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ART. V.- NAVY DEPARTMENT. $ 1. Originally, by act of Congress, Sept. 15, 1789, the Navy Department was included with the War Department, and both branches were called the War Department. They were separated, however, April 30, 1789; when the
established as a distinct department,
$ 2. The Navy Department was divided Aug. 21, 1842, at which time it was re-organized into five bureaus :
1. Bureau of navy-yards and docks.
§ 3. Under the general direction of the President of the United States, the Secretary of the Navy has control of every thing connected with the naval establishment, and the execution of the laws relating to it. All instructions to the subordinate officers of the navy, the enlistment and discharge of seamen, and orders to all the different bureaus, are issued by authority of the Secretary of the Navy.
§ 4. The first officers of the different bureaus are styled the chiefs of the bureaus. As in the bureaus of other departments, there are a large number of clerks employed in these. The bureau of navy-yards and dock-yards has charge of these yards, and all wharves, buildings, and machinery belonging to them; and also of the naval asylum.
$ 5. The second bureau named has charge of the building and repairs of all vessels of the navy, and every thing connected with their outfit and completion. The third sees to the provisions, supplies, and clothing of the seamen ; the fourth bureau superintends the ordnance and ordnance-stores, and attends to the purchase of all necessary naval equipments; and the fifth bureau attends to every thing relating to medical stores, the treatment of the sick and wounded, and the management of the hospitals.
§ 6. The following is a list of the names of the Secretaries of the Navy since its organization as a distinct department, with the dates of their appointments :
NAME. BENJAMIN STODDERT, ROBERT SMITH, JACOB CROWNINSHIELD, PAUL HAMILTON, WILLIAM JONES, BenJ. W. CROWNINSHIELD, Smith THOMPSON, SAMUEL L. SOUTHARD, JOHN BRANCH, LEVI WOODBURY, MAHLON DICKERSON, JAMES K. PAULDING, GEORGE E. BADGER, ABEL P. UPSHUR, David HIENSHAW, Tuomas W. GILMER, JOHN Y. MASON, GEORGE BANCROFT, John Y. MASON, WILLIAM B. PRESTON, WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, John P. KENNEDY, JAMES C. DOBBIN, ISAAC TOUCEY, JACOB THOMPSON, GIDEON WELLES, ADOLPH E. BORIE, GEORGE M. ROBESON, RICHARD W. THOMPSON, NATHAN GOFF, JR., WILLIAM H. HUNT, WILLIAM E. CHANDLER, WILLIAM C. WAITNEY, BENJAMIN F. TRACY,
RESIDENCE. Maryland, Maryland, Massachusetts, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Virginia, Massachusetts, Virginia, Virginia, Massachusetts, Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, Maryland, North Carolina, Connecticut, Mississippi, Connecticut, Pennsylvauia, New Jersey, Indiana, W. Virginia, Louisiana, New Hampshire New York, New York,
WHEN APPOINTED. May 21, 1798. Jan. 20, 1802. March 2, 1805. March 7, 1809. Jan. 12, 1813 Dec. 17, 1814 Nov. 30, 1818. Dec. 9, 1822, March 9, 1829. May 23, 1831. June 30, 1834 June 20, 1838. March 5, 1841. Sept. 13, 1841. July 24, 1843. Feb. 15, 1844. March 14, 1844. March 10, 1845. Sept. 9, 1846. March 7, 1849. July 30, 1850. July 22, 1852. March 17, 1853. March 6, 1857. March, 1857. March 5, 1861. March 5, 1869. June 22, 1869. March 12, 1877. Jan. 6, 1881. March 5, 1881. April 1, 1882. March 6, 1885. March 5, 1889.
ART. VI.-POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
§ 1. The Post-office Department was established by act of Congress, Sept. 22, 1789. It is under the general direction of the Postmaster-General. For convenience, the business is distributed through several bureaus. The appointment office is in the care of the first Assistant Postmaster-General. To his bureau are referred all questions relating to the names, establishment, and discontinuance of post-offices, and the appointment and removal of postmasters. In offices where the salary of the postmaster is a thousand dollars a year or over, the appointments are made by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Instructions to postmasters, and the distribution of blanks and stationery for the use of the department, are from this bureau. This branch has charge of all international postal affairs.
§ 2. The second Assistant Postmaster-General has charge of the contract-office. He lets the contracts for carrying the mail ; directs in regard to the mode of conveyance, and the time of arrival and departure of the mails on each route; and advertises for bids for carrying the mails on all routes open to competition.
