, and cause dwelling houses and outbuildings to be erected on any farm alloment or make any other improvements not specified above necessary to render the allotment habitable and productive in advance of or after settlement, the total cost to the board of such dwellings, outbuildings, and improvements riot to exceed $1,500 on any one farm allotment;
(c) Cause cottages to be erected on any farm laborer's allotment and proviile a domestic water supply, the combined cost to the board of the cottage and water supply not to exceed $800 on any one farm laborer's allotment;
(d) Make loans to approved settlers on the security of permanent improvements, stock, and farm implements, such loans to be secured by mortgage or mortgages, deed or deeds of trust on such permanent improvements, stock, or farm implements, and the total amount of any such loan, together with money spent by the board on improvements as above specified, not to exceed $3,000 on any one farm allotment, or $2,000 on any one farm laborer's allotment.
SEC. 12. Authority is hereby granted to the board, where deemed advisable, to operate and maintain any irrigation works constructed to serve any lands purchased and sold under the provisions of this act. All moneys received in tolls or charges for the operation and maintenance of any works or for any water supplied therefrom, shall be deposited in the land-settlement fund created by this act and shall become available for the payment of any costs, expenses, or other charges authorized in this act to be paid from said land-settlement fund.
Sec. 13. After the purchase of land by the board under the provisions of this act and before its disposal to approved bona fide applicants the board shall have authority to lease such land or a part thereof on bonded or secured lease on such terms as it shall deem fit.
SEC. 14. Lands disposed of under this act, other than lands set aside for towiisites or public purposes, shall be sold either as farm allotments, each of which shall have a value not exceeding, without improvements, $15,000, or as farm laborers 'allotments, each of which shall have a value not exceeding. without improvements, $1,000. Before any part of an area is thrown open for settlement there shall be public notice thereof once a week for four weeks in one or more daily newspapers of general circulation in the State, setting forth the number and size of farm allotments or farm laborer's allotments, or both, the prices at which they are offered for sale, the minimum amount of capital a settler will be required to have, the mode of payment, the amount of cash payment required, and such other particulars as the board may think proper and specifying a definite period within which applications therefor shall be filed with the board on forms provided by the board. The board shall have the right in its uncontrolled discretion to reject any or all applications it may see fit and may readvertise as a foresaid as often as it sees fit until it receives and accepts such number of applications as it may deem necessary.
If no applications satisfactory to the board are received for any farm allotment or farm laborer's allotment following such advertising, the board at any time prior to readvertising, may sell any such farm allotment or farm laborer's allotment at the prices at which they were so offered for sale, without the necessity of readvertising.
The board shall also have the power in dealing with any such farm allotments or farm laborer's allotments for which there has been no such application satisfactory to the board, to subdivide or amalgamate any one or more of such allotments as it may see fit, and fix the prices thereon, provided that the limitations of $15,000 for a farm allotment and $1.000 for the farm laborer's allotment, as in this section set forth, are not violated. Such subdivision or amalgamation may be had without the necessity of readvertising.
The board may also sell at public auction, under such conditions of sale and notice thereof as the board may prescribe, any areas which the board may determine are not suitable for farm allotments or farm laborer's allotrents, whether or not included in any subdivision into farm allotments or farm laborer's allotments: Provided, That if such area has been included in such a farm allotment or farm laborer's allotment, then such sale at public auction can be made only after a failure to receive any application satisfactory to the board after the advertising thereof, as required by the terms of this section,
SEC. 15. Any citizen of the United States, or any person who has declared his intention of becoming a citizen of the United States, and who is not the holder of agricultural land or of possessory rights thereto to the value of $15,000, and who by this purchase would not become the holder of agricultural land or of possessory rights thereto exceeding such value, and who is prepared to enter within six months upon actual occupation of the land acquired, may
apply for and become the purchaser of either a farm allotment or a farm laborer's allotment; Provided, That no more than one farm allotment or more than one farm laborer's allotment shall be sold to any one person; Provided, further, That no applicant shall be approved who shall not satisfy the board as to his or her fitness successfully to cultivate and develop the allotment applied for.
The board may, in offering for sale farm allotments or farm laborer's allotments, cooperate or contract with the duly authorized representatives of the United States Government and other public corporations or agencies generally. The board is hereby authorized to perform all acts necessary to cooperate fully with the agencies of the United States engaged in work of similar character, and with similar boards and agencies of other States. In any such sales made in cooperation with such representatives or agencies of the United States Government preference must be given to soldiers, sailors, marines, and others who have served with the armed forces of the United States in the European war or other wars of the United States, including .former American citizens who served in Allied Armies against the Central Powers, and have been repatriated, and who have been honorably discharged. The board may likewise, whether or not acting in cooperation with the duly authorized representatives of the United States Government, give such preference to any of such citizens of California, who as soldiers, sailors, marines, and others have served with the armed forces of the United States, as in this section decribed.
SEC. 16. Within 10 days after the final date set for receiving applications for either farm allotments or farm laborer's allotments the board shall meet to consider the applications, and may request applicants to appear in person: Provided, That the board shall have the power and the uncontrolled discretion to reject any or all applications.
SEC. 17. The selling prices of the several allotments into which lands purchased under this act are subdivided, other than those set aside for townsite and public purposes, shall be fixed by the board, so as to render such allots ments as nearly as possible equally attractive, and calculated to return to th State the original cost of the land, together with a sufficient sum added thereti to cover all expenses and costs of surveying, improving, subdividing, and selline such lands, including the payment of interest, and all costs of engineering, superintendence, and administration, including the cost of operating any works built, directly chargeable to such land, and also the price of so much land ar shall on subdivision be used for roads and other public purposes, and also suck sum as shall be deemed necessary to meet unforeseen contingencies.
Sec. 18. Every approved applicant shall enter into a contract of purchase with the board, which contract shall among things provide that the purchaser shall pay as a cash deposit a sum equal to 5 per cent of the sale price of the allot ment and in addition not less than 10 per cent of the cost of any improvement made thereon, and such applicant shall, if required by the board, enter into ak agreement to apply for a loan from the Federal land bank under provisions of the Federal farm-loan act for an amount to be fixed by the board, and shall pay to the board the amount of any loan so made as a partial payment on such land and improvements. The balance due on the land shall be paid in amortizing payments extending over a period to be fixed by the board, not exceeding 40 years, together with interest thereon at the rate of 5 per cent per annum. The amount due on improvements shall be paid in amortizing payments extending over a period to be fixed by the board not exceeding 20 years, together with interest thereon at the rate of 5 per cent per annum. The repayment of loans made on live stock or implements shall extend over a period to be fixed by the board not exceeding five years; Provided, however, In each case, that the settler shall have the right, on any installment date, to pay any or all installments still remaining unpaid.
Sec. 19. The number and amount of yearly or half yearly installments of principal and interest to be paid to the board under contracts of purchase shall be calculated according to any table adopted or approved by the Federal Farm Loan Board.
SEC. 20. Every contract entered into between the board and an approved purchaser shall contain among other things provisions that the purchaser shall cultivate the land in a manner to be approved by the board and shall keep in good order and repair all buildings, fences, and other permanent improvements situated on his allotment, reasonable wear and tear and damage by fire excepted. Each settler shall, if required, insure and keep insured against fire all buildings on his allotment, the policies therefor to be made out in favor of the