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this department. The petitions and papers are filed with this clerk, on which pardons are founded. Passports are prepared by him, and a record kept. Statistics relating to the foreign commerce of the United States are filed and preserved in this department.

$ 5. The following is a catalogue of the Secretaries of State, beginning with the first year under our Constitution : NAME. RESIDENCE.

WHEN APPOINTED. THOMAS JEFFERSON, Virginia,

Sept. 26, 1789. EDMUND RANDOLPH, Virginia,

Jan. 2, 1794. TIMOTHY PICKERING,

Massachusetts, Dec. 10, 1795. JOHN MARSHALL,

Virginia,

May 13, 1800. JAMES MADISON,

Virginia,

March 5, 1801. ROBERT SMITH,

Maryland,

March 6, 1809. JAMES MONROE,

Virginia,

Nov. 25, 1811. JOHN Q. ADAMS,

Massachusetts,

March 3, 1817. HENRY CLAY,

Kentucky,

March 8, 1825. MARTIN VAN BUREN, New York,

March 6, 1829. EDWARD LIVINGSTON, Louisiana,

May 24, 1831. Louis McLANE,

Delaware,

May 29, 1833. John FORSYTI,

Georgia,

June 27, 1834 DANIEL WEBSTER,

Massachusetts, March 5, 1841. HugiS. LEGARÉ,

South Carolina, May

9, 1843. ABEL P. UPSHER,

Virginia,

June 24, 1843. JOHN C. CALHOUN,

South Carolina, March 6, 1844. JAMES BUCHANAN,

Pennsylvania, March 5, 1845. John M. CLAYTON,

Delaware,

March 7, 1849 DANIEL WEBSTER,

Massachusetts, July 20, 1850. EDWARD EVERETT,

Massachusetts,

Dec. 9, 1852. WILLIAM L. MARCY, New York,

March 7, 1853. LEWIS Cass,

Michigan,

March 6, 1857. JEREMIAH S. BLACK, Pennsylvania, Dec. 17, 1860. WILLIAM H. SEWARD,

New York,

March 5, 1861. ELIHU B. WASHBURNE, Illinois,

March 5, 1869. HAMILTON Fish,

New York,

March 11, 1869, WILLIAM M. EVARTS, New York,

March 12, 1877, JAMES G. BLAINE,

Maine,

March 5, 1881. FRED'K T. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey, Dec. 13, 1881 THOMAS F. BAYARD, Delaware,

March 6, 1885. JAMES G. BLAINE,

Maine,

March 5, 1889.

ART. III. -TREASURY DEPARTMENT.

§ 1. The Treasury Department dates from 1789. It is under charge of the Secretary and Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. This department has charge of all moneys paid into the treasury of the United States ; has the general supervision of the fiscal transactions of the government; attends to the collection of the revenue, the auditing and payments of accounts, or other disbursements; and sees to the execution of the laws relating to the commerce and navigation of the United States.

§ 2. This department also has charge of the coast survey, the mint and coinage of money, the light-house establishments, the erection of marine hospitals and custom-houses. By act of Congress, May 10, 1810, it is made the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to prepare and report to Congress, at the opening of every regular session, the financial condition of the United States, to furnish estimates of the revenue and disbursements of the treasury, and to give information in reference to the most economic means of furnishing money to meet the claims against the government.

§ 3. There are a chief clerk, controller, second controller, commissioner of customs, six auditors, and a large number of other assistants of various positions and titles, employed in this depart-, ment, having their respective duties to perform. The first controller prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering accounts for the civil and diplomatic service, as well as the public lands.

The second controller prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the army and navy, and of the Indian and Pension Bureaus.

The commissioner of the customs prescribes the mode of keeping and rendering the accounts of the customs revenue and disbursements, and for the building and repairing the custom-houses, &c. 1

The business of the sixth auditor relates chiefly to the interests of the Post-office Department.

$ 4. The following is a list of the Secretaries of the Treasury, beginning with the organization of our present form of government:

NAME.
ALEXANDER HAMILTON,
OLIVER WOLCOTT,
SAMUEL DEXTER,
ALBERT GALLATIN,
GEORGE W. CAMPBELL,
ALEXANDER J. DALLAS,
WILLIAM H, CRAWFORD,
RICHARD Rusy,
SAMUEL D. INGHAM,
Louis McLANE,
WILLIAM J. DUANE,
ROGER B. TANEY,'
LEVI WOODBURY,
THOMAS EWING,
WALTER FORWARD,
GEORGE M. BIBB,
ROBERT J. WALKER,
WILLIAM M. MEREDITH,
THOMAS CORWIN,
JAMES GUTHRIE,
HOWELL COBB,
PHILIP F. THOMAS,
JOHN A. Dix,
SALMON P. CHASE,
WILLIAM P. FESSENDEN,
Hugh McCULLOCH,
GEORGE S. BOUTWELL,
WILLIAM A. RICHARDSON,
BENJAMIN H, BRISTOW,
Lot M. MORRILL,
JOHN SHERMAN,
WILLIAM WINDOM,
CHARLES J. FOLGER,
WALTER Q. GRESHAM,
Hugh McCULLOCH,
DANIEL MANNING,
CHARLES S. FAIRCHILD,
WILLIAM WINDOM,

RESIDENCE.
New York,
Connecticut,
Massachusetts,
Pennsylvania,
Tennessee,
Pennsylvania,
Georgia,
Pennsylvania,
Pennsylvania,
Delaware,
Pennsylvania,
Maryland,
New Hampshire,
Ohio,
Pennsylvania,
Ohio,
Mississippi,
Pennsylvania,
Ohio,
Kentucky,
Georgia,
Maryland,
New York,
Ohio,
Maine,
Indiana,
Massachusetts,
Massachusetts,
Kentucky,
Maine,
Ohio,
Minnesota,
New York,
Indiana,
Maryland,
New York,
New York,
Minnesota,