§ 3. The third Assistant Postmaster-General has the supervision of the financial interests and business of the department, except what comes more properly under the care of the auditor. Postagestamps and stamped envelopes are issued from this bureau. All quarterly returns from the post-offices throughout the United States are made to the third Assistant Postmaster-General. He also has charge of the dead-letter office.
§ 4. The bureau of the chief clerk attends to the reports of the arrivals and departures of the mails, noting all failures and delinquencies on the part of contractors, and prepares all such cases for the action of the Postmaster-General. This bureau provides the mail bags and the mail locks and keys.
The three Assistant Postmasters-General are appointed by the Postmaster-General. The following is a list of the PostmastersGeneral from the establishment of the department, with dates of appointment:
NAME. SAMUEL OSGOOD, TIMOTHY PICKERING, JACOB HABERSHAM, GIDEON GRANGER, RETURN J. MEIGS, JOHN MCLEAN, WILLIAM T. BARRY, AMOS KENDALL, John M. NILES, FRANCIS GRANGER, CHARLES A. WICKLIFFE, CAVE JOHNSON, JACOB COLLAMER, NATHAN K, HALL, SAMUEL D. HUBBARD, JAMES CAMPBELL, AARON V. BROWN, JOSEPH HOLT, MONTGOMERY BLAIR, WILLIAM DENNISON, ALEXANDER W. RANDALL, JOHN A. J. CRESWELL, JAMES W. MARSHALL, MARSHALL JEWELL, JAMES N. TYNER, DAVID M. KEY, HORACE MAYNARD, THOMAS L. JAMES, TIMOTHY 0. HOWE, WALTER Q. GRESHAM, FRANK HATTON, WILLIAM F. VILAS, Don M. DICKINSON, JOHN WANAMAKER
RESIDENCE. Massachusetts, Massachusetts, Georgia, Connecticut, Ohio, Ohio, Kentucky, Kentucky, Connecticut, New York, Kentucky, Tennessee, Vermont, New York, Connecticut, Pennsylvania. Tennessee, Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Wisconsin, Maryland, Virginia, Connecticut, Indiana, Tennessee, Tennessee, New York, Wisconsin, Indiana, Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania,
WHEN APPOINTED. Sept. 26, 1789. Nov. 7, 1794, Feb. 25, 1795. Jan. 26, 1802. March 17, 1814. Dec. 9, 1823. March 9, 1829 May 1, 1835 May 25, 1840. March 6, 1841. Sept. 13, 1841. March 5, 1845. March 7, 1849. July 20, 1850. Aug. 31, 1852. March 5, 1853. March 6, 1857. March 14, 1859. March 5, 1861. Sept. 24, 1864. July 25. 1866. March 5, 1869. July 7, 1874. Sept. 1, 1874. July 12, 1876. March 12, 1877. June 2, 1880March 5, 1881. Dec. 20, 1881. April 3, 1883. Oct. 14, 1884. March 6, 1885. Jan. 16, 1888. March 5, 1889.
ART. VII.-INTERIOR DEPARTMENT.
§ 1. This department was created by act of Congress, March 3, 1849. The Secretary of the Interior is at the head of the department, and he has one assistant secretary. The business is distributed through the bureaus of the public lands, pensions, Indian affairs, patents, and agriculture.
§ 2. The officer in charge of the Bureau of Public Lands is called the Commissioner of the General Land-Office. He has charge of the survey and sale of the public lands and their legal transfer, whether under the homestead act, military bounty act, grants for school-purposes, or internal improvements.
§ 3. The officer of the Pension Bureau is called the Commissioner of Pensions. He attends to the adjudication of pensionclaims against the United States, whether due in land or money.
§ 4. The principal officer of the Indian Bureau is called the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who attends to all governmentmatters connected with the Indian tribes.
§ 5. The Patent Office is under the direction of the Commissioner of Patents, who attends to all business in reference to the issue of letters-patent to inventors. The Commissioner of Agriculture has supervision of all the national interests in agriculture.
$ 6. By the act of 1849, organizing the Department of the Interior, the supervision of the accounts of the United-States marshals and attorneys, and the clerks of the United-States courts, were transferred from the treasury to this department. The Secretary of the Interior has supervision of the marshals and others in taking the census of the United States; also of the lead and other mines of the United States, and of the accounts of the agents therefor.
$ 7. He likewise exercises supervisory power over the commissioners of the public buildings, including the Capitol and Department buildings; and over the board of inspectors and warden of the penitentiary of the District of Columbia.
$ 8. The Secretary of the Interior appoints the chief clerk and all other clerks of his department; and the commissions of all officers under the control and direction of the Secretary of the