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Prince Henry's Purpose.
God forgive them that so much have sway'd
-Henry IV, Pt. I, iii., 2. TONE OF ENCOURAGEMENT.
(See Tone Drill No. 85.) [The tone of Encouragement manifests an urging tinged with assurance and confidence.]
Sound an alarum! The foe is come!
Have we not sinews as strong as they?
Huzzah !-Huzzah !
Stand by each other, and front your foes !
Huzzah !-Huzzah !
Henry V Before Harfleur.
Cnce more unto the breach, dear friends, once more;
Straining upon the start. The game's afoot:
-Henry V, iii., 1.
THE TONE OF ADVICE.
(See Tone Drill No. 4.) [The tone of Advice has in it something of command, but lacks the insistence of the latter. Sometimes there is a suggestion of deference.]
JOHN JAY CHAPMAN.
When I was asked to make this address, I wondered what I had to say to you who are graduating. And I think I have one thing to say. If you wish to be useful, never take a course that will silence you. Refuse to learn anything that you cannot proclaim. Refuse to accept anything that implies collusion, whether it be a clerkship or a curacy, a legal fee or a post in a university. Retain the power of speech, no matter what other power you lose. If you can, take this course, and in so far as you take it, you will bless this country. In so far as you depart from this course, you
. become dampers, mutes, and hooded executioners.
As for your own private character, it will be preserved by such a course. Crime you cannot commit, for crime gags you Collusion gags you. As a practical matter, a mere failure to speak out upon occasions where no opinion is asked or expected of you, and when the utterance of an uncalled for suspicion is odious, will often hold you to a concurrence in palpable iniquity. It will bind and gag you and lay you dumb and in shackles like the veriest serf in Russia. I give you this one rule of conduct. Do what you will, but speak out always. Be shunned, be hated, be ridi. culed, be scared, be in doubt, but don't be gagged.
Polonius's Advice to Laertes.
These few precepts in thy memory Look thou character. Give thy thoughts no tongue, Nor any unproportion'd thought his act. Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar. Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried, Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel, But do not dull thy palm with entertainment Of each new-hatch'd unfledged comrade. Beware Of entrance to a quarrel; but being in, Bear 't, that the opposed may beware of thee. Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice: Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgment. Costly thy habit, as thy purse can buy, But not express’d in fancy; rich, not gaudy: For the apparel oft proclaims the man; And they in France of the best rank and station Are of a most select and generous chief in that. Neither a borrower nor a lender be: For loan oft loses both itself and friend, And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. This above all: to thine own self be true, And it must follow, as the night the day, Thou canst not then be false to any man.
—Hamlet, i., 3.