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ART. V.- ELECTIONS.
The times, places, and manner of holding elections for senators and
representatives shall be prescribed in each State by the legislature thereof, subject to the revision of Congress, except as to the places of choosing senators. 15.
1. The appointment of the militia-officers is reserved to the States
respectively. 2. Also the training of the militia according to the discipline pre
scribed by Congress. 41.
ART. VII. - FEDERAL PROTECTION.
1. The United States shall guarantee to every State in the Union a
republican form of government;
1st. On the application of the legislature of the State ; or,
ture cannot be convened. 77.
1. From Justice. - A person charged in any State with treason,
felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be
held to service or labor in one State under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due. 74. (This clause has been superseded by the 13th article of Amend. ments to the Constitution.)
ART. IX. RESERVATIONS. 1 The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitu
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the
States respectively, or to the people. 92. 2. The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not
be construed to dery or disparage others retained by the people. 91.
States was declared to be sufficient for the establishment of the
Constitution between the States so ratifying the same. 82. 2. Amendments. - Whenever amendments to the Constitution are
proposed in accordance with the terms of that instrument,
the several States; or,
ART. II. – SUPREMACY OF UNITED-STATES AUTHORITY. 1. The supreme law of the land shall be,
1st. The Constitution of the United States ;
authority of the United States. 2. The judges in every State shall be bound thereby, notwithstand
ing any thing in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary. 80.
ART. III.- OFFICIAL OATH.
1. The members of the several State legislatures shail be bound by
oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States.
2. All executive officers of the several States shall be bound in like
manner; 3. Also all judicial officers of the several States. 81.
1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation
(51), nor, 2. Into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a
foreign power, without the consent of Congress. 52.
ART. II.- COMMERCIAL.
1. No State shall coin money ; nor,
ART. III.- WAR.
1. No State shall grant letters of marque and reprisal (51); nor, 2. Without the consent of Congress, keep troops or ships of war
in time of peace; nor, 3. Engage in war, unless,
1st. Actually invaded ; or,
ART. IV. - PENALTIES.
1. No State shall pass any bill of attainder; nor, 2. Any ex-post facto law. 51.
ART. V.- NOBILITY.
No State shall grant any title of nobility. 51.
ART. VI. - DUTIES.
1st. Lay any duty of tonnage ; nor,
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspeo
tion-laws. 2. The net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any State on
imports or exports shall be for the use of the treasury of the United States. 52.
ART VII. - - SLAVERY. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment
for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist,
1. Within the limits of the United States ; nor,
pendix to Analysis B, page 106.)
ARTICLE I.- DOMICILE.
1. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house
without the consent of the owner ; nor, 2. In time of war, but in a manner prescribed by law. 85.
ART. II. - SECURITY.
1. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses,
papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures,
shall not be violated. 2. No warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by
oath or affirmation,
1st. Particularly describing the place to be searched ; and, 2d. The persons or things to be seized. 86.
JUDICIAL. 1. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infa
mous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand
1st. In the land or naval forces; or,
or public danger. 2. No person shall be subject for the same offense to be twice put
in jeopardy of life and limb. 3 No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without
due process of law. 4. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just
ART. IV.- CRIMINAL ACTIONS. In all criminal prosecutions, 1. Accusation. The accused shall be informed of the nature and
cause of the accusation. 2. Trial by Jury. — He shall enjoy the right to a speedy and
1st. By an impartial jury;
crime shall have been committed.
law. 88. 3. Witnesses. 1st. No one shall be compelled in any
criminal case to be a witness against himself. 87. 2d. He shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses
in his favor.
3d. He shall be confronted by the witnesses against him. 88. 4 Counsel. - He shall have the assistance of counsel for his
defense. 88. 5. Bail. - Excessive bail shall not be required. 6. Fines. - Excessive fines shall not be imposed. 7 Punishments. — Cruel and unusual punishments shall not be