WHEN APPOINTED. Sept. 11, 1789. Feb. 3, 1795. Dec. 31, 1800. Jan. 26, 1802. Feb. 9, 1814. Oct. 6, 1814. March 5, 1817. March 7, 1825. March 6, 1829. Aug. 8, 1831. May 29, 1833. Sept. 23, 1833. June 27, 1834. March 5, 1841. Sept. 13, 1841. June 15, 1844. March 5, 1845. March 7, 1849. July 20, 1850. March 7, 1853. March 5, 1857. Dec. 12, 1860. Jan. 11, 1861. March 5, 1861. July 1, 1864. March 7, 1865. March 11, 1869. March 17, 1873. June 4, 1874. June 21, 1876. March 8, 1877. March 5, 1881. Oct. 27, 1881. Sept. 24, 1884. Oct. 28, 1884. March 6, 1885. April 1, 1887. March 5, 1889.

ART. IV.-WAR DEPARTMENT. $ 1. This department has charge of all business growing out of the military affairs and interests of the government. It keeps the record of the army, issues military commissions, directs the movements of troops, and superintends their payment. It also has the custody of all military stores, clothing, arins, and equipments. It supervises the construction of all military structures, and conducts all works of military engineering.

$ 2. The War Department is in the charge of the Secretary of War, who is assisted by one regular assistant and two temporary assistants, and a large number of clerks, one of whom is called the chief clerk. This department is also divided into several branches called bureaus, taking their several names from the offices in which the business of each is transacted.

§ 3. The commanding-general's office has the arrangement of all the military forces, the superintendence of the recruiting service, and the discipline of the army. The adjutant-general's office keeps the records and rolls of the army: from this office the military commissions are sent out, and all orders emanating from headquarters. The quartermaster-general's bureau has charge of the supply-system, control of the barracks, and furnishes the clothing and transportation

of the army

§ 4. The disbursements of money to the army are made through the paymaster-general's office ; the purchase and issue of rations, through the commissary-general's office : surgical and medical supplies and attendance, the management of the sick and wounded soldiers, and the care of military hospitals, are under the surgeon-general's direction. There is an engineer's bureau, having the direction of all matters connected with the engineer corps of the army, and also the care of the military academy at West Point. There is a topographical bureau, which has the superintendence of surveys made for military purposes and for purposes of internal improvement; and there is also an ordnance bureau, having charge of the arsenals and armories, the manufacture of arms, implements of war, and the keeping of all ordnance-stores.

§ 5. The following is a list of the Secretaries of War from the organization of this department:

NAME.

RESIDENCE.

WHEN APPOINTED. JOHN KNOX, ,

Massachusetts,

Sept. 12, 1789. TIMOTIIY PICKERING,

Massachusetts, Jan. 2, 1795. JAMES MCHENRY,

Maryland,

Jan. 27, 1796. SAMUEL DEXTER,

Massachusetts, May 13, 1800. ROGER GRISWOLD,

Connecticut,

Feb.

3, 1801. HENRY DEARBORN,

Massachusetts, March 4, 1801. WILLIAM EUstis,

Massachusetts, March 17, 1809. JOHN ARMSTRONG,

New York,

Jan. 19, 1813. JAMES MONROE,

Virginia,

Sept. 26, 1814. WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD, Georgia,

March 2, 1815. Isaac SHELBY,

Kentucky,

March 5, 1817. John C. CALHOUN,

South Carolina, Dec. 16, 1817. JAMES BARBOUR,

Virginia,

March 7, 1825. PETER D. PORTER,

New York,

May 26, 1828. JoHN H. EATON, , Tennessee,

March 9, 1829. LEWIS CASS,

Ohio,

Aug. 1, 1831. JOEL R. POINSETT,

South Carolina, March 7, 1837. JOHN BELL,

Tennessee,

March 5, 1841. JOHN C. SPENCER,

New York,

Oct. 12, 1841. JAMES M. PORTER,

Pennsylvania, March 8, 1843. WILLIAM WILKINS,

Pennsylvania, Feb. 15, 1844. WILLIAM L. MARCY,

New York,

March 5, 1845. GEORGE W. CRAWFORD, Georgia,

March 17, 1849. CHARLES M. CONRAD,

Louisiana,

Aug. 15, 1850. JEFFERSON DAVIS,

Mississippi,

March 5, 1853. JOHN B. FLOYD,

Virginia,

March 6, 1857. JOSEPH HOLT,

Kentucky,

Jan.

18, 1860. SIMON CAMERON,

Pennsylvania, March 5, 1861. EDWIN M. STANTON,

Pennsylvania, Jan. 15, 1862. ULYSSES S. GRANT, Illinois, appointed ad interim, Aug. 12, 1867. EDWIN M. STANTON,

Jan. 13, 1868. John M. SCHOFIELD,

Missouri,

May 29, 1868. JOHN A. RAWLINS,

Illinois,

March 11, 1869. WILLIAM W. BELKNAP, Iowa,

Oct. 13, 1869. ALPHONSO TAFT,

Ohio,

March 7, 1876. J. DONALD CAMERON,

Pennsylvania, May 22, 1876. GEORGE W. McCRARY, Iowa,

March 12, 1877. ALEXANDER RAMSEY,

Minnesota,

Dec. 10, 1879. ROBERT T. LINCOLN,

Ilinois,

March 5, 1881. WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT,

Massachusetts, March 6, 1885. REDFIELD PROCTOR,

Vermont,

March 5, 1889.

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